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2020/2
Аsia-Рacific region as promising vector for Russian natural gas exports
Geosciences

Authors: Vladimir G. KUTCHEROV graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1972. He is Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Physics of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), he is also Associate Professor of the Department of Energy Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology. He is specialist in the field of genesis of hydrocarbons, investigation at extreme thermobaric conditions and global energy transformation. He is author of more than 150 scientific publications. E-mail: vladimir@flotten.se
Valeriy V. BESSEL graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1980. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Executive Vice President of OOO NewTech Services, Professor of the Department of Thermodynamics and Heat Engines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of about 150 scientific papers in the field of new oil and gas technologies, energy efficiency and alternative energy. E-mail: vbessel@nt-serv.com
Ekaterina A. OBUKHOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2020 with a bachelor’s degree. She is Master Program student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). E-mail: obukhovakat14@gmail.com
Alexey S. LOPATIN graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Thermodynamics and Heat Engines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of more than 400 papers in the field of thermodynamics of natural gases, diagnostics of oil and gas transportation systems, energy-saving technologies for gas transportation, energy efficiency and alternative energy.
E-mail: lopatin.a@gubkin.ru

Abstract: This article presents the results of the analysis of the natural gas market made by a group of authors in the framework of a joint research work conducted by Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas and the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm, Sweden). The trends in the development of world energy market are analyzed. The analysis of energy consumption and energy supply in the Asia-Pacific region as the most promising area for Russian natural gas exports is carried out. It is shown that the largest economies of the region such as (China, India, Japan and South Korea) need increasing larger volumes of natural gas to meet their growing energy needs, and it is Russia that can solve this problem by exporting natural gas through pipeline systems, as well as exporting liquefied natural gas

Index UDK: 622.279(5)

Keywords: natural gas, liquefied natural gas, Asia-Pacific region, energy supply, energy market, reserves, renewable energy sources, exports, energy supply

Bibliography:
1.Bessel’ V.V., Kucherov V.G., Lopatin A.S. Strategiya eksporta rossijskih uglevodorodov. Neft’, gaz i biznes, 2015, no. 1, p. 3-10.
2.Dinamika rossijskogo eksporta uglevodorodnogo syr’ya i perspektivy ego razvitiya. V.V. Bessel’, V.G. Kucherov, A.S. Lopatin, V.G. Martynov. Gazovaya promyshlennost’, 2015, no. 11 (730), p. 12-16.
3.BP Statistical Review of World Energy, June 2018. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.bp.com/statistical review. (Data obrashcheniya: 12 iyunya 2020 g.).
4.Bessel’ V.V., Kucherov V.G., Lopatin A.S. Potencial ispol’zovaniya solnechnoj i vetrovoj energii v toplivno-energeticheskom komplekse Rossii. ZHurnal Neftegaz.ru, 2014, no. 6, p. 74-79.
5.Bessel’ V.V., Kucherov V.G., Lopatin A.S. Prirodnyj gaz — osnova vysokoj ekologichnosti sovremennoj mirovoj energetiki. Ekologicheskij vestnik Rossii, 2014, no. 9, p. 10-16.
6.Sovremennye tendencii razvitiya mirovoj energetiki s primeneniem “gibridnyh” tekhnologij v sistemah energoobespecheniya. V.V. Bessel’, V.G. Kucherov, A.S. Lopatin, V.G. Martynov, R.D. Mingaleeva. Neftyanoe hozyajstvo, 2020, no. 3, p. 31-35.
7.Martynov V.G., Lopatin A.S., Bessel’ V.V. Prirodnyj gaz — osnova ustojchivogo razvitiya energetiki. Izvestiya Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo ekonomicheskogo universiteta, 2017, no. 1-1 (103), p. 70-77.
8.Naselenie Zemli. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: https://countrymeters.info/ru/ World#historical_population. (Data obrashcheniya: 15 yanvarya 2020 g.).
9.The World Bank, GDP, PPP (current international $) [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.PP.CD.(Data obrashcheniya: 12 iyunya 2020 g.).
10. Kindzh D. Kitaj, kotoryj potryas mir. M.: AST: AST MOSKVA, 2008, 351 p.
11. Perederij S.E. Ispol’zovanie vozobnovlyaemyh istochnikov energii: kitajskij proryv. LesPromInform, 2014, no. 8, 132 p.
12. Novaya energeticheskaya strategiya YAponii: vozvrat k atomnoj energetike i razvitie VIE. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: https://eenergy.media/2018/07/22/novaya-energetiches-kaya-strategiya-yaponii-vozvrat-k-atomnoj-energetike-i-razvitie-vie. (Data obrashcheniya: 12 iyunya 2020 g.).
13. Obzor rossijskih SPG — proektov. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: https:// www.pwc.ru/ru/publications/russian-lng-projects.html (Data obrashcheniya: 12 iyunya 2020 g.).
14. Rasoulinezhad E., Taghizadeh-Hesary F., Yoshino N., Sarker T. Russian Federation-East Asia Liquefied Natural Gas Trade Patterns and Regional Energy Security. ADBInstitute, 2019, no. 965, p. 7-9.

2020/2
Approaches to planning nondestructive testing and technical diagnostics when repairing technological pipelines of oil and gas facilities
Geosciences

Authors: Igor A. GOL’DZON graduated from the Siberian state automobile and road Academy in 2008. Candidate of the Department of thermodynamics and heat engines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Specialist in the construction of CNG stations and supply pipelines. Author of 8 scientific publications. E-mail: goldzon.ia@yandex.ru
Alexey P. ZAV’YALOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2002. Candidate of technical Sciences, associate Professor of the Department of oil and gas processing equipment of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Specialist in the field of reliability and technical diagnostics of pipeline systems. Author of about 70 scientific publications. E-mail: zavyalovap@yandex.ru

Abstract: The article deals with the problems of technical diagnostics and non-destructive testing that arise during repairs of technological pipelines of oil and gas facilities. There are four main tasks of diagnostic repairs of technological pipelines, which differ both in the nature of the requirements for the results of diagnostics, the cost of monitoring, the accuracy of the results, and the equipment and methods used for monitoring. It is stated that there is currently no universal method for monitoring technological pipelines, which is applicable in all cases of assessing the technical condition of these structures during repairs

Index UDK: 620.179.1:/622.691+622.692

Keywords: pipeline, reliability, repairs, technical diagnostics, non-destructive testing

Bibliography:
1. Diagnosticheskoe obsluzhivanie magistral’nyh gazoprovodov: Uchebnoe posobie. A.M. Angalev, B.N. Antipov, S.P. Zarickij, A.S. Lopatin. M.: MAKS Press, 2009, 112 p.
2. Analiz defektov, vyyavlennyh pri diagnosticheskom soprovozhdenii kompleksnogo remonta tekhnologicheskih truboprovodov kompressornyh stancij. A.M. Angalev, D.S. Butusov, A.P. Zav’ya-lov, A.I. Martynov. Gazovaya promyshlennost’, 2015, no. S1 (720), p. 88-90.
3. Butusov D.S., Proskuryakov A.M., Tishchenko N.I. Metodologiya predremontnogo obsledovaniya tekhnologicheskih truboprovodov KS. Gazovaya promyshlennost’, 2011, no. 9 (664), p. 32-34.
4. Zav’yalov A.P. Aktual’nye voprosy diagnosticheskogo obsluzhivaniya tekhnologicheskih truboprovodov ob’’ektov TEK. Himicheskaya tekhnika, 2015, no. 2, p. 40-43.
5. Metody i sredstva nerazrushayushchego kontrolya oborudovaniya i truboprovodov kompressornyh stancij: Ucheb. posobie. A.M. Angalev, S.I. Egorov, A.S. Lopatin, D.M. Lyapichev. M.: RGU nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2015, 95 p.

2020/2
Increasing efficiency of workflow of thermo-mechanical impacts on soil during construction and operation of pipelines
Geosciences

Authors: Boris L. ZHITOMIRSKIY graduated from Kamenetz-Podolsk Higher Military Engineering Command School named after Marshal of Engineering Troops Kharchenko and Kuibyshev Military Engineering Order of Lenin Red Banner Academy. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, General Director of AO “Gazprom Orgenergogaz”. He is Professor at the Department of Termodynamics and Heat Engines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of more than 50 scientific papers in the field of power engineering, diagnostics, energy saving and gas transport.
E-mail: zhyitomirsky@oeg.gazprom.ru

Abstract: The article presents the results of research on the technological efficiency of working processes of thermomechanical impact (TMI) on the soil. Taking into account the physical and technological features of the development of frozen and rocky soils, the analysis of the causes of unproductive energy losses that affect the efficiency of working processes is performed. Based on limitations and initial parameters of the TMI and the treated medium, the efficiency can be determined accurately enough and technically justified, and therefore ensure a stable efficiency with automated workflow management of low-temperature thermomechanical extraction of soils during the construction and exploitation oil and gas pipelines

Index UDK: 624.042.5:622.692.4.07

Keywords: thermomechanical drilling rig tool, energy efficiency, workflow

Bibliography:
1. Zhytomyrsky B.L., Dubinsky V.G., Lopatin A.S. Investigation of the flow modes of the air jet from the drilling tool in the thermomechanical method of developing. Trudy RGU of nefti and gasa (NIU) imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2019, no. 4 (297), p. 99-111.
2. Zhytomyrsky B.L. Investigation of thermodynamics of heat and mass transfer of the medium in the soil at the thermomechanical method of drilling holes on main gas pipelines. Equipment and technologies for the oil and gas complex, 2019, no. 2 (110), p. 38-43.
3. Zhitomirsky B.L. On the optimization of the energy balance of the thermo-mechanical drilling tool with surf beam diagnostics of pipelines. Oil & gas, 2020, no. 01.1-2, p. 98-102.
4. Deich M.E., Filippov G.A. Gas Dynamics of two-phase media. М.: Energia, 1968, 423 p.

Authors: Victor G. PIROZHKOV graduated from the Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic institute in 1971 with a degree in mechanical engineering technology, machine tools and metalworking. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor at the Department of Technical Mechanics of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is expert in the field of calculation of strength and reliability of elements of engineering structures. He is author of more than 70 scientific and educational works. E-mail: pirogkov.v@gubkin.ru
Michail O. ARBUZOV graduated from Moscow machine tool institute in 1964 by specialty “Mechanical engineering technology, machine tools and metalworking”. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor of Sub-department of Machines of MSUT “STANKIN”. He is expert in the field of designing and calculating machine parts. He is author and co-author of more than 60 scientific and educational works. E-mail: stankin-okm@yandex.ru
Alexey Ya. NEKRASOV graduated from Moscow State University of Technology “STANKIN” in 1994 by specialty “Machine tools and metalworking”. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor of Sub-department of Machines of MSUT “STANKIN”. He is expert in engineering. He is author and co-author of more than 120 scientific and educational works.
E-mail: stankin-okm@yandex.ru
Alexander N. SOBOLEV graduated from Moscow State University of Technology “STANKIN” in 2002 in the direction of the magistracy “Technology, Equipment and Automation of Engineering Industries”. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Sub-department of Machines of MGTU “STANKIN”. He is expert in the theory of mechanisms and CAD. He is author and co-author of more than 120 scientific and educational works. E-mail: stankin-okm@yandex.ru

Abstract: One of the options for mounting parts on shafts is through the use of the friction method of transmitting torque with two contacting conical surfaces pulled together. However, traditional designs are not without drawbacks. The authors proposed a simple and compact design for reliable fastening of parts on the shaft in combination with the ability to quickly adjust their axial and angular position. New technical solutions are based on the improvement and diversification of the designs of tapered shrink sleeves

Index UDK: 621.85-238+ 621.824

Keywords: torque transmission, shaft-hub connection, elastic sleeve, axial and angular position adjustment

Bibliography:
1. Egorov O.D., Bujnov M.А., Prokhorenko L.S. Structural analysis of mechanisms using graphs. Tekhnologiya mashinostroeniya [Engineering Technology], 2017, no. 7, p. 33-36 (in Russian).
2. Tsukanov M.A., Ulianova O.P. Algorithmization of the dispatching process of casting cranes as a way to reduce the downtime of steelmaking. Elektrometallurgiya [Electrometallurgy], 2018, no. 3, p. 9-17 (in Russian).
3. Sobolev А.N., Nekrasov А.YA., Yаgol’nitser O.V., Butrimova E.V. An experimental model for assessing the technical and environmental indicators of machine tools. Vestnik MGTU “STANKIN” [Messenger of Moscow State University of Technology “Stankin”], 2016, no. 1, p. 33-37 (in Russian).
4. Pirogkov V.G., Sobolev A.N., Nekrasov A.Ya., Arbuzov M.O. Computer-aided design and modeling in mechanical engineering: orthogonal bevel gears. Trudi RGU nefti I gaza (NIU) imeni I.M. Gubkina [Proceedings of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas], 2019, no. 2, p. 95-106 (in Russian).
5. Pirozhkov V.G., Sobolev А.N., Nekrasov А.YA., Аrbuzov M.O. Gear mechanisms of intermittent intermittent motion: designs, calculation methods, modeling. Trudi RGU nefti i gaza (NIU) imeni I.M. Gubkina [Proceedings of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas], 2019, no. 4, p. 156-166 (in Russian).
6. Nekrasov А.YA., Аrbuzov M.O., Pirozhkov V.G. On a formalized method for determining the additional loads caused by individual errors in the steps of links in mechanical devices with multipair contact of elements. Neft’ gaz i biznes [Oil, Gas and Business], 2011, no. 3, p. 62-67 (in Russian).
7. Kazakov A.A., Arbuzov M.O., Pirogkov V.G., Saldadze A.D. Influence of part shape errors in equipment accuracy calculations. Neft’ gaz i biznes [Oil, Gas and Business], 2012, no. 1-2, p. 98-101 (in Russian).
8. Pirogkov V.G., Sobolev A.N., Nekrasov A.Ya., Arbuzov M.O. To the question of the shaping of the profile of cylindrical gears during electrical discharge cutting. Trudi RGU nefti i gaza (NIU) imeni I.M. Gubkina [Proceedings of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas], 2018, no. 4, p. 118-131 (in Russian).
9. Sobolev A.N., Nekrasov A.Ya. Improving the design technique of the pin chain gearing based on new software for calculating and modeling. Vestnik MGTU “STANKIN” [Messenger of Moscow State University of Technology “Stankin”], 2015, no. 3, p. 34-38 (in Russian).
10. Sobolev A.N., Kosov M.G., Nekrasov A.Ya. Modeling of structures of hull parts using calculated macrocells. Vestnik MGTU “STANKIN” [Messenger of Moscow State University of Technology “Stankin”], 2014, no. 3, p. 98-101 (in Russian).
11. Pronin А.I., Myl’nikov V.V., Val’ko D.А., Kondrashkin O.B. Development and research of part design using CAD/CAE systems. Remont. Vosstanovlenie. Modernizatsiya [Repairs. Recovery. Modernization], 2018, no. 6, p. 13-16 (in Russian).
12. Kosov M.G., Gurevich YU.E., Kapitanov А.V. Load distribution on rolling bodies of wave transmission generators. Vestnik MGTU “STANKIN” [Messenger of Moscow State University of Technology “Stankin”], 2018, no. 1, p. 36-44 (in Russian).
13. Chekanin V.А., Chekanin А.V. The study of genetic methods for optimizing the distribution of rectangular resources. Sovremennoe mashinostroenie. Nauka i obrazovanie [Modern engineering. Science and education], 2012, no. 2, p. 798-804 (in Russian).
14. Chekanin V.A., Chekanin A.V. Data structure for the problem of three-dimensional orthogonal packing of objects. Vestnik MGTU “STANKIN” [Messenger of Moscow State University of Technology “Stankin”], 2015, no. 1, p. 112-116 (in Russian).
15. Arbuzov M.O., Nekrasov A.Ya., Sobolev A.N., Rivkin A.V. Issledovaniye, raschet parametrov i konstruirovaniye zubchato-remennykh peredach [Research, calculation of parameters and design of gear-belt drives]. Moscow, 2018, 164 p.
16. Sobolev А.N., Nekrasov А.YA., Аrbuzov M.O. Effective methods of training future engineering and scientific personnel at the machine tool department of MGTU “STANKIN”. Tekhnicheskoe tvorchestvo molodyozhi [Technical creativity of youth], 2016, no. 1, p. 21-24 (in Russian).
17. Arbuzov M.O., Sobolev A.N., Nekrasov A.Ya. Raschet parametrov soyedineniya val-stupitsa “Shaft-Hub Joining” [Calculation of the shaft-hub connection “Shaft-Hub Joining”]. Patent RF, no. 2018661093, 2018.
18. Arbuzov M.O., Sobolev A.N., Nekrasov A.Ya. Soyedineniye vala so stupitsey [Shaft-hub connection]. Patent RF, no. 177902, 2018.
19. Arbuzov M.O., Sobolev A.N., Nekrasov A.Ya. Soyedinenyie vala so stupitsey [Shaft-hub connection]. Patent RF, no. 192160, 2019.
20. Arbuzov M.O., Sobolev A.N., Nekrasov A.Ya. Soyedinenyie val-stupitsa [Shaft-hub connection]. Patent RF, no. 183767, 2018.
21. Arbuzov M.O., Sobolev A.N., Nekrasov A.Ya. Ustroystvo dlya krepleniya stupitsy na valu [Device for attaching the hub to the shaft]. Patent RF, no. 190482, 2019.
22. Arbuzov M.O., Sobolev A.N., Nekrasov A.Ya. Sposob dostizheniya soosnosti dvukh konicheskikh vnutrennikh poverkhnostey stupitsy [The way to achieve alignment of two conical inner surfaces of the hub]. Patent RF, no. 2272649, 2020.

Authors: Zalim A. SHIDGINOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2009. Head of the sector of REC “Field chemistry” at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Specialist in the field of chemical reagents and technologies used in oil and gas production. E-mail: Shidginov-za@gueng.ru
Mihail A. SILIN graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1978. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Head at the Department of Chemical Technology for Oil and Gas Industry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is specialist in the field of chemicals and technologies for oil and gas production. He is author of more than 250 scientific publications. E-mail: silin.m@gubkin.ru
Maria A. CHERYGOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. Leading engineer of REC “Field chemistry” at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Specialist in the field of chemical reagents and technologies used in oil and gas production. E-mail: maria_sher88@mail.ru
Ljubov’ A. MAGADOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry 1975. She is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor at the Department of Chemical Technology for Oil and Gas Industry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). She is Head of Laboratory of Scientific and Educational Center for Field Chemistry. She is specialist in the field of oilfield chemistry. She is author of more than 230 scientific publications. E-mail: lubmag@gmail.com
Guldar R. KUTUSHEVA graduated from the Department of oil field Development at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2014. Specialist in the field of oil and gas fields, foaming agents, modeling and analysis of reservoir waters. Leading engineer of REC “Field chemistry” at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University).
E-mail: minigulova.guldar@gmail.com

Abstract: Many wells cease cost-effective production long before their deposits are depleted. Often this happens due to the accumulation of liquid at the bottomhole of a gas or gas condensate well. The accumulation of liquid occurs when the velocity of the produced gas becomes lower than that necessary to lift the fluid — this velocity is called the critical velocity. The injection of a foaming agent (or foam) to the bottomhole of a gas or gas condensate well is one of the promising methods of influencing a flooded gas or gas condensate well to control the amount of excess fluid in the bottom of a well. This method is not applicable in all cases: for example, the foam collapses in contact with condensate or simply does not form, and at high temperatures the formation of foam occurs less intensively. Gas well deliquification with foamers is a preventive method that allows for some time to reduce the amount of liquid in the borehole, correspondingly increasing the production of gas and gas condensate. In this work, we analyze the existing surfactants that are different in nature and type and present a new patented foaming agent that solves a number of problems: the presence of gas condensate in the well, high temperatures at the bottomhole, and high salinity of formation waters. Various laboratory tests of this foaming agent have been carried out, as a result of which the optimal concentration of the foaming agent and the possible limits of use in gas and gas condensate wells have been determined. For fields in difficult climatic conditions, a solid foaming agent has been developed and patented, which has similar properties to a liquid foaming agent

Index UDK: 622.276.64

Keywords: gas well, gas-condensate well, liquid accumulation at the bottomhole, gas well deliquification, surfactant, foamer, foam factor

Bibliography:
1. Gasumov R.A., Gejhman M.G., Minlikaev V.Z. Tehnologija ochistki zaboev gazovyh skvazhin na mestorozhdenijah Zapadnoj Sibiri v uslovijah anomal’no nizkih plastovyh davlenij. M.: LLC “IRC Gazprom”, 2004, 108 p.
2. Dotson B. and Nunez-Paclibon E. Gas well liquid loading from the power perspective: Annual technical conference and exhibition held in Anaheim, California, U.S.A., 11-14 November 2007; SPE 110357.
3. Shoeibi Omrani P., Shukla R.K., Vercauteren F. and Nennie E. Improving the foamer selection procedure for gas well deliquification application; Annual technical conference and exhibition held in Dubai, UAE, 26-28 September 2016; SPE-181592-MS.
4. Mitjuk D.Ju., Vinokurov V.A., Frolov V.I. Fiziko-himicheskie osnovy processov dobychi nefti: uch. posobie. M.: Izd. “Neft’ i gaz” RGU nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2008, 190 p.

2020/2
Investigating textural, structural and sorption properties of carbon-containing materiаls based on sludge waste from production of vegetable oils
Chemical sciences

Authors: Irina V. STAROSTINA graduated from Grishmanov Belgorod Technological Institute of Building Materials in 1987. She is Candidate of Technical Sciences, associate Professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology at Shukhov Belgorod State Technological University. Her scientific interests include industrial waste processing, sewage treatment. She is author of more than 170 scientific publications. E-mail: starostinairinav@yandex.ru
Ilya V. ANISHCHENKO graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2015 with Master Degree in “Management in technical systems”. He is Senior Lecturer at the Department of Informatics, specialist in the field of information technology, automatic control systems and distance learning at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of more than 30 scientific publications. E-mail: anischenko.rus@gmail.com
Dmitriy V. STOLYAROV graduated from Shukhov Belgorod State Technological University in 2013. He is Environmental Engineer of LLC “Neftekhim-engineering”. He is specialist in the field of environmental protection and natural and sewage waters treatment. He is author of 15 scientific publications. E-mail: deviance3001@yandex.ru
Alla V. CHEREVATOVA graduated from Grishmanov Belgorod Technological Institute of Building Materials in 1990. She is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Glass and Ceramics Technology at Shukhov Belgorod State Technological University. Her scientific focus is on theoretical foundations of physical and chemical processes management of athermal (hydrothermal) synthesis of mineral nanostructured astringents. She is author of more than 140 scientific publications.
E-mail: cherry_611@mail.ru

Abstract: The results of investigating the particle size distribution, structural, textural characteristics and sorption properties of a new composite carbon-containing sorption material obtained by thermal modification of kieselguhr sludge waste from the production of refined vegetable oils are presented. The processing conditions provide incomplete oxidation of organic impurities contained in the sludge waste, the formation of a mesoporous structure and the formation of soot-like carbon particles on the surface of diatomite particles. Using the Boehm method of IR spectroscopy and acid-base titration it has been established that the presence of various oxygen-containing functional groups on the surface of the carbon layer provide the materials obtained with bifunctional sorption properties as the effective extraction of heavy metal ions (using copper ions as an example) and oil products from aqueous media

Index UDK: 665.3:543.272.6

Keywords: kieselguhr sludge, vegetable waxes, thermal modification, carbon-containing sorption material, mesoporous structure, oxygen-containing functional groups, oil capacity, ion exchange

Bibliography:
1. Smirnov А.D. Sorbtsionnaya ochistka vody. L.: Kimiya, 1982, 168 p.
2. Sovershenstvovanie sorbtsionnykh metodov ochistki zagryaznennykh prirodnykh i stochnykh vod. Pod red. d-ra biolog. nauk, prof. E.I. Tikhomirovoj. Saratov: SGTU imeni Gagarina Yu.А., 2017, 154 p.
Sobgaida N.A., Ol’shanskaya L.N., Nikitina I.V. Fiber and carbon materials for removing oil products from effluent. Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, 2008, vol. 44, p. 41-44.
Gupta M., Gupta H., Kharat D.S. Adsorption of Cu (II) by low cost adsorbents: a review. Current Environmental Engineering, 2017, vol. 4, no. 3, p. 159-168.
5. Kinle KH., Bader EH. Аktivnye ugli i ikh promyshlennoe primenenie. L.: Khimiya, 1984, 216 p.
6. Vezentsev А.I., Nguen Kh.T., Sokolovskij P.V., Bukhanov V.D., Milyutin V.V., Kon’kova T.V., Аlekhina M.B. Kompozitsionnyj sorbent na osnove mineral’nogo i rastitel’nogo syr’ya. Sorbtsionnye i khromatograficheskie protsessy, 2015, t. 15, no. 1, p. 127-133.
7. Kovalenko T.А., Аdeeva L.N. Uglerodmineral’nyj sorbent dlya kompleksnoj ochistki stochnykh vod. Khimiya v interesakh ustojchivogo razvitiya, 2010, t. 18, no. 2, p. 189-195.
8. Moskvicheva E.V., Ignatkina D.O., Moskvicheva А.V., Vojtyuk А.А., Gerashhenko А.А. Tekhnologiya polucheniya granulirovannogo sorbtsionno-fil’truyushhego kompozitsionnogo materiala na osnove otkhoda proizvodstva (na primere LLC “Imperial Tobakko Volga” g. Volgograd). Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo arkhitekturno-stroitel’nogo universiteta. Seriya: Stroitel’stvo i arkhitektura, 2017, vyp. 49 (68), p. 110-121.
9. Sverguzova S.V., Shajkhiev I.G., Khunadi L., Аlejnikova N. Sravnenie sorbtsionnykh svojstv nativnoj i termoobrabotannoj kozhury arakhisa po otnosheniyu k ionam nikelya. Chemical Bulletin, 2019, t. 2, no. 4, p. 12-13.
10. Galimova R.Z., Shajkhiev I.G. Ochistka fenolsoderzhashhikh stochnykh vod nativnymi i modifitsirovannymi adsorbtsionnymi materialami na osnove otkhodov sel’skokhozyajstvennogo i promyshlennogo proizvodstva: monografiya. Belgorod-Kazan’: Izd-vo BGTU, 2018, 96 p.
11. Popova L.V. Modifikatsiya rezin produktami na osnove otkhodov proizvodstva podsolnechnogo masla: Diss. kand. tekhn. nauk. Voronezh, 2010, 224 p.
12. Bakr H.E.G. Diatomite: Its Characterization, modifications and applications. Asian Jornal of Materials Science, 2010, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 121-136.
13. Ubas’kina YU.А., Petrenko E.V. Proizvodstvo otbelivayushhikh glin iz diatomita: tekhnologicheskaya operatsiya “kal’tsinirovanie”. Chast’ 1. Svojstva diatomita pri kal’tsinirovanii. Novye tekhnologii, 2012, no. 2, p. 62-65.
14. Starostina I.V., Sverguzova S.V., Stolyarov D.V., Porozhnyuk E.V., SHajkhiev I.G., Аnichina YA.N. Otrabotannyj kizel’gurovyj shlam masloehkstraktsionnogo proizvodstva — syr’e dlya polucheniya sorbtsionnogo materiala. Vestnik tekhnologicheskogo universiteta, 2017, t. 20, no. 16, p. 133-136.
15. Eremin I.S. Razrabotka sorbiruyushhego materiala na osnove rastitel’nogo syr’ya: Аvtoref. diss. kand. tekhn. nauk. M., 2018, 20 p.
16. Frolov YU.G. Kurs kolloidnoj khimii. Poverkhnostnye yavleniya i dispersnye sistemy: uchebnik dlya vuzov. 2-e izd. M.: Khimiya, 1988, 464 p.
17. Boehm KH.P. Khimicheskaya identifikatsiya poverkhnostnykh grupp. Kataliz. Stereokhimiya i mekhanizmy organicheskikh reaktsij. M.: Mir, 1968, p. 186-288.
18. Oickle A.M., Goertzen S.L. and Hopper K.R. Standardization of the Boehm titration: Part II. Metod of agitation, effect of filtering and dilute titrant. Carbon, 2010, vol. 48, p. 3313-3322.
19. Tarasevich B.N. IK spektry osnovnykh klassov organicheskikh soedinenij: spravochnye materialy. M.: Izd-vo MGU, 2012, 55 p.
20. Starostina I.V., Nikitina А.E., Porozhnyuk E.V., Raboshhuk D.S. Issledovanie vliyaniya uslovij termicheskoj modifikatsii otrabotannogo kizel’gurovogo shlama na smachivaemost’ poverkhnosti poluchaemogo sorbenta. Ehnergo- i resursosberegayushhie ehkologicheski chistye khimiko-tekhnologicheskie protsessy zashhity okruzhayushhej sredy: Sb. dokl. III Mezhdunar. nauchno-tekhn. konf. (Belgorod, 14-15 noyab. 2017 g.). Belgorod: Izd-vo BGTU, 2017, p.118-124.
21. Yuan, Peng and oth. The hydroxyl species and acid sites on diatomite: a combined IR and Raman study. Applied surface Science, 2004, no. 227 (1-4), p. 30-39.
22. Jansen R.J., H. van Bekkum. XPS of nitrogen-containing functional groups on activated carbon. Carbon, 1995, vol. 33, no. 8, p. 1021-1027.
23. Soldatov А.I. Izuchenie vozmozhnosti tselevogo formirovaniya tsentrov osnovnogo kharaktera na uglerodnoj poverkhnosti. Vestnik YUUrGU. Seriya “Matematika, fizika, khimiya”. 2008, no. 7, vyp. 10, p. 105-110.

2020/1
Driving force for generation of new knowledge and ensuring competitiveness of domestic oil and gas technologies
Higher education

Authors: Alexey S. LOPATIN graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Рrofessor, Head of Department of Termodynamics and Heat Engines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Author of over 350 papers in the field of diagnostics, energy saving in the transport of gas, energy efficiency. E-mail: a.lopatin.a@gubkin.ru
Victor G. MARTYNOV graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1975. He is Doctor of Economics, Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor, Rector of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of about 250 scientific papers in the field of economics and management, professional education, geology and power engineering. E-mail: v.martynov@gubkin.ru
Viktor S. SHEINBAUM graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1966. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, adviser to the admi- nistration of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of more than 100 scientific papers in the field of professional education, management, innovative teaching methods, engineering methodology, drilling machines and equipment for the development of offshore hydrocarbon deposits.
E-mail: shvs@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The article dedicated to the 90th anniversary of Gubkin University, discusses the main milestones of its foundation, associated with the name of its founder and first director, organizer of higher oil and gas education in Russia, Ivan Mikhailovich Gubkin. The data showing the contribution of Gubkin alumni to the development of the industry and oil and gas education, the achievements of the university in the implementation of its mission and the implementation of the program of development of Gubkin University as a national research university

Index UDK: 001.92+553.98

Keywords: university, Gubkin, Mining Academy, Moscow Petroleum Institute, national research university, scientific schools

Bibliography:
1. Rossijskij gosudarstvennyj universitet nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina: monografiya. Pod red. prof. A.I. Vladimirova i prof. V.N. Vinogradova. M.: FGUP Izd-vo “Neft’ i gaz” RGU nefti i gaza, 2005, 440 р.
2. Vladimirov A.I. O nauchnyh i nauchno-pedagogicheskih shkolah. M.: OOO “Izdatel’skij dom Nedra”, 2013, 61 p.

2020/1
Hypothesis of ring platform structures formation in oil and gas bearing provinces as a result of hydrocarbon gases explosions
Geosciences

Authors: Alexander V. BUZILOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. Geologist at “Pangeya”. Specialist in the field of geology of the oil and gas fields. He is author of 9 scientific publications. E-mail: huntershole@yandex.ru
Alexander V. POSTNIKOV graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1971. Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Рrofessor at the Department of Lithology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Specialist in the field of ancient craton basement and lithology of the oil and gas fields. He is author of more than 157 scientific publications. E-mail: apostnikov@gubkin.ru
Elena S. IZYUROVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, associate Professor at the Department of Lithology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Specialist in the field of the oil and gas reservoir and epigenetic studies of the sedimentary rocks. She is author of more than 30 scientific publications. E-mail: ekonovalceva@yandex.ru
Olga V. POSTNIKOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Рrofessor at the Department of Lithology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Specialist in the field of lithology of the oil and gas fields. He is author of more than 80 scientific publications.
E-mail: olgapostnikova@yandex.ru
Olga V. SIVALNEVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, associate Professor at the Department of Lithology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Specialist in the sedimentology, reservoirs of oil and gas. She is author of 26 scientific publications.
E-mail: sivalneva.o@gubkin.ru
Vladimir G. KUTCHEROV graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemi- cal and Gas Industry in 1972. Doctor of Physics and Mathematics Sciences, Professor at the Department of Physics of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), docent at the department of Energy Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology. Specialist in the field of genesis of hydrocarbons, investigation at extreme thermobaric conditions, global energy transformation. He is author of 108 scientific publications. E-mail: vladimir@flotten.se

Abstract: The article considers hypothesis of ring platform structures formation as a result of deep gases explosions. Evidences of tectonic deformations in the rocks of the East Siberian and Siljan ring structures as well as their genesis are discussed

Index UDK: 551.12:551.2.03

Keywords: impact craters, ring structures, Siljan ring-shaped structures, shock metamorphism, gas explosions

Bibliography:
1. Vaganov V.I., Ivankin P.F., Kropotkin P.N. et al. Explosive ring structures of shields and platforms. M.: Nedra, 1985, 200 p.
2. Graiton L.K. Volcanic heat assumptions. M: Inostrannaya literature, 1949, 167 p.
3. Pikovsky Yu.I., Glasko M.P., Kutcherov V.G. The block structure and the presence of oil and gas in the Siljan impact crater. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 2017, no. 58, p. 199-205.
4. Pljusnin A.V., Gekche M.I. Pervye dannye ob obnaruzhenii impaktnoj struktury na poverhnosti fundamenta juga Sibirskoj platformy (krater Nepskij-1). Fundamental’nye problemy tektoniki i geodinamiki. Materialy LI Tektonicheskogo soveshhanija. M.: GEOS, 2019, tom 2, p. 157-161.
5. Postnikov A.V., Postnikova O.V., Izyurova E.S., Poshibaev V.V., Kuznecov A.S., Izyurov A.D., Kozionov A.E. Jevoljucija processov mineraloobrazovanija v terrigennyh porodah rannego venda Nepsko-Botuobinskoj anteklizy. Litologija i poleznye iskopaemye, 2019, no. 1, p. 31-43.
6. Shteinberg G.S., Persikov E.S. The mechanism of periodic explosions according to the results of laboratory modeling. Proc. USSR Academy of Science, 1987, no. 301(3), p. 677-681.
7. Earth Impact Database. University of New Brunswick. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.passc.net/EarthImpactDatabase/New%20website_05-2018/Index.html (retrieved 29 Feb- ruary 2020).
8. Fudali R.F., Melson W.G., Ejecta velocities, magma chamber pressure and kinetic energy associated with the 1968 eruption of Arenal volcano//Bull of Volcanology, 1972, no. 35 (2), p. 383-401.
9. Hӧgstrӧm A.E.S., Sturkell E., Ebbestad J.O.R., Lindstrӧm M. & Ormӧ J. Concentric impact structures in the Palaeozoic of Sweden — the Lockne and Siljan craters. GFF, 2010, no. 132, p. 65-70.
10. Holm S., Alwmark C., Alvarez W., Schmitz B. Shock barometry of the Siljan impact structure, Sweden. Meteorit. Planet. Sci., 2011, no. 46, p. 1888-1909.
11. Jourdan F., Reimold W.U. & Deutsch A. Dating terrestrial impact structures. Elements, 2012, no. 8, p. 49-53.
12. Kutcherov V., Krayushkin V., Deep-seated abiogenic origin of petroleum: from geologi- cal assessment to physical theory. Review of Geophysics, 2010, no. 48, RG1001, DOI:10.1029/ 2008RG000270.
13. Rinehart J.S. Distribution of Meteoritic Debris about the Arizona Meteorite Crater. Smithsonian Contribution to Astrophysics, 1958, no. 2, p. 145-160.
14. Self S., Rampino M.R., Newton M.S., Wolff J.A. Volcanological study of the great Tambora eruption of 1815//Geology, 1984, no. 12(11), p. 659-663. DOI: 10.1130/0091-7613(1984)12 <659:VSOTGT>2.0.CO;2

2020/1
Modeling maturity of organic matter in source rocks of Silurian oil and gas source strata of southern Urals based on statistical processing of Rock-eval results
Geosciences

Authors: Alexander V. BONDAREV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. He is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Department Theoretical Fundamentals of Prospecting and Exploration of Oil and Gas of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of 50 scientific publications. E-mail: jcomtess@yandex.ru
Andrey V. BARSHIN graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 2013, with a bachelor’s degree and Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2015, with a master’s degree. He is Assistant lecturer at the Department of Theoretical Foundations of Oil and Gas Exploration and Prospecting of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of 4 scientific publications. E-mail: barshinsp@gmail.com
Kristina I. DANTSOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2017. She is Assistant Lecturer at the Department of Theoretical Foundations of Oil and Gas Exploration and Prospecting of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). She is author of 12 scientific publications.
E-mail: kristinadantsova@yandex.ru
Liana I. MINLIGALIEVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2016. Assistant at the Department of Theoretical Foundations of Oil and Gas Exploration and Exploration of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). The author of 20 scientific publications. E-mail: liana_abril@mail.ru

Abstract: The article is dedicated to the statistical study of the organic matter of Silurian rocks, as well as modeling the generation of hydrocarbons in these source rocks of the southern Urals. This will make it possible to contribute to the whole picture of the formation of oil and gas accumulations, and also assess the impact of the candidate sources of hydrocarbons in the region. It will allow developing and expanding capabilities in solving urgent problems of localization and spatial distribution of hydrocarbons in traps, as well as revising the regional assessment of the region’s resources

Index UDK: 550.8.013

Keywords: Pre-Ural marginal deflection, geochemistry of organic matter, basin modeling, statistics, Rock-eval, Silurian system

Bibliography:
1. Monakova A.S. Usloviya formirovaniya, razmeshcheniya i perspektivy poiskov skoplenij uglevodorodov v paleozojskom komplekse yuga Predurаl’skogo progiba i zony peredovyh skladov yugo-zapadnogo Urala. Diss. kand. [Conditions for the formation, placement and prospects of hydrocazbon accumulations in the Paleozoic omplex of the sauth of the Ural trough and the zone of advanced warehouses of the southwestern Urals. Doct. Diss.]. Moscow, 2019, 22 p.
2. Minligaliyeva L.I. Prognoz neftegazonosnosti yuzhnoy chasti Predural’skiy progib i zony peredovykh skladok Urala na osnove geomekhanicheskogo i basseynovogo modelirovaniya [Forecast of oil and gas potential of the southern part of the Preduralsk downwarp and the zone Advanced warehouses of the Urals based on geomechanical and basin modeling]. XI Mezhdunarodnyye nauchno-prakticheskiye konferentsii studentov, aspirantov i molodykh uchenykh [Geology in the developing world, a collection of scientific papers on the materials of the XI International Scientific and Practical Conference of Students, Postgraduates and Young Scientists]. T. 3. Permskiy gosudarstvennyy natsio-nal’nyy issledovatel’skiy universitet, 2018, p. 145-148.
3. Minligalieva L.I., Kerimov V.Yu. Usloviya formirovaniya lovushek i zalezhey uglevodorodov v podnadvigovykh zonakh Predural’ya [Conditions for the formation of traps and hydrocarbon deposits in the subthrust zones of the Urals]. Nedropol’zovaniye XXI vek [Subsoil use XXI century], 2019, no. 4 (80), p. 34-45.
4. Minligalieva L.I., Kerimov V.Yu., Osipov A.V., Bondarev A.V., Monakova A.S. Geomekha-nicheskoye modelirovaniye vzbroso-nadvigovykh struktur Predural’skogo progiba [Geomechanical modeling of thrust-thrust structures of the Ural trough]. Sbornik “Novyye idei v naukakh o Zemle”. Materialy XIV Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsiii [In the collection: New ideas in Earth sciences Materials of the XIV International scientific-practical conference], 2019, p. 264-267.
5. Minligalieva L.I., Monakova A.S. Geomekhanicheskoye modelirovaniye zony sochleneniya Predural’skogo krayevogo progiba i peredovykh skladok Urala [Geomechanical modeling of the articulation zone of the Ural marginal deflection and advanced folds of the Urals] Sbornik naushnykh trudov “Bakirovskiye chteniya” [In the collection “Bakirov readings collection of scientific papers”], 2018, p. 151-156.
6. Osipov A.V., Bondarev A.V., Mustaev R.N., Monakova A.S., Zakharchenko M.V., Minliga-lieva L.I. Rezul’taty geologo-s’yemochnykh rabot na vostochnom bortu yuzhnoy chasti Predural’skogo progiba [Results of geological survey work on the eastern side of the southern part of the Ural trough]. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Geologiya i razvedka [News of higher educational institu-tions. Geology and exploration], 2018, no. 3, p. 42-50.
7. Osipov A.V., Vasilenko E.I., Minligalieva L.I., Kerimov V.Yu., Ermolkin V.I. Uglevodorod-nyye sistemy glubokopogruzhennykh otlozheniy yugo-vostochnoy chasti Volgo-Ural’skoy neftegazo-nosnoy provintsii [Hydrocarbon systems of deeply submerged sediments of the southeastern part of the Volga-Ural oil and gas province]. Nedropol’zovaniye XXI vek [Subsoil use XXI century], 2018, no. 6 (76), p. 40-49.
8. Osipov A.V., Monakova A.S., Minligaliyeva L.I. Generatsionno-akkumulyatsionnyye uglevo-dorodnyye sistemy yuzhnoy chasti Predural’skogo krayevogo progiba [Generation-accumulation hyd-rocarbon systems of the southern part of the Pre-Ural marginal deflection]. Sbornik nauchnykh statey “Novyye napravleniya neftegazovoy geologii i geokhimii. Razvitiye geologorazvedochnykh rabot” [New directions of oil and gas geology and geochemistry. Development of geological exploration collection of scientific articles], 2017, p. 285-293.

2020/1
Geochemical study of oil-bearing deposits of the Northern side of the Caspian basin
Geosciences

Authors: Kurmangazy O. ISKAZIEV graduated from petroleum faculty of V.I. Lenin Kazakh Polytechnic Institute in 1993. He is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Associa-te Professor, senior lecturer at the Department of Geology of Petroleum Systems of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is specialist in the field of oil and gas fields exploration. He is author of 1 monograph and more than 15 scientific publications in Russian and foreign issues.
E-mail: k.iskaziyev@kmg.kz

Abstract: The article presents the results of the studies of the rock samples geochemical parameters from the wells drilled within the northern side of the Caspian depression and the zone of its juncture with the southern part of the Buzuluk depression. Potential oil and gas source strata were identified and characterized within the study area in the stratigraphic interval of the Middle Devonian (Klintsovski-Mosolovski horizon), Lower Carboniferous (Kosvinski-Radaevski and Bobrikovski horizons) and Middle Carboniferous (Vereyski horizon) systems. The type of organic matter and the degree of maturity of the deposits are established for each stratum. The results can be used in further studies of the hydrocarbon potential of the northern side zone of the Caspian basin and adjacent territories

Index UDK: 550.4+553.98 (470.98)

Keywords: Keywords: source rocks, geochemical parameters, organic carbon, biomarkers, northern side of the Caspian basin, Krevelen diagram

Bibliography:
1. Kuandykov B.M., Matloshinsky N.G., Sentgiorgi K. et al. Oil and gas potential of the Paleo- zoic shelf of Northern Margin of Precaspian depression. Almaty, 2011, 280 p.
2. Zhemchugova V.A., Makarova E.Yu., Naumchev Yu.V., Makarov N.D., Pankov V.V. Carbonate reservoirs of subsalt deposits of the Caspian syneclise. Geo-resources, 2017. Special issue. Part 2, p. 194-207.
3. Abilkhasimov Kh.B. Reservoirs formation features of Paleozoic deposits of the Precaspian depression and an assessment of their oil and gas potential. Publishing House of the Academy of Na- tural Sciences, 2016, 244 p.
4. Peters E.K. Guidelines for evaluating petroleum source rock using programmed pyrolysis. AAPG Bulletin, 1986, vol. 80, no. 3, p. 318-329.
5. Peters E.K., Cassa M.R. Applied source rock geochemistry. AAPG Memoir 60: The petroleum system — from source to trap, 1994, p. 93-120.