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2019/3
Principles of optimization of operation of gas-distributing unit taking into account non-stationary processes
Technical sciences

Authors: Alexander F. MAKSIMENKO graduated from Gubkin University majoring in Applied Mathematics in 1976. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theoretical Mechanics of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is specialist in the field of research of processes in oil and gas reservoirs effected by underground explosions; industrial safety systems after use of explosive technologies in oil and gas fields. He is author of more than 75 scientific publications. E-mail: maf@gubkin.ru
Alexander S. KUZNECHIKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2001. He is senior lecturer of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) and specialist in the field of shock wave processes in pipeline systems, standardization and quality management systems. He is author of more than 25 scientific publications.
E-mail: kas@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Оne of basic elements of the gas transmission system of Russia are compressor stations which allow to provide the required volumes of transportation of gas and uninterrupted supply of natural gas to consumers. At the same time every start or shutdown of gas-distributing units at compressor stations, fluctuation in gas consumption, change of temperature and hydraulic operating modes, etc. lead to changes of the operating mode of all elements of the gas pipeline. Therefore, the problem of optimization of operating modes of gas-distributing units is very relevant

Index UDK: 622.691; 533.6

Keywords: gas transmission system, gas transport, gas-distributing unit, system, natural gas

Bibliography:
1. Loitsyansky L.G. Mechanics of fluid and gas. M.: Nauka, 1991, 847 p.
2. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Use of methods of the asymptotic theory for calculation of intensity of the shock wave in pipeline systems Pipeline Transport. Theory and Practice, 2018, no. 1, p. 27-29 (in Russian).
3. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Analysis of basic options for design schemes for natural gas discharge and utilization systems (for gas-main pipelines). Oil, Gas and Business, 2008, no. 10, p. 55-60 (in Russian).
4. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Determination of the intensity of the shock wave as a function of the parameters of the initial state of the gas mixture (with forced discharge of a high-pressure fluid from the process pipeline). Oil, Gas and Business, 2009, no. 1, p. 65-67 (in Russian).
5. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Basic calculation relationships for determining the intensity of the shock wave (in pipeline branches for a one-dimensional design scheme of the shock-wave process). Oil, Gas and Business, 2009, no. 3, p. 57-58 (in Russian).
6. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Analysis of calculation formulas for the limiting stage of the forced natural gas discharge process. Gazovaya promyshlennost, august 2011, p. 48-50 (in Russian).
7. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Analysis of the influence of the degree of opening of the launching device’s channel on the intensity of the shock wave when a high-pressure gas is discharged from a high-pressure apparatus of a large volume. Oil, Gas and Business, 2012, no. 1-2, p. 106-109 (in Russian).
8. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. The use of single-channel schemes for the calculation of a shock wave that has passed from a discharge pipeline to a collection manifold. Gazovaya promyshlennost, april 2013, p. 44-46 (in Russian).

2018/4
Formation of principles of optimum development and functioning of gas transmission systems
Technical sciences

Authors: Bogdan V. BUDZULYAK graduated from Ivano-Frankovsk University of Oil and Gas in 1970 and from Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy in 1995. Doctor of Technical Sciences, President of the Self-Regulatory Organization “Association of costructors of gas and oil complexes”, Professor of the Department of Construction and Repair of Gas and Oil Pipelines and Storage Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), member (academician) of the Academy of Mining Sciences. He is author of more than 200 scientific publications. E-mail: ebaruk@asgink.ru
Dmitry N. LEVITSKIY graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in “Mechanical Engineering, Metal-Cutting Machines” (1975). He is Doctor of Engineering, professor, Head of the Department of Theoretical Mechanics at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of 5 inventions, over 110 scientific works on problems of theoretical and applied mechanics. E-mail: levitskiy.d@gubkin.ru
Alexey S. LOPATIN graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry (1979). He is Doctor of Engineering, professor, Head of the Department of Thermodynamics and Heat Engines at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of 5 patents and more than 350 scientific, educational and methodical works.
E-mail: Lopatin.a@gubkin.ru
Alexander S. KUZNECHIKOV graduated from te Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2001, he is Senior Lecturer at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of 23 publications in the field of shock and wave processes in pipeline systems, education, standardization and systems of quality management. E-mail: kas@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The most important problems of the gas transmission system of Russia are ensuring the required volumes of transportation of gas and uninterrupted operation of supply of natural gas to consumers, increase in reliability of operation and minimization of power costs of transport of gas. These are solved in the process of design, construction, operation, reconstruction and modernization of the system and its main objects. The solution of the main tasks faced by the national gas transmission system is based on the study and analysis of thermogasdynamic processes occurring in the main objects and the power producing equipment used. It requires the knowledge of the structure, the principles of construction, the operation and control of the gas transmission system, the actual and planned operating modes of the gas transmission system and its main objects, the devices and schemes of the operation of the main objects, the design and characteristics of the used power producing equipment, the mathematical description of the working processes in the main objects and power producing equipment of the gas mains, methods of determination of thermodynamic and thermophysical properties of the working bodies of the power producing equipment and the systems of the main transport of gas

Index UDK: 622.691.4

Keywords: gas transmission system; gas transport; power expenses; system; natural gas; principles of development

Bibliography:
1. Vertepov A.G., Lopatin A.S., Pokutnyj A.V. Primenenie indikatorov ehnergoehffektivnosti dlya gazotransportnoj sistemy Rossii. Gazovaya promyshlennost’, 2018, no. 1 (763), p. 85.
2. Ispol’zovanie vozobnovlyaemyh istochnikov ehnergii dlya povysheniya ehnergoehffektivnos- ti ESG Rossii. V.V. Bessel’, A.S. Lopatin, A.A. Belyaev, V.G. Kucherov. ZHurnal Neftegaz.ru, 2013, no. 10, p. 12-20.
3. EHnergosberegayushchie tekhnologii pri magistral’nom transporte prirodnogo gaza. B.P. Por- shakov, A.S. Lopatin, A.F. Kalinin, S.M. Kupcov, K.H. SHotidi. M.: Izd. centr RGU nefti i gaza imeni
I.M. Gubkina, 2014, 417 p.
4. Celevaya kompleksnaya programma po sozdaniyu otraslevoj sistemy diagnosticheskogo ob- sluzhivaniya gazotransportnogo oborudovaniya kompressornyh stancij RAO Gazprom (do 2000g.). M.: IRC Gazprom, 1997.
5. Osobennosti resursosberegayushchej sistemy ehkspluatacii oborudovaniya kompressornyh stancij. A.S. Lopatin, A.F. Kalinin, D.N. Levitskij, D.A. Belyaev. Dokl. Mezhd. nauch.-tekhn. konf. “Inzhenernoe iskusstvo v razvitiicivilizacii” (Moskva, oktyabr’, 2003). M.: MGTU imeni N.EH. Bau- mana, 2004, p. 140-141.
6. Formirovanie edinoj otraslevoj sistemy diagnosticheskogo obsluzhivaniya (OSDO) oborudo- vaniya RAO “Gazprom”. V.V. Remizov, A.D. Sedyh, S.P. Zarickij, A.S. Lopatin, M.A. Bronovec. Nauchno-tekhn. sbornik IRC Gazprom, ser. “Diagnostika oborudovaniya i truboprovodov”, 1996, no. 4-6, p. 7-22.
7. Diagnosticheskoe obsluzhivanie magistral’nyh gazoprovodov. A.M. Angalev, B.N. Antipov, S.P. Zarickij, A.S. Lopatin. M.: MAKS Press, 2009, 112 p.
8. ZHitomirskij B.L., Lopatin A.S. Kadrovoe obespechenie sistemy upravleniya tekhnicheskim sostoyaniem i celostnost’yu magistral’nyh gazoprovodov. Territoriya Neftegaz, 2017, no. 3, p. 18-21.
9. Sistema nepreryvnogo tekhnicheskogo obsluzhivaniya i remonta gazotransportnogo oborudo- vaniya kompressornyh stancij SINTOR. A.S. Lopatin, D.N. Levitskij, S.P. Zarickij, K.V. Frejman,
10. B.V. Frejman i dr. M.: RGU nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2005, 80 p.

2018/1
Gasdynamic research of processes in pipeline systems
Geosciences

Authors: Aleksangr S. KUZNECHIKOV ((b. 1978) graduated from Gubkin Russian State Uni-versity of Oil and Gas in 2001. He is Senior Lecturer at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Нe is author of 23 publications in the field of shock and wave processes in pipeline systems, education, standardization and systems of quality management. E-mail: kas@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Issues of gasdynamic study of shock and wave processes in pipelines of gas relief and disposition systems are considered. Schedules and results of calcula-tion of the intensity of a shock wave for relief of natural gas from the site of the technological pipeline and the high-pressure apparatus are presented. The re-sults of the work are relevant both for the solution of the problem of environmen-tal friendlinessof gas transmission systems in terms of prevention or minimization of emissions of gas into the atmosphere, and for the design and rational opera-tion of pipeline systems

Index UDK: 622.691; 533.6

Keywords: system of gas relief and disposition, gas dynamics, shock and wave processes, pipeline systems, disign schemes, gasdynamic studies

Bibliography:
1. Loitsyansky L.G. Mechanics of fluid and gas. M.: Nauka, 1991, 847 p. (In Russian).
2. Rakhmatullin H.A., Sagomonyan A.Ya., Zverev I.N. and others. Gas dynamics. M.: Vysshaya Shkola, 1965, 722 p. (In Russian).
3. Godunov S.K., Zabrodin A.V., Ivanov M.I., Krayko A.N., Prokopov G.P. Numerical solution of multidimensional problems of gas dynamics. M.: Nauka, 1976, 400 p. (In Russian).
4. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Analysis of basic options for design schemes for natural gas discharge and utilization systems (for gas-main pipelines) Informational and analytical magazine Oil, Gas and Business, 2008, no. 10, p. 55-60 (In Russian).
5. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Determination of the intensity of the shock wave as a function of the parameters of the initial state of the gas mixture (with forced discharge of a high-pressure fluid from the process pipeline) Informational and analytical journal Oil, Gas and Business, 2009, no. 1, p. 65-67 (In Russian).
6. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Basic calculation relationships for determining the intensity of the shock wave (in pipeline branches for a one-dimensional design scheme of the shock-wave process) Informational and analytical journal Oil, Gas and Business, 2009, no. 3, p. 57-58 (In Russian).
7. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Analysis of calculation formulas for the limiting stage of the forced natural gas discharge process. Journal Gazovaya promyshlennost, 2011, no. 8, p. 48-50 (In Russian).
8. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Analysis of the influence of the degree of opening of the launching device’s channel on the intensity of the shock wave when a high-pressure gas is discharged from a high-pressure apparatus of a large volume. Informational and analytical journal Oil, Gas and Business, 2012, no. 1-2, p. 106-109 (In Russian).
9. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. The use of single-channel schemes for the calculation of a shock wave that has passed from a discharge pipeline to a collection manifold. Journal Gazovaya promyshlennost, 2013, no. 4, p. 44-46 (In Russian).
10. Kuznechikov A.S., Maksimenko A.F. Selection of basic variants of design schemes for gas discharge and utilization systems for solving the main tasks of gas dynamic analysis of shock wave processes in the channels of the gas discharge and utilization systems. Bulletin of the Association of Drilling Contractors, 2017, no. 2, p. 45-48 (In Russian).