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2015/3
The influence of branching and the presence of inserts on the pumping mode of the pipeline
Geosciences

Authors: Vadim A. POLYAKOV graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1981 specializing in Mechanics. He is Professor of the Department of Design and Operation of Gas and Oil Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in designing and operation of systems of pipeline transport of oil and gas. He has authored 90 publications. E-mail: vapolyakov@rambler.ru
Roman A. SHESTAKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013 with honours. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Design and Operation of Gas and Oil Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in designing and operation of systems of pipeline transport of oil and gas. He has authored 6 publications. He is prize winner of international scientific conferences. E-mail: dur187@mail.ru

Abstract: The article deals with the problem of parametric diagnostics of trunk pipelines, i.e. impact of branches coordinates and insert parameters on the parameters of the pumping mode. The reasons of the changes of the technological parameters of complicated trunk pipelines are studied. The calculations were performed using the author’s software „Trans Gubka”. The effect of the branches coordinates and inserts parameters on the pumping mode was evaluated and the ambiguity of the dependences is shown. This is displayed when evaluating the results of the work of the leak detecting systems

Index UDK: УДК 622.691.4

Keywords: trunk pipeline, technological mode, pipe-bend, branch, software package, „Trans Gubka”, parametric diagnostics

Bibliography:
1. Polyakov V.A. Basics of technical diagnostics: lectures: Textbook. M.: INFRA-M, 2012, 118 p.
2. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. The changing nature of technological regime of high oil pipeline transport along the length of the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2013, no. 4 (273), p. 79-83.
3. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. Effect of branching on mode pumping oil through the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2014, no. 2 (275), p. 33-43.
4. RD-23.040.00-KTN-110-07. Trunk oil pipelines. Design standards. M: ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2007.
5. RD "Unified technological calculations of objects of the main oil wires and pipelines"с. M: ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2009.
6. Shestakov R.A. To the question about the methods of leak and illegal branches detection of oil pipelines. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2015, no. 1 (278), p. 85-94.

2015/2
Analysis of fiber-optic leak detection system in pipeline
Geosciences

Authors: Roman A SHESTAKOV. graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013 with honors. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the field of design and operation of systems of pipeline transport of oil and gas, participant of international scientific conferences. He is author of 6 publications. E-mail: dur187@mail.ru.
Leyla K GANEEVA. is a fourth-year student at the Department of Gas Pipeline Design and Operation at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: leyla.kam@mail.ru.
Leysan K. GANEEVA is a fourth-year student at Department of Gas Pipeline Design and Operation at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: lisan993@mail.ru.

Abstract: The article considers the methods leak detection using fiber optic cable. The relevance of the subject owing to the increasing number of leaks and illegal penetration (LIP). Was conducted the analysis of this methods and were identified their advantages and disadvantages, based on what was proposed combined method detection LIP. This method has a lower accuracy and reduces the number of false positives, but increases the cost of the system leak detection basing on this method and its operation

Index UDK: УДК 622.691.4

Keywords: leak detection system, fiber optic cable, pipeline, the combined me- thod

Bibliography:
1. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. Effect of branching on mode pumping oil through the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2014, no. 2 (275), p. 33-43.
2. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. Effect of geodetic parameters of the pipeline and inserts on pumping mode during removal of oil. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2014, no. 3 (276), p. 40-47.
3. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. The changing nature of technological regime of high oil pipeline transport along the length of the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2013, no. 4 (273), p. 79-83.
4. Internet resource http://lscom.ru/index.html (2011)
5. Leakage detection using monitoring the temperature along the fiber-optic cable, 11 SPIE Annual International Symposium on Smart structures and materials, 14-18 March 2004, San-Diego, California, USA, p. 18-25.
6. Nesterov E.T., Marchenko, K.V., Treschikov V.N., Leonov A.V. Fiber-optic sistem monitoring extended objects (oil) based on coherent re-reflectometer. Magazine «T-Comm», 2014, no. 1, p. 25-28.
7. Shestakov R.A. To the question about the methods of leak and illegal branches detection of oil pipelines. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2015, no. 1 (278), p. 85-94.

2015/1
On methods of detecting leaks and illegal tapping of trunk lines
Geosciences

Authors: Roman A. SHESTAKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013, first class degree. Postgraduate student of the «design and operation of gas and oil pipelines» department of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Specialist in the field of design and operation of systems of pipeline transport of oil and gas. Member of international scientific conferences. Has 5 publications. E-mail: dur187@mail.ru

Abstract: The article considers the existing methods of detecting leaks and illegal tapping of trunk pipelines, as well as their classification. The author proposes a relevant classification of methods of leak and illegal tapping detection in oil pipelines. The existing methods are also classified basing on the proposed classification

Index UDK: 622.691.4

Keywords: trunk pipeline, classification, method, leak, illegal tapping

Bibliography:
1. Goliyanov A.A. Analysis of the methods of leak detection on pipelines. Transport and storage of petroleum products, 2002, no. 10, p. 5-14.
2. Weinstock S.M., Novoselov B.C., Prokhorov A.D., Shammazov A.M. Pipeline transport of oil. Ed. by C.M. Weinstock: Textbook. for high schools: 2 T. M.: OOO „Nedra-business Center”, 2004, v. 2, 621 p.
3. Kutukov C.E. The Problem of increasing the sensitivity, reliability and performance of systems leak detection in pipelines. Oil and gas business, 2004, no. 2, p. 29-45.
4. Kingsley E. Abhulimen, Alfred A. Susu. Liquid pipeline leak detection system: model development and numerical simulation. Chemical Engineering Department, Nigeria, Lagos: University of Lagos, 2002, 51 p.
5. Lurie M.C., Makarov P.F. Hydraulic locating leaks of petroleum products in the pipeline. Transport and storage of petroleum products, 1998, no. 12, p. 65-69.
6. Michael Gorny. Monitoring acoustic noise in steel pipelines. Proceedings of IPC2008 7th International Pipeline Conference. September 29 −3 October. Alberta: Calgary, 2008, р. 123-135.
7. Mamonova T.E. Modified method hydraulic locations for leak detection in pipelines the dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of candidate of technical Sciences. M: National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 2012, 148 p.
8. Azmetov K.A., Wekstein M.G., Gumerov A.G., Gumerov R.S. Emergency repair of trunk pipelines. [Electronic resource]. Integrated Internet portal dedicated to oil and gas „All about oil”. URL: http://neft-i-gaz.ru/litera/index001obtitul.htm (date of access: 06.05.2014).
9. Zverev F.S. Improvement of technologies for the detection of leaks of oil from pipeline the dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of candidate of technical Sciences. M: Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2010, 173 p.
10. Pervukhin P.A. Methods and devices for the detection of oil spills. Internet-journal „Techno-logy technosphere safety”, 2009, no. 6. URL: http://ipb.mos.ru/ttb. (date of access: 12.07.2014).
11. Gerhard Geiger. Principles of Leak Detection. Fundamentals of Leak Detection. Oil & Gas. Oklahoma: Krohne, 2003, 46 p.
12. Operation of the main pipelines: a Training manual. 2nd ed. Under the General editorship of J.D. Semenkov. Tyumen: TSOGU, 2001, 623 p.
13. Electronic reference. [Electronic resource]. Chemical encyclopedia. URL: http://www.chem-port.ru/ data/chemipedia/article_5858.html (date of access: 12.07.2014).
14. Jun Zhang, Enea Di Mauro. Implementing a Reliable Leak Detection System on a Crude Oil Pipeline. Advances in Pipeline Technology. Dubai: UAE, 1998, 12 p.
15. Goliyanov A.A., Shammazov A.M. safety and environmental protection of pipelines. „Transport and storage of petroleum products”. Ufa.: Publishing house of the Ufa state petroleum techno-logical University, 2002, vol. 10-11, p. 15-18.
16. The fundamentals of the method of eddy currents. [Electronic resource]. Non-destructive testing Devices and diagnostics systems. URL: http://www.defectoscope.ru/?page=literature&lit=tok (date of access: 26.07.14).
17. Mishkin G.B. Classification systems leak detection on pipelines of oil, gas and petroleum products. Young scientist, 2010, no. 11(22), vol. I, p. 56-58.

2014/3
Effects of terrain topography and branches on pipeline transportation mode in the process of oil offtake
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Vadim A. POLYAKOV graduated from M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University University majoring in „Mechanics” in 1981. He is Professor of the Department of Design and Operation of Gas and Oil Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transport of oil and gas. He is author 90 publications. E-mail:vapolyakov@rambler.ru
Roman A. SHESTAKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is graduate student of Design and Operation of Gas and Oil Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transport of oil and gas. He regularly takes part in international scientific and technical conferences. He is author of 4 publications. E-mail: dur187@mail.ru

Abstract: The paper considers the problem of oil offtake from the main oil pipeline, i.e. the changes of the process conditions in the final section of the pipeline. The effects of the route profile, as well as of different types of branches on the process conditions during offtake of oil from the trunk oil pipeline are considered. The calculations are performed using the software package for the design of the section of the trunk pipeline with a branch with respect for the presence of tie-ins of different diameters and lengths

Index UDK: УДК 622.691.4

Keywords: trunk pipeline, process conditions, offtake, branch, software package

Bibliography:
1. Polyakov V.A. Basics of technical diagnostics: lectures: Textbook. Moscow: INFRA-M, 2012, р. 118.
2. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. The changing nature of technological regime of high oil pipeline transport along the length of the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, № 4 (273), 2013, р. 79–83.
3.
RD-23.040.00-KTN-110-07. Trunk oil pipelines. Design standards. M. ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2007.
4. RD Unified technological calculations of objects of the main oil wires and pipelines. M. ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2009.
5. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. Effect of branching on mode pumping oil through the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, № 1, 2014.

2014/2
Effect of pipeline branch on mode of pumping of oil by pipeline
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Vadim A. POLYAKOV graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University majoring in „Mechanics” in 1981. He is Full Professor of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is a specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transportation systems of oil and gas. He is author of 88 publications.E-mail: vapolyakov@rambler.ru
Roman A. SHESTAKOV graduated with honors from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is a specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transportation systems of oil and gas. He is author of 3 publications.
E-mail: dur187@mail.ru

Abstract: The article considers the problem of branching of the trunk oil pipeline, i.e. the change of operating practices in the final cross section of the pipeline. Three-dimensional diagrams of the dependency of operating practices of the trunk pipeline in the final cross section on the structural and technological parameters of the branch are built. A software package for designing the section of the trunk pipeline with a branch is presented

Index UDK: УДК 622.691.4

Keywords: trunk pipeline, operation practices, branch, software package

Bibliography:
1. Polyakov V.A. Basics of technical diagnostics. Lectures: Textbook. Moscow: INFRA-M, 2012, p. 118.
2. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. The changing nature of technological regime of high oil pipeline transport along the length of the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2013, no. 4 (273), p. 79-83.
3. RD-23.040.00-KTN-110-07. Trunk oil pipelines. Design standards. M.: ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2007.
4. RD Unified technological calculations of objects of the main oil wires and pipelines. M.: ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2009.

2013/4
Changing operating conditions along the length of pipeline transporting high viscosity crudes.
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Vadim A. POLYAKOV graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1981 majoring in “mechanics”. He is Professor of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is a specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transportation systems of oil and gas. He is author of 86 publications. E-mail: vapolyakov@rambler.ru
Roman A. SHESTAKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, specializing in the design of pipeline transportation systems of oil. E-mail: dur187@mail.ru

Abstract: The article shows variations in operating conditions along the length of the pipeline, i.e. changed hydraulic gradient in a center section of the pipeline. The change in the position of this section is found to depend on the ambient temperature. The numerical tool for calculating the parameters of a technological mode for the entire length of the pipeline.

Index UDK: 622.692

Keywords: oil, technological regime, viscous oil, computational tools

Bibliography:
1. RD-23.040.00-KTN-110-07. Magistral’nye nefteprovody. Normy proektirovanija. M., OAO “AK “Transneft’”, 2007.
2. RD Unificirovannye tehnologicheskie raschety ob#ektov magistral’nyh nefteprovodov i nefteproduktoprovodov. M., OAO “AK “Transneft’”, 2009.