Articles Archive

№ 4/269, 2012

Title
Authors
Category
Production technology of ice-gas-hydrate blocks for transportation and storage of hydrocarbon gases
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Larisa A. PEDCHENKO graduated from the V.G. Korolenko Poltava State Pedagogical University, Ukraine in 2002. She is PhD student of the Department of Oil and Gas and Geo-technics of the Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava National Technical University. He is author of 15 publications in the field of gas hydrate technology. E-mail: pedchenkomm@mail.ru
Mikhail M. PEDCHENKO was born in 1967; he graduated from the Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine in 2000. He is PhD student the Department of Oil and Gas and Geo-technics of the Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava National Technical University. He is author of 18 publications in the field of gas hydrate technology. E-mail: pedchenkomm@mail.ru

Abstract: Problems of accumulation, transportation and storage of gases or gas mixtures are quite frequent. Transportation and storage of gas in hydrate form may be an alternative to traditional technologies. We propose a method and the basic elements of production technology of large ice-gas-hydrate blocks. These blocks can be manufactured in the form of a regular hexagonal prism or cylinder. An innovative design solution of gas-hydrate blocks construction - formation of a mixture of granulated (minimum porosity) and crushed hydrate with a specific ratio – is proposed and tested. In addition, to improve stability self-conservation of the formed blocks with ice is proposed.

Index UDK: 665. 612:622.691.2

Keywords: grain, gas hydrate blocks, gas hydrates, porosity, compression, relaxation, dissociation, self-preservation

Bibliography:

Developing regulatory frameworks for tank farm construction in Belarus
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Lyudmila M. SPIRIDENOK graduated from the Novopolotsk Polytechnic Institute. In 1993 she defended her thesis in GOSNITI (Moscow). She is Associate Professor of the Department of Pipeline Transport, Water Supply and Hydraulics of the PSU. She is author of more than 30 publications. E-mail: spiridenok@list.ru
Anastasia I. BONDARCHUK her is graduate student at the Department of Pipeline Transport, Water Supply and Hydraulics of the PSU. She is engaged in research activities in the field of containers security. E-mail: anastasia_ba-va@mail.ru

Abstract: The article is devoted to the development of technical codes of practice for «Vertical Cylindrical Steel Tanks for Storage of Oil and Petroleum Products. Design Codes and Devices». The regulation requirements for manufacturing tanks by rolling methods and sheet assembly, depending on tank size, method of calculation of double-wall tanks as well as calculation of the tank wall by the mid-point technique.

Index UDK: 621.642.07

Keywords: development, reservoir, safety wall

Bibliography:

Development of technology for manufacturing fuel briquettes using coke breeze
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Amina Rauf HUSEYNOVA is Master Tempus-TACIS «Oil and the Environment». She is working on her doctoral thesis at the Department of Technology of Organic Substances and Industrial Ecology. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Nigar Azizaga SALIMOVA is doctor of technical sciences, professor ASOA. E-mail: mayaabdullayeva@hotmail.com
Lala Vagif HUSEYNOVA is Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Technology of Oil and Gas ASOA. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: As a result of tar coking, up to 30 % of coke breeze produced at industrial plants of delayed coking do not yet find qualified application.
The results of the research and development of solid oil coke bricks on the basis of the coke breeze are presented. The calorific value of the briquettes is much higher than that coal, wood and heating oil.

Index UDK: 666.777.81

Keywords: coke, heavy pyrolysis resin, tar cracking residue, extract from solvent refined oils

Bibliography:

Development of technologies to prevent formation of deposits from water-cut oil
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Lyudmila V. IVANOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1983; she is assistant professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is author of 59 publications in the field of petroleum chemistry. E-mail: ivanova.l@gubkin.ru
Vladimir N. KOSHELEV was born in 1953; he graduated Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. He is Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs, Head of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 280 scientific papers in the field of organic chemistry and petroleum chemistry. E-mail: kochelev.v@gubkin.ru
Alexey A. VASECHKIN was born in 1986. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008. He is engineer of JSC «RITEK», author of 10 scientific papers and publications in the field of research of oil. E-mail: vasechkin.aleksey@yandex.ru

Abstract: The reasons for increased formation of asphalt, resin and paraffin deposits in the fields of the Volgograd region are considered. It is shown that an important factor in the formation of paraffin, resin and asphalt in the affected fields is the formation of stable oil-water emulsions, which promotes active involvement of emulsified water in the sediment. A combined reagent, allowing to destroy oil emulsion and significantly reduce the amount of deposits on the surface of the oil field equipment is proposed.

Index UDK: 622.276

Keywords: asphalt, resin and paraffin deposition, water cut wells, stable emulsions, emulsion breakers

Bibliography:
1. Oslozhnenija v neftedobyche/N.G. Ibragimov, A.R. Hafizov, V.V. Shajdakov i dr. — Ufa: OOO «Izdatel’stvo nauchno-tehnicheskoj literatury ‘Monografija’», 2003. — 302 s.
2. Uchet osobennostej obrazovanija asfal’tosmoloparafinovyh otlozhenij na pozdnej stadii razrabotki neftjanyh mestorozhdenij/M.Sh. Kajumov, V.P. Tronov, I.A. Gus’kov, A.A. Lipaev// Neftjanoe hozjajstvo. — 2006. — No. 3. — S. 48–49.
3.
Osobennosti obrazovanija asfal’tosmoloparafinovyh otlozhenij na pozdnej stadii razrabotki mestrozhdenij/L.V. Ivanova, V.N. Koshelev, A.A. Vasechkin, E.A. Burov//Trudy RGU nefti i gaza imeni I.M.Gubkina. — 2011. — No. 4. — S. 159–167.
4.
Nebogina N.A., Prozorova I.V., Judina N.V. Osobennosti formirovanija i osadkoobrazovanija vodoneftjanyh jemul’sij//Neftepererabotka i neftehimija. — 2008. — No. 1. — S. 21–23.
5.
Ivanova L.V., Ovchar E.V., Chelincev S.N. Vzaimosvjaz’ temperatury nachala massovoj kristallizacii parafina i nizkotemperaturnyh svojstv parafinistoj nefti v prisutstvii polimernyh prisadok// Tehnologii nefti i gaza. — 2007. — No. 5. — S. 17–22.
6.
Evdokimov I.N., Losev A.P. Osobennosti analiza associativnyh uglevodorodnyh sred. //Himija i tehnologija topliv i masel. — 2007. — No. 2. — S. 38–41.

Modern teaching aids in technical education - simulators based on software and hardware platforms
Automation, modeling and energy supply in oil and gas sector

Authors: Maxim D. GAMMER graduated from Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, specializing in »Machinery and equipment for oil and gas fields» in 2004. He is Ph.D., Associate Professor, Head of the IT Center of the Institute of Geology and Oil and Gas Recovery of the TyumGNGU. E-mail: MaxGammer@gmail.com
Sergei P. KOLESNIKOV graduated from the Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, specializing in »Mechanical Engineering, Cutting machines and Tools» in 1986. He is PhD., Associate Professor, Head of the of the R&D Applications of the TyumGNGU ESM Research Institute. E-mail: skolesnilov10@gmail.com

Abstract: Proceedings of international conferences in the field of modern teaching aids such as ITEC, SCS, SigGraph, International Conference on Artificial Reality and Tele-existence suggest that «computer training facilities» are increasingly used in aviation, navigation, power engineering, military forces, medicine and aeronautics, as well as the areas where physical training is associated with these difficulties, particularly in the training of personnel engaged in dangerous and critical areas of production, and those areas where their use is strictly regulated by law (simulators). Moreover, at the moment there are very few serious studies on the definition and development of the concepts of efficiency and key performance of simulators in industry and in education.
This article summarizes the main results of the studies of the performance of simulators (both for training centers of enterprises, as well as for educational institutions), conducted at the Research Institute of Electronic Educational Resources of TyumGNGU.
The question of the application of modern computer-based technologies for creating a virtual reality (VR) and the issue of the use of simulators in the Learning Management System (LMS), E-learning, distance education system is considered separately.

Index UDK: 621.38

Keywords: computer simulation training equipment, distributed training systems, SCORM, LMS, VR

Bibliography:

Preparation of water for reservoir pressure maintenance system of oil fields
Industrial and environmental safety, occupational safety and health

Authors: Vladimir D. NAZAROV is Ph.D., professor of Ufa State Oil Technical University (UGNTU). E-mail: aqvita@mail.ru
Maxim V. NAZAROV is Ph.D., director of the innovation firm AKVITA (UGNTU). He is currently working on his doctoral thesis at UGNTU. E-mail: aqvita@mail.ru
Vladimir Y. RAZUMOV is postgraduate student of Ufa State Oil Technical University. E-mail: dirrek3@gmail.com

Abstract: Negative influence of oil on water bodies, including the sources of drinking water is established. The reason for this is the primitive preparation of fresh and bottom water for reservoir pressure maintenance, i.e. by mechanical methods only. A technological solution to treat fresh water and bottom water with the use of innovative equipment for reservoir pressure maintenance systems is proposed.

Index UDK: 628.174

Keywords: reservoir pressure maintenance, oily water treatment, electrochemical skimmer, magnetic separator, hydrophobic filter

Bibliography:
1. Korshak A.A., Shammazov A.M. Osnovy neftegazovogo dela. — Ufa: Dizajnpoligrafservis. — 2002. — 544 p.
2. Tronov V.P., Tronov A.V. Ochistka vod razlichnyh tipov dlja ispol’zovanija v sisteme PPD — Kazan’: «Fjen». 2001. — 560 p.
3. Voda dlja zavodnenija neftjanyh plastov. Trebovanija k kachestvu. OST 39-225-88. — M.: Minnefteprom, 1990. — 8 p.
4. Minigazimov N.S. Ohrana i racional’noe ispol’zovanie vodnyh resursov v neftjanoj promyshlennosti//Disser. dokt. tehn. nauk. — Ufa, 2000. — 301 p.
5. SNiP 2.03.11-85. Zawita stroitel’nyh konstrukcij ot korrozii. — M. Gosstroj SSSR. — 1986.
6. PDK himicheskih vewestv v vode vodnyh ob#ektov hozjajstvenno-pit’evogo i kul’turnobytovogo vodopol’zovanija. GN 2.1.5. 689-98.
7.
Gigienicheskie trebovanija k ohrane, poverhnostnyh vod. SanPin 2.1.980-00.
8.
Orientirovochnye dopustimye urovni (ODU) himicheskih vewestv v vode vodnyh ob#ektov hozjajstvenno-pit’evogo i kul’turno-bytovogo vodopol’zovanija GN 2.1.5.1316-03.
9.
Nazarov V.D., Nazarov M.V., Vadulina N.V. Aktivnyj fil’trujuwij material dlja ochistki vody ot zheleza. /Inzhenernye sistemy. — No. 2. — 2009. — РР. 14–16.
10.
Nazarov V.D., Nazarov M.V. Ochistka neftepromyslovyh vod s primeneniem magnitnyh separatorov//Zawita okruzhajuwej sredy v neftegazovom komplekse. — 2008. — No. 6. — РР. 32–34.
11.
SNiP 2.04.02–84. Vodosnabzhenie. Naruzhnye seti i sooruzhenija. — M. Gosstroj Rossii. — 2004. — 128 p.
12. Nazarov M.V. Ochistka prirodnyh i stochnyh vod s primeneniem jelektrohimicheskih metodov: dis. kand. tehn. nauk. — Ufa, 2008. — 150 p.

Technology transfer as a way to increase productive capacity of industrial enterprise
Economics and management in fuel and energy complex industries

Authors: Evgeny V. ASTAFIEV graduated from UGNTU in 2005, he is lecturer of the Ufa State Oil Technical University (UGNTU). E-mail: astafiev82@mail.ru

Abstract: The article presents analysis of the oil and gas industry in Russia, a review of the prospects of the industry, and proposes the process of formulation of general corporate and innovation strategies of the company, depending on the changes in the external and internal conditions of their operation, in coordination and cooperation with the scientific community of high school.

Index UDK: 330.322

Keywords: innovation, oil and gas companies, innovation management, research and development, innovation strategies

Bibliography:
1. Korshak A.A., Shammazov A.M. Osnovy neftegazovogo dela [Basics of Petroleum Engineering]. — Ufa, Dizaynpoligrafservis Publ., 2002. — 544 p.
2. Vagin S.G. Modern innovation dominant technological development [Sovremennye dominanty innovatzionno-tekhnologicheskogo razvitiya]. Proceedings of the Institute of Management Systems Samara State Economic University [Izvestiya instituta sistem upravleniya Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo ekonomicheskogo universiteta], Samara, 2010. — No.1. — РР. 155.
3. Okrepilov V.V. «Skolkovo»: opportunities, great prospects [«Skolkovo»: shirokie vozmozhnosti, bol’shye perspektivy] Journal of Innovation «Innovation» [Zhurnal ob innovatziyakh «Innovatzii»]. — No. 6. — 2011. — РР. 3–8.