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2016/3
ΙΙΙ and ΙV groups oils (API) as basis for protective liquids for tanks-accumulators of hot water supply in energy companies
Technical sciences

Authors: Igor R. TATUR (b. 1956) graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is PhD, Associate Professor of the Dept. of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russia State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 120 publications. E-mail: igtatur@yandex.ru
Dmitry N. SHERONOV (b. 1986) graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008. He is engineer of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russia State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of 25 publications. E-mail: r75opposite@mail.ru
Vladimir G. SPIRKIN (b. 1937) graduated from the Military Rocket Forces Academy named after Peter the Great in 1959. He is D.Sc., Professor of of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russia State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author more than 350 publications, 10 books and monographs, 35 patents.
E-mail:vgspirkin@mail.ru
Аleksey V. LEONTYEV (b. 1988) graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is post-graduate student of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russia State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is Research Fellow in OOO United Research and Development Center (OOO „RN-CIR”). He is author of 10 publications. E-mail:leontievaleksey@gmail.com

Abstract: The article considers the possibility of using ΙΙΙ and ΙV group oils of (API) as a basis for the protective liquids for tanks-accumulators of hot water supply in energy companies. The influence of this basis on the thermo-oxidative ability of protective liquids was estimated by the relative change of dynamic viscosity of the compositions after oxidation at the temperature of 80 to 90 ° C and the shear rate of 15-100 s-1. It is found that the protective liquids based on (isoparaffin oil VHVI-4) have the maximum thermal oxidative stability. The influence of the resinous compounds of industrial oil I-20A on the destruction of polyisobutylene in protective liquid is examined. It is shown that the thermooxidative stability of the protective liquid on mixed basis consisting of industrial oils I-20A and PAOM-10 is between those of the protective fluids based on mineral oil and synthetic oi

Index UDK: 665.7

Keywords: protective fluids; industrial, isoparaffin and polyalphaolefin oils, thermal stability, resinous compounds, antioxidant properties

Bibliography:
1. Tatur I.R., Sheronov D.N., Spirkin V.G., Pigoleva I.V. Uvelichenie sroka sluzhby germetiziruyushhej zhidkosti dlya bakov-akkumulyatorov goryachego vodosnabzheniya energeticheskix predpriyatij. Zashhita okruzhayushhej sredy v neftegazovom komplekse, 2014, no. 8, p. 25-29.
2. Sheronov D.N., Tatur I.R., Spirkin V.G. i dr. Kompleksnaya ocenka ekspluatacionnyx svojstv germetiziruyushhix zhidkostej dlya bakov-akkumulyatorov sistem goryachego vodosnabzheniya. Energetik, 2014, no. 11, p. 43-46.
3. Cvetkov O.N. Poli-α-olefinovye masla. ximiya, texnologiya i primenenie. M.: Texnika, Tuma grupp, 2006, 192 p.
4. Naumova T.I., Tyshhenko V.A., Surovskaya G.V., Grigorev V.V. Stabilnost poli-α-olefinovyx masel i sposoby eyo povysheniya. Ximiya i texnologiya topliv i masel, 2011, no. 5, p. 44-46.
5. Spirkin V.G., Tatur I.R., Shishkin YU.L., Sheronov D.N. Issledovanie termookislitelnoj stabilnosti industrialnyx masel. Tezisy dokladov ix vserossijskoj nauchno-texnicheskoj konferencii „aktualnye problemy razvitiya neftegazovogo kompleksa rossii”. M.: Rgu nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2012, p. 226.
6. Chertkov YA.B., Spirkin V.G. Sernistye i kislorodnye soedineniya neftyanyx distillyatov. M.: Izdatelstvo „Ximiya”, 1971, 312 p.

2016/2
Antioxidant additives to improve thermal oxidative stability of protective liquids for hot water storage tanks of energy providers
Technical sciences

Authors: Igor R. TATUR (b. 1956) graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. Нe is PhD, Associate Professor the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 120 publications. E-mail: igtatur@yandex.ru
Dmitry N. SHERONOV (b. 1986) graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2006. He is Engineer of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of 25 publications. E-mail: r75opposite@mail.ru
Аleksey V. LEONTYEV (b. 1988) graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is post-graduate student of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is Research Fellow of OOO „United Research and Development Center” (OOO „RN-CIR”). He is author of 10 publications. E-mail: leontievaleksey@gmail.com
Vladimir G. SPIRKIN (b. 1937) graduated from the Military Rocket Forces Academy named after Peter the Great in 1959. He is D.Sc., Professor of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author more than 350 publications, 10 books and monographs, 35 patents.
E-mail: vgspirkin@mail.ru

Abstract: This paper considers the possibility of improving thermal oxidative stability of protective liquids for hot water storage tanks of energy providers by application of anti-oxidant additives. The influence of antioxidant additives on thermo-oxidative stability was evaluated using Folder P device at 140 °C for 6 h by measuring the relative change in dynamic viscosity (at temperatures of 80 and 90 °C). It was found that alkilaminodifenilamin (6PPD) and pentagidroksiflavanon (DHA), reduce the speed of oxidative degradation of PIB in the composition of protective liquid. 0,5 % by weight of these compounds reduce the degree of destruction of the PIB by 68-69 %. A synergetic composition was developed including an antioxidant additive and amine-type alkyl phenol (0,3 % wt. Agidol-1 and 0,2 % by weight. MDS-5), which can increase the thermal oxidative stability of the protective liquid on petroleum basis more than 1,5 times, while maintaining its high antiaerational and anticorrosive properties

Index UDK: 665.7.038.5

Keywords: storage tanks for hot water supply, thermal-oxidative stability, protective liquid, antioxidant additive, degradation of polymer, deaeration

Bibliography:
1. Tatur I.R. Zashchita ot korrozii oborudovaniya sistem vodosnabzheniya. Germaniya: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2012, р. 75.
2. Kaplan S.Z., Radzevenchuk I.F. Vyazkostnye prisadki i zagushchennye masla. L.: Himiya, 1982, 136 р.
3. Sheronov D.N., Tatur I.R., Spirkin V.G. i dr. Kompleksnaya ocenka ehkspluatacionnyh svojstv germetiziruyushchih zhidkostej dlya bakov-akkumulyatorov sistem goryachego vodosnabzheniya. EHnergetik, 2014, no. 11, p. 43–46.
4. Hartman K., Leckij EH., SHefer V. i dr. Planirovanie ehksperimenta v issledovanii tekhnologicheskih processov. Perevod s nemeckogo G.A. Fomina, N.S. Leckoj. Pod red. EH.K. Leckogo. M.: Mir, 1977, 552 p.
5. Rudin L.R. Prisadki k smazochnym materialam. Svojstva i primenenie. Pod red. A.M. Danilova. Per. s angl. 2-go izd. SPb.: COP „Professiya”, 2013, 928 p.
6. Pospisil J. Aromatic and heterocyclic amines in polymer stabilization. Advances in Polymer Science, 124, 87 — 190, 1995.

2015/4
Improvement of anti-corrosion properties of protective fluids for accumulator tanks of hot water energy enterprises
Technical sciences

Authors: Аleksey V. LEONTYEV (b. 1988) graduated from the Gubkin Russia State Oil and Gas University in 2013. Post-graduate of сhemistry and technology of lubricants and сhemmotology department of the Gubkin Russia State Oil and Gas University. Research Fellowin Ltd. „United Research and Development Center” (Ltd. „RN-CIR”). Author of 4 publications and 3 patents
E-mail: Leontyev-Alexey@mail.ru
Igor G. TATUR (b. 1956) graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant professor of Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 85 publications, 2 books and 27 patents. E-mail: igtatur@yandex.ru.
Dmitry N. SHERONOV (b. 1986) graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2006. He is engineer of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology. He is author of 14 publications and 2 patents.
E-mail: r75opposite@mail.ru.
Vladimir G. SPIRKIN (b. 1937) graduated from the Military Missile Forces Academy named after Great the Peter in 1959. He is D.Sc., Professor of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 350 publications, 10 books and monographs, as well as 35 patents.
E-mail: vgspirkin@mail.ru

Abstract: Protective fluids are widely used in systems of hot water supply to protect from corrosion tanks and batteries, as well as to prevent water from aeration. Modern protective fluids possess high anti-aeration properties but do not meet the increasing requirements to anti-corrosion properties. Effective way to improve anti-corrosion properties of protective fluids is to use corrosion inhibitors. This paper examines the possibility of improving anti-corrosion properties of protective fluids by adding corrosion inhibitors into their composition. Basing on the study of surface properties of protective fluids, the dependence of the sealing properties of inhibited protective fluids from adhesion of their films to the surface of a metal has been defined. The influence of corrosion inhibitors on thermo-oxidative stability of the protective fluid has been studied. The authors recommend to increase thermo-oxidative stability of inhibited protective fluids by using antioxidant additives that allow to obtain a high-performance anti-corrosion material.

Index UDK: УДК 622.244

Keywords: protective fluids, industrial oils, corrosion inhibitors, thermal stability, adhesion work

Bibliography:
1. Zashhita ot vnutrennej korrozii truboprovodov vodjanyh teplovyh setej. Ju.V. Balaban-Irmenin, V.M. Lipovskih, A.M. Rubashov. M.: Novosti teplosnabzhenija, 2008, p. 288.
2. Zimon A.D. Kolloidnaja himija, 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: AGAR, 2007, p. 344.
3. Metody zashhity rezervuarnogo oborudovanija sistem teplosnabzhenija ot korrozii. I.R. Tatur, D.A. Jakovlev, A.A. Sheremetova, V.G. Spirkin, D.V. Sharafutdinova. Zashhita okruzhajushhej sredy v neftegazovom komplekse. M.: VNIIOJeNG, 2012, no. 9, p. 5-7.
4. Primenenie nevysyhajushhih germetikov dlja zashhity bakov-otstojnikov ot korrozii, soderzhashhih v nih distillernyh zhidkostej. I.R. Tatur, D.A. Jakovlev, V.A. Lazarev, M.S. Rivkin. Himicheskaja promyshlennost’, 1991, no. 7, p. 32-36.
5. Rudnik L.R. Prisadki k smazochnym materialam. Svojstva i primenenie. SPb.: Izd-vo „Professija”, 2013, p. 928.
6. Shehter Ju.N., Krejn S.Je., Teterina L.N. Maslorastvorimye poverhnostno-aktivnye veshestva. M.: Himija, 1978, 394 р.
7. Kompleksnaja ocenka jekspluatacionnyh svojstv germetizirujushhih zhidkostej dlja bakov-akkumuljatorov sistem gorjachego vodosnabzhenija. D.N. Sheronov, I.R. Tatur, V.G. Spirkin, I.V. Pigoleva, O.V. Primerova. Jenergetik, 2014, no. 11, p. 43-46.

2014/3
Development of new power-preservative oils based on oxidized petrolatums
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Igor R. TATUR graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is Ph.D., assistant professor of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology. He is author of more than 80 scientific papers. E-mail: igtatur@yandex.ru
Evgenia A. TISHINA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1975. She is Ph.D., senior researcher at the FAA, „25 Research Institute of Chemmotology of the Russian Ministry of Defense”. She is author of 47 scientific publications. E-mail: 25gosniihim@mil.ru
Marseille A. SADYKOV graduated from the Ufa State Aviation Technical University in 1995. He is Director of „Polytech” JSC, author 2 scientific publications. E-mail: marsvlad@rambler.ru
Dmitry N. SHERONOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008. He is graduate student of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology. He is author of 2 scientific publications. E-mail: r75opposite@mail.ru

Abstract: An analogue of the K-17 power-preservative oil with a new composition of additives on the basis of available in Russia raw materials is proposed. The composition of the power-preservative oil comprises a mixture of transformer and aviation oil, oxidized petrolatum and viscosity index improver. The proposed composition offers high protective properties in various corrosive environments, being superior to K-17 as a moisture displacer for metal surfaces

Index UDK: УДК 665.6/7

Keywords: power-preservative oil, protective properties, atmospheric corrosion, petrolatum, temporary corrosion protection

Bibliography:
1. Gureev A.A., Shehter Ju.N., Timohin I.A. Sredstva zashhity avtomobilej ot korrozii [Agents of automobiles protection against corrosion]. Moscow, 1983, 104 p.
2. State standard 9.054–1975. Preservation oils, lubricants and inhibited film-forming oil compositions. The accelerated test methods of protective ability. Moscow, Goskomitet SSSR Publ., 1975, 15 p. (in Russian).
3. State standard 9.513–1997. Military equipment. Forecasting method of protection period by lubricants. Moscow, Standartinform Publ., 2008, 15 p. (in Russian).
4. State standard 15150–1969. Machines, instruments and other technical items. Realization for different climatic regions. Category, condition of exploitation, serving, transportation according to climatic factors of environment. Moscow, Goskomitet SSSR Publ., 1969, 50 p. (in Russian).
5. State standard 9.014–1978. Temporary anticorrosion protection of items. General requirements. Moscow, Goskomitet SSSR Publ., 1985, 55 p.

2014/2
Applying conservation compositionsfor corrosion protection of heat exchange and storage equipment
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Igor R. TATUR graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology. He is author of more than 80 scientific publications. E-mail: igtatur@yandex.ru.
Dina V. SHARAFUTDINOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2009. She is Candidate of Technical Sciences. She is technical a specialist at LLC „STANDARD”. She is author of 15 scientific publications. E-mail: shara-dina@yandex.ru.
Vladimir A. LAZAREV graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1971. He is Candidate of Chemical Sciences, Deputy Director for R&D at LLC „Palette”. He is author of 95 scientific publications.E-mail: vlanlaz@mail.ru.
Dmitry N. SHERONOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology. He is author of 2 scientific publications. E-mail: r75opposite@mail.ru.

Abstract: A conservation composition comprising a waste protective liquid, amine-type corrosion inhibitor, demulsifier, surpassing the performance characteristics of that currently used in the VNIINM-33/80 composition. It is used to conserve heat exchangers and storage equipment at machine-building enterprises. Its high demulsibility permits to combine the process of applying this composition on the inner surface with the process of hydraulic testing of equipment.

Index UDK: УДК 665.6/7

Keywords: conservation composition, waste protection fluid, corrosion inhibitor, demulsifier, corrosion rate hydro testing of equipment

Bibliography:
1. Tatur I.R., Jakovlev D.A., Lazarev V.A. VNIINM-PAV-31/87-sostav dlja konservacii sovmestno s gidroispytanijami teploobmennogo i emkostnogo oborudovanija [VNIINM-PAV-31/87 as a reagent for simultaneous conservation and hydrotesting of heat exchanging and storage equipment]. Himicheskoe i neftjanoe mashinostroenie [Chemical and petroleum refining machinery], 1989, no. 9, p. 38–39 (in Russian).
2. Tatur I.R., Timohin I.A., Prigul’skij G.B. Prognozirovanie sroka zashhity teploobmennogo i emkostnogo oborudovanija konservacionnym maslom VNIINM-31/80 [Forecasting the protection time of heat exchanging and storage equipment by conservative oil type VNIINM-31/80]. Himicheskoe i neftjanoe mashinostroenie [Chemical and petroleum refining machinery], 1991, no. 9, p. 7–8 (in Russian).
3. Shehter Ju.N., Shkol’nikov V.M., Krjejn S.Je., Teterina L.N. Maslorastvorimye poverhnostno-aktivnye veshhestva [Oil-soluble surface-active substances]. Moscow, 1978, 304 p.
4. Frolov Ju.G. Kurs kolloidnoj himii. Poverhnostnye javlenija i dispersnye sistemy [Course of colloid chemistry. Surface properties and dispersed systems]. Moscow, 1988, 464 p.
5. Fuks I.G., Tumanjan B.P. Kolloidnaja himija nefti i nefteproduktov [Colloid chemistry of oil and oil products]. Moscow, 2001, 96 p.
6. K. Mittel. Micellobrazovanie, soljubilizacija i mikrojemul’sii [Micelles formation, solubilization and microemulsion]. Moscow, 1980, 600 p.

2013/1
Use of protective fluids to ensure reliable operation of hot water supply equipment for power plants
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Igor R. TATUR was born in 1956, he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979. He is Ph.D., associate professor of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology. He is author of 80 scientific papers. E-mail: igtatur@yandex.ru
Dina V. SHARAFUTDINOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2009. She is postgraduate student of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology. She is author of 12 published works. E-mail: shara-dina@yandex.ru
Vladimir G. SPIRKIN was born in 1937, he graduated from the Peter the Great Military Academy of Missile Forces in 1959. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology. He is author of 450 scientific works. E-mail: vgspirkin@mail.ru
Dmitry N. SHERONOV was born in 1986. He graduated from the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology, author of two published works. E-mail: ropposite75@rambler.ru

Abstract: Protective liquids are applied at power plants to protect the hot water storage tanks against corrosion, as well as to prevent the saturation of deaerated water with oxygen from the environment and its evaporation. Viscosity properties and their dependence on temperature, concentration and molecular weight of the polymer, which is part of the protective liquid are studied. The possibility of using low molecular weight polymers instead of high polyisobutylene as a thickener component is considered. A technique to assess the status of the protective liquid during operation and determine the feasibility of increasing the lifetime of the battery is developed. Options for recycling the discharge protective liquids using adsorbents and selective solvents, as well as by their use as components of lubricants and conservation materials are considered.

Index UDK: 665.6/7

Keywords: protective liquid, storage tank, polyisobutylene, corrosion protection, conservation material, permeability

Bibliography:
1. Balaban-Irmenin Yu.V., Lipovskikh V.M., Rubashov A.M. Zashchita ot vnutrenney korrozii truboprovodov vodyanykh teplovykh setey. – M.: Izdatel’stvo «Novosti teplosnabzheniya», 2008. – 288 s.
2. Metodicheskie ukazaniya po optimal'noy zashchite bakov-akkumulyatorov ot korrozii i vody v nikh ot aeratsii: RD 153-34.1-40.504-00. – M.: RAO «EES Rossii», 2000. – 18 s.
3. Metody zashchity rezervuarnogo oborudovaniya sistem teplosnabzheniya ot korrozii/I.R. Tatur, D.V. Sharafutdinova, D.A. Yakovlev, A.A. Sheremetova, V.G. Spirkin//Zashchita okruzhayushchey sredy v neftegazovom komplekse. – 2012. – No. 9. – S. 5–7.
4.TU 26-02-592-83. Germetiziruyushchaya zhidkost' dlya bakov-akkumulyatorov goryachego vodosnabzheniya AG-4I.
5.Yakovlev D.A. Issledovanie korrozionnogo razrusheniya i razrabotka sposoba zashchity rezervuarnogo oborudovaniya v sistemakh vodosnabzheniya: Diss. kand. tex. nayk. – M., 1979. – 189 s.
6.Metodika otsenki sroka zashchity bakov-akkumulyatorov germetiziruyushchimi zhidkostyami posle 4-kh let ekspluatatsii. – M.: ORGRES. – 2008. – 12 s.
7.Regeneratsiya otrabotannykh zashchitnykh zhidkostey s primeneniem izbiratel'nykh rastvoriteley/ D.V. Sharafutdinova, I.R. Tatur, Yu.A. Musalov, T.I. Sochevko//Khimiya i tekhnologiya topliv i masel. – 2010. – No. 1. – S. 12–14.