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2016/2
Feasibility of new technologies for development of the Azov Sea fields
Geosciences

Authors: Nikolai A. EREMIN graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1978. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Head of the Analytical Center of the Scientific and Technical Forecasting in Oil and Gas Industry of OGRI RAS. He is specialist in the area of the digitalization and intellectualization of hydrocarbon fields. He is author of 156 scientific publications. E-mail: ermn@mail.ru
Olga N. SARDANASHVILY graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1976. She is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Research Fellow of the Analytical Center of the Scientific and Technical Forecasting in Oil and Gas Industry of OGRI RAS. She is specialist in the use of physical and chemical methods for enhanced oil recovery. She is author of more than 40 scientific publications. E-mail:o.sardan@mail.ru
Julia G. BOGATKINA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1990. She is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Leading Research Fellow of the Analytical Center of the Scientific and Technical Forecasting in Oil and Gas Industry of OGRI RAS. She is specialist in evaluation of technical and economic efficiency of hydrocarbon fields development. She is author of more than 50 scientific publications. E-mail: ubgt@mail.ru
Paul G. TERESHCHENKO graduated from Ukrainian Correspondence Polytechnic Institute in 1967. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Research Fellow of the Analytical Center of the Scientific and Technical Forecasting in Oil and Gas Industry of OGRI RAS. He is specialist in the field of optimal design of external networks of gas and oil fields in the major producing regions of Russia. He is author of over 50 scientific publications. E-mail: pg-tere@mail.ru

Abstract: Scientific basis for geological study and accelerated industrial development of transit zones of the internal seas of Russia are developed. These were tested in the study of the north-eastern part of the Azov Sea. A series of calculations to define the dynamics of hydrocarbons production for the short-term outlook were carried out. The preliminary estimate of the development opportunities and resources of 2 fields and 33 perspective structures of the coastal part of the Sea of Azov allowed to prove the possibility of commissioning a tuple of fields taking into account the dynamics of oil, gas and condensate production. On the basis of the research results the principal provisions of the concept of the development and commissioning of fields of hydrocarbons of the northeast part of the Sea of Azov were formulated

Index UDK: 553.98

Keywords: internal seas, the Sea of Azov, coastal zones, transit zones, horizon-tal wells, multilateral well, bionic well, design principles of marine facilities

Bibliography:
1. Eremin N.A. Razrabotka kontseptsii ratsional’nogo osvoeniya uglevodorodnykh resursov na shel’fe i kontinental’nom sklone morey Rossii [Developing the concept of sustainable development of hydrocarbon resources on the shelf and continental slope of the seas of Russia]. Fundamental’nye problemy geologii i geokhimii nefti i gaza i razvitiya neftegazovogo kompleksa Rossii [Fundamental problems of geology and geochemistry of oil and gas production and development of oil and gas complex of Russia]. M.: Geos, 2007, p. 228-240 (In Russian).
2. Savchenko V.I., Eremin N.A. Novie geologicheskie dannie po severo-vostochnoi chasti Azovskogo more [New geological data on the northeastern part of the Sea of Azov  Reports of the Academy of Sciences], 2009, v. 426, no. 3, p. 361-363 (In Russian).
3. Tereshchenko P.G. Printsipy upravleniya razvitiem vneshnikh setey neftegazopromyslov v regionakh s bol’shim chislom mestorozhdeniy [The principles of management of development of oil and gas fields of external networks in regions with a large number of fields]. Fundamental’nye problemy geologii i geokhimii nefti i gaza i razvitiya neftegazovogo kompleksa Rossii, vypusk 2. [Fundamental problems of geology and geochemistry of oil and gas production and development of oil and gas complex of Russia], no. 2. M.: Geos, 2002, p. 358-363 (In Russian).
4. Eremin N.A. Upravlenie razrabotkoy intellektual’nykh mestorozhdeniy [Managing the development of intellectual fields]: studies. manual for schools, vol. 1. M.: Publisher Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I.M. Gubkin, 2011, 200 p. (In Russian).
5. Eremin N.A., Eremin Al.N., Eremin A.N. Upravlenie razrabotkoy intellektual’nykh mesto- rozhdeniy [Managing the development of intellectual fields]: studies. manual for schools, vol. 2. M.: Publisher Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I.M. Gubkin, 2012, 210 p. (In Russian).
6. Ponomareva I.A., Eremin N.A., Bogatkina Yu.G. Ekonomiko-metodicheskoe modelirovanie razrabotki neftegazovykh mestorozhdeniy [Economic modeling and methodical development of oil and gas fields]. M.: Publishing Science, 2010, 112 p.
7. Eremin N.A. Sovremennaya razrabotka mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza. Umnaya skvazhina. In- tellektual’nyy promysel. Virtual’naya kompaniya [Modern oil and gas fields. Smart wells. Smart fishing. Virtual Company: studies. manual for schools]. M.: OOO „Core business centers”, 2008, 244 p.
8. Ponomareva I.A., Bogatkina Yu.G., Eremin N.A. Kompleksnaya ekonomicheskaya otsen- ka mestorozhdeniy uglevodorodnogo syr’ya v investitsionnykh proektakh [A comprehensive eco- nomic evaluation of hydrocarbon deposits in investment projects]. M.: Publishing Science, 2006, 134 p.
9. Eremin N.A., Ibatullin R.R., Nazina T.N., Sitnikov A.A. Biometody uvelicheniya nefteotdachi [Biological control enhanced oil recovery : studies. manual for schools], vol. 2. M.: Publisher Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I.M. Gubkin, 2003, 125 p.
10. Eremin N.A., Nazarova L.N. Enhanced Oil Recovery Methods. Moscow, 2003, 153 p.
11. Eremin N.A., Ponomareva I.A., Sardanashvily O.N. Scythian plate online: innovative technology development of oil deposits in real time. Business Journal Neftegaz.Ru, 2015, no. 11-12, p. 96-100.
12. Nikolai A. Eremin Development Perspectives of Azov Sea Shelf. Ref. International Round Table on „Development Perspectives for Kuban Fuel and Energy Complex”, 2007. Austria, Vienna, 11 April 2007, p. 10.
13. Eremin N.A. The main results of geological studies of transit zones north-eastern part of the Sea of Azov. Tezisy dokl. VI Mezhdunarodnogo Ekonomicheskogo Foruma „Kuban’-2007” [Abstracts. VI International Economic Forum „Kuban-2007” Sochi, Sochi 21.09.2007, p. 85-90] (In Russian).
14. Savchenko V.I., Shaynurov R.V., Eremin N.A. Lower Mesozoic, Paleozoic complexes — a new perspective may object to oil and gas exploration in the North Eastern part of the Sea of Azov. Tez. Dokl. 4-oy Mezhd. konf. po probleme neftegazonosnosti Chernogo, Azovskogo i Kaspiyskogo morey [Proc. Dokl. 4th Int. Conf. on the issue of oil and gas potential of the Black, Azov and Caspian seas]. Gelenzhik, 4-7 June 2007, p. 77-80 (In Russian).
15. Eremin N.A., Savchenko V.I. New Data on the Geology of the Northeastern Sea of Azov — Doklady Earth Sciences, 2009, vol. 426, no. 4, p. 556–558.
16.
Eremin N.A., Bogatkina Y.G., Lyndin V.N. Problems of development of deposits of the shelf and the methodology for their feasibility study. Neft’, gaz i biznes [Oil, gas and business], 2015, no. 11, p. 37-40 (In Russian).
17. Eremin N.A., Dmitrievskiy A.N., Tikhomirov L.I. The present and future intellectual fields. Neft’. Gaz. Novatsii [Oil. Gas. Innovations], 2015, no. 12, p. 44-49 (In Russian).
18. Eremin N.A., Eremin Al.N. Current state and prospects of development of intelligent wells. Neft’. Gaz. Novatsii [Oil. Gas. Innovations], 2015, no. 12, p. 50-53 (In Russian).
19. Eremin N.A. On horizontal technologies. Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy [Geology, geophysics and development of oil fields], 1996, no. 12, p. 35-38.
20. Eremin N.A., Surina V.V., Hvedchuk I.I. Design features the development of offshore oil fields. Gazovaya promyshlennost’ [Gas industry], 1997, no. 7, p. 54-56 (In Russian).
21. Eremin Al.N. On the types and kinds of smart wells. Gazovyy biznes [Gas Business], 2013, no. 6, p. 78-81 (In Russian).
22. Garichev S.N., Eremin N.A. Technology of management in real time. Moscow, 2014, MIPT. Part 2, 167 p. (in English).
23. Garichev S.N., Eremin N.A. Technology of management in real time. Moscow, 2014, MIPT. Part 1, 227 p. (in English).
24. Alexander N. Eremin, Anton N. Eremin, Nikolai A. Eremin. Smart Fields and Wells. PС of Kazakh-British Technical University (KBTU) JSC. Almaty, 2013, 344 p.
25. Eremin N.A., Ponomarev I.A., Bogatkina Yu.G. Principles of automated system of technical and economic evaluation of oil and gas deposits Neft’, gaz i biznes [Oil, gas and business], 2000, no. 4 (36), p. 16-20 (In Russian).
26. Eremin N.A., Bogatkina Y.G., Bochkareva T.Y. Fuzzy stochastic assessment of the dynamics of development of oil fields. Neftyanoe khozyaystvo [Oil Industry], 1994, no. 11, p. 21-25.
27. Eremin N.A., Zolotukhin A.B., Surguchev L.M. Methods of assessment of the level and competitiveness of technologies and methods of enhanced oil recovery. RD Minneftegazprom of the USSR, 1990, 56 p. (In Russian).
28. Eremin N.A., Zolotukhin A.B., Nazarova L.N. Industrial evaluation of oil fields on the basis of the system of forecasting. Izvestiya AN SSSR [Izvestiya of the USSR Academy of Sciences], 1988, no. 2, p. 74-80 (In Russian).
29. Zolotukhin A.B., Eremin N.A., Nazarova L.N. Vybor ratsional’nogo varianta razrabotki neftyanoy zalezhi [The choice of rational variants of development of oil deposits]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov MING im. I.M. Gubkina „Tekhnologiya i tekhnika metodov povysheniya nefteotdachi plastov” [Proceedings of the MING. I.M. Gubkin „Technology and engineering methods of oil recovery enhancement”], Moscow, 1988, no. 199, p. 17-24 (In Russian).
30. Eremin N.A. Modelirovanie mestorozhdeniy nefti metodami nechetkoy logiki. Dokt. Diss. [Modeling of oil fields by methods of fuzzy logic. Doct. Diss], Moscow, 1995, 397 p. (In Russian).
31. Eremin N.A. Modelirovanie mestorozhdeniy uglevodorodov metodami nechetkoy logiki. [Modeling of hydrocarbon deposits by methods of fuzzy logic]. M.: Nauka, 1994, 462 p. (In Russian).

Authors: Anatoly B. ZOLOTUKHIN was born in 1946. He graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1969, and Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1977. He is Full Professor of the Department of Oil Field Development, Doctor of Technical Sciences. He is specialist in the development of oil and gas fields and enhanced oil recovery, author of more than 140 scientific publications and 19 monographs. E-mail: anatoly.zolotukhin@gmail.com
Petr V. PYATIBRATOV was born in 1979. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2002, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Oil Field Development of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the development and hydrodynamic modeling of oil and gas fields, author of more than 30 scientific publications. E-mail: pyatibratov.p@gmail.com
Larisa N. NAZAROVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979, she is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Oil Field Development of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is specialist in the development of oil and gas fields and enhanced oil recovery, author of more than 50 scientific publications. E-mail: nazarova-ln@irmu.ru
Irena V. YAZYNINA graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1975. She is Candidate of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Oil Field Development of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is specialist in the petrophysics and enhanced oil recovery, author of more than 50 scientific publications. E-mail: yazynina@mail.ru.
Evgeny V. SHELYAGO was born in 1985. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Oil Field Development of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the petrophysics and enhanced oil recovery, author of 14 scientific publications. E-mail: thelgp@yandex.ru

Abstract: The paper overviews the problems selection of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods with account for reservoir geological and physical conditions. Applicability criteria for thermal, gas and chemical EOR are presented. The set of criteria is based on national and international secondary and tertiary EOR projects results. A ternary logic method is proposed and tested for EOR screening. This method of perspective EOR estimation was tested for the conditions of more than 100 formations of 15 fields located in one of Eurasia regions. It is noted that of the EOR applicability should assessed at early stages of the field development design

Index UDK: 622.279

Keywords: hard to recover reserves, EOR methods, applicability criteria, complicating factors, fuzzy ternary logic, EOR screening

Bibliography:
1. Surguchev M.L. Vtorichnye i tretichnye metody uvelichenija nefteotdachi plastov. M.: Nedra, 1985, 308 р.
2. Muslimov R.H. Sovremennye metody povyshenija nefteizvlechenija: proektirovanie, optimizacija i ocenka jeffektivnosti: Uchebnoe posobie. Kazan’: izdatel’stvo „FJeN” Akademii nauk R.T., 2005, 688 p.
3. Antoniadi D.G. Teorija i praktika razrabotki mestorozhdenij s vysokovjazkimi neftjami. Krasnodar: „Sovetskaja Kuban”, 2004, 336 p.
4. Krjanev D.Ju., Zhdanov S.A. Primenenie metodov uvelichenija nefteotdachi plastov v Rossii i za rubezhom. Opyt i perspektivy. Burenie i neft’, 2011, no. 2.
5. Krjanev D.Ju., Zhdanov S.A. Metody uvelichenija nefteotdachi: opyt i perspektivy primenenija. Neftegazovaja vertikal’, 2011, no. 5.
6. Eremin N.A., Zolotuhin A.B., Nazarova L.N., Chernikov O.A. Vybor metoda vozdejstvija na neftjanuju zalezh’. M.: GANG, 1995, 190 p.
7. Zheltov Yu.P., Zolotuhin A.B., Eremin H.A., Nazarova L.N. Sistema avtomatizirovannogo proektirovanija razrabotki neftjanyh mestorozhdenij (SAPR RNM) s primeneniem teplovyh metodov uvelichenija nefteotdachi. Razvitie i sovershenstvovanie sistem razrabotki neftjanyh mestorozhdenij. M.: Nauka, 1989, p. 119-131.
8. Favennec Jean-Pierre The Economics of EOR. Сonference of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR), 6 December 2004, London, UK.
9. Alvarado V., Thyne G., and Murrell G. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition. Screening Strategy for Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery in Wyoming Basins. Denver, Colorado, USA, 21-24 September, 2008.
10. Alvarado V., Manrique E. Enhanced Oil Recovery: An Update Review. Energies, 2010, vol. 3, no. 9, p. 1529-1575.
11. Taber J.J., Martin F.D., Seright R.S. EOR Screening Criteria Revisted — Part 1: Introduction to Screening Criteria and Enhanced Recovery Field Projects. SPE Reservoir Engineering, August, 1997, p. 189-198.
12. Taber J.J., Martin F.D., Seright R.S. EOR Screening Criteria Revisted — Part 2: Applications and Impact of Oil Prices. SPE Reservoir Engineering, August, 1997, p. 199-205.

2016/2
Development of injection profiles modify complex technology for increasing of oil recovery
Geosciences

Authors: Alexander N. KULIKOV graduated from Ufa State Petroleum Technological University in 1980. He is Ph.D. Head of the Laboratory Production Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 50 scientific publications. E-mail: ANK-1@mail.ru
Konstantin A. DOVGIY graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2013. He is leading engineer of the Laboratory Production Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 5 scientific publications. E-mail: salladorn@gmail.com
Lyubov A. MAGADOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1975. She is Cand. Sc., Professor of the Department of Oil and Gas Proces-sing at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is author of over 160 scientific publications. E-mail: magadova0108@himeko.ru
Mikhail A. SILIN graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1978. D Sc., Vice-Rector of Iinnovations and Commercialization of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas, Head of of the Department of Oil and Gas Processing at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 160 scientific publications. E-mail: silin.m@gubkin.ru
Ilshat R. MAGZIANOV graduated from Bashkir State University in 2001. Нe is re-search fellow of the EOR Department of OOO „RN-UfaNIPIneft”. He is author of 18 scientific publications. E-mail: ilshatmr@mail.ru
Nikolaj N. BARKOVSKIJ graduated from Uhta State University in 2005. He is a Head of the Research Laboratory of EOR Methods. He is author of over 10 scientific publications. E-mail: Barkovskij@permnipineft.com

Abstract: The paper presents the ways of improving the complex technology of injection wells conformance control. In particular, the information about the composition of PPS is presented. This is recommended as the first working rim for plugging cracks in the formation pay zone. The second part of the article is a brief description of the methods for calculating the optimum amount of the gelling composition rim for performance control of injection wells. Their main shortcomings are presented. The two new methods of calculation of the optimum working rim volume for performance control of the injection wells are as follows. The first method is an algorithm for calculating the required volume of working rim minimum for performance control. It is based on mechanical principles, the results of the filtration research of strength properties of the used gels and the maximum possible values of the injection pressure after the start of the injection well after treatment. The second method is based on statistical analysis of the results of the previous work on this deposit and determine the optimum values of the specific volume of the working rim

Index UDK: 622.276.72

Keywords: selectivity, mechanical strength, radius of the gel rim, the maximum possible bottom hole injection pressure in the treated injection well, reservoir pressure, the specific volume of the working rim, injection capacity of well

Bibliography:
1. Kulikov A.N. The hydrodynamic mechanism and principles of modeling of complex tech-nology of the injection wells conformance control. Petroleum Engineering, 2005, no. 10, p. 18-25.
2. Seright R.S. Plasement of Gels To Modify Injection Profiles. Pареr SPE 17332 presented at the 1992 SPE/DOE Symposium on Enhansed Oil Recovery Held in Tulsa, Oklahoma, April 17-20, 1988.
3. The method of the injection wells conformance control: US Pat. 2263773 Rus. Federation/ Tropin E.Y., Alhama I.M., Dzhabrailov A.V., Kulikov A.N., Thelin A.G. and etc.: The applicant and patent owner are CJSC „UfaNIPIneft”, CJSC „Himeko-GANG”. No. 2004123495/03; appl. 15.07.2004; publ. 10.11.2005.
4. Tropin E.Y., Alhama I.M., Dzhabrailov A.V., Silin M.A., Zaitsev K.I., Kulikov A.N., Thelin A.G. The implementation of a targeted approach to the complex physical and chemical effects on the reservoir. Oil Industry, 2006, no. 1, p. 52-55.
5. Silin M.A., Eliseev D.Y., Kulikov A.N. Optimizing of the use of reduce water and oil recovery enhancement technologies on the hard to recover reserves of Western Siberia. M.: Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2011, 159 p.
6. Hasanov M.M., Ismagilov T.A., Mangazeev V.P., Rastrogin A.E., Kolchugin I.S., Tyan N.C. Primenenie sshytyh polimerno-gelevyh sostavov dlya povysheniya nefteotdachi [The use of cross-linked polymer gel compositions for oil recovery enhanced]. Oil Industry, 2002, no. 7, p. 110-112.
7. Kulikov A.N., Dvorkin V.I. Gidrodinamicheskie osobennosti razrabotki vodoplavaushih zalegej nefti i ih vliyanie na effectivnost geologo-tehnicheskih meropriyatij [Hydrodynamic features of the waterfowl oilfields development and its impact on the efficiency of the geological and technical measures]. Electronic journal „Investigated in Russia”, 2005, no. 84, p. 879-888.
8. Zaharov V.P., Ismagilov T.A., Telin A.G. and others. Regulirovanie filtratsionyh potokov vodoizolirujuhsimi tehnologijami pri razrabotke neftjanyh mestoroshdenij [Filtration flows control by using water-shutoff technologies on the oil fields exploitation]. M.: Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2010, 225 p.

2016/2
Effect of weld repair excavation size of defective portion of main gas pipelines to regulate the length of the preheating during weld build-up repair
Technical sciences

Authors: Igor V. VOLKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2010, he is Master of Engineering and Technology, associate professor of the Department of Tribology and Repair Technology of Oil and Gas Equipment of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the field of testing of properties of materials. Не is author of 7 scientific publications. E-mail: volkov.gsu@gmail.com
Oksana Ju. ELAGINA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1989. She is Doctor of Science, full professor, Head of the Department of Tribology and Repair Technology of Oil and Gas Equipment of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is specialist in the field of welding technologies, material science and tribology. She is author of more than 100 scientific publications. E-mail: elaguina@mail.ru

Abstract: The effect of the size of weld repair excavation of the defective portion of main gas pipelines on the metal cooling rate after preheating in the process of weld build-up repair is studied. The parameters of the heated portion cooling during preheating for patch repair are measured. The calculated and experimental values are compared. The need to regulate the maximum duration of the interoperation period according to excavation parameters, ambient temperature and method of heating is shown

Index UDK: 622.691.4.004.67

Keywords: preheating, weld build-up repair, duration of interoperation period, metal cooling rate

Bibliography:
1. Frolov V.V., Volchenko V.N., Yampol’skiy V.M., Vinokurov V.A. Teoriya svarochnykh protsessov [Theory of welding processes]. Moscow, 1988, 559 p.
2. Nerovnyy V.M., Konovalov A.V., Kurkin A.S., Makarov E.L., Yakushin V.M. Teoriya svarochnykh protsessov [Theory of welding processes]. Moscow, 2007, 752 p.
3. Corporate standard STO Gazprom 2-2.2-137-2007 (II). Manual welding techniques with field and main gas pipelines construction and repair. Moscow, 2007, 177 p.
4. Tsar’kov A.V., Loskutov S.V., Trukhanov K.Yu., Podkhalyuzin P.S. Development of the system of flame heating of main gas pipeline under automated process of surface defects repair. Svarka i diagnostika. Welding and diagnostics, 2014, no. 6, p. 31-34 (in Russian).

2016/2
Modeling of transients caused by starting and stopping of pumps in the intermediate pumping station
Technical sciences

Authors: Alla S. DIDKOVSKAYA graduated from Gubkin Academy of Oil and Gas in 1995. She is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Design and Operation Of Gas and Oil Pipelines at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She specializes in pipeleine transportation of oil and gas. She is author of 30 publications. E-mail: didal@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Transients that occur in the pipeline in the process of starting and shutting down the pumps of booster stations are considered. The duration of these processes, changes in the number of revolutions of the rotors pumps, as well as changes over time the oil flow and differential pressure of the booster station pumps are investigated. It is shown that starts and stops of the station are fraught with emergencies. Start of the pumps may lead to a considerable reduction of the pressure upstream of the station and, as a consequence, to the emergency shutdown of the station on condition of minimal permissible pressure in the suction line. The pump shutdown leads to a rapid increase in the pressure upstream of the station and spread of the pressure emerging wave upstream, thus threatening the integrity of the pipeline. The paper presents a mathematical model and the startup and shutdown, formulates the mathematical problem of determining the parameters of these processes and provides a method of its decision, allowing to quantify the parameters of both processes

Index UDK: 622.692.4.053

Keywords: pipeline, pumping station, pumping unit, electromotive point, rotor speed, starting mode-synchronous speed, synchronization, rundown, rundown period, calculation

Bibliography:
1. Kljuchev V.I. Teorija jelektroprivoda [The theory of the drive]. M.: Jenergoizdat, 1985, 560 p.
2. Fox J.A. Gidravlicheskij analiz neustanovivshegosja techenija v truboprovodah [Hydraulic Analysis of Unsteady Flow in Pipe Networks]. TRANS. engl. M.: Jenergoizdat, 1981, 248 p.
3. Lurie M.V. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie processov truboprovodnogo transporta nefti, nefteproduktov i gaza. [Mathematical modeling of pipeline transportation of oil and gas]. M.: Publishing center of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2012, 456 p.
4. Didkovskaja A.S., Lurie M.V. Modelirovanie processa puska nasosov promezhutochnoj nefteperekachivajushhej stancii [Simulating the process of pumps start-up at an interim oil pumping station]. Territorija Neftegaz, 2015, no. 3, р. 90-94.

2016/2
Thermal cracking of regular and irregular isoprenanes C20-C40
Technical sciences

Authors: Maxim V. GIRUTS graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2004. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor of the E-mail: moxixh@yahoo.com
Alexandra R. POSHIBAEVA graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 2012. She is PhD (Chemical Sciences), Assistant Lecturer of the Department of Organic Chemistry & Petroleum Chemistryat Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is author of 20 scientific publications.
Е-mail: stroeva-poshibaeva@yandex.ru
Olga A. STOKOLOS graduated from Gubkin Russian State Academy of Oil and Gas in 1994. She is PhD (Chemical Sciences), Associate Professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry & Petroleum Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is specialist in organic chemistry and chemistry of petroleum hydrocarbons, author of more than 30 scientific publications. Е-mail: stokolos.o@gubkin.ru
Guram N. GORDADZE graduated from Georgian Polytechnic Institute in 1963. He is Doctor of Geological Sciences and Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry & Petroleum Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in chemistry and geochemistry of petroleum hydrocarbons and author of more than 350 scientific publications.
E-mail: gordadze@rambler.ru

Abstract: Thermal cracking of regular and irregular isoprenanes С20–С40 was carried out, followed by the research of the distribution patterns of regular, irregular and pseudoregular isoprenanes C10–C20. It was found that no rupture of terminal methyl, ethyl and isopropyl groups occurs as a result of thermal cracking of phytane, krotsetane, squalane and likopane. The simultaneous rupture of C-C bonds at tertiary carbon atoms in the molecule isoprenanes doesn’t occur either. It was shown that the value of the ratio of genetic pristane/phytane indicator, which is used in the petroleum geochemistry for correlations of oil-oil and oil-extracted organic matter systems should be treated with caution

Index UDK: 553.98:543.51:547.912

Keywords: thermal cracking; regular, irregular and pseudo-regular izoprenanes

Bibliography:
1. Petrov A.A. Uglevodorody nefti [Petroleum hydrocarbons]. Moscow, 1984, 263 p. (in Russian).
2. Tissot B., Welte D. Petroleum Formation and Occurrence. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978.
3. Kalvin M. Himicheskaya evolucia [Chemical evolution]. Moscow, 1971, 240 р. (in Russian).
4. Gordadze G.N. Termoliz organicheskogo veshhestva v neftegazopoiskovoj geohimii [Thermolysis of organic matter in the oil and gas geochemistry]. Moscow, 2002, 336 p. (in Russian).
5. Gordadze G.N. Uglevodorody v neftyanoi geohimii. Teoria I practika [The hydrocarbons in the oil geochemistry. Theory and practice]. Moscow, 2015, 559 р. (in Russian).
6. Stroeva A.R., Giruts M.V., Koshelev V.N., Gordadze G.N. Modeling of Formation of Petroleum Biomarker Hydrocarbons by Thermolysis and Thermocatalysis of Bacterium Biomass. Petroleum Chemistry, 2014, vol. 54, no. 5, p. 347–354.
7. Giruts M.V., Gordadze G.N., Stroeva A.R., Koshelev V.N. On the question of formation of petroleum hydrocarbons from bacteria biomass. Trudy RGU nefti i gasa imeny I.M. Gubkina [Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas Proceedings], 2014, no. 2 (275), p. 82-93 (in Russian).
8. Okunova M.V., Giruts M.V., Erdnieva O.G., Koshelev V.N., Gordadze G.N. The formation of petroleum biomarker hydrocarbons from possible oxygen-containing precursors. Petroleum Chemistry, 2009, t. 49, no. 3, p. 207-217.

2016/2
Antioxidant additives to improve thermal oxidative stability of protective liquids for hot water storage tanks of energy providers
Technical sciences

Authors: Igor R. TATUR (b. 1956) graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. Нe is PhD, Associate Professor the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 120 publications. E-mail: igtatur@yandex.ru
Dmitry N. SHERONOV (b. 1986) graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2006. He is Engineer of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of 25 publications. E-mail: r75opposite@mail.ru
Аleksey V. LEONTYEV (b. 1988) graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is post-graduate student of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is Research Fellow of OOO „United Research and Development Center” (OOO „RN-CIR”). He is author of 10 publications. E-mail: leontievaleksey@gmail.com
Vladimir G. SPIRKIN (b. 1937) graduated from the Military Rocket Forces Academy named after Peter the Great in 1959. He is D.Sc., Professor of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author more than 350 publications, 10 books and monographs, 35 patents.
E-mail: vgspirkin@mail.ru

Abstract: This paper considers the possibility of improving thermal oxidative stability of protective liquids for hot water storage tanks of energy providers by application of anti-oxidant additives. The influence of antioxidant additives on thermo-oxidative stability was evaluated using Folder P device at 140 °C for 6 h by measuring the relative change in dynamic viscosity (at temperatures of 80 and 90 °C). It was found that alkilaminodifenilamin (6PPD) and pentagidroksiflavanon (DHA), reduce the speed of oxidative degradation of PIB in the composition of protective liquid. 0,5 % by weight of these compounds reduce the degree of destruction of the PIB by 68-69 %. A synergetic composition was developed including an antioxidant additive and amine-type alkyl phenol (0,3 % wt. Agidol-1 and 0,2 % by weight. MDS-5), which can increase the thermal oxidative stability of the protective liquid on petroleum basis more than 1,5 times, while maintaining its high antiaerational and anticorrosive properties

Index UDK: 665.7.038.5

Keywords: storage tanks for hot water supply, thermal-oxidative stability, protective liquid, antioxidant additive, degradation of polymer, deaeration

Bibliography:
1. Tatur I.R. Zashchita ot korrozii oborudovaniya sistem vodosnabzheniya. Germaniya: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2012, р. 75.
2. Kaplan S.Z., Radzevenchuk I.F. Vyazkostnye prisadki i zagushchennye masla. L.: Himiya, 1982, 136 р.
3. Sheronov D.N., Tatur I.R., Spirkin V.G. i dr. Kompleksnaya ocenka ehkspluatacionnyh svojstv germetiziruyushchih zhidkostej dlya bakov-akkumulyatorov sistem goryachego vodosnabzheniya. EHnergetik, 2014, no. 11, p. 43–46.
4. Hartman K., Leckij EH., SHefer V. i dr. Planirovanie ehksperimenta v issledovanii tekhnologicheskih processov. Perevod s nemeckogo G.A. Fomina, N.S. Leckoj. Pod red. EH.K. Leckogo. M.: Mir, 1977, 552 p.
5. Rudin L.R. Prisadki k smazochnym materialam. Svojstva i primenenie. Pod red. A.M. Danilova. Per. s angl. 2-go izd. SPb.: COP „Professiya”, 2013, 928 p.
6. Pospisil J. Aromatic and heterocyclic amines in polymer stabilization. Advances in Polymer Science, 124, 87 — 190, 1995.

2016/1
The geological structure of production zones on the basis of detailed correlation of wells
Geosciences

Authors: Galina P. KUZNETSOVA graduated from Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas indus-try in 1982. Associate Professor in the Department of production Geology of oil and gas Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. A specialist in the field of correlation of well logs, geological modeling and reserves estimation. Author of over 50 scientific publications, 12 textbooks, 3 patents for inventions. E-mail: gp_kuznetsova@mail.ru
Yana P.
LOTFULLINA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2015, the Department of production Geology of oil and gas. She is specializes in the field of geological modelling and reserves estimation. Engineer 2 categories, the EDC GROUP company. E-mail: lotfullina.yana@yandex.ru

Abstract: Analysis of drilling results and geological data from drilling production wells has shown that new information changed the initial presentation of the geological structure of the operational portion of the field under study. In accordance with the project documentation for the development of the deposits of the Tyumen Suite we identified two production zones: layers J2-4 and layers J5-6. Zones with changed geological certainty proved to be of more complex structure. The productive beds are in some cases completely washed away, which prevents the movement of fluid along the strike in the process of development. The most tectonically active and relatively stable zones within which mining is done differently have been selected within the study area. The fluid moves along the bedding within a relatively stable zone. In the tectonically active zone, stub zones are formed where the movement of the fluid is restricted or none at all. In this connection it is necessary to perform a comprehensive analysis of the geological structure of production zones with production and injection wells, controlling reservoir pressure in the development process. The results obtained have showed that the documentation for development require adjustments, and it is necessary to develop measures to regulate the development of these zones. The research was conducted within the framework of the geological model of the operational portion of the deposit.

Index UDK: УДК 553.98

Keywords: correlation of well sections, reservoir, development zone, formation, stratigraphic erosion, discordant occurrence, formation thickness, conditions of sedimentation, tectonics, tectonic movement, path of fluid filtration

Bibliography:
1. Guidelines for the correlation of well sections under the editorship of Professor I.S. Gutman. M.: ID Nedra, 2013, 112 p.

2016/1
Evaluating generation potential and geological resources of hydrocarbons of low permeability shale strata of the Maikop suite
Geosciences

Authors: Vagif U. KERIMOV was born in 1949, graduated from Azerbaijan Institute of Oil and Chemistry (Baku). Doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences, professor, head of the Dept. of Theory of Oil and Gas Exploration and Prospecting of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He has published over 150 works. E-mail: vagif.kerimov@mail.ru
Nurdin Sh. YANDARBIYEV was born in 1955, graduated from the Geological Faculty of Moscow State University with a degree in „Geology and exploration of oil and gas fields” Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals Geological Faculty of MSU M.V. Lomonosov.
E-mail: yandarbiev@mail.ru
Rustam N. MUSTAEV was born in 1987, graduated from the Orenburg State University majoring in „Geology of oil and gas” Ph.D., Research Fellow Department of theoretical foundations of prospecting and exploration of oil and gas Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. Author of 32 scientific publications and two monographs. Has been studying the Caspian-Black Sea region. E-mail: r.mustaev@mail.ru
Stanislav S. DMITRYEVSKY was born in 1992, graduated from Department of Geology and Geophysics of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Engineer I cat. Department of theoretical foundations of prospecting and exploration of oil and gas Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. E-mail: trudyrgung@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The article is devoted to assessing the generation potential and geological resources of hydrocarbons of low permeability shale strata of the Maikop suite of the Pre-Caucasian region which is most promising for the discovery of “shale” hydrocarbons in Russia. The hydrocarbon generation potential of the of Khadum and Batalpashinsk deposits was appraised for the first time in the region

Index UDK: УДК 550.8 (479.24)

Keywords: Maikop suite, Pre-Caucasian region, geochemical studies, shale hydrocarbons, generation potential

Bibliography:
1.Bazhenova O.K., Fadeeva N.P., Petrichenko Ju.A. Polozhenie glavnoj zony nefteobrazo- vanija v Indolo-Kubanskom progibe. Materialy pjatoj mezhdunarodnoj konferencii „Novye idei v geologii i geohimii nefti i gaza”. M.: Isd. MGU, 2001, p. 36-38 (in Russian).
2.Ermolkin V.I., Kerimov V.Ju. Geologija i geohimija nefti i gaza: Uchebnik. Izdatel’skij dom Nedra, 2012, p. 460 (in Russian).
3.Kerimov V.Ju., Shilov G.Ja, Poljakov E.E., Ahijarov A.V. i dr. Sedimentologo-facial’noe modelirovanie pri poiskah, razvedke i dobyche skoplenij uglevodorodov. M.: VNIIgeosistem, 2010, p. 288 (in Russian).
4.Morariu D., Aver’janova O.Ju. Nekotorye aspekty neftenosnosti slancev: ponjatijnaja baza, vozmozhnosti ocenki i poisk tehnologij izvlechenija nefti. Neftegazovaja geologija. Teorija i praktika, 2013, t. 8, no. 1, p. 39-44 (in Russian).
5.Prishhepa O.M., Aver’janova O. Ju., Il’inskij A.A., Morariu D. Neft’ i gaz nizkopronicaemyh slancevyh tolshh — rezerv syr’evoj bazy uglevodorodov Rossii. SPb.: FGUP VNIGRI, 2014 (Trudy VNIGRI), p. 323 (in Russian).
6.Jandarbiev N.Sh., Dashtiev Z.K. O vozmozhnostjah poiskov „slancevyh” zalezhej nefti i gaza v Predkavkaz’e. Regional’naja geologija i neftegazonosnost’ Kavkaza. Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj pamjati zasl. geologa RF D.A. Mirzoeva. Mahachkala, 2012, p. 234-236 (in Russian).
7.Peters K.E. Guidelines for evaluating petroleum source rock using programmed pyrolysis. AAPG Bulletin, 1986, v. 70, no. 3, p. 318.8.
8. Guliyev I.S., Kerimov V.U., Osipov A.V. Hydrocarbon potential of great depths. Neft’, gaz i biznes, 2011, no. 5, p. 9-16.
9. Rachinsky M.Z., Kerimov V.U. Fluid dynamics of oil and gas reservoirs. Scrivener Publishing Wiley, 2015, 618 p.

2016/1
Assessment of impact of geological structure uncertainties on forecast production data of Kirinskoye field
Geosciences

Authors: Alexander D. DZYUBLO was born in 1947. He graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1972, specializing as mining engineer-geophysicist. He is Professor of the Department of Offshore Oil and Gas Field Development, Doctor of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences. He is author of more than 130 scientific publications and 1 monograph. E-mail: dzyublo.a@gubkin.ru
Petr V. PYATIBRATOV was born in 1979. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2002, he is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor of the Department of Oil Field Development of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the design and hydrodynamic modeling of oil and gas fields. He is author of more than 30 scientific publications. E-mail: pyatibratov.p@gmail.com
Anna E. STOROZHEVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas with MS degree in „Offshore engineering” in 2012. She is a PhD student at the Department of Offshore Oil and Gas Field Development. E-mail: stor_anna@mail.ru >

Abstract: Under conditions of fields in the Kirinsky block the possibility of obtaining such data as movement of gas-water contact and depletion of different parts of depo-sits are severely limited. Forecasting the development process with the use of a permanent hydrodynamic model, adaptable to field data, would be one of the main methods of control. Generation of hydrodynamic models of the Kirinsky gas condensate field allowed to estimate the impact of the uncertainties of the geo-logical structure such as faults on the process of the depletion of reserves and the dynamic link between the layers

Index UDK: УДК 622.279.04

Keywords: hydrodynamic models, production data, offshore of Sakhalin island, the Kirinsky license block

Bibliography:
1. Dzjublo A.D., Shnip O.A., Halimov K.Je. Geologicheskoe stroenie i neftegazonosnost’ Kirinskogo bloka shel’fa o. Sahalin. Neft’, gaz i biznes, 2013, no. 3, p. 26-32.
2. Rezul’tirujushhij podschet zapasov gaza i gazovogo kondensata Kirinskogo mestorozhdenija. Otchet. M.: OOO «Gazprom VNIIGAZ», 2012.
3. Li Dzh., Vattenbarger R.A. Inzhiniring gazovyh rezervuarov. M.-Izhevsk: Institut komp’ju-ternyh issledovanij, 2014, 944 p.
4. Kanevskaja R.D. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie gidrodinamicheskih processov razrabotki mestorozhdenij uglevodorodov. M.-Izhevsk: Institut komp’juternyh issledovanij, 2002, 140 p.
5. RD 153-39.0-047-00 «Tehnicheskij reglament na postroenie geologo-tehnologicheskih mode-lej neftjanyh i gazoneftjanyh mestorozhdenij». M.: Mintopjenergo, 2000.