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2009/2
Intermolecular interactions in the fuel dispersion and its influence on the mechanism of additives action
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Sofiya Tikhonovna BASHKATOVA was born in 1944. In 1967 she graduated from the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow Institute of Fine Chemical Technology. Dr. of Science, professor of physical and colloidal chemistry chair of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, She is the author of 118 publications. Е-mail: sophy@comail.ru
Vladimir Arnoldovich VINOKUROV was born in 1950. In 1972 graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Oil and Gas Industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Doctor of Chemistry, professor, Head of Physical and Colloidal Chemistry Chair of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of 250 publications. Е-mail: vinok_ac@mail.ru

Abstract: At present different additives are used to improve the quality of diesel fuels (DF). At the same time it is impossible to understand the mechanism of additives influence on the quality of DF. Today DFs are regarded as fuel dispersions (FDs) because of their properties: heterogeneity and dispersity. All known additives are surface-active substances (SAS). We used different experimental methods to prove the intermolecular interactions (IMI) in FD with additives or without them. We proved the existence of IMI, which are responsible for the formation of special structures in FD and these structures are responsible for its quality. Moreover we also proved that addition of different additives in FD decreases the surface tension. We established the correlation between decreasing surface tension and increasing effect of additives in DF. Thus we proved first that mechanism of action of the different additives in FD is connected with increasing stability of FD in the presence of additives so as any SAS increases the stability of classic dispersions.

Index UDK: 541.41: 665.733.035

Keywords: diesel fuels, additives, improvement of the quality, stability of the fuel dispersions, intermolecular interactions

Bibliography:

2009/2
Biotechnological alternatives to traditional technologies in oil-and-gas branch
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Vladimir Arnoldovich VINOKUROV was born in 1950. In 1972 graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Oil and Gas Industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Doctor of Chemistry Sci., professor, Head of Physical and Colloidal Chemistry Chair of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is the author of 250 publications. Е-mail: vinok_ac@mail.ru
Irina Vasilyevna BOTVINKO was born in 1953. She graduated from M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University Biology Faculty in 1975. She has Ph.D in microbiology, scientific researcher of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. She is the author of 7 reviews and 50 articles. Е-mail: sunfairy@mail.ru
Artem Vadimovich BARKOV was born in 1969. In 1993 graduated from Veterinary-sanitary faculty of the Moscow state academy of applied biotechnology. Ph.D. in veterinary, senior scientific associate of laboratory of biotechnology for the oil and gas industry at the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of 13 publications in the field of biotechnology. Е-mail: barkov-bio@rambler.ru
Ekaterina Anatolyevna SREBNYAK was born in 1981. She graduated from Kaliningrad State Technical University in 2003. Ph.D in Technical Sciences. Now she works in «Gormorspassluzhba of Russia» FGU in position of Deputy Chief of Department for Marine Environment Protection. Master in Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. She is the author of two reviews and two articles.
Marina Anatolyevna FROLOVA was born in 1982. She graduated from Gubkin Russian State University in 2004. Master in Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. Postgraduate student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas.
Denis Aleksandrovich NIKITIN was born in 1982. He graduated from State Astrakhan’ Technical University in 2004. Master in Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. Postgraduate student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas.
Anastasiya Vladimirovna KOKANINA was born in 1983. She graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2006. Master Degree in Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. Postgraduate student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas.
Kirill Aleksandrovich ARAPOV was born in 1985. He graduated from Perm State University in 2007. Master student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is the author of 9 articles.
Anatoliy Mikhaylovich TATARINOV was born in 1985. He graduated from D. I. Mendeleyev Russian University of Chemical Technology in 2008. Master student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas.
Andrey Aleksandrovich NOVIKOV was born in 1984. He graduated from Perm State University of Oil and Gas in 2007. Master student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is the author of 3 articles.
Michail Sergeyevich KOTELEV was born in 1987. He graduated from Perm State University in 2008. Master student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is the author of 3 articles.
Olesya Mikhaylovna BORODINA was born in 1986. She graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2007. Bachelor in Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. Master student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is the author of 4 articles.
Chzhan DANYAN’ was born in 1984. He graduated from M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University Biology Faculty in 2008. Postgaduate student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is the author of 1 article.

Abstract: Modern biotechnology is capable to offer novel materials for introduction in oil-and-gas sector, as well as new approaches to find solutions to complicated industrial problems. The studies of Master of Science and post-graduate students of the Department of physical and colloid chemistry demonstrate both technological and scientific potential. The following subjects are actively being developed: 1. Strategy and methods of bioremediation of petro-polluted ecosystems. 2. Biotechnologies of sewage treatment. 3. Microbial technologies in extraction of residual oil. 4. Development of hybrid polysaccharide granules for localization and compact placement of microorganisms and bioproducts. 5. New microbial exopolysaccharides and SASs. 6. Designing and fabrication of biogenic nanocatalists. 7. Microbiological processing of synthesis-gas into hydrogen of high purity

Index UDK: 579.66:574.36.24

Keywords: biotechnology, bioremediation of petropolluted ecosystems, sewage treatment, extraction of residual oil, biogenic nanocatalists, localization of microorganisms, processing of synthesis-gas

Bibliography:

2009/2
Laboratory of biotechnology for the oil and gas industry
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Artem Vadimovich BARKOV was born in 1969. In 1993 graduated from Veterinary-Sanitary faculty of the Moscow state academy of applied biotechnology. Ph.D. in veterinary, Senior scientific associate of laboratory of biotechnology for the oil and gas industry at the faculty of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of 13 publications in the field of biotechnology. Е-mail: barkov-bio@rambler.ru

Abstract: The main stages of the development of the biotechnology laboratory for oil and gas industry of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas during 2002-2009 are considered. The most important developments of the laboratory in the field of the microbial polysaccharide synthesis and their application in drilling, enhancement of oil recovery, agriculture and ecology, technology of production of biofuels on the basis of bioethanol and biodisel fuel so as micotechnology are presented.

Index UDK: 574.635:579.222.2

Keywords: biotechnology, oil and gas industry, reagents, microbial exopolysaccharides, bioethanol, biodiesel fuel, micotechnology

Bibliography:

2009/2
New directions in thermodynamic and catalytic processes
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Ivan Mikhailovich KOLESNIKOV was born in 1929. In 1954 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow petroleum institute (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Doctor of chemistry, professor of the department of physical and colloidal chemistry of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of more than 700 publications in the field of kinetics and catalysis. Е-mail: kolesnim@mail.ru

Abstract: The article contains the 4-th Law of thermodynamics, thermodynamics of nonequilibrium pro-cesses, theory of catalysis by polihedra and Generalized Quantum-Chemical principle. Research results on cracking, alkylation, new processes of oil fractions and hydrocarbons processing are presented.

Index UDK: 66.023:66.007

Keywords: forth law of thermodynamics, thermodynamics of nonequilibrium processes, theory of catalysis by polihedra, generalized quantum-chemical principle, cracking, alkylation, oil fractions and hydrocarbons processing

Bibliography:

2009/2
Synthesis of diisopropyl ether by isopropanol condensation over heteropolycompounds
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Aleksey Alexandrovich LAVRINENKO was born in 1984. In 2007 he graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The post-graduate student of faculty of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of 1 publication. E-mail: lavrinenko_a@mail.ru
Valentin Dmitrievich STYTSENKO was born in 1941. He graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1963 (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Doctor of Сhemistry, the lecturing professor of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is the author of 150 scientific publications. Е-mail: vds41@mail.ru

Abstract: Perspectives of using of heteropolycompounds (HPC) as catalysts in isopropanol dehydration are shown. Optimal composition and concentration of HPC on the surface is found. The catalysts provide maximal yield of diisopropyl ether (DIPE) of 21.3 %. The influence of basic parameters of the process on the activity and selectivity of the catalysts is studied. The best result is obtained at temperatures of 135−145 °С and concentration of water 2 % wt. Based on HPC catalysts were shown to possess the higher activity (up 5−10 times) as compared with industrial zeolite catalysts

Index UDK: 665.73/753:547.27

Keywords: catalysts, heteropolycompounds, isopropanol dehydration

Bibliography:

2009/2
Development of synthesis and technology of multipurpose additives to lubricant oils
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Alexandr Yakovlevich LEVIN was born in 1941, he graduated from Azizbekov Azerbaijan Institute of Oil and Gas in 1963. Dr., the head of the laboratory of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry. The author of more than 70 scientific works. Е-mail: laboratoria-95@rambler.ru
Vasiliy Pavlovich EVSTAFIEV was born in 1937. In 1960 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). He is dr., the senior scientific associate of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, author of 20 scientific works. Е-mail: laboratoria-95@rambler.ru
Irina Efimovna SELEZNEVA was born in 1956. In 1979 she graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). She is Ph.D., the senior scientific associate of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, The author of 12 scientific works. Е-mail: laboratoria-95@rambler.ru
Elena Alexandrovna KONONOVA was born in 1959. In 1981 she graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). She is the scientific associate of the Dept. of physical and col- loidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of 5 scientific works. Е-mail: laboratoria-95@rambler.ru
Galina Leonidovna TROFIMOVA was born in 1939. In 1967 she graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now .Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Dr., the senior scientific associate of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry, The author of 48 scientific works. Е-mail: laboratoria-95@rambler.ru
Olga Vladimirovna IVANOVA was born in 1958. She graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas) in 1980. She is dr., the senior scientific associate of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is the author of more than 20 scientific works. Е-mail: laboratoria-95@rambler.ru
Galina Alexandrovna BUDANOVSKAYA was born in 1951. In 1973 she graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is the scientific associate of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas . The author of 18 scientific works. Е-mail: laboratoria-95@rambler.ru

Abstract: The present paper contains the results of research on the development of synthesis and technology of high and superalkaline alkylphenolic additives B-7120 and B-7130, additives on the basis of dithiophosphates of zinc ZD-7 and ZD-13, high temperature dispersants on the basis of modified succinimides SM-2, SM-3 and SM-5. All the named additives can be used in structure of packages for oils of various series up to CF-4 (on API) inclusive.

Index UDK: 665.7.038.5.62

Keywords: lubricant oils, multipurpose additives, high and superalkaline alkylphenolic additives, additives on the basis of dithiophosphates of zinc, hightemperature dispersants, modified succinimides

Bibliography:

2009/2
The relationship between hydrocarbon’s fractions boiling temperatures and the initial oil density
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Valentina Aleksandrovna LYUBIMENKO was born in 1952. In 1974 she graduated from the Chemical faculty of М.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. Ph.D. in Chem. Sci., the senior lecturer of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of 33 scientific publications. Е-mail: ljubimenko@mail.ru
Ivan Mikhailovich KOLESNIKOV was born in 1929. In 1954 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow petroleum institute (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Doctor of chemistry, professor of the Department of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of more than 700 publications in the field of kinetics and catalysis. Е-mail: kolesnim@mail.ru
Vitaliy Igorevich ZUBER was born in 1974. In 1996 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). He is the deputy general director of the Moscow oil refinery, the author of 9 publications.
Sergei Vyacheslavovich DIBROV was born in 1964. In 1986 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now Gubkin Russian State Univer- sity of Oil and Gas), the head technologist of the Moscow oil refinery, the author of 8 publications.
Sergey Ivanovich KOLESNIKOV was born in 1959. In 1954 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Ph. D. in chemistry, head of laboratory of kinetics and catalysis of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, the author of more than 80 publications.
Vladimir Arnol’dovich VINOKUROV was born in 1950, Ph.D. of Chemistry, professor, Head of Physical and Colloidal Chemistry Chair, graduated Gubkin MINHGP (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas) in 1972. RAEN academic, member of “Neftehimiya” journal editorial staff, member of expert advisory councils of Moscow government and Gosduma. Author of 250 publications. E-mail: vinok_ac@mail.ru

Abstract: Non-empirical quantum mechanical calculations were carried out. It is shown that the presence of benzene in low and in high boiling gasoline fractions takes place because of formation of intermolecular complexes of benzene with other aromatic hydrocarbons. The energy of the interaction of molecules in these complexes exceeds that of thermal movement, therefore such complexes are stable enough.

Index UDK: 544.147: 665.633.8

Keywords: gasoline, boiling temperatures of fractions, density, non-empirical quantum mecha-nical calculations, intermolecular complexes, benzene, aromatic hydrocarbons, energy of the interaction

Bibliography:

2009/2
Quantum-chemical research of complexes formation between succinimid and benzene
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Vadim Nicolaevich BORSHCH was born in 1955. In 1977 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Ph.D. in Chemistry, the senior scientific associate of the Institute of structural macrokinetics and problems of material science of the Russian Academy of Science (Chernogolovka). The author of 87 publications.
Ivan Mikhailovich KOLESNIKOV was born in 1929. In 1954 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow petroleum institute (now ubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Doctor of chemistry, professor of the department of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of more than 700 publications in the field of kinetics and catalysis. Е-mail: kolesnim@mail.ru
Irina Nicolaevna GRISHINA was born in 1972. In 1994 she graduated from the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow Academy of Fine Chemical Technology. Ph. D. in chemistry, deputy of General manager of the limited company “Russian engineering-chemical company”, she is the author of more than 50 publications. Е-mail: isica@list.ru
Valentina Aleksandrovna LYUBIMENKO was born in 1952. In 1974 she graduated from the Chemical faculty of М.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. Ph.D. in chemistry, the senior lecturer of the Dept. of physical and colloidal chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. The author of 33 scientific publications. Е-mail: ljubimenko@mail.ru

Abstract: The mechanism of action of dispersive additives for fuels on the basis of suсcinimid may be explained from the point of view of formation of associates and solvate complexes with molecules of hydrocarbons. By non-empirical quantum chemical methods the energies of intermolecular interaction of molecules of benzene and molecules of benzene and suсcinimid are calculated.

Index UDK: 539.196.3:544.147:544.773:547.74

Keywords: dispersive additives, mechanism of action, suсcinimid, benzene, associates, solvate complexes, non-empirical quantum chemical calculations, energies of intermolecular interactions

Bibliography:

2009/2
A study of gas mixtures hydrate separation process
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Vladimir Arnoldovich VINOKUROV (b. 1950), Ph.D. of Chemistry, professor, Head of Physical and Colloidal Chemistry Chair, graduated Gubkin MINHGP (now Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas) in 1972. RAEN academic, member of «Neftehimiya» journal editorial staff, member of expert advisory councils of Moscow government and Gosduma. Author of 250 publications. E-mail: vinok_ac@mail.ru
Anton Pavlovich SEMENOV was born in 1984 in Perm, graduated from the chemical department Perm State University with honors in 2006, now post-graduate student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Author of 7 publications. E-mail: semyonovanton@mail.ru

Abstract: Experiments for methane-helium and methane-propane mixtures separation by hydrate method have been carried out. Possibilities of complete separation of 96,5−97% methane/3−3,5% propane mixtures and partial separation of 93−94% methane/6−7 % helium have been demonstrated. Data specifying methanol influence on hydrate formation rate with such gas mixtures were obtained

Index UDK: 665.723

Keywords: mixtures separation by hydrate method, methane-helium, methane-propane, methanol influence on hydrate formation

Bibliography:

2009/2
Kinetics of the oxyethylation of alcohols, as the instrument of research of supramolecular structure of liquid phase. Is there existence of the structural transitions in liquid methanol, predicated on the base of the kinetic research?
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Boris Yakovlevich STUL’ was born in 1945. In 1965 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow state institute of petrochemical and gas industry (now — Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas). Ph.D. in Chemistry. The leading scientific associate of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise of scientific research institute “Synthesis” Moscow, the author about 80 publications in the field of chemical kinetics and chemical engineering. Е-mail: b.st@mail.ru

Abstract: Kinetics of the oxyethylation of C4−C7 normal alcohols and methanol was examined at the initial stage in the presence of basic catalyst at the temperature range 80−180°C (80−150°C for methanol) under an excess pressure 1,5 MPa. The experimental results were found to be adequately described by the kinetic equation that takes into account association of the alcohol molecules by means of formation of hydrogen bonds. The model predicts the existence of two structural transitions for liquid methanol at 107,5 and 140°C.

Index UDK: 541.128

Keywords: kinetics of oxyethylation, alcohols, methanol, phase transition

Bibliography: