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2015/2
Influence of nitrogen content on density and solubility coefficient of produced associated gas
Geosciences

Authors: Igor T MISHCHENKO graduated from Ufa Petroleum Institute in  1961 and postgra-duate from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1965. Doctor of siences, head of the department of development and exploitation of oil fields RSU of Oil and Gas named after I.M. Gubkin. Specialist in the development and exploitation of oil fields. Author of over 350 scientific works, more than 250 of which were published. E-mail: info_oil@list.ru

Abstract: Based on the synthesis of data published on more than six hundred production objects of oil fields of the former USSR correlations between the density of associated gas produced from oil fields as well as the solubility coefficient and the nitrogen content of produced gas are obtained

Index UDK: УДК 622.276

Keywords: nitrogen content, density of gas, solubility coefficient, correlation relationship

Bibliography:
1. Trebin G.F., Charygin N.V., Obukhova T.M. Oil from the Soviet Union. M .: Nedra, 1974.
2. Trebin G.F., Charygin N.V., Obukhovа T.M. Oil from the Soviet Union, 2-е izd. M.: Nedra, 1980.

2015/2
Analysis of fiber-optic leak detection system in pipeline
Geosciences

Authors: Roman A SHESTAKOV. graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013 with honors. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the field of design and operation of systems of pipeline transport of oil and gas, participant of international scientific conferences. He is author of 6 publications. E-mail: dur187@mail.ru.
Leyla K GANEEVA. is a fourth-year student at the Department of Gas Pipeline Design and Operation at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: leyla.kam@mail.ru.
Leysan K. GANEEVA is a fourth-year student at Department of Gas Pipeline Design and Operation at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: lisan993@mail.ru.

Abstract: The article considers the methods leak detection using fiber optic cable. The relevance of the subject owing to the increasing number of leaks and illegal penetration (LIP). Was conducted the analysis of this methods and were identified their advantages and disadvantages, based on what was proposed combined method detection LIP. This method has a lower accuracy and reduces the number of false positives, but increases the cost of the system leak detection basing on this method and its operation

Index UDK: УДК 622.691.4

Keywords: leak detection system, fiber optic cable, pipeline, the combined me- thod

Bibliography:
1. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. Effect of branching on mode pumping oil through the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2014, no. 2 (275), p. 33-43.
2. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. Effect of geodetic parameters of the pipeline and inserts on pumping mode during removal of oil. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2014, no. 3 (276), p. 40-47.
3. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. The changing nature of technological regime of high oil pipeline transport along the length of the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2013, no. 4 (273), p. 79-83.
4. Internet resource http://lscom.ru/index.html (2011)
5. Leakage detection using monitoring the temperature along the fiber-optic cable, 11 SPIE Annual International Symposium on Smart structures and materials, 14-18 March 2004, San-Diego, California, USA, p. 18-25.
6. Nesterov E.T., Marchenko, K.V., Treschikov V.N., Leonov A.V. Fiber-optic sistem monitoring extended objects (oil) based on coherent re-reflectometer. Magazine «T-Comm», 2014, no. 1, p. 25-28.
7. Shestakov R.A. To the question about the methods of leak and illegal branches detection of oil pipelines. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2015, no. 1 (278), p. 85-94.

2015/2
Thermodynamic rationale of low-temperature distillation of natural gas with мethane for LNG production
Technical sciences

Authors: Darya S. KHOROSHILOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2012 specializing in chemical engineering of natural energy sources and car- bon materials. In 2014 she graduated from the Masters program at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas specializing in processes and technology liquefied natural gas production. E-mail: dashakhoroshilova@mail.ru.
Vyacheslav B. MEL’NIKOV is Professor of the Department of Equipment of Oil and Gas Processing at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences. E-mail: v.mel@mail.ru.
Natalya P. MAKAROVA is Assistant Professor of the Department of Equipment of Oil and Gas Processing at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Candidate of Chemical Sciences. E-mail: natalyamakarova@mail.ru

Abstract: The article describes the main methods of separation of associated and natural gases into the individual components. Basic ways of implementing low-tempera-ture distillation process with various ways of supplying cold. The article shows the algorithm for choosing the optimal thermobaric parameters for column of demethanization gas. Were found the optimum parameters of the process gas demethanization Kruzenshternskoye field

Index UDK: УДК 533.2

Keywords: distillation, separation of hydrocarbon gases, demethanization, distillation column.

Bibliography:
1. Nikolaev V.V., Busygina N.V., Busygin I.G. Osnovnye processy fizicheskoj i fiziko-himicheskoj pererabotki gaza. M.: OAO „Izdatel’stvo „Nedra”, 1998, 184 р.
2. Murin V.I., Kislenko N.N., Surkov Ju.V. i dr. Tehnologija pererabotki prirodnogo gaza i kondensata: Spravochnik: V 2 ch. M.: OOO „Nedra-Biznescentr”, 2002, Ch. 1, 517 р.
3. Lapidus A.L., Golubeva I.A., Zhagfarov F.G. Gazohimija chast’ I. Pervichnaja pererabotka uglevodorodnyh gazov. M.: RGU nefti i gaza im. I.M. Gubkina, 2004.
4. Bekirov T.M. Usovershenstvovanie processov nizkotemperaturnoj pererabotki neftjanogo gaza. M.: VNIIOJeNG, 1982, 34 p.
5. Bekirov T.M. Pervichnaja pererabotka prirodnyh gazov. M.: Himija, 1987, 256 p.
6. Shumjackij Ju.I. Promyshlennye adsorbcionnye processy. M.: KolosS, 2009.
7. Generalov M.B. Mashinostroenie. Jenciklopedija. Mashiny i apparaty himicheskih i neftehi-micheskih proizvodstv. T. IV-12. M.: Mashinostroenie, 2004, 471 p.
8. TU 51-03-03-85 „Gaz gorjuchij, prirodnyj szhizhennyj. Toplivo dlja dvigatelej vnutrennego sgoranija”, utv. Ministerstvom gazovoj promyshlennosti 19.07.1985.

2015/2
Influence of dispersion medium and thickeners on tribological characteristics of sulfonate plastic lubricants
Technical sciences

Authors: Anastasiya Y. KILYAKOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State Academy of Oil and Gas in 1998. She is Candidate of Technical Sciences, assistant professor of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is author of 2 manuals and a number of tutorials. E-mail: anakil@yandex.ru
Anna A. VIKULOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. She is graduate student of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: annavikulova91@mail.ru
Pavel S. POPOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2012. He is graduate student of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: rulesfire@mail.ru

Abstract: We studied the influence of the dispersion medium and the base number of the thickener on tribological characteristics of sulphonate plastic lubricants. The following parameters were chosen for the study: the wear scar diameter, critical load and welding load. It was found that the lubricant based on P-40 oil showed best aggregate tribological characteristics, which significantly reduces the cost of lubricant. According to the research results we can conclude that antiwear and extreme pressure properties improve with increased base number of the thickener

Index UDK: УДК 621.892

Keywords: plastic lubricants, sulfonate lubricants, thickener, tribological characteristics

Bibliography:
1. Ishhuk Y.L. Sostav, struktura i svoystva plastichnykh smazok [Composition, structure and properties of lubricating greases]. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1996, 512 p.
2. Klamann D.K. Smazki i rodstvennye produkty [Lubricants and related products]. Moskva, 1988, 488 p.
3. Bouden F.P., Teybor D. Trenie i smazka tverdykh tel [Friction and lubrication of solids], Moskva, 1968, 543 p.
4. Kostetskiy B.I. Trenie, smazka i iznos v mashinakh [Friction, lubrication and wear in machines], Kiev, 1970, 396 p.
5. Zheleznyy L.V., Lyubinin I.A. Influence of thickeners nature upon tribological characteristics of higt temperature grease. Trenie I smazka v mashinakh I mekhanismakh. [Friction and lubrication in machines and mechanisms], 2009, no. 5, pp. 17-22 (in Russian).
6. Ward B. Understanding Calcium Sulfonate Thickeners. Machinery Lubrication, 2006, no. 7, p. 58-62.

2015/2
Development of well-killing and flushing fluid for wells with abnormally low reservoir preassurе
Technical sciences

Authors: Lyubov A. MAGADOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1975. She is Doctor of Technical Sciences. She is a professor of the Oil and Gas Processing Department at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is author of over 160 scientific publications. E-mail: magadova0108@himeko.ru
Maria A. CHERYGOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. She works as engineer at the Oil and Gas Processing Department at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is author of 2 scientific publications. E-mail: maria_cher88@mail.ru

Abstract: The article shows the relevance of creation a multifunctional killing and flushing fluid for wells with abnormally low reservoir pressure. The basic steps for the development of the polysaccharide killing and flushing fluid are described

Index UDK: УДК 622.276.72

Keywords: asphalt-resin-paraffin deposition, abnormally low reservoir pressure, surfactants, hydrocarbon solvent

Bibliography:
1. Basarygin Y.M., Bulatov A.I., Proselkov Y.M. Tehnologiya kapitalnogo i podzemnogo remonta neftyanyh i gazovyh skvajin [Technology of capital and workover of oil and gas wells]. Krasnodar, 2002, 584 p.
2. Himicheskie metody udaleniya i predotvrasheniya obrazovaniya ASPO pri dobyche nefti: Аnaliticheskii obzor [Chemical methods of removing and preventing the formation of paraffin in oil production: an analytical review]. Saratov, 2001, 156 p.
3. Magadova L.A., Magadov R.S., Marinenko V.N., Silin M.A. Sostav polisaharidnogo gelya dlya glusheniya skvajin i sposob ego prigotovleniya [The composition of the polysaccharide gel for well killing and method of its preparation]. Patent RF, no. 2246609, 2005.
4. Holmberg K., Yonsson B., Kronberg B., Lindman B. Surfactants and polymers in aqueous solutions. M.: BINOM. Knowledge laboratory, 2007, 528 p.
5. Kamenshikov F.A. Udalenie asfaltosmoloparafinovih otlojenii rastvoritelyami [Remove of asphaltene deposits with solvents]. Izhevsk, 2008, 384 p.
6. Zeygman Y.V. Fizicheskie osnovi glusheniya i osvoeniya skvajin [Physical basis of killing and well development]. Ufa, 1996, 78 p.

2015/2
Method of computer modelling in studying of the action mechanism of diesel fuel additives
Technical sciences

Authors: Anna S NEDAYBORSHCH. graduated from Perm State Technical University in 2010. Postgraduate student of the fourth year extramural post-graduate JSC «VNII NP». Rese-archer. Specialist in the field of development, research and testing of diesel, marine and boiler fuels with additives. Author of 9 scientific publications. E-mail: NedayborshchAS@vniinp.ru
Valentina A. LYUBIMENKO graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University, Chemistry department in 1974. Candidate of Chemical Sciencies, assistant professor of the Department of of Physical and Colloid Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Specialist in the field of physical and colloid chemistry, quantum chemical calcu-lation methods of intermolecular interactions and properties of substances. She is author of more than 80 scientific publications. E-mail: ljubimenko@mail.ru
Tamara N. MITUSOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1968. Doctor of technical Sciences, Professor. Head of Department at JSC «VNII NP». Specialist in the field of development, research and testing of diesel, marine and boiler fuels with additives. The author of over 100 scientific publications. E-mail: MitusovaTN@vniinp.ru

Abstract: The experiments show the negative impact of ignition promoter based on 2-ethylhexyl nitrate on antiwear effectiveness and positive influence of depressant and dispersant additives for diesel fuels on lubricating ability and on the effectiveness of anti-wear additives. The mechanism of these phenomena was explained by means of computer modeling of intermolecular complexes of additives with the metal surface of the engine parts and quantum chemical calculations of the thermodynamic characteristics of the complexes and their constituent individual compounds

Index UDK: УДК 665.733:541.49

Keywords: diesel fuel, ignition promoter, depressant-dispersant additives, lubricity, anti-wear properties, antagonism mechanism, computer modeling, quantum-chemical calculations

Bibliography:
1. Jakunin V.I., Krylov V.A., Abramova L.V. Osobennosti poluchenija dizel’nyh topliv s depressornoj prisadkoj na bloke gidrodearomatizacii ustanovki gidrokrekinga T-Star OOO «LUKOJL-Permnefteorgsintez». Materialy sbornika IV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «No-vye topliva s prisadkami», SPb., 2006.
2. Kalinina M.V. Uluchshenie smazyvajushhih svojstv dizel’nyh topliv, dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kand.teh.nauk. M., 2001.
3. Mitusova T.N. Sovremennoe sostojanie proizvodstva prisadok k dizel’nym toplivam. Trebo-vanija k kachestvu//Mir nefteproduktov, 2009, no. 9-10, p. 10-14.
4. Mitusova T.N., Polina E.V., Kalinina M.V. Sovremennye dizel’nye topliva i prisadki k nim — M.: Izdatel’stvo «Tehnika», 2002, p. 64.
5. MOPAC2009, James J. P. Stewart, Stewart Computational Chemistry, Version 9.03CS web: HTTP://OpenMOPAC.net
6. Grishina I.N., Lyubimenko V.A., Kolesnikov I.M., Vinokurov V.A. Vyjavlenie mehanizma dejstvija depressorno-dispergirujushhih prisadok k dizel’nym toplivam. Aktual’nye problemy razvitija neftegazovogo kompleksa Rossii. IX Vserossijskaja nauchno-tehnicheskaja konferencija. 30 janvarja — 1 fevralja 2012 g. Tezisy dokl. Ch. 1. M.: Izdatel’skij centr RGU nefti i gaza im. I.M. Gubkina, p. 241.
7. Grishina I.N., Lyubimenko V.A., Kolesnikov I.M., Bashkatova S.T., Kolesnikov S.I. Opti-mizacija uslovij proizvodstva kompozicionnoj prisadki. HTTM, 2013, no. 5, p. 15-18.
8. Lyubimenko V.A. Komp’juternoe modelirovanie struktury i svojstv mezhmolekuljarnyh kom-pleksov v dizel’nyh toplivah v prisutstvii depressorno-dispergirujushhih prisadok//Trudy RGU nefti i gaza im. I.M. Gubkina, 2014, no. 2, p. 43-51.

2015/2
Determining equivalent parameters of power sources of industrial power systems
Technical sciences

Authors: Andrey V. YEGOROV graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1980. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Postgraduate Education, Head of the Department of Theoretical Electrical Engineering and Electrification of Oil and Gas Industry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is expert in the field of electrical systems and complexes of the oil and gas industry. He is author of over 130 scientific publications. E-mail: avyegorov@yandex.ru
Mikhail S. YERSHOV graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Depart- ment of Theoretical Electrical Engineering and Electrification of Oil and Gas Industry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is expert in the field of electrical systems and complexes of the oil and gas industry. He is author of over 150 scientific publi- cations. E-mail: msershov@yandex.ru
Ratibor N. KONKIN graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Theoretical Electrical Engineering and Electrification of Oil and Gas Industry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: konkin.r@gmail.com

Abstract: A new modification of the method of experimental determination of the equivalent parameters for power sources by measuring the values of currents, voltages and phase angles is considered. This can be used to determine the parameters in electric grids of any voltage. The modification of the method is of high accuracy in the range of load current small changes and does not require disconnecting the electrical load

Index UDK: УДК 621.3/31

Keywords: power source parameters, power systems, methods for determining parameters

Bibliography:
1. Mayer V.Ya., Galak I.L. Prakticheskoe Opredelenie parametrov korotkogo zamykaniya v sektsiyakh podstantsiy. Promyshlennaya energetika [Industrial Power Engineering], 1989, no. 6.
2. Ershov M.S., Egorov A.V., Tregubova S.I. Eksperimental’noe opredelenie parametrov korotkogo zamykaniya uzlov elektricheskoy nagruzki. Promyshlennaya energetika [Industrial Power Engineering], 1990, no. 11.
3. Men’shov B.G., Ershov M.S., Egorov A.V. Opredelenie ekvivalentnykh parametrov pitayushchey seti dlya rascheta tokov korotkogo zamykaniya uzla nagruzki. Elektrichestvo [Electricity], 1993, no. 10.
4. Belyaev A.V., Yurganov A.A. Zashchita, avtomatika i upravlenie na elektrostantsiya maloy energetiki. Uchebnoe posobie. PEIPK, 2009.
5. Tsey R., Shumafov M.M. Chislo obuslovlennosti matritsy kak pokazatel’ ustoychivosti pri reshenii prikladnykh zadach. Trudy FORA [Works of the Adygheya Republic Physical Society], 2011, no. 16.

2015/2
Mechanisms of hydrocarbons transformations in presence of solid acid catalysts
Chemical sciences

Authors: Vladimir D. RIABOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1954, he is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the field of chemistry of oil and gas. He is author of more than 200 scientific publications. E-mail: trudyrgung@gubkin.ru
Olga B. TCHERNOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1995, she is Candidate of Chemical Sciences, assistant professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is specialist in the field of chemistry of oil and gas. She is author of more than 30 scientific publications. E-mail: 27helga72@mail.ru
Irina A. BRONZOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1996, she is Candidate of Chemical Sciences, assistant professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is specialist in the field of chemistry of oil and gas. She is author of more than 20 scientific publications. E-mail: ihanson@mail.ru

Abstract: This article deals with the up-to-date concepts of mechanisms of transformation of hydrocarbons of different series in presence of solid acid catalysts. Schemes of carbocation and cation-radical mechanisms of hydrocarbons transformations are proposed

Index UDK: УДК 54.05

Keywords: mechanism, catalyst, transformations, carbcations

Bibliography:
1. Whitmore F.C. J.Am.chem.Sos.54, 3274, 1932.
2. Oblad A., Messeger J., Brown N. Ind. Eng.Chem. 39, 1462, 1947.
3. Tanabe K. Solid acids and bases. Moscow, 1973, 153 p.
4. Bikov V.I., Riabov B.D., Ribakova I.A., Nametkin N.S. Neftechimia, 1978, no. 3, p. 364 (in Russian).
5. Ochlobistin O.U. Life and Death of chemical ideas. Moscow, 1989, 186 p.
6. Pantchenkov G.M., Kolesnikov I.M. Zhurnal fizicheskoi khimii [Journal of physical chemistry], 1970, no. 4, p. 900 (in Russian).
7. Vishnetscaya M.V., Romanovscy B.M. Zhurnal fizicheskoi khimii [Journal of physical chemistry], 1993, no. 9, p. 923 (in Russian).
8. Grinsfelder B.S. Theory of catalytic cracking, Moscow, 1958, t. 2, 137 p.

2015/2
Possibility of ultrahigh resolution mass-spectrometry application to analyze petroleum hetero-atomic compounds
Chemical sciences

Authors: Anna V. STAVITSKAYA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. She is postgraduate student at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry. She has autho- red 3 scientific publications in the field of chemistry of oil disperse systems and methods of research. E-mail: stavitsko@mail.ru
Ravilya Z. SAFIEVA graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1978. She is Doctor of Science (Technology) and chief researcher of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She has authored 125 scientific publications in the field of physical chemistry of the oil disperse systems and methods of research. E-mail: safieva@mail.ru

Abstract: The paper describes the possibility of ultra-high resolution ion-cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT–ICR–MS) application in conjunction with the «soft» ionization techniques for molecular level characterization of petroleum hetero-atomic compounds. Two petroleum samples were analyzed and 19 classes of hetero-atomic compounds with CcHhNnOoSs composition were discovered, including carboxylic acid, pyridine bases, pyrrole-type compounds, compounds with one and two sulfur atoms in the molecule, as well as hybrid compound (SO, NS, O2S2, ONS and others). Different ionization techniques such as electrospray (ESI) and atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) allow us to study the composition of petroleum high molecular compounds while the high sensitivity of the method enables to simultaneously identify thousands of compounds in minimum volume of petroleum (12 mkl). The uniqueness of the method is the ability to analyze the heavy part of petroleum (including resinasphaltene substances). The ultra-high resolution, sensitivity and accuracy of the method combined with simplicity of use make the method an excellent tool for petrochemical analysis

Index UDK: УДК 54.07

Keywords: ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry, petroleum hetero-atomic compounds, resolution, ionization techniques

Bibliography:
1. Ivanova L.V., Koshelev V.N., Sokova N.A., Burov Е.А., Primerova О.V. Petroleum acids and its derivatives. Production and application (review). Trudi Rossiiskogo Gosudarstvennogo Yniversiteta nefti i gaza im. I.M. Gubkina, vol. 270, no. 1, p. 68-80, 2013. (In Russian).
2. Hajiyev S.N., Shpirt M.J. Microelements in petroleum and products of its refinery. М.: Nauka, 2012. (In Russian).
3. Mukhamedovich G.F., Rakibovich G.M., Renatovich B.T., Failovich G.R., Adievich S.A. Sub- and supercritical fluids in some problems of fillers extraction from solid matrices. Vesti gazovoi nauki, vol. 11, no. 3, 2010. (In Russian).
4. Demetrius A.N., Skibitskaya N.A., Zekel L.A., Nawrocki D.C., Krasnobaeva N.V., Doma- nova E.G. The composition and properties of natural high-molecular components of gas condensate and oil and gas fields, Chimiya tverdogo topliva, 2010, vol. 3, p. 67–77.
5. Gaspar A., Zellermann E., Lababidi S., Reece J., Schrader W. Characterization of Saturates, Aromatics, Resins, and Asphaltenes Heavy Crude Oil Fractions by Atmospheric Pressure Laser Ionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry//Energy Fuels, 2012, no. 26, p. 3481-3487.
6. Zhao X., Shi Q., Gray M.R., Xu C. New Vanadium Compounds in Venezuela Heavy Crude Oil Detected by Positive-ion Electrospray Ionization Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry//Sci. Rep., Jun. 2014, vol. 4.
7. Zhang L., Zhang Y., Zhao S., Xu C., Chung K. H., Shi Q. Characterization of heavy petroleum fraction by positive-ion electrospray ionization FT-ICR mass spectrometry and collision induced dissociation: Bond dissociation behavior and aromatic ring architecture of basic nitrogen compounds// Sci. China Chem., Jun. 2013, vol. 56, no. 7, p. 874–882.
8. Tanner R.P.R., Schaub M. Speciation of Aromatic Compounds in Petroleum Refinery Streams by Continuous Flow Field Desorption Ionization FT-ICR Mass Spectrometry//Energy Amp Fuels — ENERG FUEL, 2005, vol. 19, no. 4.
9. Klein G.C., Rodgers R.P., Marshall A.G. Identification of hydrotreatment-resistant heteroatomic species in a crude oil distillation cut by electrospray ionization FT-ICR mass spectrometry// Fuel, Oct. 2006, vol. 85, no. 14–15, p. 2071–2080.
10. Qian K., Edwards K.E., Dechert G.J., Jaffe S.B., Green L.A., Olmstead W.N. Measurement of Total Acid Number (TAN) and TAN Boiling Point Distribution in Petroleum Products by Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry//Anal. Chem., 2008, vol. 80, no. 3, p. 849–85.
11. Marshall A.G., Rodgers R.P. Petroleomics: chemistry of the underworld//Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., Nov. 2008, vol. 105, no. 47, p. 18090–18095.
12. A barrel load of compounds//Chemistry World, May 2010, p. 46–49.
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2015/2
About approaches to the formation of legal regulation in the Arctic zone of Russian Federation
Chemical sciences

Authors: Ekaterina S. MUSHTAKOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. Assistant in Department of the natural resources and environmental law. Е-mail: mushtakova.е@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Setting the borders and legal status of Arctic zone of the Russian Federation is the important point of state regulation with regard to these areas. Special status of the area implies creation of the set of legal methods including legislation that provide protection of delicate nature of the Arctic. From the manner in which will be formed the legal regulation, depends as much infrastructural development of the northern regions of the Russian Federation and the effective protection of the Arctic environment

Index UDK: УДК 346.9

Keywords: the Arctic, the Arctic zone of Russian Federation, setting borders of continental shelf, natural resources, environmental protection

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