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Laboratory modeling of two-phase flows
Drilling and development of hydrocarbon fields

Authors: Nikolay A. BARYSHNIKOV was born in 1981, he graduated from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology in 2005. He is senior researcher of the Laboratory of Geomechanics and Fluid Dynamics of the Institute of Geosphere Dynamics of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is author of 16 scientific publications in the field of fluid mechanics of multiphase media. E-mail: nabarysh@gmail.com
Georgy V. BELYAKOV was born in 1936, he graduated from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology in 1959. He is Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, senior researcher at Laboratory of Geomechanics and Fluid Dynamics of the Institute of Geosphere Dynamics of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is author of over 50 scientific publications in the fields of rapid chemical processes and fluid mechanics of multiphase media. E-mail: nabarysh@gmail.com
Sergey В. TURUNTAEV was born in 1957. He graduated from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology in 1981. He is Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Deputy Director for Research of the Institute of Geosphere Dynamics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics of Geosystems of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. He published over 110 scientific papers in the field of geomechanics and fluid dynamics. E-mail: s.turuntaev@gmail.com
Anatoly N. FILIPPOV was born in 1960. He graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1982. He is Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor at the Department of Higher and Applied Mathematics at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 200 scientific papers in the field of physical and chemical mechanics and colloid chemistry. E-mail: filippov.a@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Experimental data on the changes in the distribution of displacing fluid saturation in the pore space of porous plane-parallel array filled with displaced fluid with greater viscosity are obtained. The mathematical model of instability of two-phase flow of displacement fluid in the form of fingers (fingers) is studied. The results of modeling are compared with experimental results.

Index UDK: 532.546

Keywords: two-phase flow, filtration, laboratory simulation, flooding, SaffmanTaylor instability

1. Barenblatt G.I., Entov V.M., Ryzhik V.M. Dvizhenie zhidkostej i gazov v prirodnyh plastah. Moscow, 1984, 207 p.
2. Podzemnaja gidromehanika. K.S. Basniev, N.M. Dmitriev, R.D. Kanevskaja, V.M. Maksimov. Izhevsk, 2005, 496 p.
3. Chouke R.L., van Meurs P. and van der Poel C. Instability of Slow, Immiscible, Viscous Liquid-LiquidDisplacements in Permeable Media. Pet. Trans. A.I.M.E., 1959, no. 216, р. 188–194.
Zheltov J.P. Mehanika neftegazonosnogo plasta. Moscow, 1975, 216 p.
5. Lejbenzon L.S. Dvizhenie prirodnyh zhidkostej i gazov v poristoj srede. Moscow, 1947, 244 p.
6. Leverett M.C. Flow of Oil-Water Mixtures through Unconsolidated Sands. Trans. A.I.M.E., 1939, no. 132, p. 381-401.
7. Muskat M. and M.W. Meres. The Flow of Heterogeneous Fluids Through Porous Media//Physics, 1936, no. 7, p. 346-363.
Nikolaevskij V.N. Mehanika poristyh i treshhinovatyh sred. Moscow, 1984, 232 p.
9. Saffman P.G. and Sir Taylor G.I. The penetration of a fluid into a porous medium or Hele-Shaw cell containing a more viscous liquid. Proc. R. Soc. London, 1958. A245, p. 321-329.
Saffman P.G. Viscous fingering in Hele-Shaw cells. J. Fluid Mech. 1986, no. 173, p. 73-94

Non-linear vibrations under slow kinetics of viscoelastic properties of oil
Drilling and development of hydrocarbon fields

Authors: Igor B. ESIPOV was born March 13, 1945. He graduated from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology in 1968 specializing in Ultrasonic Engineering. He is Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, professor of the Department of Physics at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas since 1995. He is author of more than 89 scientific papers. Е-mail: igor.esipov@mail.ru
Oleg M. ZOZULYA is researcher at Schlumberger. E-mail: omzozulya@gmail.com
Michael A. MIRONOV is Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Head of Laboratory at the Andreev Acoustics Institute. E-mail: mironov_ma@mail.ru

Abstract: We have previously identified slow evolution of the viscoelasticity modules of heavy crude oil. Shear modulus was measured during 72 hours at frequencies of 0,5, 5 and 50 Hz at different temperatures. The dependence of complex shear modulus on the deformation amplitude was studied with a rotational rheometer. The study showed a logarithmic growth of the nonlinearity parameter in time for this sample of oil. It was established experimentally that the complex shear modulus depends linearly on the amplitude of the shear perturbations, which is possible with the shear modulus linearly depending on the shear modulus of the medium deformation. Based on the Boltzmann statistical approach to the determination of the rate of transition to equilibrium , the model differential equation describing the slow kinetics of the changes in the internal parameters of the medium was obtained. It is shown that unlike the exponential time dependence, the slow kinetics leads to logarithmic time dependence of the perturbation decay.

Index UDK: 534.26; 542.34

Keywords: complex media, viscoelasticity, slow kinetics, nonlinearity parameter

1. Landau L.D., Lifshits E.M. Gidrodinamika. — M.: Nauka, 1986. — 736 p.
2. TenCate J.A., Smith E., Guyer R.A. Universal Slow Dynamics in Granular Solids Phys. Rev. Let., 2000, v. 85, no. 5, p. 1020-1023.
Pyatakov P.A., Mironov M.A. Tuning-fork Investigation of Shear Stresses Nonlinearity in Thixotropic Media//Proceedings ISNA, 2002, v. 2, p. 815-819.
Mironov M.A., Pyatakov P.A. Medlennaya kinetika sil’no neravnovesnykh protsessov. Trudy 15 sessii RAO, 2004. — Moskva, GEOS. T. 1, p. 283-286.
Bazhenova E.D., Vil’man A.N., Esipov I.B. Fluktuatsii akusticheskogo polya v granulirovan-noi srede. Akusticheskii zhurnal, 2005. T. 51, Prilozhenie, p. 46-52.
Medlennaya kinetika vyazkouprugikh svoistv nefti pri nizkochastotnykh sdvigovykh ko- lebaniyakh. M.A. Mironov, I.A. Shelomikhina, O.M. Zozulya, I.B. Esipov. Akusticheskii zhurnal, 2012. T. 58, no. 1, p. 132-140.
Devlikamov V.V., Khabibullin Z.A., Kabirov M.M. Issledovanie anomalii vyazkosti pla-stovykh neftei mestorozhdenii Bashkirii. Izvestiya vuzov. Ser. Neft’ i gaz, 1972, no. 8, p. 41-44.
Lian H.J., Lin J.R., Yen T.F. Peptization Studies of Asphaltene and Solubility Parameter Spectra, Fuel. 73 (1994), p. 423-428.
Asphaltenic Crude Oil Characterization: An Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Resins on the Stability of Asphaltenes. A. Hammami, K.A. Ferworn, J.A. Nighswander, S. Overa, E. Stange. Pet. Sci. Technol. 16 (1998), p. 227-249.
Properties of Resins Extracted from Boscan Crude Oil and Their Effect on the Stability of Asphaltenes in Boscan and Hamaca Crude Oils. N.F. Carnahan, J.L. Salager, R. Antón, A. Dávila. Energy Fuels. 13 (1999), p. 309-314.
Badmaev B.B., Damdinov B.B. Issledovanie vyazkouprugikh svoistv organicheskikh zhidkostei akusticheskim metodom. Akusticheskii zhurnal, 2001. T. 47, no. 4, p. 487–489.
Badmaev B.B., Damdinov B.B., Sanditov D.S. Nizkochastotnye sdvigovye parametry zhidkikh vyazkouprugikh materialov. Akusticheskii zhurnal, 2004. T. 50, no. 2, p. 156–160.
Boutreux T., De Gennes P.G. Compaction of granular mixtures: a free volume model. Physica A 1997, p. 59-67.
Khaaze R. Termodinamika neobratimykh protsessov. M.: Mir, 1967, 544 p

Methodology and results of complex laboratory studies of anisotropic reservoir properties
Drilling and development of hydrocarbon fields

Authors: Alexei N. KUZ’MICHEV was born in 1988, he graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011 as Master of Engineering and Technology. He is now a graduate student of the Department of petroleum and underground fluid mechanics Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 10 scientific publications in the field of anisotropic media models, petroleum and underground fluid mechanics, as well as petrophysics. E-mail: alekn88@gmail.com

Abstract: A laboratory technique for determining core-derived absolute permeability tensor for different types of anisotropy is presented. The method for determining core-derived lateral anisotropy and further, permeability tensors is based on measuring the rate of ultrasonic waves passing through the sample on the lateral surface of the core. Using this method, we first established the presence of lateral anisotropy and then, in accordance with established type of anisotropy of the rock sample we cut out the required number of cores for hydrodynamic and other studies. The results of determining the absolute permeability tensor, translucent characteristics, linear dimensions, as well as the results capillarimetrics are presented. These data confirm the tensor nature of absolute permeability, effective diameter and translucent characteristics. The method also allows to determine the permeability tensor of phase permeabilities, limiting gradients and to construct nonlinear filtration laws.

Index UDK: 532.546

Keywords: anisotropy, tensors of absolute permeability and translucency, tensor of characteristic linear dimensions, density of pore distribution along radii, effective diameter, capillary curves

1. Zakony techeniya s predel’nym gradientom v anizotropnykh poristykh sredakh. N.M. Dmitriev i dr. Gidrodinamika, 2010, no. 2, p. 223–229.
Dmitriev N.M., Dmitriev M.N., Muradov A.A. Modeli anizotropnykh sred. Osnovnye ponyatiya i opredeleniya. Moscow, 2009, 134 p.
3. Dmitriev N.M., Kadet V.V., Mamedov M.T. Metod laboratornogo opredeleniya fil’tratsionno-emkostnykh svoistv anizotropnykh kollektorov. 4-ya Mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiya i vystavka EAGE (Sankt-Peterburg, 5–8 aprelya 2010).
4. Dmitriev N.M., Maksimov V.M. O strukture tenzorov koeffitsientov fazovykh i otnositel’nykh pronitsaemostei dlya anizotropnykh poristykh sred. Dokl. RAN, 1998. T. 358, no. 3, p. 56-59.
Kadet V.V., Dmitriev N.M., Kuzmichev A.N. Determination of lateral anisotropy of rocks in core. 5-ya mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiya i vystavka EAGE (Saint Petersburg, 2-5 April 2012).
6. Metodika i rezul’taty kompleksnykh laboratornykh issledovanii fil’tratsionno-emkostnykh svoistv na kerne. V.V. Kadet, N.M. Dmitriev, A.N. Kuz’michev, S.P. Tsybul’skii. Rossiiskaya tekhnicheskaya neftegazovaya konferentsiya i vystavka SPE po razvedke i dobychi (Moskva, 16-18 oktyabrya 2012).
7. Kuznetsov A.M., Baishev A.B., Kuznetsov V.V. Opredelenie nachal’noi vodonasyshchennosti i kapillyarnoi krivoi metodom tsentrifugirovaniya. Neftyanoe khozyaistvo, 2010, no. 1, p. 49–51.
Sirotin Yu.I., Shaskol’skaya M.P. Osnovy kristallofiziki. M.: Nauka, 1975, 680 p

Dynamic behavior of buried pipeline with section in soft ground
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Grigory V. DENISOV graduated from the Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University in 2008. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Structural Mechanics and Engineering of the Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University. E-mail: oxoxox@mail.ru
Vladimir V. LALIN graduated from Kalinin Leningrad Politechnic Institute. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor, Head of the Department of Structural Mechanics and Engineering of the Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University. E-mail: vllalin@yandex.ru

Abstract: The behavior of buried pipeline with a section in soft ground under dynamic and in particular seismic impact is considered. It is shown that under certain soil conditions and pipeline parameters local forms of vibrations caused by the above characteristics of the ground are possible. A quantitative assessment of the length of the section, provoking the specified behavior is given. A comparative analysis of the dynamic deformations of local forms and traveling waves is performed. It is shown that this feature, not regulated by the applicable norms, may play a decisive role in ensuring the strength of the facility section located in soft ground.

Index UDK: 621.64

Keywords: pipeline, seismic, heterogeneity of bed, vibrations, local forms

1. Flores-Berrones R, Liu X.L. Seismic vulnerability of buried pipelines. Geofisica Internacional, 2003, vol. 42, no. 2, p. 237-246.
Gekhman A.S., Zainetdinov H.H. Raschet, konstruirovanie truboprovodov v sejsmicheskih rajonah. Moscow, 1988, 184 p.
3. Sejsmostojkost’ magistral’nyh truboprovodov i special’nyh sooruzhenij neftjanoj i gazovoj promyshlennosti. Sbornik AN SSSR, edited by O.A. Savinov. Moscow, 1980, 170 p.
4. Vasil’ev G.G., Goryainov Yu.A., Kintsler Yu.E., Lezhnev M.A. Vybor konstruktivnykh reshenii pri proektirovanii truboprovodov v seismicheskikh raionakh. Trudy RGU nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2012, no. 2 (267), p. 84–92.
Denisov G.V. K voprosu o lokalizatsii kolebanii v stroitel’nykh konstruktsi-yakh. Inzhenernostroitel’nyi zhurnal, 2012, no. 5(31), p. 60–64.
Lokalizatsiya lineinykh voln. D.A. Indeitsev, N.G. Kuznetsov, O.V. Motygin, Yu.A. Mochalova. SPb.: Izd-vo Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta, 2007, 342 p.
7. Denisov G.V., Lalin V.V. Vliyanie konstruktivnykh vklyuchenii na prochnost’ podzemnykh truboprovodov pri dinamicheskikh vozdeistviyakh. Transport i khranenie nefteproduktov i uglevodorodnogo syr’ya, 2012, no. 2, p. 11–13.
Denisov G.V., Lalin V.V. Osobennosti povedeniya podzemnykh truboprovodov s konstruktivnymi vklyucheniyami pri dinamicheskikh vozdeistviyakh. Stroitel’naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsii i sooruzhenii, 2012, no. 4, p. 54–58.
Dinamicheskoe povedenie balok modelei Bernulli-Eilera, Releya i Timoshenko, lezhashchikh na uprugom osnovanii (sravnitel’nyi analiz). V.I. Erofeev, V.V. Kazhaev, E.E. Lisenkova, N.P. Se- merikova. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo, 2011, no. 5(3), p. 274–278.
Birbraer A.N. Raschet konstruktsiy na seysmostoykost. St. Petersburg, 1998, 255 p.

Technique for changing oil main estimated costs
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Regina V. KLIMENKO is undergraduate student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas at the faculty of Design, Construction and Operation of Pipeline Systems of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines. E-mail: germes06@gmail.com
Vadim A. POLYAKOV was born 1959. He graduated from the Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1981. He is Deputy Head for Academic Work of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor. He is author of 72 scientific works. He has prepared 4 candidates of sciences. E-mail: vapolyakov@rambler.ru

Abstract: The article shows the possibility of designing the main oil pipeline i.e. determining the combination of numerical values of the key parameters, adjusting these to the desired commercial values (costs) of the project. The principle of solving the problem is the extended set and ranges of variations of parameters and arguments of the cost function.

Index UDK: 621/644

Keywords: design procedure, parameters, range of normalized parameters, commercial characteristics, cost function

1. Antonova A.E., Polyakov V.A. O raschete stoimosti magistral’nykh nefteprovodov. NTS “Magistral’nye i promyslovye truboprovody: proektirovanie, stroitel’stvo, ekspluatatsiya, remont”, 2005, no. 4. M.: RGU nefti i gaza im. I.M. Gubkina, p. 13–17.
Polyakov V.A. Osnovy tekhnicheskoi diagnostiki. Kurs lektsii: Ucheb. posobie. M.: INFRA-M, 2012, 118 p.
3. RD-23.040.00-KTN-110-07. Magistral’nye nefteprovody. Normy proektirovaniya. M: OAO “AK “Transneft’”, 2007

Promotion and Alkaline Treatment of Type MFI Zeolite: Influence on Structure, Acidic Properties and Selectivity in Propane-Butane Conversion
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Alexei G. DEDOV graduated from the Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1977. He is Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He specializes in the field of catalysis and analytical chemistry, transformations of light alkanes. He is author of over 200 scientific publications. E-mail: genchem@gubkin.ru
Daria A. LEVCHENKO graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2010. She is graduate student of the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, specializing in the field of catalytic transformations of hydrocarbons. E-mail: genchem@gubkin.ru
Nikolai A. SPESIVTSEV graduated from Kuban State Technological University in 2012. He is graduate student of the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He specializes in the field of X-ray diffraction. E-mail: genchem@gubkin.ru
Alexey S. LOKTEV graduated from the Chemistry Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1979. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor of the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is a specialist in the field of catalysis, author of over 100 scientific publications. E-mail: genchem@gubkin.ru
Ayrat V. ISHMURZIN graduated from Kazan State Technical University in 1995. He is Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Head of the Department for Processing of Gas, Gas Condensate and Oil of JSC “Gazprom”. He is an expert in the field of refining and petrochemicals. E-mail: A.Ishmurzin@adm.gazprom.ru
Ilya I. MOISEEV graduated from Lomonosov Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering in 1952. He is Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor of the Department of General and Inorganic Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is a specialist in the field of coordination chemistry and catalysis. He is author of over 600 scientific publications. E-mail: genchem@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The effect of the promotion with zinc and chromium, as well as treatment with NaOH solution of the structure, acid and catalytic properties of type MFI zeolite is studied. It is shown that the crystal structure of the zeolite remains unchanged after the introduction of promoters, alkaline treatment and use in the conversion of propane and butane fraction (PBF). At the same time, the promotion decreases the total acidity and the amount of strongly acidic centers accompanied by increased selectivity of aromatic hydrocarbons formation. After alkaline treatment the selectivity of aromatic hydrocarbons formation also increases, while the force of distribution of acid sites on the zeolite remains unchanged.

Index UDK: 665.656.6(043)

Keywords: catalysis, type MFI zeolite, structure, acidic properties, promotion with zinc and chromium, alkali treatment, propane-butane fraction, X-ray diffraction, thermo-sorption of ammonia

1. Martinez A., Peris E., Derewinski M., Burkat-Dulak A. Improvement of catalyst stability during methane dehydroaromatization (MDA) on Mo/HZSM-5 comprising intracrystalline mesopores. Catalysis Today, 2011, vol. 169, p. 75–84.
Frey K., Lubango L.M., Scurrell M.S., Guczi L. Light alkane aromatization over modified Zn-ZSM-5 catalysts: characterization of the catalysts by hydrogen/deuterium isotope exchange. Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis, 2011, vol. 104, p. 303-309.
Luzgin M.V., Gabrienko A.A., Rogov V.A., Toktarev A.V., Parmon V.N., Stepanov A.G. The “Alkyl” and “Carbenium” Pathways of Methane Activation on Ga-Modified Zeolite BEA: 13C Solid-State NMR and GC-MS Study of Methane Aromatization in the Presence of Higher Alkane. Journal of Physical Chemistry C., 2010, vol. 114, p. 21555–21561.
Stepanov A.G., Arzumanov S.S., Gabrienko A.A., Parmon V.N., Ivanova I.I., Freude D. Significant Influence of Zn on Activation of the C-H Bonds of Small Alkanes by Broensted Acid Sites of Zeolite. ChemPhysChem, 2008, vol. 9, p. 2559-2563.
Gabrienko A.A., Arzumanov S.S., Freude D., Stepanov A.G. Propane Aromatization on Zn-Modified Zeolite BEA Studied by Solid-State NMR in Situ. Journal of Physical Chemistry C., 2010, vol. 114, p. 12681–12688.
Baerlocher C., McCusker L. B., Olson D. H. Atlas of Zeolite Framework Types. 6th ed. New York: Elsevier Inc., 2007, 398 p.
7. Additivnoe vlijanie oksidov hroma i cinka na aktivnost’ ceolita marki NCVM v aromatizacii propan-butanovoj frakcii. A.G. Dedov, A.S. Loktev, L.H. Kunashev, M.N. Kartasheva, V.S. Bogatyrev, I.I. Moiseev. Himicheskaja tehnologija, 2002, no. 8, p. 15–19.
Aktivnye centry ceolita NCVM, promotirovannogo oksidami cinka i hroma. A.G. Dedov, A.S. Loktev, A.N. Harlanov, I.Ju. Kartashev, D.A. Udal’cov, I.I. Moiseev. Zhurnal fizicheskoj himii, 2004. T. 78, no. 11, p. 1980-1985.
Sposob poluchenija aromaticheskih uglevodorodov (3 varianta). G.V. Echevskij, O.V. Kihtjanin, O.V. Klimov, S.V. Dudarev, A.V. Toktarev, E.G. Kodenev, S.P. Kil’djashev, V.N. Parmon. Patent RF no. 2188225, 2002. Bjul. no. 24.
10. Dergachev A. A., Lapidus A.L. Kataliticheskaja aromatizacija nizshih alkanov. Rossijskij himicheskij zhurnal (Zhurnal Rossijskogo himicheskogo obshhestva im. D.I. Mendeleeva), 2008. T. 52, no. 4, p. 15-21.
Kutepov B.I., Belousova O.Ju. Aromatizacija uglevodorodov na pentasilsoderzhashhih katalizatorah. M.: Himija, 2000, 95 p.
12. Giannetto G., Monque R., Galiasso R. Transformation of LPG into aromatic hydrocarbons and hydrogen over zeolite catalysts. Catalysis Review — Science & Engineering, 1994, vol. 36, no. 2, p. 274-304.
Templatnyj sintez 3-D strukturirovannyh makroporistyh oksidov i ierarhicheskih ceolitov. E.V. Parhomchuk, K.A. Sashkina, N.A. Rudina, N.A. Kulikovskaja, V.N. Parmon. Kataliz v promyshlennosti, 2012, no. 4, p. 23-32.
Abello S., Bonilla A., Perez-Ramirez J. Mesoporous ZSM-5 zeolite catalysts prepared by desilication with organic hydroxides and comparison with NaOH leaching. Applied Catalysis A: Gene- ral, 2009, vol. 364, no. 1-2, p. 191-198.
Prjamaja konversija trigliceridov zhirnyh kislot v komponenty motornyh topliv. A.G. Dedov, A.S. Loktev, A.E. Gehman, T.V. Kosakova, E.A. Isaeva, M.N. Kartasheva, I.I. Moiseev. Himicheskaja tehnologija, 2011. T. 12, no. 11, p. 654-662

Molecular-weight distribution of hydrocarbon products synthesized from CO and H2 on cobalt catalysts.
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Albert L. LAPIDUS was born in 1933, he graduated from Lomonosov MITHT University in 1957, specializing in “Chemical Technology of Fuels”. He is Doctor of Science, professor, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of the Department of Gas Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 600 scientific papers, including 4 monographs. E-mail: albert@ioc.ac.ru

Abstract: The article considers molecular weight distribution of the products of synthesis of hydrocarbons from CO and H2 as an important aspect for understanding the mechanism of the process and its implementation. It is asserted that the synthesis of hydrocarbons can be seen as reducing the polymerization of carbon monoxide with intermediate formation of oxymethylene radicals and production of alkanes and water.

Index UDK: 665.7

Keywords: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons, alkanes and water production

1. Lapidus A.L., Krylova A.Ju. Ros. him. zhurnal, 2000. T. 44, no. 1, p. 43-49.
Dry M.E. Appl.Catal. A: General, 1996. V. 138, 319 р.
3. Jacobs P.A., van Wouwe D.J. Mol. Catal., 1982. V. 17, 145 р.
4. Dautzenberg F.M., Helle J.N., Santen R.A., Verbeek H.J. Catal., 1977. V. 50, no. 1, 8 р.
5. Satterfield C.N., Huff G.A., Longwell J.P. Ind. Eng. Chem. Proc. Des. Dev., 1982. V. 21, no. 3, 465 p.
6. Fu L., Bartholomew C.H.J. Catal., 1985. V. 92, no. 1, 376 p.
7. Madon J.R. Ibid, 1979. V. 57, no. 1, 183 p.
8. Huff G.A., Satterfield C.N.J. Catal., 1984. V. 85, no. 2, 370 p.
9. Madon J.R., Taylor W.F. Ibid, 1981. V. 69, no. 1, 32 p.
10. Satterfield C.N., Strenger H.G. Ind. Eng. Chem. Proc. Des. Dev., 1984. V. 23, no. 4, 849 p.
11. Vanhove D., Makambo P., Blanchard M.J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Communs, 1979. V. 14, 605 p.
12. Henrici-Olive G., Olive S.J. Mol. Catal., 1984. V. 24, no. 1, 7 p.
13. Nijs H.H., Jacobs P.A.J. Catal, 1980. V. 65, no. 2, 328 p.
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Control of dropping liquid content in production wells stream
Automation, modeling and energy supply in oil and gas sector

Authors: Dmitri N. VELIKANOV was born in 1972. Не graduated from the Gubkin State Academy of Oil and Gas in 1994. He is Associate Professor of the Department of Automation of Technological processes of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, author of 22 scientific works in the field of measurement of multiphase flows of oil and gas production wells. E-mail: velikanov@gubkin.ru
Igor Yu. KHRABROV was born in 1976. He graduated from Gubkin State Academy of Oil and Gas in 1991. He is Associate Professor of the Dept. of Information and Measuring Systems Gubkin Russain State University of Oil and Gas, Candidate of Technical Sciences. He published 16 scientific papers in the field of measurement of parameters of multiphase flows of oil and gas production wells. E-mail: khrabrov@gubkin.ru
Janina D. ZYKOVA is undergraduate of the Department of Information and Measuring Systems of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: yanochka1315@yandex.ru

Abstract: The article is devoted to solving the problem of registration of liquid impurities (water) in the multiphase flow of gas producing wells. To solve the problem flow characteristics were studied in laboratory using a piezoelectric transducer. The results were processed using ANOVA techniques of factorial design. The optimal frequency range for finding the parameters of the impact of dropping liquid impurities and determining its amount was identified.

Index UDK: 622.279+681.5.08

Keywords: spectrometric method for flow measurements, pressure fluctuations, multiphase flows, registration of impurities, factorial design, analysis of variance

1. Vjahirev R.I., Gricenko A.I., Ter-Sarkisov R.M. Razrabotka i jekspluatacija gazovyh mestorozhdenij. Moscow, 2002, 880 p.
2. Informacionno-izmeritel’nye sistemy operativnogo kontrolja rezhima raboty skvazhin serii “Pотоk”. V.S. Bitjukov, G.A. Lanchakov, E.N. Brago, O.V. Ermolkin, D.N. Velikanov. Nauka i tehnika v gazovoj promyshlennosti, 2002, no. 1, p. 43-52.
Operativnyj kontrol’ debita gazokondensatnyh skvazhin informacionno-izmeritel’nymi sistemami “Potok-5”. G.A. Lanchakov, V.I. Marinin, A.V. Koshelev, O.V. Ermolkin, D.N. Velikanov, M.A. Gavshin. Gazovaja promyshlennost’, 2009, no. 9, p. 45-51.
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Razrabotka i issledovanie izmeritel’nogo preobrazovatelja pul’sacij davlenija dlja reshenija zadach izmerenija rashoda. O.V. Ermolkin, D.N. Velikanov, I.Ju. Hrabrov, M.A. Gavshin. Trudy Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2011, no. 3, p. 112-126.
Covershenstvovanie informacionno-izmeritel’nyh tehnologij v neftegazodobyche. E.N. Brago, O.V. Ermolkin, G.A. Lanchakov, D.N. Velikanov, M.A. Gavshin. Trudy Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo

Categorizing technical interactions in marine oil and gas facilities projects
Automation, modeling and energy supply in oil and gas sector

Authors: Denis V. KORNEYEV graduated from the Master’s Program of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011 majoring in petroleum Engineering. He is postraduate student of the Department of Computer-Aided Design for Oil and Gas Industry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 5 scientific publications. E-mail: d.v.korneyev@gmail.com
Vladimir P. BEZKOROVAYNY graduated from Donetsk State University in 1971, specializing in Radiophysics. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 110 scientific papers. He specializes in the field of automation and design of gas transmission systems and project management of gas industry. E-mail: vpbp@mail.ru
Alexander P. POZDNYAKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering. Major: Applied Mathematics. Ph.D., associate professor. He is author of more than 90 scientific publications. He is Chairman of the Board of Directors of LLC “PRIME GROUP”, Director of Engineering and Technology Center of LLC “PRIME GROUP”. E-mail: trudyrgung@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Possible technical interactions arising in the implementation of projects of offshore oil and gas fields development are considered and identified. These are clustered and organized into an hierarchical structure. The proposed object-oriented model of the interactions and the description of its methodology using UML-notation allow developing custom applications for managing interactions.

Index UDK: 681.5.004.9

Keywords: UML, object-oriented modeling, management of interactions, project management, design MNGS

1. Drozdov S.V., Bezkorovajnyj V.P. Inzhiniring tipovogo edinogo informacionnogo prostranstva realizacii neftegazovyh proektov. Avtomatizacija, telemehanizacija i svjaz’ v neftjanoj promyshlennosti, 2012, no. 8, p. 15–21.
Korneev D.V., Beleckij E.A., Tuchkov A.A. Proektirovanie morskih neftegazovyh sooruzhenij (MNGS) s ispol’zovaniem sistemy avtomatizirovannogo proektirovanija Smart-Marine Enterprise. SAPR i grafika, 2013, no. 6, p. 45–48.
Critsinelis A. The modern field development approach. Proceeding of OMAE 2001 20th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 2001.
4. Gibb A.F.G. The management of construction interfaces: preliminary results from an industry sponsored research project concentrating on high performance classing in the United Kingdom. SCAL Convention, Construction Vision, 2000.
5. Laan J., Widenburg L., Kluenen P. Dynamic interface management in transport infrastructure project. Proceeding of the 2th European System Engineering Conference, Munich, Germany, 2000.
6. Qian Chen. An object model framework for interface management in building information models. Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation in Environment Design and Planning. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. July 2007

Fire/explosion control system for gas supplied facilities
Industrial and environmental safety, occupational safety and health

Authors: Mikhail S. ERSHOV was born in 1952. He graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is Head of the Department of Theoretical Electrical Engineering and Electrification of Oil and Gas Industry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Doctor of Technical Sciences, full professor. He is author of more than 120 publications on the reliability and stability of power supply systems of oil and gas industry. E-mail: msershov@yandex.ru
Oksana Y. SOLYONAYA graduated from the State Higher Educational Institution Donetsk National Technical University (Faculty of Electrical Engineering ) in 2007. She is postgraduate student of the Department of Electric Power Supply of Industrial Enterprises and cities of Donetsk National Technical University. She is author of over 20 publications on the prevention of fire hazards in electrical networks, development of methods for safety assessment of production facilities. Е-mail: oksana_solenaya@i.ua

Abstract: The risk of fire and explosion hazards at facilities with gas and electric power systems is considered. The analysis of existing control systems allowed to identify their weaknesses and ways of improvement. A new system of fire/explosion control for facilities with electric and gas power supply is proposed, the features of its operation are considered.

Index UDK: 614.841.332 (838.001.18)

Keywords: gas supply, electricity supply, short circuit, overload, current leakage, sparking, fire and explosion safety

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Nagornyj M.A., Kovaljov A.P., Soljonyj S.V. Usovershenstvovanie ustrojstv podkljuchenija gazovyh priborov v kvartirah i nezhilyh pomeshhenijah. Vzryvozashhishhennoe jelektrooborudova- nie, 2012, p. 184–188.
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