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2018/1
Microwave radiation for production of carbon adsorbent
Technical sciences

Authors: Stanislav V. MESHCHERYAKOV is Head of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University). He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor. His experience of scientific and pedagogical work is 50 years. He is author of more than 150 scientific publications. E-mail: stas@gubkin.ru
Robert A. GAZAROV graduated from the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1971, majoring in Chemistry. He has been Professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology since 1993. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences. His experience of scientific and pedagogical work is 30 years. He is author of 14 patents. E-mail: gazarov@gubkin.ru
Vladimir R. MKRTYCHAN graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry in 1964. He is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry. He is author of more than 140 scientific works, including more than 40 patents and author’s certificates. E-mail: him.gubkin.ru
Ivan S. EREMIN graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is assistant lecturer of the Department of Industrial Ecology (2014). He completed the postgraduate course in 2017. He is author of 10 scientific works, including 2 in peer-reviewed journals. E-mail: eremin.ivan.s@mail.ru

Abstract: A new method for the production of carbon materials based on vegetable raw materials with the use of several stages of processing is proposed. The influence of microwave radiation on the obtained carbon materials is shown. An estimation of the change in the properties of the materials in terms of oil capacity, specific surface area was carried out. The changes in the structure and surface of the materials after each stage of processing were studied by scanning electron microscopy

Index UDK: 541.18.02/.025

Keywords: sugar cane, pulp, bio-coal, spill, oil, modification, sorbent, carbon material, scanning electron microscopy

Bibliography:
1. Meshcheryakov S.V., Gonopolsky A.M., Ostash S.V., Osth O.S. Prognozno-analiticheskaja ocenka rasprostranenija zagrjaznenija za predely shlamonakopitelej promyshlennyh predprijatij [Forecasting and analytical assessment of the spread of pollution beyond the slime storage of industrial enterprises]. Ecology and Industry of Russia, 2017, no. 10, p. 22-27.
2. Kulikova O.A., Mazlova Е.А., Meritsidi E.A., Bradik D.I. Tehnologii adsorbcionnoj ochistki neftezagrjaznennyh stochnyh vod [Technologies of adsorption purification of oil-contaminated waste-water]. Ecology, industrial and energy security-2017; article in the collection of proceedings of the conference. Sevastopol, 2017, p. 742-746.
3. Meritsidi I.A., Ivanovsky V.N., Prokhorov A.N., Botvinko I.V., Dubinova I.S. and others. Tehnika i tehnologii lokalizacii i likvidacii avarijnyh razlivov nefti i nefteproduktov [Technique and technology of containment and liquidation of emergency oil spills and oil products]. Ed. I.A. Mericidi. St. Petersburg. The NGO „Professional”, 2008, 824 p.
4. Khutskaya N.G., Pal’chjonok G.I. Jenergosberegajushhie tehnologii termicheskoj kon- versii biomassy i lignokarbonatnyh othodov: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie po discipline [Energy-saving technologies for the thermal conversion of biomass and lignocarbonate waste: the educational and methodological manual on the discipline „Fuel and its use” for students of specialty 1-43 01 06 „Energy-efficient technologies and energy management”]. Minsk: BNTU, 2014, 53 p.
5. Sobhayda N.A., Makarova Yu.A. Vlijanie prirody svjazujushhego materiala na sorbcionnye svojstva sorbentov, izgotovlennyh iz othodov agropromyshlennogo kompleksa [Influence of the nature of the binder on the sorption properties of sorbents made from waste from the agro-industrial complex]. Bulletin of the Saratov State Technical University, 2011, no. 1, p. 41-45.
6. Berdonosov S.S. Mikrovolnovaja himija [Microwave chemistry]. Soros Educational Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, 2001, p. 32-38.
7. Akinbad A.O., Somin V.А., Komarova L.F., Novye sorbenty iz othodov rastenievodstva dlja ochistki vody ot nefteproduktov [New sorbents from wastes of plant growing for water purification from oil products]. Polzunovsky Herald, 2017, no. 4, p. 114-117.
8. Beletskaya M.G. Sintez uglerodnyh adsorbentov metodom termohimicheskoj aktivacii gidro-liznogo lignina i ispol’zovaniem gidroksida natrija [Synthesis of carbon adsorbents by thermochemical activation of hydrolytic lignin and the use of sodium hydroxide]. Diss. Cand. tech. Sciences. A., 2014, 153 p.
9. Belyaev E.Yu. Poluchenie primenenie drevesnyh aktivirovannyh uglej v jekologicheskih celjah [Getting the use of wood activated charcoal for ecological purposes]. Chemistry of plant raw materials, 2000, no. 2, p. 5-15.
10. Kurilkin A.A., Mukhin V.M., Kireev S.G., Kargal’tseva L.A. Uglerodnye adsorbenty, modificirovannye gidroksidom kalija [Carbon Adsorbents Modified with Potassium Hydroxide]. Sorption and Chromatographic Processes, 2010, t. 10, v. 4.
11. Korobchkin V.V., Nguyen Manh Hieu, Usoltseva N.V., Nguyen Van Tu. Poluchenie aktivirovannogo uglja pirolizom risovoj sheluhi V’etnama [Obtaining activated carbon by pyrolysis of rice husk of Vietnam]. Izvestiya Tomsk Polytechnic University. Engineering of geo-resources, 2017, t. 328, no. 5, p. 6-15.
12. Salomatov V.V., Karelin V.A., Zavoryn A.S., Salomatov V.V., Pashchenko S.E. Termoobra- botka ugol’nogo sloja SVCh-jenergiej: analiticheskoe issledovanie v uslovijah teplosbrosa II i III roda [Heat Treatment of Coal Layer by Microwave Energy: An Analytical Study in Conditions of Heat Dispersions of the II and III Kinds]. Izvestiya, Tomsk Polytechnic University. Engineering of georesour-ces, 2016, t. 327, no. 6. p. 15-24.
13. Salomatov V.V., Karelin V.A., Zavoryn A.S., Salomatov V.V., Pashchenko S.E. Ugol’nyj sloj pri mikrovolnovom nagreve: analiticheskoe issledovanie pri smeshannyh granichnyh uslovijah I i II roda [Coal layer under microwave heating: an analytical study for mixed boundary conditions of the I and II kind]. Izvestiya, Tomsk Polytechnic University. Engineering of geological resources, 2015, t. 326, no. 11, p. 135-140.
14. Salomatov V.V., Sladkov S.O., Pashchenko S.Ye. SVCh-tehnologii v ugol’noj jenergetike [Microwave technologies in coal power engineering], 2012, t. 85, no. 3, p. 535-549.
15. Kamenshikov F.I., Bogomolny E.I. Neftjanye sorbenty [Petroleum sorbents]. Moscow-Izhevsk: SRC „Regular and chaotic dynamics”, 2005, 268 p.
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2012/1
Method of assessment of environmental and economic efficiency of energy saving in industry
Industrial and environmental safety, occupational safety and health

Authors: Vladimir A. SHIROKOV was born in 1951 graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is Professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology, Ph.D., and Associate Professor. He has published over 100 scientific papers in the area of heat conservation. E-mail: vash43@list.ru
Vladimir R. MKRTYCHAN was born in 1941 graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is Professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor. He is also Honored Chemist of the Russian Federation. He has published over 150 scientific papers on various branches of science. E-mail: mvr@gubkin.ru
Evgeny E. NOVGORODSKY was born in 1937; he graduated from the Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute. He is Head of the Department of Energy Conservation at RSGU, doctor of technical sciences, professor. He has published over 200 scientific papers in the field of energy conservation. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Nataliya Yu. GORLOVA graduated from RGSU, she is Assistant Professor of the Department of Energy Conservation, author of 10 scientific papers in the field of energy conservation. E-mail: ovik1935@mail.ru
Vladimir V. BESCHETNYI was born in 1969, graduated from RSGU. He is Ph.D., Associate Professor. He has published over 50 scientific papers in the field of energy conservation. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The article deals with methods of determining emissions of carbon dioxide, specific examples of complex systems using natural gas combustion products that contribute to reducing these emissions are quoted.

Index UDK: 504.3.054

Keywords: CO2 emissions, natural gas, complex installations, heat transfer, combustion, heat exchanger, efficiency

Bibliography: