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2014/2
Formation and implementation of principle: «subsoil as a natural resource is public good» in mining law and legislation of Russian Federation
Legal issues in oil and gas industry

Authors: Vitaly D. MEL’GUNOV graduated from the Moscow State Law Academy (MSLA) in 1998. He is PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Law at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of a monograph and more than 25 scientific publications. E-mail: v. v.melgounov@mail.ru

Abstract: The publication examines the current approaches to law and legislation in implementing the principle of «state ownership of subsoil and mineral resources and other resources». Based on the scientific analysis the expediency of creating a greater content of the principle of mining rights: «subsoil as a natural resource is a public good», it is proposed to develop the title right of «property of the Russian Federation» in relation to the subsoil and in situ resources as the most responding to the current goals and objectives of the use of subsoil of the Russian Federation and the subsoil resources of the continental shelf of the Russian Federation.

Index UDK: УДК 346.9

Keywords: mineral resources, public ownership, principles of the mining law, natural resource, a public good

Bibliography: .
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2. Konvencija OON po morskomu pravu, UNCLOS.
3. Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii “O nedrah” ot 21.02.1992 no. 2395-1.
4.
Federal’nyj zakon “O kontinental’nom shel’fe Rossijskoj Federacii” no. 187-FZ ot 30 nojabrja 1995 goda.
5. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF no. 1-P ot 9 janvarja 1998 goda.
6. Postanovlenie Konstitucionnogo Suda RF ot 23.04.2004 no. 8-P.
7.
Ukaz Prezidiuma Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR ot 26.11.1975 “O porjadke vvedenija v dejstvie Osnov zakonodatel’stva Sojuza SSR i sojuznyh respublik o nedrah”;
8. Zakon RSFSR ot 09.07.1976 “Ob utverzhdenii Kodeksa RSFSR o nedrah”.
9. Postanovlenie VCIK ot 07.07.1923 “Polozhenie o nedrah zemli i razrabotke ih”.
10. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 16.12.1993 no. 2144 “O federal’nyh prirodnyh resursah”.
11. Sviridova O.S., Kovarskaja G.G. Pravovye problemy razgranichenija polnomochij Rossijskoj Federacii i sub’ektov Rossijskoj Federacii pri realizacii prava gosudarstvennoj sobstvennosti na nedra. Trudy Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina [Proceedings of the Russian State University of Oil and Gas], 2011, no. 3.
12. Morozova A.S. Konstitucionnye principy prava gosudarstvennoj sobstvennosti na nedra. Konstitucionnoe i municipal’noe pravo [Constitutional and Municipal Law], 2012, no. 2.
13. Brinchuk M.M. Priroda-publichnoe blago. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law], 2013, no. 7.
14. Mel’gunov V.D. O ponjatii, soderzhanii i pravovoj prirode prava pol’zovanija nedrami. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law], 2008, no. 9.
15. Kommentarij Zakona Rossijskoj Federacii “O nedrah” (postatejnyj) (Bogoljubov S.A., Gorkina I.D., Zharikov Ju.G. Kacman Ju.E., Krajushkina E.G., Shejnin L.B. Zakonodatel’stvo i jekonomika [Legislation and Economics], 1999, no. 4, 5.
16. Braginskij M.I. Grazhdanskaja pravosub#ektnost’ Sojuza SSR i sojuznyh respublik. “Pravovedenie” [Science of Law], 1963, no. 1.
17. Sosna S.A. O koncepcii obshhestvennogo dostojanija. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law], 1996, no. 2.
18. Brinchuk M.M. Principy jekologicheskogo prava. M., 2013.
19. Perchik A.I. Gornoe pravo, 3-e izd. M.: MAKS Press, 2008.
20. Kommentarij k Zakonu Rossijskoj Federacii “O nedrah”. M., 2001.
21. Nersesjanc V.S. Filosofija prava. Uchebn. M., 1997.
22. Krassov O.I. Jekologicheskoe pravo. M., 2001.
23. Syrodoev N.A. Pravovoj rezhim nedr. M., 1969.
24. Venediktov A.V. Gosudarstvennaja socialisticheskaja sobstvennost’. M.: AN SSSR, 1948.
25. Alekseev S.S. Pravo sobstvennosti. Problemy teorii. 3-e izdanie. M.: Norma, 2007.
26. Sviridova O.S. Dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk. M., 2012.
27. Vasil’eva M.I. Publichnye interesy v jekologicheskom prave: teorija i praktika pravovogo regulirovanija: Avtoref. dis. dokt. jurid. nauk. M., 2003.

2014/1
Principle of responsibility in mineral resources legislation of Russian Federation
Legal issues in oil and gas industry

Authors: Vitaly D. MEL’GUNOV graduated from the Moscow State Law Academy (MSLA) in 1998. He is PhD, assistant professor of the Department of Subsoil Use and Environmental Law at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 25 scientific publications. E-mail: v.melgounov@mail.ru
Denis V. SPIRIDONOV graduated from the Kutafin Moscow State Law Academy (MSLA) in 2011. He is postgraduate student the Department of Subsoil Use and Environmental Law at the Kutafin Moscow State Law Academy (MSLA). He is author of 7 scientific publications. E-mail: trudyrgung@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The article discusses the types of legal liability in subsoil use, the content and value of such concepts as: use of mineral resources, technical design, legal liability, breach of rules of protection and use of mineral resources, administrative responsibility in the sphere of subsoil use, criminal responsibility in the sphere of subsoil use, liability in the sphere of subsoil use, redress and rules for calculating the amount of damage caused to the subsoil.

Index UDK: 346.9

Keywords: mineral resources, technical design, damage, extent of damage, subsurface area, protection of natural resources, use of mineral resources, legal liability

Bibliography:
1. Postanovlenie Pravitel’stva RF ot 03.08.2011 no. 118 “O podgotovke, soglasovanii i utverzhdenii tehnicheskih proektov razrabotki mestorozhdenij poleznyh iskopaemyh i inoj proektnoj dokumentacii na vypolnenie rabot, svjazannyh s pol’zovaniem uchastkami nedr, po vidam poleznyh iskopaemyh i vidam pol’zovanija nedrami”.
2. Prikaz Minprirody Rossii ot 08.07.2010 no. 254 “Ob utverzhdenii trebovanij k strukture i oformleniju proektnoj dokumentacii na razrabotku mestorozhdenij uglevodorodnogo syr’ja”.
3. Postanovlenie Plenuma VAS RF ot 02.06.2004 no. 10 “O nekotoryh voprosah, voznikshih v sudebnoj praktike pri rassmotrenii del ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah”. Sbornik reshenij Konstitucionnogo Suda RF, Verhovnogo Suda RF, VAS RF po voprosam dejatel’nosti PF RF, ch. 2, 2004
4. Brinchuk M.M. Tak sushhestvuet li jekologo-pravovaja otvetstvennost’? Jekologicheskoe pravo (Environmental law), 2009, no. 2/3. Special’nyj vypusk.
5. Dubovik O.L. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost’ za jekologicheskie pravonarushenija: predvaritel’naja ocenka reformy zakonodatel’stva. Jekologicheskoe pravo, [Environmental law] 2002, no. 2.
6. Ob administrativnoj otvetstvennosti v sfere jekologii sm. takzhe: Dubovik O.L. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost’ za jekologicheskie pravonarushenija: predvaritel’naja ocenka reformy zakono-datel’stva. Jekologicheskoe pravo [Environmental law], 1987, no. 7.
7. Mel’gunov V.D. O ponjatii, soderzhanii i pravovoj prirode prava pol’zovanija nedrami. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and law], 2008, no. 9.
8. Vasil’eva M.I. Publichnye interesy v jekologicheskom prave. M.: Izd-vo MGU, 2003.
9. Kozyr’ O.M. Nedvizhimost’ v novom Grazhdanskom kodekse Rossii. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossii. Problemy. Teorija. Praktika: Sbornik pamjati S.A. Hohlova. Otv. red. A.L. Makovskij. M.: MCFJeR, 1998.
10. Perchik A.I. Gornoe pravo: 3-e izd. M.: MAKS Press, 2008, pp. 169–174.
11.
Petrov V.V. Pravovaja ohrana prirody v SSSR. Uchebnik. M.: Jurid. literatura, 1984.
12. Stepanov S.A. Nedvizhimoe imushhestvo v grazhdanskom prave. M., 2004, p. 32.
13. Shljutter M.S. Administrativnaja otvetstvennost’ za pravonarushenija v oblasti ohrany nedr i nedropol’zovanija. Avtoreferat na soisk. uchenoj stepeni k.ju.n. M., 2013.
14. Vasil’eva M.I. Publichnye interesy v jekologicheskom prave: teorija i praktika pravovogo regulirovanija: Avtoref. dis. ... dokt. jurid. nauk. M., 2003.
15. Vladimirova E.L. Ugolovno-pravovaja otvetstvennost’ za narushenija zakonodatel’stva o nedrah: dis. kand. jurid. nauk. Moskva, 2010.
16. Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii (postatejnyj), 13-e izdanie, pererab. i dop./Оtv. red. V.M. Lebedev. M., 2012.

2013/4
Categories «subsurface area», «mountain and geological allotments»: ratio of concepts and improvement of legal regulation
Economics and management in fuel and energy complex industries

Authors: Vitaly D. MEL’GUNOV graduated from the Moscow State Law Academy (MSLA) in 1998. He is Candidate of Jurisprudence, associate professor of the Department of Natural Resource and Environmental Law at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 25 scientific publications. E-mail: v.melgounov@mail.ru
Antonina N. KOSTAREVA graduated from the Russian Academy of Foreign Trade in 2011. She is graduate student of Russian Academy of Foreign Trade. E-mail: a.kostareva@noland.ru

Abstract: The article discusses the content and value of such concepts of subsoil legislation as an instrument certifying mining lease license for subsoil use, the subsurface area and geological allotment, mining allotment to make distinction between them. Based on the analysis of legal acts the authors conclude that, despite close relationship, the concepts of the subsurface area and mining claim have different legal regime, with differences being fully manifested in the procedure of changing the boundaries and borders of subsoil mining leases. Keywords: act certifying mining allotment; license for subsoil use, subsurface area; geological allotment; mining claim; changing borders of subsoil and specifying boundaries of mining leases.

Index UDK: 347.731

Keywords: act certifying mining allotment; license for subsoil use, subsurface area; geological allotment; mining claim; changing borders of subsoil and specifying boundaries of mining leases

Bibliography:
1. Zabbarov K.V. Porjadok izmenenija granic uchastkov nedr, predostavlennyh v polzovanie. Neft’, Gaz i Pravo, 2012, no. 6.
2. Ibragimov V.B. Nedropol’zovanie i pravo pol’zovanija nedrami (uchastkami nedr): sub’ekty, ob’ekty, soderzhanie. Neft’, Gaz i Pravo, 2012, no. 3, p. 28.
3. Perchik A.I. Kriticheskoe prochtenie Zakona “O nedrah”: ponjatija, instituty, terminologija. Neft’, Gaz i Pravo, 2007, no. 3.
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5.
Perchik A.I. Gornoe pravo: 3-e izd. M.: MAKS Press, 2008, pp.169—174.
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9. Sviridova O.S. Pravo gosudarstvennoj sobstvennosti na nedra v Rossijskoj Federacii: ponjatie, soderzhanie i osobennosti. Dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata juridicheskih nauk. M., 2012.