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2019/3
Determination of maximum allowable amount of imbalance of natural gas supplied to consumers
Geosciences

Authors: Farit G. TUKHBATULLIN graduated from the Ufa Oil Institute in 1972. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor of the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), Member of the Russian Academy of Engineering and Technology. He is author of 21 inventions and 170 scientific papers. E-mail: ellkam@mail.ru
Dmitriy S. SEMEICHENKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2015. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of 15 publications. E-mail: d.semeichenkoff@yandex.ru

Abstract: A methodology for optimizing the process of forming the supplier’s gas balance by clarifying the balance model and adding a special balance correction for the uncertainty of measuring instruments is suggested. The calculation of the correction introduced into the balance model based on the laws of mathematical statistics is substantiated, and the main advantages of its application for the natural gas supplier are proved

Index UDK: 519.222:519.237.4-5

Keywords: imbalance of gas, commercial accounting of gas, operational accounting of gas, gas distribution system

Bibliography:
1. Andriishin M.P., Igumentsev E.A., Prokopenko E.A. Linear trends in gas balance diagnostics. Aerospace Engineering and Technology, 2008, no. 10 (57), p. 213-217.
2. Belov D.B., Ignatiev A.A., Soloviev S.I. The problem of measurement error during commercial accounting of the resource (for example, the supply of natural gas). Methods of conformity assessment, 2012, no. 9, p. 20-24.
3. Ignatiev A.A. Evaluation of the reasons for the imbalance in gas volumes in the supplier-consumer system. Gas industry, 2010, no. 6, p. 20-22.
4. Information letter from the Federal Tariff Service (FTS) dated June 28, 2005, ref. no. SN-3923/9 “On Accounting for Gas Losses”.
5. Pavlovsky M.A. The use of mathematical statistics methods to analyze the causes of the imbalance of natural gas transport in the pipeline gas transportation system. Electronic scientific journal “Oil and Gas Business”, 2012, no. 1, p. 69-74.
6. RD 153-39.4-079-01. Methodology for determining gas consumption for the technological needs of gas facilities and losses in gas distribution systems. Enter 2001-09-01, 14 p.
7. Salikov A.R. The imbalance in gas distribution networks. Gas of Russia, 2015, no. 4, p. 36-41.
8. Tukhbatullin F.G., Semeychenkov D.S. Statistical methods for analyzing the causes of natural gas imbalance and predicting its magnitude in the gas distribution system. Pipeline Transport: Theory and Practice, 2017, no. 2 (60), p. 36-41.
9. Khvorov G.A., Kozlov S.I., Akopova G.S., Evstifeev A.A. Reducing natural gas losses during transportation through the gas pipelines of OAO Gazprom. Gas industry, 2013, no. 12, p. 66-69.

2018/2
Uninterrupted operation of gas supply systems as main task of gasification
Geosciences

Authors: Farit G. TUKHBATULLIN was born in 1950. In 1972 he graduated from the Ufa Oil Institute. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor of the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is member of the Russian Academy of Engineering and Technology. He is author of 21 invention and 170 scientific papers. E-mail: ellkam@mail.ru
Lyubov V. MOLOKANOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State university of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2016. She is postgraduate student of t the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). E-mail: molokanovalubov@mail.ru
Dmitriy S. SEMEICHENKOV was born in 1993. Graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2015He is postgraduate student of the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply. He is author of 12 publi-cations. E-mail: d.semeichenkoff@yandex.ru

Abstract: The main ways of solving the problem of trouble-free and uninterrupted gas supply to consumers through gas distribution networks by ringing the network to create closing areas are considered. The measures and actions necessary to accomplish the task are described

Index UDK: 629.3.063.2

Keywords: trouble-free operation, uninterrupted gas supply, reliability of gas distribution network, ring network

Bibliography:
1. SP 62.13330.2011. Distribution system. Instead SNiP 2.04.08–87 and SNiP 3.05.02–88; Vved. 01.07.2003. Moscow, 70 p.
2. GOST R  54961–2012. System naturally. Gas consumption networks. General operating requirements. Maintenance documentation. Moscow: STANDARTINFORM, 2013, 49 p.
3. GOST R  54983–2012. System naturally. Gas consumption networks. General operating requirements. Maintenance documentation. Moscow: STANDARTINFORM, 2013, 77 p.

2018/1
Qualitative assessment of magnitude of imbalance of natural gas
Geosciences

Authors: Farit G. TUKHBATULLIN was born in 1950. Нe graduated from the Ufa Oil Institute in 1972. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Member of the Russian Academy of Engineering and Technology. He is author of 21 inventions and 170 scientific papers. E-mail: ellkam@mail.ru
Dmitriy S. SEMEICHENKOV was born in 1993. Нe graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas the in 2015. He is currently postgraduate student of the Department of Oil Products and Gas Supply at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), he has authored 3 publications. E-mail: d.semeichenkoff@yandex.ru

Abstract: The statistical quality control methods for analyzing the amount of natural gas imbalance are proposed. To analyze the cause-effect relationship between the origine of the imbalance, the Kaoru Ishikawa diagram is constructed. Shewhart control charts are used to determine the period during which the process is in a statistically controlled state

Index UDK: 519.237.5:62.503.56

Keywords: imbalance of gas, commercial metering of gas, Kaoru Ishikawa diagram, Pareto Law, Shewhart control charts, statistical quality control

Bibliography:
1. Ishikawa K. Japanese quality management. Ed. AV Glicheva. M.: Economics, 1988, 214 р. (in Russian).
2. State Standart 50779.42-99. Shukhart control cards. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 1999, 31 p. (in Russian).
3. STO Gazprom 5.37-2011. Uniform technical requirements for equipment flow measurement units and the amount of natural gas used in JSC „Gazprom” (in Russian).
4. STO Gazprom 5.32-2009. Organization of natural gas measurement (in Russian).
5. STO Gazprom 2-3.5-454-2010. Rules of operation of gas mains (in Russian).
6. RD 153-39.4-079-01. Methods of determining the flow rate of gas for technological needs of gas supply companies and losses in gas distribution systems (in Russian).
7. Hvorov G.A., Kozlov S.I., Akopova G.S., A.A. Evstifeev Reduction of losses of natural gas for transportation through main pipelines of JSC „Gazprom”. Gas industry, 2013, no. 12, p. 66-69 (in Russian).
8. Salikov A.R. Imbalance in gas distribution networks. Russian gas, 2015, no. 4, p. 36-41 (in Russian).
9. Newsletter of the Federal Tariff Service (FTS) of 28.06.2005 ref. Number of CH-3923/9 „On gas losses taken into account” (in Russian).

2017/4
Metrological factor of natural gas imbalance in “GDS-consumer” system
Geosciences

Authors: Farit G TUKHBATULLIN was born in 1950. In 1972 he graduated from the Ufa Oil Institute. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor of the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), Member of the Russian Academy of Engineering and Technology. He is author of 21 inventions and 170 scientific papers. E-mail: ellkam@mail.ru
Dmitriy S. SEMEICHENKOV was born in 1993. In 2015 he graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is graduate student of the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). Не is author of 7 publications. E-mail: d.semeichenkoff@yandex.ru
Tagir F. TUKHBATULLIN was born in 1976. In 1988 he graduated from the Ufa Oil Institute. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Deputy Head of the Department of 310/2/1 310 PAO „Gazprom”. His research interests include improved management of technological modes of transport of gas. Не is author of 15 publications. E-mail: tagtuh@mail.ru

Abstract: The influence of the metrological factor on the magnitude of the imbalance of natural gas in the process of delivery to end users is analyzed using methods of mathematical statistics. It is proved that it is the metrological factor that makes a decisive contribution to the total amount of gas imbalance that must be constantly monitored and maintained at an acceptable level

Index UDK: 519.222:519.237.4

Keywords: imbalance gas, metrology factor, commercial account of gas, relative error, absolute error, variance, expectation

Bibliography:
1. Gmurman V.E. Probability theory and mathematical statistics: Textbook for high schools. M.: Higher School, 2003, 479 p. (in Russian).
2. STO Gazprom  5.37-2011. Uniform technical requirements for equipment flow measurement units and the amount of natural gas used in JSC „Gazprom”, 51 p. (in Russian).
3. STO Gazprom  5.32-2009. Organization of natural gas measurement, 90 p. (in Russian).
4. STO Gazprom 2-3.5-454-2010. Rules of operation of gas mains, 164 p. (in Russian).
5. RD 153-39.4-079-01. Methods of determining the flow rate of gas for technological needs of gas supply companies and losses in gas distribution systems, 14 p. (in Russian).
6. Hvorov G.A., Kozlov S.I., Akopova G.S., Evstifeev A.A. Reduction of losses of natural gas for transportation through main pipelines of JSC „Gazprom”. Gas industry, 2013, no. 12, p. 66-69 (in Russian).
7. Pavlovsky M.A. Application of mathematical statistics to analyze the reasons for the imbalance in the transport of natural gas pipeline transmission system. Electronic scientific journal „Oil and gas business”, 2012, no. 1, p. 69-74 (in Russian).
8. Andriishin M.P., Igumentsev E.A., Prokopenko E.A. Linear trends in the diagnosis of the gas balance. Aerospace technics and technology, 2008, no. 10 (57), p. 213-217 (in Russian).
9. Ignatiev A.A. Evaluation of the cause imbalance volumes of gas in the system, „producer-consumer”. Gas industry, 2010, no. 6, p. 20-22 (in Russian).
10. Andriishin M.P., Igumentsev E.A. Dynamics of indicators of statistical reporting gas imbalance. Metrologiya, 2014, p. 427-430 (in Russian).
11. Belov D.B., Ignatiev A.A., Solov’ev S.I. The problem of measurement error in the commercial resource accounting (for example, natural gas deliveries). Methods of conformity assessment, 2012, no. 9, p. 20-24 (in Russian).
12. Salikov A.R. Imbalance in gas distribution networks. Russian gas, 2015, no. 4, p. 36-41 (in Russian).
13. Newsletter of the Federal Tariff Service (FTS) of 28.06.2005 ref. Number of CH-3923/9 „On gas losses taken into account”, 2 p. (in Russian).

2017/3
Prediction of natural gas values imbalance
Geosciences

Authors: Farit G. TUKHBATULLIN was born in 1950, graduated from the Ufa Oil Institute in 1972. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor of the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), Member of the Russian Academy of Engineering and Technology. He is author 21 inventions and 170 scientific papers. E-mail: ellkam@mail.ru
Dmitriy S. SEMEICHENKOV was born in 1993. Не graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2015. He is graduate student of the Department of Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Supply of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is author of 3 publications. E-mail: d.semeichenkoff@yandex.ru
Tagir F. TUKHBATULLIN was born in 1976. Нe graduated from the Ufa Oil Institute in 1988. Candidate of Technical Sciences, Deputy Head of the Department of 310/2/1 310 PJSC «Gazprom». Research interests: more efficient management of technological modes of transport of gas. He is author of 15 publications. E-mail: tagtuh@mail.ru

Abstract: The need for specialized software and programming and computing suites ), to forecast the magnitude of the imbalance of natural gas when it is sold to end users, as well as to enter on-line statistically accumulated information in order to increase the effectiveness of managerial decisions in the dispatch administration of the Unified Gas Supply System is demonstrated

Index UDK: 519.237.5:62.503.56

Keywords: gas imbalance, dispatch administration, commercial metering of gas, forecasting, regression analysis

Bibliography:
1. Gmurman V.E. Probability theory and mathematical statistics: Textbook for high schools. M.: Higher School, 2003, 479 p. (in Russian).
2. Sukharev M.G. Forecasting methods: Textbook. M.: Russian State University of Oil and Gas 2009, 208 p. (in Russian).
3. STO Gazprom 5.37-2011 uniform technical requirements for equipment flow measurement units and the amount of natural gas used in JSC «Gazprom» (in Russian).
4. STO Gazprom 5.32-2009 Organization of natural gas measurement (in Russian).
5. STO Gazprom 2-3.5-454-2010 rules of operation of gas mains (in Russian).
6. Hvorov G.A., Kozlov S.I., Akopova G.S., A.A. Evstifeev. Reduction of losses of natural gas for transportation through main pipelines of JSC «Gazprom». Gas industry, 2013, no. 12, р. 66-69 (in Russian).
7. Pavlovsky M.A. Application of mathematical statistics to analyze the reasons for the imbalance in the transport of natural gas pipeline transmission system. Electronic scientific journal «Oil and gas business», 2012, no. 1, p. 69-74 (in Russian).
8. Andriishin M.P., Igumentsev E.A., Prokopenko E.A. Linear trends in the diagnosis of the gas balance. Aerospace technics and technology, 2008, no. 10 (57), p. 213-217 (in Russian).
9. Andriishin M.P., Igumentsev E.A. Dynamics of indicators of statistical reporting gas imba- lance. Materialy IX Megdunarodnoi naychno-texnicheskoi konferenzii «Metrologiya — 2014», g. Xar’kov, 15-17 oktyabrya, p. 427-430 (in Russian).

2014/4
Application of new technologies and equipment for control of storage tanks construction
Geosciences

Authors: Sergei I. SENTSOV was born in 1955. In 1978 he graduated from the Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. Professor of the Department of Construction and Maintenance of Gas and Oil Pipelines and Storage Facilities, PhD. Published 45 scientific monographs, articles and tutorials.E-mail:rgung@gubkin.ru
Farit G. TUKHBATULLIN was born in 1950. In 1972 he graduated from the Ufa State Petroleum Technological University. Professor of the Department of Oil and Gas supply, PhD. Published 127 scientific monographs, articles and tutorials.E-mail:rgung@gubkin.ru
Boris S. LANGE was born in 1940. In 1963 he graduated from the Siberian Transport University. Published more than 18 scientific articles and tutorials. General director of LLC "Spetsneftegaz-T".E-mail:rgung@gubkin.ru
Anton P. SALNIKOV graduated from the Pipeline Transportation Department of the Polotsk State University in 2013. Postgraduate student of the Department of Construction and Maintenance of Gas and Oil Pipelines in the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas.E-mail:rgung@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Oil tanks are extremely hazardous industrial facilities, with accidents leading to significant damage. The safety of a tank is to a great extent formedat the con-struction stage. However, to date, construction control focuses on defects requiring immediate repair, while subcritical defects either cannot be detected or are not taken into account. This study proposes a new concept of construction control with a systematic approach to assessing the quality of the construction of oil tanks, in order to predict the possible development of the identified sub-critical defects under certain operating loads. The concept proposed by the authors looks upon the construction control as a step of forming the initial estimate of the extent of further degradation of the object under the influence of actual operating loads

Index UDK: 69.058

Keywords: construction control, three-dimensional laser scanning, storage tanks

Bibliography:
1. TD 23.115-96 Tehnologija geodezicheskogo obsledovanija stal’nyh vertikal’nyh rezervuarov.
2. ASTM E2807 — 11. “Standard Specification for 3D Imaging Data Exchange”.
3. Kondrasheva O.G., Nazarov M.N. Prichinno-sledstvennyj analiz avarij vertikal’nyh stal’nyh rezervuarov. Neftegazovoe delo, 2004, no. 2, pp. 36-43.
4. Lange B.S. Razrabotka metodologii kompleksnoj ocenki kachestva magistral’nyh trubopro-vodov v processe stroitel’nogo kontrolja: Dis. kand. tekhn. nauk. M., 2012.
5. Vasiliev G.G., Lezhnev M.A., Salnikov A.P., Leonovich I.A., Katanov A.A., Lihovtsev M.V. O primenenii nazemnogo lazernogo skanirovanija v neftegazovoj otrasli. Nauka i tehnologija truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2014, no. 4 (16), pp. 47-51.
6. Seredovich V.A., Komissarov A.V., Shirokova D.V. Nazemnoe lazernoe skanirovanie: mono-grafija. Novosibirsk: SGGA, 2009, 261 p.
7. OR-91.200.00-KTN-226-10. Porjadok organizacii i osushhestvlenija stroitel’nogo kontrolja (TN) na ob’ektah stroitel’stva AKTN.
8. Mazur I.I., Shapiro V.D. Upravlenie kachestvom. M.: Omega-L, 2002.