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2019/3
Facies Analysis and Depositional Environments of the Lower Miocene Formations in the Garmian block, Kurdistan, Iraq
Geosciences

Authors: Kardo S. MOHAMMED graduated from the University of Sulaimani in 2002 (B.Sc.), in 2010 (M.Sc.) in the same university, and graduated from the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2016 (M.Sc.). He is post-graduate student at the Department of Geology of Hydrocarbon Systems of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). His scientific interests are related to petrophysical analysis and reservoir modeling. He is author of 2 scientific publications. E-mail: kardo80@yahoo.com
Natalia N. KOSENKOVA graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1980. She is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, associate professor of the Department of Geology of Hydrocarbon Systems at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). She is specialist in the field of oil and gas fields exploration. She is author of 4 monographs and more than 20 scientific publications in Russian and international periodicals. E-mail: N.N.Kosenkova@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The article uses data on the recently discovered oil fields of Sargala and Shakal, in the zone of the Kirkuk basin of the Zagros folded-thrust belt. The Lower Miocene formations (Euphrates and Jeribe) are the target objects of the tertiary oil and gas system in Iraqi Kurdistan, along with the Oli- gocene (Kirkuk). Formations are composed of carbonates with a few interbeds of evaporites of the Dhiban formation. In the framework of this study, 15 facies were identified based on the analysis of faunal residues (mainly benthic foraminifera) and texture-structural characteristics of sedimentary rocks. The facies of the Jeribe formation showed to be deposited of the inner part of the carbonate ramp, while the Dhiban formation corresponds to the conditions of the coastal Sebkha and isolated lagoon and shallow waters of the open sea. The Euphrates Formation was deposited in an open shallow-marine environment to the isolated lagoon

Index UDK: 550.8

Keywords: facies analysis, sedimentary environments, Lower Miocene formations, Jeribe, Dhiban, Euphrates, basal anhydrite, Kurdistan

Bibliography:
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2019/1
Biomarker characterizations of the Upper Cretaceous Shiranish formation in the south-eastern part of Iraqi Kurdistan, Northern Iraq
Geosciences

Authors: Rebaz A. HAMA AMIN graduated from University of Sulaimani in 2012, Gubkin State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2016. Post-graduate student in the Department of Geology of Hydrocarbon Systems in Gubkin State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Scientific interests are related with geochemical studies of oils and source rock samples and basin modeling study. He is an author of 1 scientific publication. E-mail: Rebaz_1989sa@yahoo.com
Natalia N. KOSENKOVA graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1980, and Post-graduate degree in 1987. Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, teaching on the discipline “Formation of hydrocarbon systems” in Gubkin State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Specialist in the field of oil and gas fields’ exploration. She is author of 4 monographs and more than 20 scientific publications in Russian and foreign issues. E-mail: N.N.Kosenkova@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The geochemical studies were performed for the core samples of Shiranish formation in the depth interval of (3680-3950) from the south-eastern part of Iraqi Kurdistan. These rock samples comprise shale rocks. The geochemical investigation of biomarker parameters were performed for extract rock samples from Shiranish formation using gas chromatography GC, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry GC/MS — for saturated and aromatic hydrocarbons, and GC/MS/ MS — for saturated hydrocarbon. In addition, performed carbon isotope analysis of saturated and aromatic fractions. The extract samples are characterized by a high Pr/Ph ratio (> 1,0), a relatively high oleanine ratio, an abundance of mode- rate C27 regular steranes and disteranes, a relatively high C30 sterane index, presence of tricyclic terpanes, relatively low dibenzothiophene/phenanthrene ratios, a high CPI ratio (³ 1,0) and high Pr/n-C17 values in combination with low Ph/n-C18 values.
All of the above parameters indicate on the mixed type of organic matter: kerogen type II + III with a predominance of type II. According to the results of diagnostics, Source rock, represented by calcareous marls, were deposited under weak reducing conditions during diagenesis and have a high degree of maturity.

Index UDK: 551.24

Keywords: biomarker, Shiranish formation, Iraqi Kurdistan, organic matter, oil, depositional environment, maturity

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