Статьи

Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Mathematical modeling of hydrocarbons temperature fluctuations during storage in tanks of 1000–5000 cubic meters capacity
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Roman Ye. LEVITIN is PhD, Associate Professor of Tyumen State Oil and Gas Uni- versity. E-mail: 89028130230@mail.ru

Abstract: Temperature fluctuations of hydrocarbons during storage in the vertical steel tanks of 15 thousand cubic meters capacity are determined. The results of the study of the temperature changes of the stored product, depending on the ambi- ent temperature are presented. The anguish and the correlation coefficients between these values are shown. As a result, the equations of temperature changes of oil and petroleum products in the tank are derived. Ключевые слова: выбросы, температурные колебания, хранение нефти

Index UDK: УДК 621.642.8

Keywords: emissions, temperature changes, storage of oil

Bibliography:
1. Ljubin E.A., Korshak A.A. Kriterial’nye uravnenija massootdachi pri operacijah s neftjami v vertikal’nyh cilindricheskih rezervuarah. Jelektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal Neftegazovoe delo, 2010, no. 2, p. 13.
2. Ustrojstvo dlja povyshenija jekspluatacionnyh svojstv vertikal’nyh stal’nyh rezervuarov. V.O. Nekrasov, R.E. Levitin, I.V. Tyrylgin, Ju.D. Zemenkov. Patent RF no. 2012125478/05, 2013.
3. Kalinina V.N., Pankin V.F. Matematicheskaja statistika. M.: Vysshaja shkola, 1998, p. 336.

Effects of terrain topography and branches on pipeline transportation mode in the process of oil offtake
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Vadim A. POLYAKOV graduated from M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University University majoring in „Mechanics” in 1981. He is Professor of the Department of Design and Operation of Gas and Oil Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transport of oil and gas. He is author 90 publications. E-mail:vapolyakov@rambler.ru
Roman A. SHESTAKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is graduate student of Design and Operation of Gas and Oil Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transport of oil and gas. He regularly takes part in international scientific and technical conferences. He is author of 4 publications. E-mail: dur187@mail.ru

Abstract: The paper considers the problem of oil offtake from the main oil pipeline, i.e. the changes of the process conditions in the final section of the pipeline. The effects of the route profile, as well as of different types of branches on the process conditions during offtake of oil from the trunk oil pipeline are considered. The calculations are performed using the software package for the design of the section of the trunk pipeline with a branch with respect for the presence of tie-ins of different diameters and lengths

Index UDK: УДК 622.691.4

Keywords: trunk pipeline, process conditions, offtake, branch, software package

Bibliography:
1. Polyakov V.A. Basics of technical diagnostics: lectures: Textbook. Moscow: INFRA-M, 2012, р. 118.
2. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. The changing nature of technological regime of high oil pipeline transport along the length of the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, № 4 (273), 2013, р. 79–83.
3.
RD-23.040.00-KTN-110-07. Trunk oil pipelines. Design standards. M. ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2007.
4. RD Unified technological calculations of objects of the main oil wires and pipelines. M. ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2009.
5. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. Effect of branching on mode pumping oil through the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, № 1, 2014.

Calculation algorithms for simulation of unsteady flows in gas pipeline
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Ruslan V. POPOV was born in 1990. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013 as Master of Engineering and Technology. He is graduate student of the Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Modeling of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 9 publications in the field of computer modeling of technological processes of oil and gas industry. E-mail: r.v.popov@hotmail.com

Abstract: The methods of simulating unsteady flow of gas in pipelines based on the method of finite differences is discussed. It is shown that the use of linearized differential circuits may lead to accumulation of linearization error. A method to reduce the influence of the linearization error, as well as a generic algorithm of simulating unsteady non-isothermal gas flow in the pipeline are proposed

Index UDK: УДК 622.691.4

Keywords: finite-difference method, pipelines, unsteady flows

Bibliography:
1. Godunov S.K. Elementy mekhaniki sploshnoy sredy [Elements of Continuum Mechanics]. Moscow, 1978, 304 p.
2. Lur’e M.V. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie protsessov truboprovodnogo transporta nefti, nefteproduktov i gaza [Mathematical modeling of pipeline transportation of oil and gas]. Moscow, 2012, 456 p.
3. Sardanashvili S.A. Raschetnye metody i algoritmy (truboprovodnyy transport gaza) [Computational methods and algorithms (gas pipeline transportation)]. Moscow, 2005, 577 p.
4. Moiseev N.N. Matematicheskie zadachi sistemnogo analiza [Mathematical problems of system analysis]. Moscow, 1981, 488 p.
5. Sukharev M.G., Karasevich A.M. Tekhnologicheskiy raschet i obespechenie nadezhnosti gazo- i nefteprovodov [Technology calculation and reliability of gas and oil pipelines]. Moscow, 2000, 272 p.
6. Sukharev M.G., Stavrovskiy E.R. Optimizatsiya sistem transporta gaza [Optimization of gas transportation systems]. Moscow, 1975, 277 p.
7. Samarskiy A.A. Teoriya raznostnykh skhem [The theory of finite difference schemes]. Moscow, 1977, 656 p.
8. Samarskiy A.A., Gulin A.V. Chislennye metody [Computational methods]. Moscow, 1989, 432 p.

Identifying parameters in gas supply systems models (method and computer experiment)
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Michael G . SUKHAREV was born in 1937. He graduated from the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1959. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the De-partment of Applied Mathematics and Computer Modeling of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 197 scientific works, including 14 monographs. E-mail: mgsuknarev@mail.ru
Xenia O. KOSOVA is student of the Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Modeling of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: kseniya_kosova@mail.ru

Abstract: The problem of identifying a gas supply system is considered. It is assumed that measurement errors are normally distributed. Estimating coefficients of hydraulic resistance is reduced to a constrained optimization problem with constraints in the form of equations. An algorithm for solving the problem is proposed. The algorithm is tested by computational experiments on a specific example of the calculation of the pipeline system

Index UDK: УДК 532.542.1:66.011

Keywords: gas supply system, identification, coefficient of hydraulic resistance, optimization problem

Bibliography:
1. Bard Y. Nonlinear Parameter Estimation. NY, S. Francisco, London, 1974, 352 p.
2. Novitskiy N.N. Otsenivanie parametrov gidravlicheskikh tsepey [Hydraulic circuit paramete-rization]. Novosibirsk, 1998, 214 p. (in Russian).
3. Evdokimov A.G., Tevyashev A.D. Operativnoe upravlenie potokoraspredeleniem v inzhenernykh setyakh [Operational control of pipelines and networks flux-distribution]. Kharkov, 1980, 144 p. (in Russian).
4. Sukharev M.G., Karasevich A.M. Tekhnologicheskiy raschet i obespechenie nadezhnosti gazo- i nefteprovodov [Process design and reliability control of gas and oil pipeline]. Moscow, 2000, 272 p. (in Russian).
5. STO Gazprom 2—3.5—051—2006. Production engineering standard of gas-main pipeline (in Russian).

Analysis of accidents at booster compressor stations of gas pipelines
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Alan M. REVAZOV graduated from the North-Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy in 1983. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor the Department of Construction and Maintenance of Oil and Gas Pipelines and Storage Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is licensed expert in industrial safety in the oil and gas industry of RosTechNadzor (Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision). He is author 86 scientific and educational works. E-mail: alanrevazov@rambler.ru
Igor A. LEONOVICH graduated from the Department of Pipeline Transport of Polotsk State University in 2013 he is postgraduate student at the Department of Construction and Maintenance of Oil and Gas Pipelines and Storage Facilities of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: ned.flander@mail.ru

Abstract: The statistics of accidents at booster compressor stations of gas-main pipe- lines is considered. The factors causing the occurrence of emergencies at booster compressors are identified. The causes of fires are shown. The key affecting factors resulting from explosions and fires at booster compressors are outlined

Index UDK: УДК 622.691.4

Keywords: gas-main pipeline, booster compressor station, accident rate

Bibliography:
1. Godovye otchety o dejatel’nosti Federal’noj sluzhby po jekologicheskomu, tehnolo-gicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru, 2004-2012. URL: http://www.gosnadzor.ru/public/annual_reports/ (data obrashhenija: 06.02.2014).
2. Diagnosticheskoe obsluzhivanie magistral’nyh gazoprovodov: Uchebnoe posobie. A.M. Angalev, B.N. Antipov, S.P. Zarickij, A.S. Lopatin. M.: MAKS Press, 2009, 112 р.
3. Butusov O.B., Meshalkin V.P. Komp’juternoe modelirovanie nestacionarnyh poto-kov v slozhnyh truboprovodah. M.: FIZMATGIZ, 2005, 550 р.
4. Revazov A.M. Analiz chrezvychajnyh i avarijnyh situacij na ob’ektah magistral’-nogo gazoprovodnogo transporta i mery po preduprezhdeniju ih vozniknovenija i snizheniju posledstvij. Upravlenie kachestvom v neftegazovom komplekse [Quality management for oil and gas industry], 2010, no. 1, р. 68-72.
5. Angalev A.M., Sokolinskij L.I., Lopatin A.S. Issledovanija vibracii i pul’sacii gaza v sistemah «centrobezhnyj nagnetatel’ truboprovod». Trudy Rossijskogo gosudar-stvennogo universiteta nefti i gaza im. I.M. Gubkina [Proceedings of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas], 2009, no. 4, р. 74-85.
6. Revazov A.M., Chuhareva N.V., Rudachenko A.V., Dmitrienko V.V. Dinamika avarijnosti ob’ektov magistral’nyh truboprovodov, jekspluatiruemyh na territorii sibirskogo i dal’nevostochnogo. Upravlenie kachestvom v neftegazovom komplekse [Quality management for oil and gas industry], 2012, no. 2, р. 35-38.

Effect of pipeline branch on mode of pumping of oil by pipeline
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Vadim A. POLYAKOV graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University majoring in „Mechanics” in 1981. He is Full Professor of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is a specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transportation systems of oil and gas. He is author of 88 publications.E-mail: vapolyakov@rambler.ru
Roman A. SHESTAKOV graduated with honors from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is a specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transportation systems of oil and gas. He is author of 3 publications.
E-mail: dur187@mail.ru

Abstract: The article considers the problem of branching of the trunk oil pipeline, i.e. the change of operating practices in the final cross section of the pipeline. Three-dimensional diagrams of the dependency of operating practices of the trunk pipeline in the final cross section on the structural and technological parameters of the branch are built. A software package for designing the section of the trunk pipeline with a branch is presented

Index UDK: УДК 622.691.4

Keywords: trunk pipeline, operation practices, branch, software package

Bibliography:
1. Polyakov V.A. Basics of technical diagnostics. Lectures: Textbook. Moscow: INFRA-M, 2012, p. 118.
2. Polyakov V.A., Shestakov R.A. The changing nature of technological regime of high oil pipeline transport along the length of the pipeline. Proceedings of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2013, no. 4 (273), p. 79-83.
3. RD-23.040.00-KTN-110-07. Trunk oil pipelines. Design standards. M.: ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2007.
4. RD Unified technological calculations of objects of the main oil wires and pipelines. M.: ОАО „AK „Transneft”, 2009.

Impact of waves on underwater floating structure
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Serge BaН POIDE graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in specializing in “Offshore Oil and Gas Facilities”. He is graduate student of the Department of Computer Aided Design of Structures and has published one work. E-mail: trudyrgung@gubkin.ru
Chingiz S. HUSEYNOV is Doctor of Technical Sciences, full professor of the Department of Computer Aided Design of Structures, author of about 300 publications. E-mail: trudyrgung@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The paper presents an analytic regularity of reducing the impact of waves on floating structures with increasing depth. The final result of this study is a technical proposal on the use of specialized underwater vessels as one of the options for the development of deep-water oil and gas fields in ice-free seas.

Index UDK: 553.98.04

Keywords: offshore fields, turbulence, ocean currents, underwater floating oil and gas facilities, impact of waves

Bibliography:
1. Guseynov Ch.S. Osvoeniye uglevodorodnych resursov Severnogo Ledovitogo okeana — blishayshaya I neotloshnaya perspektiva. Burenie I nepht, 2012, no. 1.
2. Borodavkin P.P. Morskie nephtegazovye soorusheniya: ucheb. dla vuzov. Ch 1. Konstruirovanie, M.: OOO “Nedra-Beznescentr”, 2006.
3. Internet http://ru.wikipedia.org/ Turbelentnost Material iz Vikipedii — svobodnoy enciklopedii.
4. Intertnet http://www.seapeace.ru/oceanology/water/13.html Morskie volny: priroda vozniknoveniya.
5. Gornaya Enciklopediya/Pod redakciey E.A. Kozlovskogo. M.: Sovetskaya enciklopediya, 1984-1991.

Changing operating conditions along the length of pipeline transporting high viscosity crudes.
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Vadim A. POLYAKOV graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1981 majoring in “mechanics”. He is Professor of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is a specialist in the design and operation of pipeline transportation systems of oil and gas. He is author of 86 publications. E-mail: vapolyakov@rambler.ru
Roman A. SHESTAKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2013. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, specializing in the design of pipeline transportation systems of oil. E-mail: dur187@mail.ru

Abstract: The article shows variations in operating conditions along the length of the pipeline, i.e. changed hydraulic gradient in a center section of the pipeline. The change in the position of this section is found to depend on the ambient temperature. The numerical tool for calculating the parameters of a technological mode for the entire length of the pipeline.

Index UDK: 622.692

Keywords: oil, technological regime, viscous oil, computational tools

Bibliography:
1. RD-23.040.00-KTN-110-07. Magistral’nye nefteprovody. Normy proektirovanija. M., OAO “AK “Transneft’”, 2007.
2. RD Unificirovannye tehnologicheskie raschety ob#ektov magistral’nyh nefteprovodov i nefteproduktoprovodov. M., OAO “AK “Transneft’”, 2009.

Dynamic behavior of buried pipeline with section in soft ground
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Grigory V. DENISOV graduated from the Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University in 2008. He is postgraduate student of the Department of Structural Mechanics and Engineering of the Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University. E-mail: oxoxox@mail.ru
Vladimir V. LALIN graduated from Kalinin Leningrad Politechnic Institute. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor, Head of the Department of Structural Mechanics and Engineering of the Saint Petersburg Polytechnic University. E-mail: vllalin@yandex.ru

Abstract: The behavior of buried pipeline with a section in soft ground under dynamic and in particular seismic impact is considered. It is shown that under certain soil conditions and pipeline parameters local forms of vibrations caused by the above characteristics of the ground are possible. A quantitative assessment of the length of the section, provoking the specified behavior is given. A comparative analysis of the dynamic deformations of local forms and traveling waves is performed. It is shown that this feature, not regulated by the applicable norms, may play a decisive role in ensuring the strength of the facility section located in soft ground.

Index UDK: 621.64

Keywords: pipeline, seismic, heterogeneity of bed, vibrations, local forms

Bibliography:
1. Flores-Berrones R, Liu X.L. Seismic vulnerability of buried pipelines. Geofisica Internacional, 2003, vol. 42, no. 2, p. 237-246.
2.
Gekhman A.S., Zainetdinov H.H. Raschet, konstruirovanie truboprovodov v sejsmicheskih rajonah. Moscow, 1988, 184 p.
3. Sejsmostojkost’ magistral’nyh truboprovodov i special’nyh sooruzhenij neftjanoj i gazovoj promyshlennosti. Sbornik AN SSSR, edited by O.A. Savinov. Moscow, 1980, 170 p.
4. Vasil’ev G.G., Goryainov Yu.A., Kintsler Yu.E., Lezhnev M.A. Vybor konstruktivnykh reshenii pri proektirovanii truboprovodov v seismicheskikh raionakh. Trudy RGU nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gubkina, 2012, no. 2 (267), p. 84–92.
5.
Denisov G.V. K voprosu o lokalizatsii kolebanii v stroitel’nykh konstruktsi-yakh. Inzhenernostroitel’nyi zhurnal, 2012, no. 5(31), p. 60–64.
6.
Lokalizatsiya lineinykh voln. D.A. Indeitsev, N.G. Kuznetsov, O.V. Motygin, Yu.A. Mochalova. SPb.: Izd-vo Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta, 2007, 342 p.
7. Denisov G.V., Lalin V.V. Vliyanie konstruktivnykh vklyuchenii na prochnost’ podzemnykh truboprovodov pri dinamicheskikh vozdeistviyakh. Transport i khranenie nefteproduktov i uglevodorodnogo syr’ya, 2012, no. 2, p. 11–13.
8.
Denisov G.V., Lalin V.V. Osobennosti povedeniya podzemnykh truboprovodov s konstruktivnymi vklyucheniyami pri dinamicheskikh vozdeistviyakh. Stroitel’naya mekhanika inzhenernykh konstruktsii i sooruzhenii, 2012, no. 4, p. 54–58.
9.
Dinamicheskoe povedenie balok modelei Bernulli-Eilera, Releya i Timoshenko, lezhashchikh na uprugom osnovanii (sravnitel’nyi analiz). V.I. Erofeev, V.V. Kazhaev, E.E. Lisenkova, N.P. Se- merikova. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo, 2011, no. 5(3), p. 274–278.
10.
Birbraer A.N. Raschet konstruktsiy na seysmostoykost. St. Petersburg, 1998, 255 p.

Technique for changing oil main estimated costs
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Regina V. KLIMENKO is undergraduate student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas at the faculty of Design, Construction and Operation of Pipeline Systems of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines. E-mail: germes06@gmail.com
Vadim A. POLYAKOV was born 1959. He graduated from the Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1981. He is Deputy Head for Academic Work of the Department of Design and Operation of Oil and Gas Pipelines, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor. He is author of 72 scientific works. He has prepared 4 candidates of sciences. E-mail: vapolyakov@rambler.ru

Abstract: The article shows the possibility of designing the main oil pipeline i.e. determining the combination of numerical values of the key parameters, adjusting these to the desired commercial values (costs) of the project. The principle of solving the problem is the extended set and ranges of variations of parameters and arguments of the cost function.

Index UDK: 621/644

Keywords: design procedure, parameters, range of normalized parameters, commercial characteristics, cost function

Bibliography:
1. Antonova A.E., Polyakov V.A. O raschete stoimosti magistral’nykh nefteprovodov. NTS “Magistral’nye i promyslovye truboprovody: proektirovanie, stroitel’stvo, ekspluatatsiya, remont”, 2005, no. 4. M.: RGU nefti i gaza im. I.M. Gubkina, p. 13–17.
2.
Polyakov V.A. Osnovy tekhnicheskoi diagnostiki. Kurs lektsii: Ucheb. posobie. M.: INFRA-M, 2012, 118 p.
3. RD-23.040.00-KTN-110-07. Magistral’nye nefteprovody. Normy proektirovaniya. M: OAO “AK “Transneft’”, 2007