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2019/3
Technology of trunkline underwater crossing construction and overhaul temporary water retaining barrages
Geosciences

Authors: Victor G. PIROZHKOV is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor at the Department of Technical Mechanics of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is expert in the field of calculation of strength and reliability of elements of engineering structures. He is author of more than 60 scientific publications. E-mail: pirogkov.v@gubkin.ru
Vadim A. IVANOV is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of Tyumen Industrial University. He is honored Science Worker of the Russian Federation, member of the International Academy of Ecology and Life Protection Sciences, author of more than 400 scientific works. E-mail: ivanov_v_a@list.ru
Sergei I. SENTSOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1978, he is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Construction and Repair of Gas and Oil Pipelines and Storage Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is specialist in the field of construction of gas and oil pipelines and storage facilities. He is author of over 80 scientific and educational and methodical works. E-mail: srgnp@mail.ru
Irina G. SILINA graduated from Tyumen Industrial University in 2018, specializing in petroleum engineering. E-mail: i_g_silina@mail.ru
Evgeniy A. GILMIYAROV graduated from Tyumen Industrial University in 2018, specializing in petroleum engineering.
E-mail: egilmiyarov@list.ru

Abstract: The article contains stepwise description of the technology of trunkline underwater crossing construction and overhaul with temporary water retaining barrages. In addition, the block diagram of choosing the water retaining barrage type for the pipeline right-of-way conditions is presented

Index UDK: 622.692.4

Keywords: trunkline underwater crossings, water retaining constructions, dams, culverts

Bibliography:
1. Rozanov N.P., Bochkarev Yа.V., Lapshenkov V.S., ZHuravlev G.I., Kaganov G.M., Ru-myantsev I.S. Gidrotekhnicheskiye sooruzheniya. M.: Stroyizdat, 1978, 647 p.
2. Gol’din L.A., Rasskazov L.N. Proyektirovaniye gruntovykh plotin. M.: Izdatel’stvo ASV, 2001, 384 p.
3. Lyapichev Yu.P. Gidrotekhnicheskiye sooruzheniya. M.: RUDN, 2008, 302 p.
4. Ivanov V.A., Sokolov S.M., Silina I.G., Gil’miyarov E.A. Sooruzheniye i remont podvodnykh perekhodov magistral’nykh truboprovodov. Tyumen: Tyumenskiy dom pechati, 2016, 256 p.
5. SP 38.13330.2012. Nagruzki i vozdeystviya na gidrotekhnicheskiye sooruzheniya (volnovyye, ledovyye i ot sudov).
6. SP 39.13330.2012. Plotiny iz gruntovykh materialov.
7. Tomareva I.A. Konstruktivnyye i tekhnologicheskiye osobennosti stroitel’stva podvodnykh truboprovodov. Volgograd: VolgGASU, 2014, 113 p.
8. Chapovskiy E.G. Laboratornyye raboty po gruntovedeniyu i mekhanike gruntov. M.: Nedra, 1975, 304 p.
9. Chugayev R.R. Gidrotekhnicheskiye sooruzheniya. Glukhiye plotiny. M.: Agropromizdat, 1985, 318 p.
10. Shammazov A.M., Mugallimov F.M., Nefedova N.F. Podvodnyye perekhody magistral’nykh nefteprovodov. M.: Nedra, 2000, 237 p.

2019/2
Method of pipeline construction in swamplands with use of refrigeration circuit
Geosciences

Authors: Evgeniy A. GILMIYAROV graduated from Tyumen Industrial University in 2018, specializing in Petroleum Engineering.
E-mail: egilmiyarov@list.ru
Irina G. SILINA graduated from Tyumen Industrial University in 2018, specializing in Petroleum Engineering.
E-mail: i_g_silina@mail.ru
Sergei I. SENTSOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1978, he is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Construction and Repairs of Gas and Oil Pipelines and Storage Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is specialist in the field of construction of gas and oil pipelines and storage facilities. He is author of over 80 scientific and educational methodical works. E-mail: srgnp@mail.ru
Vadim A. IVANOV is Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences of Tyumen Industrial University, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, member of the International Academy of Ecology and Life Protection sciences, author of more than 400 scientific works. E-mail: ivanov_v_a@list.ru

Abstract: The article describes the method of pipeline construction in swamps of II and III types. The choice of working fluid was established and formulae for approximate calculating of refrigerating circuit parameters were presented. Moreover, the ways of the development of the described method were identified

Index UDK: 622.692.4

Keywords: trunk lines, swampland, refrigeration circuit, refrigerant, ice wall

Bibliography:
1. GOST 12.1.007-76. Sistema standartov bezopasnosti truda (SSBT). Vrednyye veshchestva. Klassifikatsiya i obshchiye trebovaniya bezopasnosti.
2. GOST 28084-89. Zhidkosti okhlazhdayushchiye nizkozamerzayushchiye. Obshchiye tekhnicheskiye usloviya.
3. GOST 6221-90. Ammiak bezvodnyy szhizhennyy. Tekhnicheskiye usloviya.
4. Dimov L.A., Bogushevskaya E.M. Magistral’nyye truboprovody v usloviyakh bolot i obvodnennoy mestnosti. M.: Gornaya kniga, 2010, 392 p.
5. Karnaukhov N.N., Kushnir S.Ya., Gorelov A.S., Dolgikh G.M. Mekhanika merzlykh gruntov i printsipy stroitel’stva neftegazovykh ob’yektov v usloviyakh Severa. M.: TsentrLitNefteGaz, 2008, 432 p.
6. SP 86.13330.2014. Magistral’nyye truboprovody.

2018/3
The update of topographical plans in order to bring the information displayed on them in accordance with the current state of the area and construction in engineering surveys for construction
Geosciences

Authors: Tatiana N. KOVALEVA graduated from the N.I. Vavilov Saratov State Agrarian University in 2003. She is Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Construction and Repair of Gas and Oil Pipelines and Storage Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). She is specialist in the field of land management, cadaster, land reclamation, recultivation, monitoring, protection of land, geodesy and geoinformatics, valuation of land and real estate. She is author of more than 90 scientific and methodical works. E-mail: tnk2003@list.ru
Alexander N. KOVALEV graduated from the N.I. Vavilov Saratov State Agrarian University in 2000. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, chief specialist of the Department of Construction Solutions and Engineering Support of the Saratov Branch of FAI «Glavgosexpertiza of Russia». He is specialist in the field of land management, cadaster, land reclamation, recultivation, monitoring, protection of land, geodesy and geoinformatics, valuation of land and real estate. He is author of more than 20 scientific and methodical works. E-mail: tnk2003@list.ru
Sergei I. SENTSOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1978, he is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Construction and Repair of Gas and Oil Pipelines and Storage Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is specialist in the field of construction of gas and oil pipelines and storage facilities. He is author of over 70 scientific and educational-methodical works. E-mail: srgnp@mail.ru

Abstract: At present, often enough during engineering and geodetic surveys previously created engineering and topographic plans are updated to the current state of the terrain and buildings. The update may be required when using as initial the survey data obtained at the previous stages of urban development, if more than two years have elapsed since the survey, during surveys in the winter with snow depth over 20 cm, with changes in the terrain of more than 35%, or when the survey is conducted in two stages. Despite the apparent simplicity, in the pro-cess of this type of work techniques and technologies that areprescribed by regulatory documents are violated. The authors consider the issues of compli-ance with the requirements of technical regulations and sets of rules when updating engineering and topographic plans. Recommendations are given for improving the procedure for the accumulation of archives of engineering survey data and state supervision of their use

Index UDK: 528.2/5; 528.42

Keywords: engineering surveys, engineering and geodetic surveys, topographic plans, maps, cartographic material, geodesy, project documentation, construc-tion, reconstruction, major repairs, territory planning, architectural and construc-tion design, capital construction projects, laps of limitation, adjustment, update, change of situation, terrain, territory, scale, data archives, research program, aging index, deformation rate of plans and maps

Bibliography:
1. Gradostroitel’nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (Feder. zakon prinyat Gos. Dumoj 29 dekabrya 2004 g. po sostoyaniyu na 30 iyulya 2018 g.) [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http:// www.consultant.ru
2. Postanovlenie Pravitel’stva Rossijskoj Federacii «Ob inzhenernyx izyskaniyax dlya podgotovki proektnoj dokumentacii, stroitel’stva, rekonstrukcii ob’ektov kapital’nogo stroitel’stva» (vmeste s «Polozheniem o vypolnenii inzhenernyx izyskanij dlya podgotovki proektnoj dokumentacii, stroitel’stva, rekonstrukcii obektov kapital’nogo stroitel’stva») ot 19.01.2006 Nо. 20 po sostoyaniyu na 30 iyulya 2018 g. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru
3. Postanovlenie Pravitel’stvo Rossijskoj Federacii "Ob ustanovlenii trebovanij k periodichnosti obnovleniya gosudarstvennyx topograficheskix kart i gosudarstvennyx topograficheskix planov, a takzhe masshtabov, v kotoryx oni sozdayutsya ot 12 noyabrya 2016 g. Nо. 1174 po sostoyaniyu na 30 iyulya 2018 g. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru
4. Prikaz Minekonomrazvitiya Rossii "Ob utverzhdenii poryadka peredachi federal’nymi orga-nami ispolnitel’noj vlasti materialov i dannyx dlya vklyucheniya v federal’nyj, territorial’nye i vedomstvennye kartografo-geodezicheskie fondy, poryadka podachi zayavlenij o predostavlenii v pol’zovanie materialov i dannyx iz federal’nogo, territorial’nyx i vedomstvennyx kartografo-geodezicheskix fon-dov, formy zayavleniya o predostavlenii v pol’zovanie materialov i dannyx iz federal’nogo, territorial’nyx i vedomstvennyx kartografo-geodezicheskix fondov i sostava prilagaemyx k nemu dokumentov, poryadka i formy predostavleniya materialov i dannyx iz federal’nogo, territorial’nyx, vedomstvennyx kartografo-geodezicheskix fondov, perechnya materialov i dannyx, podlezhashhix vklyucheniyu v federal’nyj kartografo-geodezicheskij fond" ot 02.12.2011 No. 706 po sostoyaniyu na 30 iyulya 2018 g. [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru
5. SP 47.13330.2016. Svod pravil. Inzhenernye izyskaniya dlya stroitel’stva. Osnovnye polo-zheniya. Aktualizirovannaya redakciya SNiP 11-02-96 (utv. i vveden v dejstvie Prikazom Minstroya Rossii ot 30.12.2016 Nо. 1033/pr) [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cntd.ru
6. SP 11-104-97. Inzhenerno-geodezicheskie izy`skaniya dlya stroitel’stva (odobren Pis’mom Gosstroya RF ot 14.10.1997 N 9-4/116) [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cntd.ru
7. Spravochnik bazovyx cen na inzhenernye izyskaniya dlya stroitel’stva. Inzhenerno-geode-zicheskie izyskaniya (Utverzhden i vveden v dejstvie Postanovleniem Gosstroya RF ot 23 dekabrya 2003 g. N 213). [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cntd.ru
8. GKINP-02-127-80. Rukovodstvo po redaktirovaniyu topograficheskix krupnomasshtabnyx kart i planov (utv. Prikazom GUGK SSSR ot 07.04.1980 No. 118p) [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cntd.ru
9. GKINP-02-033-82. Instrukciya po topograficheskoj s’emke v masshtabax 1:5000, 1:2000, 1:1000 i 1:500 [Elektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cntd.ru
10. Avdeev Yu.M., Popov Yu.P. Primenenie geoinformacionnyx sistem v stroitel’stve. No-vaUm.Ru, 2018, no. 12, p. 260-264.
11. Blyumin N.A. Uskorennye metody obnovleniya topograficheskix kart s ispol’zovaniem prozrachnyx plastikov. Izvestiya vuzov, Geodeziya i aerofotos’emka, 1967, no. 4.
12. Vasil’ev G.G., Kovaleva T.N. Zemleustroitel’noe obespechenie proektirovaniya, stroitel’stva, rekonstrukcii i ekspluatacii ob’ektov neftegazovogo kompleksa. Trudy Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2014, no. 2 (275), p. 103-117.
13. Vasil’ev G.G., Kovaleva T.N. Strategicheskoe i territorial’noe planirovanie pri realizacii proektov stroitel’stva i rekonstrukcii ob’ektov truboprovodnogo transporta v Rossijskoj Federacii. Gazovaya promyshlennost’, 2017, no. 7 (755), p. 42-49.
14. Vershinin V.V., Kovaleva T.N. Zemleustroitel’noe obespechenie rabot po rezervirovaniyu zemel’ dlya gosudarstvennyx i municipal’nyx nuzhd. Mezhdunarodnyj sel’skoxozyajstvennyj zhurnal, 2013, no. 5-6, p. 65-68.
15. Vol’pe R.I. Ispol’zovanie materialov kartograficheskogo znacheniya pri sozdanii i redak-tirovanii topograficheskix kart. Trudy CzNIIGAiK, 1962, vol. 155.
16. Galkin V.M. Texnologiya sostavleniya sostavitel’skix i izdatel’skix originalov pri obnovlenii kart. Texnologiya odnovremennogo obnovleniya topograficheskix kart vsego masshtabnogo ryada. M.: GUGK, 1973.
17. Goldman L.M., Vol’pe R.I. Deshifrirovanie aerosnimkov pri topograficheskoj s’emke i obnovlenii kart masshtabov 1:10 000 i 1:25 000. Trudy CzNIIGAiK, 1968, vol. 185.
18. Emel’yanov K.S., Korshunov A.P., Fedorkova Yu.V. Obnovlenie topograficheskix kart s pomoshhyu rossijskix sputnikovyx dannyx. Zemel’nyj vestnik Moskovskoj oblasti, 2010, no. 5.
19. Kovaleva T.N. Dokumentaciya po planirovke territorii kak osnova svoevremennoj realizacii ob’ektov social’no ekonomicheskogo razvitiya territorij. Agroforsajt, 2016, no. 5 (5), p. 5.
20. Kovalev A.N. Obnovlenie inzhenerno-topograficheskix planov. Vestnik Gosudarstvennoj ekspertizy, 2018, no. 1/2018 (6), p. 48-53.
21. Kozhevnikov N.P. K voprosu obnovleniya topograficheskix kart. Geodeziya i kartografiya, 1969, no. 5.

2018/3
Effect of heat removal into pumped product on pipe wall temperature gradient during the welding repair of corroded pinholes
Geosciences

Authors: Sergei I. SENСOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1978, he is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Construction and Repair of Gas and Oil Pipelines and Storage Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National research university). He is specialist in the field of construction of gas and oil pipelines and storage facilities and author of over 70 scientific and educational-methodical works. E-mail: srgnp@mail.ru
Vasiliy A. RYBIN graduated from the Tyumen State Oil and Gas University in 2006. Senior researcher of the laboratory of conducting trade registries, Pipeline Transport Institute. Specialist in the field of welding, including welding works in construction and repair of linear part of main gas and oil pipelines. Author of more than 14 scientific articles and a textbook. E-mail: vtec11@mail.ru
Svetlana G. IVANTSOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1982, she is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Construction and Repair of Gas and Oil Pipelines and Storage Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National research university). She is specialist in the field with construction of gas and oil pipelines and storage facilities. She is author of over 60 scientific and educational-methodical works. E-mail: sivants11@gmail.com

Abstract: Currently, welding is the most progressive method of repairing local corrosion damage on the outer surface of the linear part of the mains. However, heating of the pipe wall by welding, which occurs due to the action of a concentrated source of heat (welding arc) softens the metal of the repaired surface, which creates the risk of an emergency. The authors present the results of the studies of thermal processes occurring in the pipe wall repaired by welding. The authors have identified the zone of guaranteed strength properties, providing a reserve for temporary resistance to metal pipe rupture during repair, and also established the relationship between the thickness of the specified area and the amount of running energy and heat removal into the pumped product during repair. A mathematical model describing the polynomial dependence of the thickness of the zone of guaranteed strength properties on the effective thermal power of the welding arc, the speed of its movement and the residual thickness of the pipe wall at the repair site are presented

Index UDK: 621.644

Keywords: oil trunk pipelines, repair method, local corrosion, thermal processes, running energy

Bibliography:
1. Hagen Yu.V., Taran V.D. Thermal analysis in welding of piping and structures. Serpukhov, Serpukhov printing house, 1970, 86 p.
2. Rykalin H.H. Calculations of thermal processes in welding. Moscow, Mashgiz, 1951, 296 p.
3. Rykalin H.H. thermal parameters of the welding arc. Thermal processes in welding. Proceedings of the section on scientific development of problems of electric welding and electrothermy, 1953, vol. 2, p. 10-58, 87.

2014/4
Application of new technologies and equipment for control of storage tanks construction
Geosciences

Authors: Sergei I. SENTSOV was born in 1955. In 1978 he graduated from the Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. Professor of the Department of Construction and Maintenance of Gas and Oil Pipelines and Storage Facilities, PhD. Published 45 scientific monographs, articles and tutorials.E-mail:rgung@gubkin.ru
Farit G. TUKHBATULLIN was born in 1950. In 1972 he graduated from the Ufa State Petroleum Technological University. Professor of the Department of Oil and Gas supply, PhD. Published 127 scientific monographs, articles and tutorials.E-mail:rgung@gubkin.ru
Boris S. LANGE was born in 1940. In 1963 he graduated from the Siberian Transport University. Published more than 18 scientific articles and tutorials. General director of LLC "Spetsneftegaz-T".E-mail:rgung@gubkin.ru
Anton P. SALNIKOV graduated from the Pipeline Transportation Department of the Polotsk State University in 2013. Postgraduate student of the Department of Construction and Maintenance of Gas and Oil Pipelines in the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas.E-mail:rgung@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Oil tanks are extremely hazardous industrial facilities, with accidents leading to significant damage. The safety of a tank is to a great extent formedat the con-struction stage. However, to date, construction control focuses on defects requiring immediate repair, while subcritical defects either cannot be detected or are not taken into account. This study proposes a new concept of construction control with a systematic approach to assessing the quality of the construction of oil tanks, in order to predict the possible development of the identified sub-critical defects under certain operating loads. The concept proposed by the authors looks upon the construction control as a step of forming the initial estimate of the extent of further degradation of the object under the influence of actual operating loads

Index UDK: 69.058

Keywords: construction control, three-dimensional laser scanning, storage tanks

Bibliography:
1. TD 23.115-96 Tehnologija geodezicheskogo obsledovanija stal’nyh vertikal’nyh rezervuarov.
2. ASTM E2807 — 11. “Standard Specification for 3D Imaging Data Exchange”.
3. Kondrasheva O.G., Nazarov M.N. Prichinno-sledstvennyj analiz avarij vertikal’nyh stal’nyh rezervuarov. Neftegazovoe delo, 2004, no. 2, pp. 36-43.
4. Lange B.S. Razrabotka metodologii kompleksnoj ocenki kachestva magistral’nyh trubopro-vodov v processe stroitel’nogo kontrolja: Dis. kand. tekhn. nauk. M., 2012.
5. Vasiliev G.G., Lezhnev M.A., Salnikov A.P., Leonovich I.A., Katanov A.A., Lihovtsev M.V. O primenenii nazemnogo lazernogo skanirovanija v neftegazovoj otrasli. Nauka i tehnologija truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov, 2014, no. 4 (16), pp. 47-51.
6. Seredovich V.A., Komissarov A.V., Shirokova D.V. Nazemnoe lazernoe skanirovanie: mono-grafija. Novosibirsk: SGGA, 2009, 261 p.
7. OR-91.200.00-KTN-226-10. Porjadok organizacii i osushhestvlenija stroitel’nogo kontrolja (TN) na ob’ektah stroitel’stva AKTN.
8. Mazur I.I., Shapiro V.D. Upravlenie kachestvom. M.: Omega-L, 2002.