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2018/2
Evaluation of lewis acidity of solid oxocomplex catalysts for isomerization of light hydrocarbons
Technical sciences

Authors: Karen R. GAZAROV was born in 1984. Graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2007. He is post-graduate student of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of 14 scientific publications. E-mail: kar-5@mail.ru
Stanislav V. MESHERYAKOV was born in 1941. Graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1968. He is Full Professor, Неad of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of more 150 scientific publications. E-mail: stas@gubkin.ru
Robert A. GAZAROV was born in 1948. Graduated Moscow State University in 1971. Professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of 122 science publications. E-mail: gazarov_ra@mail.ru

Abstract: A new catalyst for isomerization process of light hydrocarbons based on novel synthesized inorganic superacids has been developed. With this purpose a number of mixed heteropolyanions with a modified Keggin structure containing different transition metals (including platinum group metals) have been synthesized. The technology of preparation of superacid catalysts with a coating of mo-dified heteropolycomplexes on different carriers has been developed. Lewi acid characteristics of the developed superacid catalysts on different car- riers have been investigated

Index UDK: 66.097.3

Keywords: isomerization, light hydrocarbons, catalyst, Lewis acidity, oxocomplexes

Bibliography:
1. Herve Cauffriez, Christine Travers. Catalyst based on a halogenated alumina, its preparation and use for the isomerization of normal paraffins. Institut Francais du Petrole. US Patent. N 6297418, (2001).
2. Shakun A.N., Fedorova M.L. Effectivity of different types of catalysts and technologies of isomerization of light gasoline fractions. Catalysis in industry, no. 5, 2014, p. 29–37.
3. Xuebing Li, Johannes A.Lercher. Labile sulfate as key components in active sulfated zirconia for n-butane isomerization at low temperatures. J. of Catalysis, 2004, 229, р. 130–137.
4. Silva-Rodrigo R., Cruz-Domínguez E.L., Lugo-del Angel F.E., Navarrete-Bola˜nos J., García-Alamilla R., Olivas-Sarabia A., Melo-Banda J.A., Cruz-Netro L.C., Zamora-Ramírez G., Castillo-Mares A. Studies of sulphated mixed oxides (ZrO2—SO4—La2O3) in the isomerization of n-hexane. Catalysis Today, 2015, 250, p. 197–208.
5. Hua Song, Na Wang, Hua-Lin Song, Feng Li. La—Ni modified — Al2O3 catalyst in n-pentane hydroisomerization. Catalysis Communications 59, (2015), p. 61–64.
6. Yuandong Xu, Xia Zhang, Hongling Li. A Highly Effective Pt and H3PW12O40 Modified Zirconium Oxide Metal-Acid Bifunctional Catalyst for Skeletal Isomerisation. Catal. Lett., 2008, no. 125, p. 340–347.
7. Yuandong Xu, Xia Zhang, Hongling Li. The Support Effect over Pt-H3PW12O40 Based Metal-Acid Bifunctional Catalysts on the Catalytic Performance in n-Pentane Isomerisation. Catal. Lett., 2009, no. 129, p. 215–221.
8. Gazarov R.A., Mesheryakov S.V., Gazarov K.R. Oxocomplexes solid superacids — a new class of catalysts for isomerization of light hydrocarbons. Oil and gas technology, 2012, no. 6, 13 p.
9. Gazarov K.R., Mesheryakov S.V., Gazarov R.A. Comparative study of bronsted acildity of solid—acid catalysts for isomeriaztion of light hydrocarbons. Environmental protection in the oil and gas industry, 2017, no. 4, p. 46–49.
10. Lei T., Xu J.S., Gao Z., New Catalyst of γ-Al2O3 supported SO4/ZrO2 for n-butane isomerization. Chemistry Letters., 1999, v. 2, p. 509–511.
11. Kiselev A.V., Lygin V.I. Infrared spectra of surface compound. M.: Nauka, 1975, 175 p.
12. Medin A.S., Borovkov V.Yu., Kazansky V.B. Zeolites, 1990, v. 10, 668 p.
13. Kystov L.M. New trends in IR-spectroscopic characterization of acid and basic sites in zeolites and oxide catalysts. Topics in Catal., 1997, v. 4, p. 131–144.

2018/1
Microwave radiation for production of carbon adsorbent
Technical sciences

Authors: Stanislav V. MESHCHERYAKOV is Head of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor. His experience of scientific and pedagogical work is 50 years. He is author of more than 150 scientific publications. E-mail: stas@gubkin.ru
Robert A. GAZAROV graduated from the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1971, majoring in Chemistry. He has been Professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology since 1993. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences. His experience of scientific and pedagogical work is 30 years. He is author of 14 patents. E-mail: gazarov@gubkin.ru
Vladimir R. MKRTYCHAN graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry in 1964. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry. He is author of more than 140 scientific works, including more than 40 patents and author’s certificates. E-mail: him.gubkin.ru
Ivan S. EREMIN graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is assistant lecturer of the Department of Industrial Ecology (2014). He completed the postgraduate course in 2017. He is author of 10 scientific works, including 2 in peer-reviewed journals. E-mail: eremin.ivan.s@mail.ru

Abstract: A new method for the production of carbon materials based on vegetable raw materials with the use of several stages of processing is proposed. The influence of microwave radiation on the obtained carbon materials is shown. An estimation of the change in the properties of the materials in terms of oil capacity, specific surface area was carried out. The changes in the structure and surface of the materials after each stage of processing were studied by scanning electron microscopy

Index UDK: 541.18.02/.025

Keywords: sugar cane, pulp, bio-coal, spill, oil, modification, sorbent, carbon material, scanning electron microscopy

Bibliography:
1. Meshcheryakov S.V., Gonopolsky A.M., Ostash S.V., Osth O.S. Prognozno-analiticheskaja ocenka rasprostranenija zagrjaznenija za predely shlamonakopitelej promyshlennyh predprijatij [Forecasting and analytical assessment of the spread of pollution beyond the slime storage of industrial enterprises]. Ecology and Industry of Russia, 2017, no. 10, p. 22-27.
2. Kulikova O.A., Mazlova Е.А., Meritsidi E.A., Bradik D.I. Tehnologii adsorbcionnoj ochistki neftezagrjaznennyh stochnyh vod [Technologies of adsorption purification of oil-contaminated waste-water]. Ecology, industrial and energy security-2017; article in the collection of proceedings of the conference. Sevastopol, 2017, p. 742-746.
3. Meritsidi I.A., Ivanovsky V.N., Prokhorov A.N., Botvinko I.V., Dubinova I.S. and others. Tehnika i tehnologii lokalizacii i likvidacii avarijnyh razlivov nefti i nefteproduktov [Technique and technology of containment and liquidation of emergency oil spills and oil products]. Ed. I.A. Mericidi. St. Petersburg. The NGO „Professional”, 2008, 824 p.
4. Khutskaya N.G., Pal’chjonok G.I. Jenergosberegajushhie tehnologii termicheskoj kon- versii biomassy i lignokarbonatnyh othodov: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie po discipline [Energy-saving technologies for the thermal conversion of biomass and lignocarbonate waste: the educational and methodological manual on the discipline „Fuel and its use” for students of specialty 1-43 01 06 „Energy-efficient technologies and energy management”]. Minsk: BNTU, 2014, 53 p.
5. Sobhayda N.A., Makarova Yu.A. Vlijanie prirody svjazujushhego materiala na sorbcionnye svojstva sorbentov, izgotovlennyh iz othodov agropromyshlennogo kompleksa [Influence of the nature of the binder on the sorption properties of sorbents made from waste from the agro-industrial complex]. Bulletin of the Saratov State Technical University, 2011, no. 1, p. 41-45.
6. Berdonosov S.S. Mikrovolnovaja himija [Microwave chemistry]. Soros Educational Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, 2001, p. 32-38.
7. Akinbad A.O., Somin V.А., Komarova L.F., Novye sorbenty iz othodov rastenievodstva dlja ochistki vody ot nefteproduktov [New sorbents from wastes of plant growing for water purification from oil products]. Polzunovsky Herald, 2017, no. 4, p. 114-117.
8. Beletskaya M.G. Sintez uglerodnyh adsorbentov metodom termohimicheskoj aktivacii gidro-liznogo lignina i ispol’zovaniem gidroksida natrija [Synthesis of carbon adsorbents by thermochemical activation of hydrolytic lignin and the use of sodium hydroxide]. Diss. Cand. tech. Sciences. A., 2014, 153 p.
9. Belyaev E.Yu. Poluchenie primenenie drevesnyh aktivirovannyh uglej v jekologicheskih celjah [Getting the use of wood activated charcoal for ecological purposes]. Chemistry of plant raw materials, 2000, no. 2, p. 5-15.
10. Kurilkin A.A., Mukhin V.M., Kireev S.G., Kargal’tseva L.A. Uglerodnye adsorbenty, modificirovannye gidroksidom kalija [Carbon Adsorbents Modified with Potassium Hydroxide]. Sorption and Chromatographic Processes, 2010, t. 10, v. 4.
11. Korobchkin V.V., Nguyen Manh Hieu, Usoltseva N.V., Nguyen Van Tu. Poluchenie aktivirovannogo uglja pirolizom risovoj sheluhi V’etnama [Obtaining activated carbon by pyrolysis of rice husk of Vietnam]. Izvestiya Tomsk Polytechnic University. Engineering of geo-resources, 2017, t. 328, no. 5, p. 6-15.
12. Salomatov V.V., Karelin V.A., Zavoryn A.S., Salomatov V.V., Pashchenko S.E. Termoobra- botka ugol’nogo sloja SVCh-jenergiej: analiticheskoe issledovanie v uslovijah teplosbrosa II i III roda [Heat Treatment of Coal Layer by Microwave Energy: An Analytical Study in Conditions of Heat Dispersions of the II and III Kinds]. Izvestiya, Tomsk Polytechnic University. Engineering of georesour-ces, 2016, t. 327, no. 6. p. 15-24.
13. Salomatov V.V., Karelin V.A., Zavoryn A.S., Salomatov V.V., Pashchenko S.E. Ugol’nyj sloj pri mikrovolnovom nagreve: analiticheskoe issledovanie pri smeshannyh granichnyh uslovijah I i II roda [Coal layer under microwave heating: an analytical study for mixed boundary conditions of the I and II kind]. Izvestiya, Tomsk Polytechnic University. Engineering of geological resources, 2015, t. 326, no. 11, p. 135-140.
14. Salomatov V.V., Sladkov S.O., Pashchenko S.Ye. SVCh-tehnologii v ugol’noj jenergetike [Microwave technologies in coal power engineering], 2012, t. 85, no. 3, p. 535-549.
15. Kamenshikov F.I., Bogomolny E.I. Neftjanye sorbenty [Petroleum sorbents]. Moscow-Izhevsk: SRC „Regular and chaotic dynamics”, 2005, 268 p.
16. Eremin I.S. Razrabotka sorbirujushhego materiala na osnove saharnogo trostnika [Development of sorbent material on the basis of sugar cane]. Ecology and industry of Russia, 2017, no. 10, p. 14-17.
17. Biodegradation of tetradecane using Acinetobacter venetianusimmobilized on bagasse Author Links open overlay panel, LiGanaZuliangChenabRavendraNaidub Biochemical Engineering Journal. Vol. 100, 15 August 2015, p. 76-82.

2012/2
Synthesis of novel superacidic catalysts for environmentally friendly high-octane components of gasoline
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Robert A. GAZAROV was born in 1948, graduated from Moscow State University. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor of the Departmentof Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 122 scientific publications. E-mail: gazarov@gubkin.ru
Stanislav V. MESHCHERYAKOV was born in 1941 graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1968. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Industrial Ecology at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas . He has published over 150 scientific works. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Karen R. GAZAROV was born in 1984, graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is a postgraduate student of the Department of Industrial Ecologyof Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is author of 14 scientific publications. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Vlada V. RUSAKOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1976. She is Head of the Department of Long-Term Development of OAO “Gazprom”. She has published over 70 scientific publications. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: A new type of low-temperature catalysts for the isomerization of light hydrocarbons on the basis of newly synthesized inorganic superacids of carbonyl-complex structure.

Index UDK: 502.6

Keywords: low-temperature isomerization of hydrocarbons, catalyst, octane, carbonyl-complex structure

Bibliography:

2010/4
New metallic complex catalyst for agent-free gas emissions scrubbing from NOx.
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Robert A. GAZАROV graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1971. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of 122 works. E-mail: gazarov@gubkin.ru
Vladimir A. SHIROKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1967. Candidate of Technical Sciences, professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of over 100 works. E-mail: gazarov@gubkin.ru
Sergey I. SLAVIN graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1958. He is Candidate of technical Sciences, assistant-professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He published 45 works. E-mail: gazarov@gubkin.ru
Karen R. GAZAROV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2007. He is a post graduate student of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of 9 works. E-mail: gazarov@gubkin.ru
Natalia A. RUMYANTSEVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2004. She is a post graduate student of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of 8 works. E-mail: gazarov@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The results of laboratory research as well as those of field tests realizing a totally new method of refining nitrogen oxides in exhaust gases from gas pumping units of pump stations without additional deoxidizers

Index UDK: УДК: 502.6

Keywords: Nitrogen oxides, Catalyst, Refining, Nano-particles, Oxocomplexes

Bibliography: