Статьи

Petroleum geology, geophysics

Environmental aspects of deep geothermal waters application at energy and biological complexes (on an example of explored geothermal fields of Dagestan)
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Tatiana V . SVETLICHNAYA graduated from Dagestan State University. She is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Geology, of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is author of scientific publications in the field of environmental and industrial safety. E-mail: tata_svet_gaz@mail.ru
Gasan B . BADAVOV graduated from Lenin Daghestan State University and postgraduate course of Pamfilov Academy of Public Services. He is member of the Committee of RUSISU (RosSNIO) on the problems of RES, senior researcher of the Institute of Geothermal Resources of the Dagestan Research Center of the Russain Academy of Sciences. He is author of more than 50 scientific publications in the sphere of RES. E-mail: lotos155@yandex.ru.
Adolph A. CHERNYAVSKIY graduated from Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute. He is winner of the Award of the RF Government in 2011 in the sphere of science and technology, Candidate of Sciences, chief specialist on economy and renewable energy of the Institute «Rostovteploelektroprojekt». He is author of more than 40 projects in the area of small power engineering and 70 scientific publications and inventions patented in USSR, Russia, USA, Great Britain. E-mail:mailto:MR.1936@BK.RU

Abstract: As a result of exploration work carried out on the territory of the plain and foothill Daghestan significant reserves of geothermal sources with temperature from 40 to 107 C have been identified suitable for use in various sectors of economy: from power generation, heating and hot water supply of buildings and constructions to breeding and cultivation of vegetables and microalgae

Index UDK: УДК 621.482.574.3

Keywords: geothermal water, project of energy and biological complex, business plan, ecoefficiency

Bibliography:
1. State balance of mineral reserves of the Russian Federation. Thermal water. M.: FGUNPP «Rosgeolfond», 2009, 68 p. (In Rus.).
2. Svetlichnaya T.V., Badavov G.B. Energy-saving and energy-efficient geothermal resources of the Republic of Daghestan. Upravlenije kachestvom v neftegasovom komplekse [Quality management in the oil and gas sector], 2010, t. 4, p. 9–15. (In Rus.).
3. Aliyev R.M., Israpilov M.I., Badavov G.B. Energy and biological complexes (EBK) of thermal and nuclear power plants and their assessment based on geothermal fields. Vestnik of Dagestan Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1999, no. 5, p. 32. (In Rus.).
4. Using geothermal water in the multipurpose complex energobiologicheskom. R.M. Aliyev (JSC «Geotermneftegaz»), G.B. Badawi (Institute of Geothermal Problems, Dagestan Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences), A.A. Chernyavskii (RoTEP). Materiali VIII Mizhnarodnoi konferentsii «VIDNOVLYUVANA STOLITTYA XXI Energy and Utilities». Ukraina, AR Krym, smt.Mikolaivka 17–21 Veresnya 2007 rock. Ed of «Viva-print» m Kiiv, 2007, p. 226–232, 1 yl (Eng.)
5. Aliev Rasul M., Israpilov Magomed I., Badavov Gasan B. Geothermal Resources of Republic Daghestan, Proceedings World Geothermal Congress, 2010, Bali, Indonesia, 25–29 April 2010, paper no. 2849.
6. Aliyev R.M., Badavov G.B., Chernyavskiy A.A. The possibility of renewable energy sources using in agriculture. Problemy razvitija APK v regione [Problems of development of AIC in the region]. Daghestan State Agricultural Academy. Makhachkala, 2010, no. 4, p. 81–88. (In Rus.).
7. Prospects for large-scale use of geothermal energy in the Republic of Dagestan. R.M. Aliyev, V.A. Vasiljev, M.I. Israpilov, G.B. Badavov. Izvestija RAN. Energetika, 2010, no. 5, p. 125–131. (In Rus.).
8. Zaychenko V.M., Chernyavskii A.A. Problems creating large wind power stations in the south of Russia. Energy, 2014, no. 3, p. 18–21.
9.
Antipov S.A., Bogoroditskaya N.V., Zinoviev O.A., Ermolenko G.V., Ryzhenkov M.A., Shevchuk A.A. Draft wind power station of 60 MW in Yeisk district of Krasnodar region. Energy, 2014, no. 3, p. 10–17.

Methodology of separate on-site geophysical monitoring of jointly operated oil reservoirs
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Sergey I. MELNIKOV was born in 1989. He is graduate student of the Department of Geophysical Information Systems of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. His interests of research include hydrodynamic and down hole well logging, information technology in the field of control of field development. He is author of 13 publications. E-mail: s_melnikov@bk.ru

Abstract: This article analyzes the information capacity of hydrodynamic and on-site monitoring of wells drilled for combined development of multi zone oil reservoirs. A numerical model was used to evaluate the reliability and limits of applicability of standard methods of determining separately the reservoir parameters (based on the measurement of zone rates of production). The approximate formulas for the calculation of the individual characteristics of zones based on a priori information about the relationship of skin factors or permeabilities are obtained. A new method for assessing skin factors for the conditions of tapping up at least one operating zone by hydraulic fracturing (HF) is proposed. The method is based on the analysis of the change rate history of the zones production rates immediately after turning the well into production. The proposed methods have been tested using the results of surveys of the pumping wells of «Gazprom Neft» JSC.

Index UDK: 552.52

Keywords: hydrodynamic monitoring, on-site geophysical monitoring, multi zone wells, individual characteristic of zone parametres

Bibliography:
1. Ipatov A.I., Nuriev M.F., Belous V.B. Informacionnaja sistema monitoringa razrabotki neftjanyh mestorozhdenij na baze stacionarnyh kontrol’no-izmeritel’nyh modulej. Neftjanoe hoziajstvo, 2009, no. 10, pp. 39-42.
2.
Baryshnikov A.V., Sidorenko V.V., Kremeneckij M.I. Rezul’tativnost’ dolgovremennogo monitoringa sovmestnoj razrabotki plastov sistemami odnovremenno-razdel’noj dobychi na Priobskom mestorozhdenii. Neftjanoe hoziajstvo, 2010, no. 6, pp. 30-33.
3.
Kremeneckij M.I., Ipatov A.I., Guljaev D.N. Informacionnoe obespechenie I tehnologii gidrodinamicheskogo modelirovanija neftjanyh I gazovyh zalezhej. Izhevsk: Institut komp’juternyh issledovanij, 2012, 896 p.

State of the art and prospects of seismic data acquisition of russian continental oil and gas complex.
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Alexander V. BELOUSOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2002. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Exploration Geophysics of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He specializes in planning of seismic surveys and quality control of materials. He is author of 15 scientific publications.E-mail: belousov.a@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The beginning of the XXI century is characterized by increasing complexity of the challenges facing the exploration stage of geological exploration operations, i.e. the reducing share of structural pools, thinning formations, increasing share of reservoirs with complex structure of pore space. Geophysical exploration methods are in the first place among the methods of prospecting and exploration. The article deals with the geography of exploration for oil and gas, reviews new methods and technologies of geophysical works focusing on the prospects of geophysical exploration, in particular, seismic surveys in various geological conditions.

Index UDK: 550.834.04

Keywords: oil and gas seismic surveys, geophysical surveys geography, geophysical surveys, seismic technique and technology

Bibliography:
1. Belousov A.V., Zakariev Yu.Sh., Musagaliev M.Z., Pleshkevich A.L., Tsypyshev N.N. Aktualnye voprosy optimizatsii geometrii 3D seysmicheskikh nablyudeniy. Geofizika, 2007, no. 3, p. 72–81.
2.
Blyumentsev A.M., Mel’chuk B.Yu. K voprosu o kachestve geofizicheskikh tekhnologiy. Pribory i sistemy razvedochnoy geofiziki, 2012, no. 39, p. 8–11.
3.
Gavrilov V.P. Neft’, gaz — vozobnovlyaemye resursy, 2007 [Elektronnyy resurs] 
http://www.gubkin.ru/faculty/geology_and_geophysics/chairs_and_departments/geology/VP_statya_ Neft%20gaz%20vozobnovlyaemy.pdf
4. Emkushev A.S., Slonov D.N., Krasnykh V.A., Kalinin A.Yu. Opyt rabot OAO “Orenburgskaya geofizicheskaya ekspeditsiya” s sistemoy beskabel’nogo sbora dannykh SCOUT v predgornykh rayonakh respubliki Kabardino-Balkariya. Pribory i sistemy razvedochnoy geofiziki, 2013, no. 43, p. 6–10.
5.
Zhukov A.P., Kolesov S.V., Shekhtman G.A., Shneerson M.B. Seysmorazvedka s vibratsionnymi istochnikami. Tver’, GERS, 2011.
6. Zakariev Yu.Sh., Marutyan V.G., Musagaliev M.Z., Pleshkevich A.L., Ryabov V.Yu, Ryaboshapko S.M., Tsypyshev N.N. Osnovnye faktory, vliyayushchie na kachestvo dannykh polevykh seysmicheskikh nablyudeniy, i sposoby ego otsenki. Geofizika, 2007, no. 3, p. 82–92.
7.
Kostitsyn V.I. Primenenie gravirazvedki pri poiskakh nefti i gaza v usloviyakh Kraynego Severa. Sovremennye naukoemkie tekhnologii, 2005, no. 1, p. 100–101.
8.
Kuznetsov V.M. Chto nuzhno ozhidat’ ot mnogovolnovoy seysmorazvedki. Pribory i sistemy razvedochnoy geofiziki, 2009, no. 30.
9. Kukolenko O.V., Seleznev V.A. K voprosu sovershenstvovaniya tekhnologiy seysmoraz- vedki pri izuchenii glubokozalegayushchikh slozhno postroennykh neftegazoperspektivnykh ob"ektov. Pribory i sistemy razvedochnoy geofiziki, 2011, no. 35, p. 41–45.
10.
Mikhaylov I.N., Ryabikov Yu.K. Gravirazvedka na neft’ i gaz, 2010 [Elektronnyy resurs] — http://neftekip.com.
11. Mikheev S.I., Postnova E.V. Tekhnologicheskie aspekty effektivnosti i uspeshnosti geologorazvedochnykh rabot na neft’ i gaz. Pribory i sistemy razvedochnoy geofiziki, 2010, no. 34, p. 5–8.
12.
Cherepovskiy A.V. Seysmorazvedka s odinochnymi priemnikami i istochnikami: obzor sovremennykh tekhnologiy i proektirovanie s"emok. M., EAGE, 2012.
13. Shneerson M.B., Zhukov A.P., Belousov A.V. Tekhnologiya i metodika prostranstvennoy seysmorazvedki. M., Spektr, 2009.

Refining fault-block model of devonian sediments by aggregating seismic data and detailed correlation of well logs (deposits of samara region).
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Igor S. GUTMAN was born in 1933. He graduated from the Moscow Mining Institute in 1956. He is Professor of the Department of Petroleum Production Geology (since 1994) at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Director of the Institute of Design and Scientific Expertise of Oil and Gas Fields Development. He is author and co-author of over 170 scientific publications, including seven books, 6 monographs, and 5 reference-books. Е-mail: mail@ipne.ru
Gregory N. POTEMKIN was born in 1989. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, he is Master of Engineering and Technology. Presently he is graduate student and junior lecturer of the Department of Petroleum Production Geology at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Е-mail: gpotemkin@list.ru
Sergey P. PAPUHIN graduated from the Vakhrushev Sverdlovsk Mining Institute in 1982. He is Head of the Department of Audit of Reserves and Exploration Works of “Samaraneftegaz”, PhD, author of 25 publications. Е-mail: PapukhinSP@samng.ru

Abstract: Examples of faults identified by detailed correlation of the wells logs in the Devonian clastic sediments of an oil field of the Samara region are considered. The algorithm for refining the fault model based on direct and indirect methods is shown. The proposed model is consistent with the field data, which gives grounds to review certain aspects of the development system.

Index UDK: 550.812.14

Keywords: faults, detailed correlation, fault-block model, seismic studies

Bibliography:
1. Voskresenskij Ju.N. Polevaja geofizika: uchebnik dlja vuzov. [Field geophysical exploration], Moscow, 2010, 479 p.
2. Mushin I.A., Korol’kov Yu.S., Chernov A.A. Vyyavlenie i kartirovanie diz"yunktivnykh dislokatsiy metodami razvedochnoy geofiziki. [Revelation and mapping of disjunctive dislocations by the methods of exploration geophysics], Moscow, 2001, 120 p.
3. Skripkin S.N. Automatic interpretation of structural and tectonic deformations on the basis of 3D seismic data. Trudy Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta nefti i gaza imeni I.M. Gub- kina [Proceedings of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas], Moscow, 2010, no. 1, pp. 18
-23.
4. Pedersen S.I, Randen T., Sonneland L. Automatic fault extraction using artificial ants. SEG Int’l Exposition and 72nd Annual Meeting, 2002.
5. Bochkarev A.V., Kalinina E.A., Bochkarev V.A. Fault-block system of Rakushechno-Shirotnaya lifting zone fields by seismic and log data. Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy. [Geology, geophysics and development of oil and gas fields], Moscow, 2013, no. 4, pp. 4
-15.
6. Ampilov Yu.P. Ot seysmicheskoy interpretatsii k modelirovaniyu i otsenke mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza. [From seismic interpretation to the modeling and estimation of oil and gas fields], Moscow, 2008, 384 p.
7. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii k korrelyatsii razrezov skvazhin. Under the editorship of prof. I.S. Gutman. [Methodic recommendations on the well-log correlation], Moscow, 2013, 112 p.
8. Gutman I.S., Potemkin G.N., Volk E.Yu., Papukhin S.P. Geological structure features of lower carbon faormations within the limits of Kama-Kinel depression system. Nedropol’zovanie XXI vek. [Subsurface resources management XXI century], Moscow, 2013, no. 5, 6.
9. Cosentino L. Intergrated reservoir studies. Paris, Editions TECHNIP, 2001. (Russ. ed. Kosentino L. Sistemnye podkhody k izucheniyu plastov, Moscow—Izhevsk, Institut komp’yuternykh issledovaniy, NITs “Regulyarnaya i khaoti-cheskaya dinamika”, 2007, 400 p.)
10. Gutman I.S., Rudnev S.A., Saakyan M.I., Danilenko A.N., Ursegov S.O., Prokusheva S.A. Parameters of Water Contents in High Viscous Oil of Permian Carbonate Reservoirs at Ussinskoye Field with the Features of its Geological Structure at the Basis of Well Cross section Detailed Correlation. Neft’. Gaz. Novatsii. [Oil. Gas. Innovations], Moscow, 2012, no. 3, pp. 30
-40.

Generation-Accumulation Models of Hydrocarbon Systems of Pre-Ural Foredeep of Belsky Depression.
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Alexander V. OSIPOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2010. He is Assistant Professor of the Department of Theoretical Bases of Oil and Gas Exploration at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 10 scientific publications. E-mail: alexander.v.osipov@gmail.com

Abstract: This article presents the results of numerical basin modeling of generation-accumulation of hydrocarbons of four oil and gas systems of the Pre-Ural Foredeep of Belsky Depression: Devonian-Frasnian, Frasnian-Tournaisian, Visean-Bashkirian and Lower Permian. The studed area is ranged in terms of oil and gas prospects for each oil and gas system.

Index UDK: 550.8; 004.9

Keywords: accumulation of hydrocarbons Bel'skaya Depression, generation, hydrocarbon generation-accumulation systems, critical moment, migration, source rock, Pre-Ural Foredeep, numerical basin modeling

Bibliography:
1. Vinogradov A.P. Atlas litologo-paleogeograficheskih kart SSSR [Atlas of the lithological-paleogeographic maps of the USSR]. Moscow: Vsesojuznyj Ajerogeologicheskij Trest Ministerstva Geologii SSSR, 1969.
2. Vinogradov A.P. Atlas litologo-paleogeograficheskih kart Russkoj platformy i ee geosinklinal’nogo obramlenija [Atlas of the lithological-paleogeographic maps of Russian platform and its framing of geosynclinals]. Moscow-Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoe nauchno-tehnicheskoe izdatel’stvo literatury po geologii i ohrane nedr, 1961.
3. Geologicheskoe stroenie i neftegazonosnost’ Orenburgskoj oblasti [Geological structure and petroleum potential of the Orenburg region]. Orenburg: Orenburgskoe knizhnoe izdatel’stvo, 1997, 272 p.
4. Golovanova I.V. Teplovoe pole juzhnogo Urala [Thermal field of the southern Urals]: Doct. Diss. Ufa, 2003, 228 p.
5. Golovanova I.V., Sal’manova R.Ju. Analiz dannyh po teplovomu potoku Urala [Data analysis of heat flow of the Urals]. Geologicheskij sbornik — Geological digest. Ufa, Institut geologii Ufimskogo nauchnogo centra RAN, 2008, no. 7, pp. 233
-239.
6. Kerimov V.Ju., Hantschel T., Sokolov K., Sidorova M.S. Primenenie tehnologii bassejnovogo modelirovanie — programmnogo paketa PetroMod v uchebnom processe i nauchnyh issledovanijah [Employment of the basin modeling technologies 
program package PetroMod software into the educational processes of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas]. Neft’, gaz i biznes — Oil, gas and business. Moscow, 2011, no. 4, pp. 38-47.
7. Osipov A.V. Geohimicheskie predposylki neftegazonosnosti Bel’skoj vpadiny i prilegajushhih territorij [Geochemical conditions of oil-gas-bearing capacity of Bel’skaya depression and surrounding areas]. Neft’, gaz i biznes — Oil, gas and business. — Moscow, 2012, no. 11, pp. 44
-49.
8. Sal’nikov V.E. Geotermicheskij rezhim juzhnogo Urala [Geothermal regime of the southern Urals]. Moscow: Nauka, 1984, 88 p.
9. Magoon L.B. and Dow W.G. The petroleum system, in: The petroleum system — from source to trap. AAPG Memoir, 1994, vol. 60, p
р. 93-120.

Structure of carbonate mounds of barrier reefs and overlying terrigenous deposits of Pamyatno-Sasovskoye field in Volgograd Volga Region on the basis of detailed correlation of well sections and seismic studies
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Igor S. GUTMAN was born in 1933. He graduated from the Moscow Mining Institute. He is Professor, Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Director of the Institute of Design and Scientific Expertise (IPNE), Director of the Center for Computer Modeling of Hydrocarbon Deposits, Honored Geologist of the Russian Federation (2004), Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (2000), higher category expert of the State Reserves Committee (Rosnedra). For many years he was a member of the oil section of the Central Development Committee (CDC), chairman of the NTO NGP of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (since 2000), author and co-author of over 150 scientific publications, including seven books, 6 monographs, 5 reference books. Е-mail: mail@ipne.ru
Valery V. STAROSVETSKY was born in 1988. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011 specializing in oil and gas geology and hydrogeology of hydrocarbon deposits. He is Master of Engineering and Technology and graduate student of the Department of Production Geology of Oil and Gas of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Е-mail: v.starosvetskov@yandex.ru
Alexey V. TARASOV is Deputy Director General in the geology and development of CCI “Volgogradneftegaz”. E-mail: trudyrgung@gubkin.ru
Sergei I. CHIZHOV was born in 1940, he graduated from the Geological Department of the Grozny Oil Institute. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Honorary Worker of the Fuel and Energy Complex of Russia (2000), winner of the Gubkin Prize (2006), Head of the Department of Geology and Development, Chief Geologist, LLC “LUKOIL-Nizhnevolzhsk” (1999–2005). E-mail: trudyrgung@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The paper establishes features of the geological structure on the basis of seismic surveys in complex with the results of detailed correlation of the excavated part of the barrier reef carbonate sediments and overlying terrigenous deposits. The traceability of rocks packs in the inter-well space of the barrier reef is determined. The overlying formations are shown to link up with the slopes of the carbonate rock. The presence of tectonic disturbances in the body of the reef is suggested.

Index UDK: 550.812.14

Keywords: seismic studies, correlation, reef mass, terrigenous deposits

Bibliography:
1. Stratigraficheskij kodeks Rossii. 3d ed. Petersburg, 2006. 96 s.
2. Pustovalov L.V. Petrografija osadochnyh porod. — [Petrography of sediments]. — Moscow-Leningrad, 1940, Т. 1, 476 р. T. 2. 420 р.
3. Leeder M.L. Sedimentology. Process and Product. London, 1982 [Rus. ed.: Lider M.R. Sedimentologija. Processy i produkty, M.: Mir, 1986, 439 р.]
4. Friedman G.V., Sanders J.E. Principles of Sedimentology. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1978, 792 p.
5. Tolkovyj slovar’ anglijskih geologicheskih terminov. M.: Mir, 1979. T. 1, 543 p. T. 2, 586 р. T. 3, 586 р.
6. Tolkovyj slovar’ anglijskih geologicheskih terminov. M.: Geokart, 2002. T. 1, 546 s. T. 2, 644 р.
7. Krasheninnikov G.F. Litologija. Bol’shaja Sovetskaja Jenciklopedija, 1973. T. 14, рр. 560–561.
8.
Frolov V.T. Litologija. — M.: MGU. Kn. 1, 1992, 336 p. Kn. 2, 1993, 432 p. Kn. 3, 1995, 352 p.
9. Japaskurt O.V. Litologija. M.: Akademija, 2008, 336 p.
10. Sedimentology, 2000. V. 47, Supplement 1, P. 1, 256 р.
11. Selley R. Introduction to Sedimentology. New York: Academic Press, 1976, 408 р. [Rus. ed.: Selli R.K. Vvedenie v sedimentologiju. M.: Nedra, 1981, 370 р.].
12. Selley R. Applied Sedimentology. Academic Press, 2000, 523 p.
13. Tucker M.E., Wright V.P. Carbonate sedimentology. Oxford: Blackwell Sc. Publ., 1990, 482 p.
14. Tihomirov S.V. Litologija i ee sootnoshenie s drugimi naukami. Izvestija vuzov. Geologija i razvedka, 1977. No. 5, рр. 20–40.
15.
Kazanskij Ju.I. Sedimentologija. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1976, 273 р.
16. Romanovskij S.I. Sedimentologicheskie osnovy litologii. L.: Nedra, 1977, 408 р.
17. Ronov A.B. Stratisfera, ili osadochnaja obolochka Zemli (kolichestvennoe issledovanie). M.: Nauka, 1993. 144 р.
18. Janshin A.L. Jevoljucija geologicheskih processov v istorii Zemli. Leningrad: Nauka, 1988, 39 р.
19. Alekseev V.P. Litologija. Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo UGGU, 2004, 253 р.
20. Walther J. Einleitung in die Geologie als historische Wissenschaft. Iena: Gustav Fischer, 1893–1894, 1055 p.

Lithology vs sedimentology: causes of mismatch of terms in Russian and English literature
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Vitaly G. KUZNETSOV graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1959, he is Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Lithology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He specializes in lithology and geology of oil and gas. He is author of over 470 scientific publications, including 25 monographs, textbooks and teaching aids. E-mail: vgkuz@yandex.ru

Abstract: The correlation of the concept of «lithology» in domestic geology and that of «sedimentology» in Western literature is considered. It is shown that in spite of the partial differences, these terms define the science of sedimentary rocks, with the single object of study, research methods, the same type of disciplines. Existing differences of different authors are not fundamental. The reasons for the occurrence of different terms are discussed.

Index UDK: 551.3.051

Keywords: sedimentary rocks, lithology, sedimentology, etimology of the terms

Bibliography:
1. Stratigraficheskij kodeks Rossii. 3d ed. Petersburg, 2006. 96 s.
2. Pustovalov L.V. Petrografija osadochnyh porod. — [Petrography of sediments]. — Moscow-Leningrad, 1940, Т. 1, 476 р. T. 2. 420 р.
3. Leeder M.L. Sedimentology. Process and Product. London, 1982 [Rus. ed.: Lider M.R. Sedimentologija. Processy i produkty, M.: Mir, 1986, 439 р.]
4. Friedman G.V., Sanders J.E. Principles of Sedimentology. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1978, 792 p.
5. Tolkovyj slovar’ anglijskih geologicheskih terminov. M.: Mir, 1979. T. 1, 543 p. T. 2, 586 р. T. 3, 586 р.
6. Tolkovyj slovar’ anglijskih geologicheskih terminov. M.: Geokart, 2002. T. 1, 546 s. T. 2, 644 р.
7. Krasheninnikov G.F. Litologija. Bol’shaja Sovetskaja Jenciklopedija, 1973. T. 14, рр. 560–561.
8.
Frolov V.T. Litologija. — M.: MGU. Kn. 1, 1992, 336 p. Kn. 2, 1993, 432 p. Kn. 3, 1995, 352 p.
9. Japaskurt O.V. Litologija. M.: Akademija, 2008, 336 p.
10. Sedimentology, 2000. V. 47, Supplement 1, P. 1, 256 р.
11. Selley R. Introduction to Sedimentology. New York: Academic Press, 1976, 408 р. [Rus. ed.: Selli R.K. Vvedenie v sedimentologiju. M.: Nedra, 1981, 370 р.].
12. Selley R. Applied Sedimentology. Academic Press, 2000, 523 p.
13. Tucker M.E., Wright V.P. Carbonate sedimentology. Oxford: Blackwell Sc. Publ., 1990, 482 p.
14. Tihomirov S.V. Litologija i ee sootnoshenie s drugimi naukami. Izvestija vuzov. Geologija i razvedka, 1977. No. 5, рр. 20–40.
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Kazanskij Ju.I. Sedimentologija. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1976, 273 р.
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17. Ronov A.B. Stratisfera, ili osadochnaja obolochka Zemli (kolichestvennoe issledovanie). M.: Nauka, 1993. 144 р.
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Cyclic recurrence and development of reservoir rocks in lower devonian sediments of Khoreyverska Varandej-Adzviny petroleum regions
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Olga V. SIVALNEVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. She is postgraduate student of the Department of Lithology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, specializing in the geology and lithology of oil and gas fields. E-mail: ejikow@gmail.com
Aleksandr B. RAPOPORT is a student of the Master’s Program of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: a.rapoport@me.com

Abstract: The Lower Devonian sediments in Khoreyversk and Varandej-Adzvin petroleum regions are compared. The summary of previous research and analysis of information obtained during drilling in recent years allowed to identify cyclites in well logs. The logs are grouped into three main types, depending on the number of identified cyclites. The types of reservoir rocks and their distribution in the logs are determined. The forecast of reservoir rocks distribution in the Lower Devonian sediments of these areas is given

Index UDK: 551.7.022

Keywords: Lower Devonian sediments, lithological and facies zonation cyclites, types of sections, bioherm rocks, dolomitization

Bibliography:
1. Antoshkina A.I. Rify v paleozoe Pechorskogo Urala. St-Pb.: Nauka, 1994, 154 р.
2. Bagrintseva K.I., Dmitrievski A.N., Bochko R.A. Atlas karbonatnyh kollektorov mestorozhdenij nefti i gaza Vostochno-Evropejskoj i Sibirskoj platform. M.: Nauka, 2003, 264 р.
3. Bagrintseva K.I. Uslovija formirovanija i svojstva karbonatnyh kollektorov nefti i gaza. M.: RGGU, 1999, 285 р.
4. Zemchugova V.A. Zhemchugova V.A. Prirodnye rezervuary v karbonatnyh formacijah Pechorskogo neftegazonosnogo bassejna. M., 2002, 243 р.
5. Kuznetsov V.G. Prirodnye rezervuary nefti i gaza karbonatnyh otlozhenij. M.: Nedra, 1992, 240 р.
6. Malishev N.A. Tektonika, jevoljucija i neftegazonosnost’ osadochnyh bassejnov evropejskogo severa Rossii. Ekaterinburg, 2002, 268 р.
7. Menner V.Vl. Litologicheskie kriterii neftegazonosnosti paleozojskiz tolshh severo-vostoka Russkoj platform. M.: Nauka, 1989, 133 р.
8. Postsedimentacionnye izmenenija karbonatnyh porod i ih znachenie dlja istoriko-geologicheskih rekonstrukcij. Pod. red. V.G. Kuznecova. M.: Nauka, 1980, 96 р.
9. Neftegazonosnost’ Severo-Zapadnogo i Vostochnyh regionov Rossii. M. Prishchepa i dr. St-Pb.: Nedra, 2009, 271 р.
10. Taninskaya N.V. Model’ sedimentacii sredneordoviksko-nizhnedevonskih otlozhenij Pechoro-Barencevomorskogo bassejna i prognoz kollektorov: Diss. d. g-m. Nauk. St-Pb, 2001, 260 р.
11. Taninskaya N.V. Sedimentologicheskie kriterii prognoza kollektorov v sredneordoviksko-nizhnedevonskih otlozhenijah Timano-Pechorskoj provincii. Neftegazovaja geologija. Teorija i praktika, 2010. V. 5. Nо 4. http://www.ngtp.ru/rub/2/52_2010.pdf

Modeling Anomalous Sections in the Upper Jurassic and Achimov Complex Rock Structures of North Konitlorsk Deposit on the Basis of Detailed Correlation of Well Sections and Seismic Measurements
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Igor S. GUTMAN graduated from the Moscow Mining Institute in 1956. He has been working as professor of the Department of Production Geology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas since 1994, he is also Director of the Institute of Engineering and Scientific Expertise in the Field of Oil and Gas Fields Development (affiliated to the department since 1997) and Center for Computer Modeling of Hydrocarbons (since 2002). He is author of six books and more than 150 scientific papers. E-mail: mail@ipne.ru
Oleg I. KATAYEV graduated from the Faculty of Geology of Gomel State University in 1978. He is Deputy Director for R&D in the field of Geology and Geophysics at OOO “LUKOIL-Engineering”. He is a author of more than 50 research papers in the field of geology and exploration of oil and gas fields. He is author more than 30 scientific papers. E-mail: oleg.kataev@lukoil.com
Alexander O. KATAYEV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2010. He is Ph.D. student of the Department of Production Geology of Oil and Gas, engineer of the Institute of Design and Scientific Expertise of Oil and Gas Fields (affiliated to the department). E-mail: alexandrkataev@gmail.com

Abstract: Analyzing the petroleum geology of the Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous deposits the authors recommend and provide instructional techniques of detailed correlation of the complex elements of the structure such as clinoforms and abnormal sections of the Bazhenov Formation.

Index UDK: 553.982

Keywords: geology, detailed correlation, clinoforms, anomalous sections of the Bazhenov Formation, Western Siberia

Bibliography:
1. Bordyug M.A. and other. Features of the structure and the formation of abnormal cut Bazhenov on the example of the North-Konitlorskogo deposit//Oil and gas geology.  2010.  No. 1.  S. 3240.
2. Gutman I.S. Well log correlation of complex oil and gas objects based on innovative technologies//RSU of Oil and Gas named after IM Gubkin, 2011.

Study of clay cap seal in the process of oil and gas field development
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Valery M. DOBRYNIN is Professor of the Department of Well Logging of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences. His fields of study are: stud patterns of deformation of oil and gas reservoirs in in-place conditions and changes in their physical properties. He has authored or co-authored over 100 scientific papers and 7 inventions. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Andrey V. GORODNOV is Associate Professor of the Department of Well Logging of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. In 1978 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. Among his scientific interests is interpretive modeling of well logging. He has more than 60 published works. E-mail: gorodnov@getek.ru
Valeriy N. CHERNOGLAZOV is Associate Professor of the Department of Well Logging of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, he is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences. In 1975 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. His scientific interests include petrophysical modeling of geological processes. He has published more than 70 papers. E-mail: cher@gubkin.ru
Olga P. DAVYDOVA is postgraduate student of the Department of Well Logging of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is holder of the RF Presidential Scholarship and Scholarship of the SPE. She is also winner of the national and international science competitions. She has published more than 20 works. E-mail: davidova_o_p@mail.ru
Alexey V. MITIN is Associate Professor of the Department of Exploration Geophysics of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. In 2008, he graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. His research includes acoustic and seismic methods well investigation, WWW modeling, building 3D rock model from log data. He has published more than 15 scientific works. E-mail: alex@mitin.info

Abstract: According to the results of repeated studies by neutron methods the seal effect of the clay cap overlying the deposits developed in the depletion mode under reduced reservoir pressure was identified. A mathematical model of water filtration and clay sealing that calculates the change in pore pressure in the cap and reduction of clay porosity was developed. The amount of water forced out of the clay cap into the formation for a single production well operating under a long-time drawdown is evaluated.

Index UDK: 552.52:/622.276+622.279/.1/4

Keywords: deformations, development, clay, seal

Bibliography:
1. Facial'nye tipy glinistyh porod (i ih pervichnye litologicheskie osobennosti)/ M.F. Vikulova, Ju.K. Burkov, A.V. Makedonov i dr.  L: Nedra, 1973.
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