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Issue
Name
Authors
Category
2012/1
Limits of strength and toughness as function of structure of low-alloy carbon steels
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Julia D. SHAPOVALOVA graduated from Kursk State Agricultural Academy in 1992, Ph.D., associate professor of Kursk State Agricultural Academy. She published more than 24 scientific papers on the theory of strength of metals. E-mail: home_studio@mail.ru
Tatiana I. ROMANOVA graduated from Kursk State Agricultural Academy in 2001, works as an engineer, senior lecturer in the Kursk State Agricultural Academy. She is the author of 8 scientific papers on the theory of strength of metals. E-mail: home_studio@mail.ru
Raisa D. BAKAYEVA graduated from the Leningrad Red Banner of Labor Polytechnic Institute named after MI Kalinin in 1973. She works at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is Ph.D., associate professor and professor. She published more than 100 scientific papers in the field of materials science and thermal treatment of metals. E-mail: rbakaeva@yandex.ru

Abstract: The effect of volume fraction of ferrite and bainite phases in the structure of low-alloy carbon steels on static and fatigue properties was studied. It is shown that the proportion of ferrite <0.2 in the metal structure changes the deformation mechanism from shear to rotational, depending on the phase composition

Index UDK: 669.14.018:256

Keywords: phase composition, mechanical properties, strength limit, yield strength

Bibliography:

2012/1
Evaluation of mechanical reliability of pipelines on the basis of the solution of deterministic strength problem
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Igor Е. LITVIN was born in 1954, graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1976. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Computer Aided Design of Oil and Gas Industry Facilities at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of 62 scientific works in the field of strength and reliability of pipelines and industrial facilities. E-mail: litvin_igor@inbox.ru
Sergey V. SHISHKIN was born in 1979, graduated from the Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering of MGOU. He is research student of the of the Department of Computer Aided Design of Oil and Gas Industry Facilities at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of 2 scientific papers in the field of design and operation of pipelines. E-mail: litvin_igor@inbox.ru

Abstract: The existing criteria for evaluating the static and dynamic strength of pipelines are analyzed. Probabilistic assessment of the level of mechanical reliability is considered. The mechanical reliability of pipelines is analyzed on the basis of the solution of deterministic strength problem.

Index UDK: 621.64

Keywords: evaluation criteria of strength, mechanical reliability, probabilistic evaluation, pipelines

Bibliography:

2012/1
Optoelectronic measurement of geometrical parameters of oil and gas transportation systems
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Anatoliy V. SAS was born in 1947 graduated from the Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1972. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Welding and Monitoring of Oil and Gas Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He has more than 50 scientific publications. Е-mail: anatolii_sas@mail.ru
Roman B. RYABICHENKO was born in 1975. He graduated from Moscow State Institute of Communication Routes in 1998; he is now engineer of Moscow State Institute of Communication Routes (MIIT). He has more than 10 scientific publications. Е-mail: ryabichenkorb@yandex.ru
Nikolai N. VORONIN was born in 1947 graduated from the Moscow Evening Metallurgical Institute in 1972. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Technology of Transport Engineering and Repair of Rolling Stock of the Moscow State Institute of Communication Routes (MIIT). He has more than 50 scientific publications. Е-mail: voronin@miit.ru

Abstract: This article presents materials on theoretical and experimental studies, as well as development and implementation of an optoelectronic information-measuring system of assessment of rail track.

Index UDK: 004.358:004.9

Keywords: rail track, the track recording car, parameters of rail track, method of laser profiling, laser triangulation method.

Bibliography:

2012/1
Comparative characteristics of Jurassic cretaceous oils of Kalmykia using triamantans
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Maxim V. GIRUTS was born in 1981, graduated from the Gubkin State University Oil and Gas in 2004. Lecturer, Deputy Head of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry, Gubkin State University Oil and Gas. Author scientific publications in the field of oil chemistry and organic geochemistry. E-mail: moxixh@yahoo.com
Chingiz M. BADMAEV was born in 1985, graduated from the Kalmyk State University in 2008, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry, Gubkin State University Oil and Gas. Author of 13 scientific papers in the field of oil chemistry. E-mail: chingizbadmaev@mail.ru
Olga An. STOKOLOS graduated from the Gubkin State University Oil and Gas in. Lecturer, deputy dean of the Faculty of Chemical Technology and Ecology, Gubkin State University Oil and Gas. Author of scientific publications in the field of oil chemistry. E-mail: stokolos@gubkin.ru
Guram N. GORDADZE was born in 1940, graduated from Georgian Technical University in 1965. He is Professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of over 300 scientific papers in the field of oil chemistry and organic geochemistry. E-mail: gordadze@rambler.ru

Abstract: The method of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was applied to study the distribution of hydrocarbons of diamond-like structure — the triamantans C18-C19 -in oils and condensates of Kalmykia, occurring in the Cretaceous and Jurassic sediments. It is shown that extraneous peaks present in the mass chromatograms of paraffin-cyclo-paraffinic petroleum fractions with 240 and 239 m/z do not interfere with the identification and calculation of triamantans and calculation of their relative concentrations. We found that the Jurassic and Cretaceous oils are possible to distinguish between by relative distribution of C18 triamantan.

Index UDK: 547. 919

Keywords: triamantans, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry of oils, hydrocarbons, diamond-like structure of oil

Bibliography:

2012/1
Determination of perrenate ion in technological and natural objects using amperometric ion-selective electrodes
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Aleksandr P. MELNIKOV was born in 1987, he graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2009. He is now postgraduate student of the Department of Industrial Ecology at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of 3 scientific papers. E-mail: melnic25@yandex.ru
Sergey V. SHORIN was born in 1978, graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2000, Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Chief of the Department of Ionometry of LLC “Econix-Expert”. Аuthor 33 scientific works. E-mail: sshorin@mail.ru
Nikolai K. ZAITSEV is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of more than 100 scientific papers. E-mail: nk_zaytsev@mail.ru

Abstract: The article is devoted to the determination of perrenate anion in real samples of solutions obtained by situ leaching, using voltammetry at the electrolyte-electrolyte boundary and electrode amperometric batch. Ways to overcome the effect of various confounding factors, such as the presence of molybdenum, low pH samples, and high iron content are considered. Based on this study a method for determining the concentration of friction in real industrial solutions was compiled and metrologically certified.

Index UDK: 543

Keywords: AYSE, voltammetry, GRDNRE, inversion mode, ion-selective electrode, underground leaching, perrenate, perchlorate, electrochemical analysis, Econix Expert, Ecotest-VA.

Bibliography:

2012/1
Effect of voltage unbalance on stability of synchronous motors
Automation, modeling and energy supply in oil and gas sector

Authors: Mikhail S. ERSHOV was born in 1952; he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is Head of the Department of Theoretical Electrical Engineering and Electrification of Oil and Gas Industry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor. He has published over 180 scientific papers in the field of electrical systems in the oil and gas industry. E-mail: msershov@yandex.ru
Andrei V. EGOROV was born in 1957, graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1980. He is Dean of the Faculty of Postgraduate Education at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor. He has published over 120 scientific papers in the field of information security. E-mail: egorov.a@gubkin.ru
Alexander N. KOMKOV was born in 1988; he graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. He is post-graduate student of the Department of Theoretical Electrical Engineering and Electrification of Oil and Gas Industry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 9 scientific works in the field of power industry. E-mail: komkov.a@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The range of possible combinations of values of the forward and reverse sequences of the input voltage of electrical systems with asymmetric perturbations in the external power supply is determined. It is proposed to present an elliptical magnetic field in the form of magnetic induction with varying length and speed in AC electric machines. For synchronous motors the emergence of a dynamic moment for alternating voltage unbalance is found. The range of stable operation of the synchronous motor under asymmetric modes is determined.

Index UDK: 621.313.62-83; 676.013.6-83

Keywords: asymmetric disturbances, modeling of transition-modes, synchronous drives, elliptical magnetic field, stability

Bibliography:

2012/1
Study of membranes morphology by atomic force microscopy with mathematical models of diffusion processes
Automation, modeling and energy supply in oil and gas sector

Authors: Basil V. KALININ was born in 1952, graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1974, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, professor of the Department of Higher Mathematics. He has published over 60 papers in the field of mechanics and mathematics. E-mail: vm@gubkin.ru
Anatoly N. FILIPPOV was born in 1960, graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1982, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, professor of the Department of Higher and Applied Mathematics. He has published over 200 scientific papers in the field of physicochemical mechanics and colloid chemistry. E-mail: filippov.a@gubkin.ru
Daria Yu. HANUKAYEVA graduated from MIPT in the 1999. She is of Candidate Physical and Mathematical Sciences, associate professor of the Department of Higher Mathematics. She has published over 20 scientific papers in the field of mechanics and mathematics. E-mail: khanuk@yandex.ru

Abstract: Lon-exchange membranes, subjected to modification by polyaniline in a new way, were investigated with an atomic force microscope. The obtained images of the surfaces confirm the change in their morphology resulting from the modification. Experimental data on the diffusion constant of the modified membranes were processed in the framework of a charged bilayer membrane, and the absence of asymmetry of diffusion permeability of the modified membrane in the experiment observed is explained.

Index UDK: 539.219.3

Keywords: atomic force microscopy, modified ion-exchange membrane, polyaniline, morphology, diffusion permeability, model description

Bibliography:

2012/1
Methods of automated search of options development and reconstruction of regional gas supply systems
Automation, modeling and energy supply in oil and gas sector

Authors: Sergey A. SARDANASHVILY was born in 1954, graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1976, he is Director of Research and Education Institute of “Innovative Educational Projects and Management Issues” at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is the author of 35 scientific papers in the field of mathematical and computer modeling, optimization, prediction of modes of gas transportation and gas-producing systems, statistical analysis of data, models and processes. E-mail: sardan@gubkin.ru
Sergei K. MITICHKIN was born in 1956, graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1982. He is Leading Researcher of the Research and Education Institute of “Innovative Educational Projects and Management Issues” at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is the author of 25 scientific papers in the field of mathematical and computer modeling, optimization, prediction of modes of gas transportation and gas systems, models and processes. E-mail: msk@yasenevo.ru
Alexander V. BELINSKY was born in 1983, graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2006; he is Director of Science and Technology Center “Gas Trunk line” at OAO “Gazprom promgaz”. He is the author of 15 publications in the field of mathematical and computer modeling and optimization of gas pipeline transportation, planning, development and reconstruction of the regional gas supply systems. E-mail: belinskyab@mail.ru

Abstract: This article describes the heuristics and algorithms for computer-assisted diagnosis of operational and technological bottlenecks in the systems of gas supply, as well as generation and study of various options for sustainable development and reconstruction of regional gas supply systems (RSS). These allow implementing long-term plans of gas supply to consumers unlike currently operating systems. The above algorithms are based on multivariate modeling modes of RSS, situational analysis of the factors that lead to the emergence of operational and technological bottlenecks in RSS, heuristic methods for automating the process of formation of the options of reconstruction and development of RSS in order to eliminate the bottlenecks.

Index UDK: 004.021:004.023:004.421; 519.688: 519.876.5

Keywords: regional system of gas supply, reconstruction and development, modes simulation, automation of options search

Bibliography:

2012/1
Personal protection from adverse effects of arc welding
Industrial and environmental safety, occupational safety and health

Authors: Victor N. SOROKIN graduated from the Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School in 1970; he is Ph.D., assistant professor of the Department of Welding and Monitoring Oil and Gas Facilities at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author and coauthor of more than 40 scientific papers, including six teaching aids. E-mail: svarka@gubkin.ru
Oleg E. KAPUSTIN graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1982 specializing in “Chemical Engineering, and equipment manufacturing”. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Head of the Department Welding and Monitoring Oil and Gas Facilities at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Member of the section of welding, diagnostics, corrosion protection and repair technologies of “NTS OAO Gazprom” and a member of the editorial board of “Mechanical Engineering” journal. He has published over 50 scientific papers and holds 9 patents. E-mail: svarka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The article presents the factors affecting the functional decline of the visual system of welders. The possibility of providing them with adequate medical care for the prevention and the preservation of their vocational longevity is shown.

Index UDK: 621.791.75.01:537.523

Keywords: brightness of arc, light load, emission spectrum, personal protection, oxidative stress, vocational longevity, monitoring.

Bibliography:

2012/1
Using computer technology for psychological support of managers and specialists of gas transmission companies
Industrial and environmental safety, occupational safety and health

Authors: Natalia M. PAVLOVA is postgraduate student of the Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: natikpavova@yandex.ru
Maria V. IVANOVA is Ph.D., associate professor of the Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Alla T. VOLOKHINA is Ph.D., senior lecturer of the Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Bogdan S. ZAYATS is Ph.D., Deputy. He is Chief Engineer for Occupational and Industrial Safety, Head of Occupational Health and Safety OOO “Gazprom transgaz Samara”. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Professionally meaningful qualities of managers and specialists of the main transport facilities were estimated with the help of psycho-diagnostic tests. The possibility of using an automated system to evaluate the vocational aptitude of managers and specialists of OOO «Gazprom transgaz Samara» was considered with the aim of ensuring the safety of their production activities.

Index UDK: 658.382.3:622.289

Keywords: professionally meaningful qualities, psychodiagnostic test methods, method of multidimensional scaling, vocational aptitude

Bibliography: