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2012/4
Development of non-destructive testing of mechanical properties of steel structures for continuous operation
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Maxim O. KARPASH graduated from the IFNTUNG (Ivano-Frankovsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas) in 2004; he is Associate Professor of the Department of Technical Diagnostics and Monitoring of the IFNTUNG. He is also Director of the Research Institute of Petroleum Energy and Environment, author of more than 40 scientific papers in the field of non-destructive testing and technical diagnostics. E-mail: mkarpash@nung.edu.ua
Nazify L. TATSAKOVICH graduated from the IFNTUNG in 2005; he is Associate Professor of the Department of Technical Diagnostics and Monitoring of the IFNTUNG. He is author of more than 20 publications in the field of non-destructive testing and technical diagnostics. E-mail: nasariy@nung.edu.ua
Eugene R. DOTSENKO graduated from the IFNTUNG in 2006; he is Associate Professor of the Department of Technical Diagnostics and Monitoring of the IFNTUNG. He is author of more than 20 publications in the field of non-destructive testing and technical diagnostics. E-mail: dotsenko@nung.edu.ua

Abstract: The paper presents the results of years of research aimed at developing new non-destructive methods and technical means of controlling the mechanical properties (yield strength, tensile strength, and impact strength) of metal materials for continuous operation. The essence of the methods consists in measurement of standardized physical properties (conductivity, resistivity, etc.) of structural steels, as well as in the principle of operation of appropriate technical means. The results of the work on methodological and information support to define the investigated characteristics of materials and their degradation are presented.

Index UDK: 620.179

Keywords: non-destructive testing, mechanical properties, thermal conductivity, electrical resistivity, toughness

Bibliography:
1. Birillo I.N., Yakovlev A.Ya., Teplinskiy Yu.A. [i dr.] Evaluation of structural strength of gas-supply pipes with corrosion damages [Otsenka prochnostnogo resursa gazoprovodnykh trub s korrozionnymi povrezhdeniyami]. Moscow: TsentrLitNefteGaz, 2008. 168 p. ISBN 978-5-903665-20-5.
2. Karpash M.O. Explanation of complex approach in determination of physical and mechanical properties of steelworks [Obosnovanie kompleksnogo podkhoda k opredeleniyu fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik materiala metallokonstruktsiy]. Metody i pribory kontrolya kachestva. — Quality management methods and devices. — 2004. — No. 12. — РР. 30–33.
3.
Karpash O.M., Dotsenko E.R., Karpash M.O. Specific electric resistance as an informative feature in determination of steelworks actual properties [Udel’noe elektricheskoe soprotivlenie kak informativnyy parametr opredeleniya fakticheskikh fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik materialov metallokonstruktsiy dolgovremennoy ekspluatatsii]. Tekhnicheskaya diagnostika i nerazrushayushchiy kontrol’ — Technical diagnostics and non-destructive testing. — 2009. — No. 1. — РР. 36–41.
4.
Karpash M., Dotsenko Y., Karpash O. New methods for mechanical properties evaluation of steel structures with consideration of its microstructure [Novye metody otsenki mekhanicheskikh svoystv metallokontruktsiy s uchetom ikh mikrostruktur]. 10th European conference on non-destructive testing, abstracts, Part 2 (Moscow, June 7–11, 2010). —Moscow, 2010. — P. 270–271.
5.
Kisil’ I.S., Karpash M.O., Vashchishak I.R. Device for control of steel physical and mechanical properties PMP-1 [Pribor dlya kontrolya fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik staley FMKh-1]. Metody i pribory kontrolya kachestva. — Quality management methods and devices. — 2005. — No. 14. — РР. 77–80.
6.
Dorofeev A.L., Ershov R.E. Physical fundamentals of electromagnetic structuroscopy [Fizicheskie osnovy elektromagnitnoy strukturoskopii]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1985. — 180 p.
7. Karpash O.M., Dotsenko E.R., Karpash M.O. Complex method of physical a nd mechanical properties steelworks materials control [Kompleksnyy metod kontrolya fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik materialov metallokonstruktsiy] O.M. Karpash. Fiziko-khimicheskaya mekhanika materialov-Physical and chemical material mechanics. — 2011. — No. 5. — РР. 40–47.
8.
Tatsakovych N., Karpash O., Karpash M. New method for non-destructive evaluation of impact strength of steel pipelines[Novyy metod otsenki nerazrushayushchego kontrolya udarnoy vyazkosti metallokontruktsiy]. Proceedings of 10th European Conference of Non-Destructive Testing, Part 2 (Moscow, 7–11 June 2010). — PР. 78–79.
9.
Steel. Magnetic method of non-destructive testing of mechanical properties and microstructure of steelworks [Stal’. Nerazrushayushchiy kontrol’ mekhanicheskikh svoystv i mikrostruktury metalloproduktsii magnitnym metodom]: GOST 30415-96. Minsk: Mezhgosudarstvennyy sovet po standartizatsii, metrologii i sertifikatsii — Intergovernmental standardization, metrology and certification council, 1996. — 12 p.

2012/4
Improving the quality of castings for pump assembly
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Davyd M. KUKUI was born in 1946. Нe graduated from the Belarusian Polytechnic Institute in 1969. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University, winner of the State Prize of the Republic of Belarus, Chairman of the Association of Foundry and Metallurgy of Belarus. He is author of over 340 scientific works in the field of foundry and steel industry. E-mail: kukui@tut.by
Fedor I. RUDNICKI was born in 1955. He graduated from the Belorussian Polytechnic Institute in 1977. He is Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University. He is author of more than 80 scientific papers in the field of foundry and metallurgy. E-mail: stl_minsk@tut.by
Yuri A. NIKOLAICHIK was born in 1984. Нe graduated from the Belarusian National Technical University in 2006, assistant of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University. He is author of 16 publications in the field of foundry and steel industry. E-mail: yuni@bntu.by

Abstract: The technology for making castings for pump assembly with high surface quality is considered. It is shown that it is possible to manufacture castings of the pump assembly without surface defects using nonstick coatings based on aluminosilicates modified with nanostructured modifier (boehmite). The effect of nano modifiers on the high temperature strength of nonstick coatings is studied. The optimal content of boehmite is shown to increase the strength of nonstick coatings in the temperature range 1000–1500 °C due to the formation of a new phase in the coating, i.e. mullite.

Index UDK: 621.74

Keywords: manufacturing of castings of pump assembly, surface quality, nonstick coating, high temperature strength, kyanite-sillimanite nano structured boehmite, mullite

Bibliography:
1. Valisovskiy I.V. Prigar na otlivkakh. — M.: Mashinostroenie, 1983. — 190 p.
2. Svarika A.A. Pokrytiya liteynykh form. — M.: Mashinostroenie, 1977. — 215 p.
3. Grosheva V.M. Sinteticheskiy mullit i materialy na ego osnove/V.M. Grosheva, D.M. Karpinos, V.M.Panasevich — Khar’kov.: Tekhnika, 1971. — 56 p.
4. Strelov K.K. Tekhnologiya ogneuporov/K.K. Strelov, P.S. Mamykin. — M.: Mashinostroenie, 1978. — 370 p.
5. Vakanova T.V., Reshetova A.A., Pogrebenkov V.M., Vereshchagin V.I. [Aktivatsiya protsessa sinteza mullita i spekaniya alyumosilikatnoy keramiki na osnove ogneupornogo glinistogo syr’ya]. Ogneupory i tekhnicheskaya keramika. — 2009. — No.7—8. — РР. 74–80.
6.
Migal’ V.P., Margishvili A.P., Skurikhin V.V., Klopova N.N., Kovalenko A.A. [Mullitovye izdeliya dlya leshchadi domennykh pechey]. Ogneupory i tekhnicheskaya keramika. — 2009. — No. 3. — РР. 39–42.
7.
Belogurova A., Grishin N.N. [Fazoobrazovanie v mullitografitovykh ogneuporakh]// Оgneupory i tekhnicheskaya keramika. — 2010. — No. 7–8. — РР. 48–55.

2012/4
Prospects of manufacturing tooling for tunneling and drilling equipment for recycling of high-alloy steels waste
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Davyd M. KUKUI was born in 1946. Нe graduated from the Belarusian Polytechnic Institute in 1969. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University, winner of the State Prize of the Republic of Belarus, Chairman of the Association of Foundry and Metallurgy of Belarus. He is author of over 340 scientific works in the field of foundry and steel industry. E-mail: kukui@tut.by
Fedor I. RUDNICKI was born in 1955. He graduated from the Belorussian Polytechnic Institute in 1977. He is Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University. He is author of more than 80 scientific papers in the field of foundry and metallurgy. E-mail: stl_minsk@tut.by
Yuri A. NIKOLAICHIK was born in 1984. Нe graduated from the Belarusian National Technical University in 2006, assistant of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University. He is author of 16 publications in the field of foundry and steel industry. E-mail: yuni@bntu.by

Abstract: The questions of recycling technologies for scarce alloying elements (tungsten, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, cobalt, etc.) in the manufacture of cast tool and industrial equipment for various purposes, as well as for use as working bodies of drilling and tunneling equipment are considered. The influence of various modifying elements on the physical and mechanical properties of high speed steel is studied. The positive influence of titanium diboride on the impact strength and wear resistance of high speed steel is shown. The effect of cooling rate on the microstructure of high speed steel is studied.

Index UDK: 669.14.018.252.3

Keywords: tunneling and drilling equipment, high-speed steel, casting, structure

Bibliography:
1. Rudnitskiy F.I. [Osobennosti ekspluatatsii instrumenta iz litoy bystrorezhushchey stali]. Lit’e i metallurgiya. — 2006. — No. 2. — Ch. 2. — РР. 173–177.
2.
Chaus A.S., Rudnitskiy F.I. [Struktura i svoystva bystrookhlazhdennoy bystrorezhushchey stali R6M5] MiTOM. — 2003. — No. 5. — РР. 3–7.
3.
Chaus A.S., Rudnitskiy F.I., Murgash M. [Strukturnaya nasledstvennost’ i osobennosti razrusheniyazbystrorezhushchikh staley], MiTOM. — 1997. — No. 2. — РР. 9–11.
4.
Patent RB № 2277. Tambovtsev Yu.I., Rudnitskiy F.I. [Sposob pererabotki metallootkhodov].
5. Chaus A.S., Rudnitskiy F.I. [Vliyanie modifitsirovaniya na strukturu i svoystva litykh vol’framomolibdenovykh bystrorezhushchikh staley], MiTOM. — 1989. — No. 2. — РР. 27–32.

2012/4
Original Method of Electric Dehidrator Choosing for Heavy Oils Treatment
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Viktor A. LUKYANOV was born in 1953. He graduated Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1974. He is Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Oil and Gas Processing Equipment of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 75 scientific papers of practical value, 3 inventions to improve the equipment of oil and gas production, a number of monographs and regulations. E-mail: luk@gubkin.ru
Vitally V. POPOV was born in 1986; he graduated from the Perm State Technical University in 2008. He is graduate student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 8 research papers in the field of preparation of heavy crude oils for processing. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Friedel M. KHUTORYANSKY was born in 1946; he graduated from the Mendeleev Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering in 1970. He is Doctor of Sciences. He is Head of the Laboratory of Preparation of Oil for Processing of the National Research Institute for Oil Refining. He is author of over 200 scientific articles, 1 book, and 1 technical and scientific collection of works, 20 patents in the field of oil preparation for processing. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Extra-Heavy Crude Oils are interesting for oilmen due the great reserves of this oil type despite deficit of worldwide energy sources. But processing of this type of mineral sources both up-stream and down-stream associated with innovation techniques and the newest apparatus. This work concern to the problems of heavy oil’s treatment by means of electric dehydrators. Particularly implantation into this apparatus dual-polarity electrodes (DPD) should improve the demulsification process which is complicate for heavy crudes by small delta density and small dimension of dispersed droplets. Tests of dehydratation Yarega and Arlan heavy crudes on the models of traditional and DPD dehydrators were carry out to determinate a degree of process intensification. As a result were obtained an equalations that bound the outlet concentration of water in oil with specific load of different apparatus-type and different temperatures. The Viscosity in work conditions of dehydratations was used as a base for coefficient calculation in 3rd degree polynomical equalations. This equalations are the core of new method of electric dehydrators choosing for heavy oils treatment. The applicability of this method was approved by the modernization of refinery and field oil-treatment units in Timano-Pechorskiy oil region. Key words: Extra-Heavy Crude Oil, Field and Refinery Oil Treatment.

Index UDK: 665.62

Keywords: Extra-Heavy Crude Oil, Field and Refinery Oil Treatment

Bibliography:
1. Manovyan A.K. Tekhnologiya pererabotki prirodnikh energonositeley [Refinery technology of natural energy carriers]. — Moscow.: Chemistry, KolosS. — 2004.
2. Pozdnishev G.N., Mansurov R.I., Sidurin Y.V. Osobennosti podgotovki tyazhyolikh neftei [Features of heavy crude oils treatment]. — Moscow.: VNIIOENG, 1983.

2012/4
Packaging bitumen and other special petroleum products
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Pavel V. KOVALENKO graduated from the Novopolotsk Polytechnic Institute in 1984. He is Associate Professor of the Department of Pipeline Transportation of the Polotsk State University. He is author of over 50 publications in the field of transport of petroleum products. E-mail: PV.Kovalenko@mail.ru

Abstract: A large variety of existing methods of packaging highly solidifying products is due to their specific properties. The article describes various types of packaging and methods used in the packaging industry for highly solidifying oil products. A new technology of petroleum products packaging with polyethylene film is proposed. It is shown that the benefit of polyethylene film is that it is possible to utilize it along with products such as bitumen and its compositions, thus reducing labor costs for the release of the product from the container when used by the consumer and eliminates environmental pollution with solid waste.

Index UDK: [655:622.692.4.052] 519.865

Keywords: bitumen, special petroleum products, heat transfer processes highly solidifying petroleum products, transportation process, packaging, technology, ecology

Bibliography:

2012/4
Production technology of ice-gas-hydrate blocks for transportation and storage of hydrocarbon gases
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Larisa A. PEDCHENKO graduated from the V.G. Korolenko Poltava State Pedagogical University, Ukraine in 2002. She is PhD student of the Department of Oil and Gas and Geo-technics of the Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava National Technical University. He is author of 15 publications in the field of gas hydrate technology. E-mail: pedchenkomm@mail.ru
Mikhail M. PEDCHENKO was born in 1967; he graduated from the Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine in 2000. He is PhD student the Department of Oil and Gas and Geo-technics of the Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava National Technical University. He is author of 18 publications in the field of gas hydrate technology. E-mail: pedchenkomm@mail.ru

Abstract: Problems of accumulation, transportation and storage of gases or gas mixtures are quite frequent. Transportation and storage of gas in hydrate form may be an alternative to traditional technologies. We propose a method and the basic elements of production technology of large ice-gas-hydrate blocks. These blocks can be manufactured in the form of a regular hexagonal prism or cylinder. An innovative design solution of gas-hydrate blocks construction - formation of a mixture of granulated (minimum porosity) and crushed hydrate with a specific ratio – is proposed and tested. In addition, to improve stability self-conservation of the formed blocks with ice is proposed.

Index UDK: 665. 612:622.691.2

Keywords: grain, gas hydrate blocks, gas hydrates, porosity, compression, relaxation, dissociation, self-preservation

Bibliography:

2012/4
Developing regulatory frameworks for tank farm construction in Belarus
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Lyudmila M. SPIRIDENOK graduated from the Novopolotsk Polytechnic Institute. In 1993 she defended her thesis in GOSNITI (Moscow). She is Associate Professor of the Department of Pipeline Transport, Water Supply and Hydraulics of the PSU. She is author of more than 30 publications. E-mail: spiridenok@list.ru
Anastasia I. BONDARCHUK her is graduate student at the Department of Pipeline Transport, Water Supply and Hydraulics of the PSU. She is engaged in research activities in the field of containers security. E-mail: anastasia_ba-va@mail.ru

Abstract: The article is devoted to the development of technical codes of practice for «Vertical Cylindrical Steel Tanks for Storage of Oil and Petroleum Products. Design Codes and Devices». The regulation requirements for manufacturing tanks by rolling methods and sheet assembly, depending on tank size, method of calculation of double-wall tanks as well as calculation of the tank wall by the mid-point technique.

Index UDK: 621.642.07

Keywords: development, reservoir, safety wall

Bibliography:

2012/4
Development of technology for manufacturing fuel briquettes using coke breeze
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Amina Rauf HUSEYNOVA is Master Tempus-TACIS «Oil and the Environment». She is working on her doctoral thesis at the Department of Technology of Organic Substances and Industrial Ecology. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Nigar Azizaga SALIMOVA is doctor of technical sciences, professor ASOA. E-mail: mayaabdullayeva@hotmail.com
Lala Vagif HUSEYNOVA is Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Technology of Oil and Gas ASOA. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: As a result of tar coking, up to 30 % of coke breeze produced at industrial plants of delayed coking do not yet find qualified application.
The results of the research and development of solid oil coke bricks on the basis of the coke breeze are presented. The calorific value of the briquettes is much higher than that coal, wood and heating oil.

Index UDK: 666.777.81

Keywords: coke, heavy pyrolysis resin, tar cracking residue, extract from solvent refined oils

Bibliography:

2012/4
Development of technologies to prevent formation of deposits from water-cut oil
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Lyudmila V. IVANOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1983; she is assistant professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is author of 59 publications in the field of petroleum chemistry. E-mail: ivanova.l@gubkin.ru
Vladimir N. KOSHELEV was born in 1953; he graduated Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. He is Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs, Head of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 280 scientific papers in the field of organic chemistry and petroleum chemistry. E-mail: kochelev.v@gubkin.ru
Alexey A. VASECHKIN was born in 1986. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008. He is engineer of JSC «RITEK», author of 10 scientific papers and publications in the field of research of oil. E-mail: vasechkin.aleksey@yandex.ru

Abstract: The reasons for increased formation of asphalt, resin and paraffin deposits in the fields of the Volgograd region are considered. It is shown that an important factor in the formation of paraffin, resin and asphalt in the affected fields is the formation of stable oil-water emulsions, which promotes active involvement of emulsified water in the sediment. A combined reagent, allowing to destroy oil emulsion and significantly reduce the amount of deposits on the surface of the oil field equipment is proposed.

Index UDK: 622.276

Keywords: asphalt, resin and paraffin deposition, water cut wells, stable emulsions, emulsion breakers

Bibliography:
1. Oslozhnenija v neftedobyche/N.G. Ibragimov, A.R. Hafizov, V.V. Shajdakov i dr. — Ufa: OOO «Izdatel’stvo nauchno-tehnicheskoj literatury ‘Monografija’», 2003. — 302 s.
2. Uchet osobennostej obrazovanija asfal’tosmoloparafinovyh otlozhenij na pozdnej stadii razrabotki neftjanyh mestorozhdenij/M.Sh. Kajumov, V.P. Tronov, I.A. Gus’kov, A.A. Lipaev// Neftjanoe hozjajstvo. — 2006. — No. 3. — S. 48–49.
3.
Osobennosti obrazovanija asfal’tosmoloparafinovyh otlozhenij na pozdnej stadii razrabotki mestrozhdenij/L.V. Ivanova, V.N. Koshelev, A.A. Vasechkin, E.A. Burov//Trudy RGU nefti i gaza imeni I.M.Gubkina. — 2011. — No. 4. — S. 159–167.
4.
Nebogina N.A., Prozorova I.V., Judina N.V. Osobennosti formirovanija i osadkoobrazovanija vodoneftjanyh jemul’sij//Neftepererabotka i neftehimija. — 2008. — No. 1. — S. 21–23.
5.
Ivanova L.V., Ovchar E.V., Chelincev S.N. Vzaimosvjaz’ temperatury nachala massovoj kristallizacii parafina i nizkotemperaturnyh svojstv parafinistoj nefti v prisutstvii polimernyh prisadok// Tehnologii nefti i gaza. — 2007. — No. 5. — S. 17–22.
6.
Evdokimov I.N., Losev A.P. Osobennosti analiza associativnyh uglevodorodnyh sred. //Himija i tehnologija topliv i masel. — 2007. — No. 2. — S. 38–41.

2012/4
Modern teaching aids in technical education - simulators based on software and hardware platforms
Automation, modeling and energy supply in oil and gas sector

Authors: Maxim D. GAMMER graduated from Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, specializing in »Machinery and equipment for oil and gas fields» in 2004. He is Ph.D., Associate Professor, Head of the IT Center of the Institute of Geology and Oil and Gas Recovery of the TyumGNGU. E-mail: MaxGammer@gmail.com
Sergei P. KOLESNIKOV graduated from the Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, specializing in »Mechanical Engineering, Cutting machines and Tools» in 1986. He is PhD., Associate Professor, Head of the of the R&D Applications of the TyumGNGU ESM Research Institute. E-mail: skolesnilov10@gmail.com

Abstract: Proceedings of international conferences in the field of modern teaching aids such as ITEC, SCS, SigGraph, International Conference on Artificial Reality and Tele-existence suggest that «computer training facilities» are increasingly used in aviation, navigation, power engineering, military forces, medicine and aeronautics, as well as the areas where physical training is associated with these difficulties, particularly in the training of personnel engaged in dangerous and critical areas of production, and those areas where their use is strictly regulated by law (simulators). Moreover, at the moment there are very few serious studies on the definition and development of the concepts of efficiency and key performance of simulators in industry and in education.
This article summarizes the main results of the studies of the performance of simulators (both for training centers of enterprises, as well as for educational institutions), conducted at the Research Institute of Electronic Educational Resources of TyumGNGU.
The question of the application of modern computer-based technologies for creating a virtual reality (VR) and the issue of the use of simulators in the Learning Management System (LMS), E-learning, distance education system is considered separately.

Index UDK: 621.38

Keywords: computer simulation training equipment, distributed training systems, SCORM, LMS, VR

Bibliography: