Articles Archive

№ 2/283, 2016

Title
Authors
Category

Authors: Vagif U. KERIMOV was born in 1949, graduated from Azerbaijan Institute of Oil and Chemistry (Baku). Doctor of geological and mineralogical sciences, professor, head of the Dept. of Theory of Oil and Gas Exploration and Prospecting of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He has published over 150 works. E-mail: vagif.kerimov@mail.ru
Vladislav N. KHOSHTARIA is Head of the Department for Offshore Geological Exploration (OOO „Gazpromgeologorazvedka”), Candidate of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences. E-mail: v.khoshtariya@grr.gazprom.ru
Aleksandr V. BONDAREV is Associate Professor at the Department of Prospecting and Exploration of Oil and Gas of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas, Candidate of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences.
E-mail: jcomtess@yandex.ru
Egor A. SIZIKOV — Research Assistant of the Department of Prospecting and Exploration of Oil and Gas of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He has published over 3 works. Е-mail: sizikovea@gmail.com

Abstract: The article describes the results of modeling of the North Sakhalin Basin of hydrocarbon generation in different tectonic elements and stratigraphic complexes.

Index UDK: 550.8

Keywords: North-Sakhalin basin, Okhotsk Sea, basin modeling, HC generation zone.

Bibliography:
1. Kerimov V.Y., Lavrenova E.A., Sinyavskaya O.S., Sizikov E.A. Estimation of hydrocarbon potential of generative-accumulative hydrocarbon system of the sea of Okhotsk. Proceedings of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2015, no. 3/280, p. 18-29.
2. Kerimov V.Y., Sinyavskaya O.S., Sizikov E.A., Makarova A.Y. The conditions of the formation and the searching of hydrocarbon deposits in the turbidite reservoirson the Okhotsk offshore. Oil, gas and business, 2015, no. 2, p. 32-37.
3. Kerimov V.Y., Bondarev A.V., Sinyavskaya O.S., Sizikov E.A., Makarova A.Y. The conditions of formation and evolution of hydrocarbon systems in Sakhalin Shelf, the Sea of Okhotsk. Neftyanoe khozyaystvo [Oil Industry], 2015, no. 8, p. 22-27.
4. Kerimov V.Y. i dr. Sedimentologo-facial’noe modelirovanie pri poiskah, razvedke i dobyche skoplenij uglevodorodov. M-vo obrazovaniya i nauki Rossijskoj Federacii, Rossijskij gos. unstityt nefti i gaza im. I. M. Gubkina, Moskva, 2010.
5. Guliyev I.S., Kerimov V.Y., Osipov A.V. Hydrocarbon potential of great depths. Oil, gas and business, 2011, no. 5, p. 9-16.
6. Kerimov V.Y., Mustaev R.N., Serikova U.S. Proektirovanie poiskovo-razvedochnyh rabot na neft’ i gaz. Uchebnoe posobie, 2015, Izdatel’stvo INFRA-M, Moskva.
7. Kerimov V.Y., Mustaev R.N., Senin B.V., Lavrenova E.A. Basin modeling tasks at dif- ferent stages of geological exploration. Neftyanoe khozyaystvo [Oil Industry], 2015, no. 4, p. 26-29.
8. Kerimov V.Y., Tomas Hantshel, Sokolov K., Sidorova M.S. Primenenie tekhnologii bassejnovogo modelirovaniya — programmnogo paketa Petromod v uchebnom processe RGU nefti i gaza im. I.M. Gubkina. Neft’, gaz i biznes, 2011, no. 4, p. 38-47.

Aspects of Geology and Oil and Gas Potential of Song Hong Trough (the Northern shelf of Vietnam)
Geosciences

Authors: Elena A. LEONOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1996, she is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, assistant professor of the Department of Geology of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She specializes in the field of geology and lithology of oil and gas fields. She is author of more than 30 scientific publications. E-mail: leonovae@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The article is devoted to the geology and oil and gas presence within Song Hong trough (the Northern shelf of Vietnam). The available geological and geophysical data allow to estimate oil and gas potential of the region highly enough. The article proves the important role of the tectonic factor in the formation of the reservoir space and traps and provides recommendations on priority objects for exploration

Index UDK: 551.35553.98

Keywords: Oil and gas potential, shelf of Vietnam, geology, tectonics

Bibliography:
1. Gavrilov V.P., Leonova E.A. Tektonicheskoe stroenie i osobennosti neftegazonosnosti Shonghongskogo progiba (severnyj shel’f V’etnama). Geologija, geofizika i razrabotka neftjanyh i gazovyh mestorozhdenij, 2015, no. 10, p. 10-17.
2. Gavrilov V.P., Leonova E.A., Polovinkin O.M., Mihajlenko S.P., Tumanov S.V. Problema zarazhenija uglekislym gazom mestorozhdenij uglevodorodov bassejna Shonghong (severnyj shel’f V’etnama). Gazovaja promyshlennost’, 2015, no. 2 (718), p. 40-43.
3. Gavrilov V.P., Leonova E.A. Generacionno-akkumuljacionnyj uglevodorodnyj potencial Shonghongskogo progiba (severnyj shel’f V’etnama). Geologija nefti i gaza, 2015, no. 4, p. 34-44.
4. Gavrilov V.P., Leonova E.A., Rybal’chenko V.V. Grjazevoj vulkanizm i neftegazonosnost’ Shonghongskogo progiba (severnyj shel’f V’etnama). Trudy Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta nefti i gaza imeni I.M.Gubkina, 2011, no. 4/265, p. 28-37.

Metal Content in High-Molecular-Weight Components of Early Oil (object of study - Orenburg Oil-Gas-Condensate Field)
Geosciences

Authors: Nataliya A. SKIBITSKAYA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1960. She is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Head of Laboratory at Oil And Gas Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. She is specialist in petrophysics, geochemistry and formation physics. She is author of over 100 scientific publications and five patents. E-mail: skibitchka@mail.ru
Oleg K. NAVROTSKY graduated from Saratov State University in 1960. He is Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, leading research fellow at Nizhnevolzhsky Institute of Geology and Geophisics. He is specialist in organic matter geochemistry and author of over 120 scientific publications. E-mail: oknavr01@gmail.com
Irina O. BURKHANOVA graduated from Master Course at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas at the Department of Geophysical Information Systems in 2009. She is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, senior research fellow at Oil And Gas Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. Her scientific interests are comprehensive well logging data interpretation for complex carbonate reservoirs involving lithological, petrographical, petrophysical and geochemical information. She is author of 30 scientific publications. E-mail: burhanova_irina@mail.ru
Mikhail N. BOLSHAKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas specializing in Information and Measurement Tools and Technologies in 2002. He is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, senior research fellow at Oil And Gas Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. His scientific interests are 3D geological and geophysical simulation, unconventional hydrocarbon reserves evaluation. He is author of 30 scientific publications and a patent.
E-mail: rgu2006@mail.ru
Leonid A. ZEKEL graduated from M. V. Lomonosov Moscow Institute of Fine Chemical Technology. He is Candidate of Chemical Sciences, leading research fellow at A.V. Topchiev Inst are in the sphere of chemistry and chemical technology of high-molecular oil components and heterogeneous catalysis. He has published over 150 publications. E-mail: zekel@bk.ru

Abstract: Distribution of microelement in certain high-molecular components of early oil of Orenburg Oil-Gas-Condensate Field, namely in asphaltenes, tars and waxes is shown. The studied high-molecular-weight components (HMWC) contain high concentration of rare and rare-earth, nonferrous and precious metals. The current and emerging engineering methods allow to produce and converse HMWC. It means, that HMWC of source rocks is a new valuable source of raw materials for petroleum refining. It could provide high profitability for immature tight oil production and refining projects for gas-condensate, oil-gas-condensate and oil fields

Index UDK: 550.4:553.982

Keywords: Early stages of oil generation, tight oil, high-molecular-weight components, asphaltenes, tars, waxes, Orenburg Oil-Gas-Condensate Field, metal content

Bibliography:
1. Banerjee D.K. Oil Sands, Heavy Oil & Bitumen — From Recovery to Refinery. Penn Well, XVII, 2012, р. 185.
2. Gribkov V.V. Zakonomernosti razmeshcheniya, formirovanie, poiski, razvedka i osvoenie promyshlenno vanadienosnykh neftey. Dokt, Diss. [Distribution, formation, prospecting, exploration and development of commercial vanadium-rich oil deposits. Doct. Diss.]. Leningrad, 1989, 57 p.
3. Nukenov D.N., Punanova S.A., Agafonova Z.G. Metally v neftyakh, ikh kontsentratsiya i metody izvlecheniya [Metals in crude oils, their concentration and extraction methods]. Moscow, 2001, 77 p.
4. Sukhanov A.A., Yakutseni V.P., Petrova Yu.E. Otsenka perspektiv promyshlennogo osvoeniya metallonosnogo potentsiala neftey i vozmozhnye puti ego osushchestvleniya [Metalliferous potential of oils — assessment of development prospects and possible ways of implementation]. Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika, 2012, vol. 7, no. 4. Available at: http://www.ngtp.ru/rub/9/56_2012.pdf.
5. Dmitrievskiy A.N., Skibitskaya N.A., Yakovleva O.P., Kuz’min V.A., Zekel’ L.A., Priby- lov A.A. Uvelichenie resursnogo potentsiala gazokondensatnykh mestorozhdeniy za schet vysokomolekulyarnogo syr’ya („matrichnoy nefti”) [Increase of resource potential of gas-condensate fields by high molecular raw material („matrix oil”)]. Trudy konferentsii „Fundamental’nye problemy geologii i geokhimii nefti i gaza i razvitiya neftegazovogo kompleksa Rossii” [Proc. of the conference „The fundamental problems of geology and geochemistry of oil and gas and development of oil and gas complex of Russia”]. Moscow, Publishing center „GEOS”, 2007, p. 360-377.
6. Skibitskaya N.A., Yakovleva O.P., Grigor’ev G.A., Domanova E.G., Ingerova T.V., Kuz’min V.A. Novye predstavleniya o porodoobrazuyushchem karbonatnom veshchestve zalezhey uglevodorodov [New ideas about the rockforming carbonate substance of hydrocarbon deposits]. Geologiya nefti i gaza, 1997, no. 12, p. 20–25.
7.
Dmitrievskii A.N., Skibitskaya N.A., Domanova E.G., Pugoa T.A., Zekel L.A., Krasnobae- va N.V., Navrotskii O.K. Composition of insoluble kerogen-like organic polymer in the carbonate rocks of Orenburg gas-condensate deposit. Solid Fuel Chemistry, 2011, vol. 45, no. 3, p. 61-70.
8. Van Krevelen D.W., Schuyer J. Coal science. Elsevier publishing company. (Russ. ed.: V.I. Kasatoshkina. Nauka ob ugle. Moscow, Gostoptekhizdat, 1960, 303 p.)
9. Voytkevich G.V., Kokin A.V., Miroshnikov A.E., Prokhorov V.G. Spravochnik po geokhimii [Handbook of Geochemistry]. Moscow, Nedra Press, 1990, 480 p.

Specific features and criteria of using rock physics to model effective thermal conductivity of carbonate and terrigenous rocks
Geosciences

Authors: Tagir R. YALAEV is 3rd year PhD student of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. He is specialist in the field of applied physics and mathematics. E-mail: tagirjala@mail.ru
Irina O. BAYUK graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute in 1981. She is Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, leading research fellow of The Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences. She is specialist in the field of mathematical modelling, petrophysics, seismic and geophysics. She is author of more than 70 scientific publications.
E-mail: ibayuk@yandex.ru

Abstract: Effective medium theory (EMT) in the general singular approach was used to develop a mathematical model of effective thermal conductivity of carbonate rock mostly consisting of limestone. The model was created with the use of thermal conductivity of a sample successively saturated with two fluids with contrasting thermal conductivity. The developed model was tested on experimental data of thermal conductivity of fluid-saturated samples. Air, brine and oil were used as saturating fluids. Experimental data and theoretical prediction of thermal conductivity were compared for different fluid saturations to test the applicability of the model for each sample. For instance, thermal conductivity of oil saturated sample was predicted from the data of thermal conductivity of dry and water-saturated samples. It is shown that the developed EMT-based model could be used to solve the fluid-saturation problem. A comparison with other collections of different rock types was performed. A new criterion of choosing the EMT-model was suggested

Index UDK: 550.8

Keywords: effective medium theory, rock physics, thermal conductivity, fluid saturation, carbonate rock, terrigenous rock

Bibliography:
1. Bayuk I.O., Postnikova O.V., Ryzhkov V.I., Ivanov I.S. Matematicheskoye modelirovaniye anizotropnikh effektivnikh uprugikh svoistv karbonatnikh kollektorov slozhnogo stroeniya [Mathematical modelling of effective elastic properties of anisotropic carbonate rocks with complex structure]. Tekhnologii seismorazvedki [Seismic Technologies], 2012, no. 3, p. 42–55 (in Russian).
2. Bayuk I., Chesnokov E., Ammerman M. Why anisotropy is important for location of microearthquake events in shale? Expanded Abstracts of SEG 79th Annual, 2009, p. 1632–1635.
3.
Bayuk I., Popov Yu., Parshin A. A new powerful tool for interpreting and predicting in reservoir geophysics: theoretical modeling as applied to laboratory measurements of thermal properties. Proceedings of the International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts (Austin, Texas, USA, September 18–21, 2011), Dublin: SCA, Paper SCA2011-39. P. 1/1—1/12.
4. Popov Yu.A. Teoreticheskiye modeli dlya opredeleniya teplovich svoistv gornikh porod na osnove podvizhnikh istochnikov teplovoy energii [Theoretical models for determination of thermal properties based on mobile heat sources]. Izvestiya vuzov. Geologiya I razvedka, 1983, no. 9, p. 97–103 (in Russian).
5. Yalaev T.R., Bayuk I.O., Gorobtsov D.N., Popov E.Yu. Experimantal’niy analiz primenimosti sovremennikh podhodov k teoreticheskomu modelirovaniyu teploprovodnosti osadochnikh porod [Experimental analysis of applicability of modern techniques for theoretical modelling of thermal conductivity of rocks]. Izvestiya vuzov. Geologiya I razvedka, 2013, no. 2, p. 63–68 (in Russian).
6. Yalaev T.R. Razrabotka teoreticheskikh podhodov k otsenke teploprovodnosti fluidona-sischennikh gornikh porod s uchetom ikh microstructuri [Development of theoretical approaches to the evaluation of the thermal conductivity of fluid-saturated rocks based on their microstructure]. MSc’s thesis, Moscow, 2013, MIPT, p. 45-51 (in Russian).

Interpretation of core permeability measurements with and without regard for lateral anisotropy of filtration properties
Geosciences

Authors: Nikolai M. DMITRIEV (b. 1948) is Doctor of Technical Sciences, professor of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. The sphere of his academic interests is mechanics of anisotropic porous media. He has published over 240 works including 10 teaching aids.
E-mail: nmdrgu@gmail.com
Mikhail N. DMITRIEV (b. 1980) is Candidate of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Petroleum and Reservoir Hydromechanics of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of 40 scientific papers. E-mail: nmdrgu@gmail.com
Anna N. VESVALO is a postgraduate student of the Department of Petroleum and Reservoir Hydromechanics of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. The focus of her academic interests is mechanics of anisotropic porous media. E-mail: abegeil@yandex.ru

Abstract: It is demonstrated that neglecting permeability anisotropy in lateral plane may lead to misinterpretation of the data of laboratory studies. It is necessary from the start to take into account the possible anisotropy of formation and to make measurements after additional researches that can be used to determine the presence of anisotropy and principal directions of the tensor of permeability coefficients. Further, it is necessary to make measurements along the principal directions

Index UDK: 532.546

Keywords: permeability, anisotropy of reservoir properties, evaluation of measurement uncertainty, directional permeability

Bibliography:
1. Kadet V.V., Dmitriev N.M., Semenov A.A., Dmitriev М.N. Complex laboratory investigation of fluid flow properties for anisotropic porous media. 14 European symposium on improved oil recovery. Cairo, 2007. B.09.
2. Kadet V.V., Dmitriev N.М., Kuzmichev A.N. Determination of Lateral Anisotropy of Rocks in Core EAGE 5th conference and exhibition. Saint Petersburg, 2012, p. 13.
3. Basniev K.S, Dmitriev N.M., Rozenberg G.D. Neftegazovaya gidromekhanika. [Oil and gas hydromechanics]. Moskva-Izhevsk: Institute of computer surveys, 2005, 544 p.
4. Dmitriev N.M., Dmitriev M.N., Muradov A.A. Modeli anizotropnykh sred. Osnovnye ponyatiya i opredeleniya [Models of anisotropic media. Key definitions]. Moscow: Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2009, 134 p.
5. Dmitriev N.M., Dmitriev M.N., Muradov A.A. The equations of unsteady flows based two-term law of filtration in isotropic porous medium. Trudy RGU nefti i gaza imеni I.M. Gubkina [Proceedings of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas], 2011, no. 3, p. 102-111 (in Russian).
6. Dmitriev N.M., Nuriev A.M. Representation of permeability coefficients tensor for anisotropic fractured reservoirs. Trudy RGU nefti i gaza imеni I.M. Gubkina [Proceedings of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas], 2015, no. 3, p. 31-38 (in Russian).

Feasibility of new technologies for development of the Azov Sea fields
Geosciences

Authors: Nikolai A. EREMIN graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1978. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Full Professor, Head of the Analytical Center of the Scientific and Technical Forecasting in Oil and Gas Industry of OGRI RAS. He is specialist in the area of the digitalization and intellectualization of hydrocarbon fields. He is author of 156 scientific publications. E-mail: ermn@mail.ru
Olga N. SARDANASHVILY graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1976. She is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Research Fellow of the Analytical Center of the Scientific and Technical Forecasting in Oil and Gas Industry of OGRI RAS. She is specialist in the use of physical and chemical methods for enhanced oil recovery. She is author of more than 40 scientific publications. E-mail:o.sardan@mail.ru
Julia G. BOGATKINA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1990. She is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Leading Research Fellow of the Analytical Center of the Scientific and Technical Forecasting in Oil and Gas Industry of OGRI RAS. She is specialist in evaluation of technical and economic efficiency of hydrocarbon fields development. She is author of more than 50 scientific publications. E-mail: ubgt@mail.ru
Paul G. TERESHCHENKO graduated from Ukrainian Correspondence Polytechnic Institute in 1967. He is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Research Fellow of the Analytical Center of the Scientific and Technical Forecasting in Oil and Gas Industry of OGRI RAS. He is specialist in the field of optimal design of external networks of gas and oil fields in the major producing regions of Russia. He is author of over 50 scientific publications. E-mail: pg-tere@mail.ru

Abstract: Scientific basis for geological study and accelerated industrial development of transit zones of the internal seas of Russia are developed. These were tested in the study of the north-eastern part of the Azov Sea. A series of calculations to define the dynamics of hydrocarbons production for the short-term outlook were carried out. The preliminary estimate of the development opportunities and resources of 2 fields and 33 perspective structures of the coastal part of the Sea of Azov allowed to prove the possibility of commissioning a tuple of fields taking into account the dynamics of oil, gas and condensate production. On the basis of the research results the principal provisions of the concept of the development and commissioning of fields of hydrocarbons of the northeast part of the Sea of Azov were formulated

Index UDK: 553.98

Keywords: internal seas, the Sea of Azov, coastal zones, transit zones, horizon-tal wells, multilateral well, bionic well, design principles of marine facilities

Bibliography:
1. Eremin N.A. Razrabotka kontseptsii ratsional’nogo osvoeniya uglevodorodnykh resursov na shel’fe i kontinental’nom sklone morey Rossii [Developing the concept of sustainable development of hydrocarbon resources on the shelf and continental slope of the seas of Russia]. Fundamental’nye problemy geologii i geokhimii nefti i gaza i razvitiya neftegazovogo kompleksa Rossii [Fundamental problems of geology and geochemistry of oil and gas production and development of oil and gas complex of Russia]. M.: Geos, 2007, p. 228-240 (In Russian).
2. Savchenko V.I., Eremin N.A. Novie geologicheskie dannie po severo-vostochnoi chasti Azovskogo more [New geological data on the northeastern part of the Sea of Azov  Reports of the Academy of Sciences], 2009, v. 426, no. 3, p. 361-363 (In Russian).
3. Tereshchenko P.G. Printsipy upravleniya razvitiem vneshnikh setey neftegazopromyslov v regionakh s bol’shim chislom mestorozhdeniy [The principles of management of development of oil and gas fields of external networks in regions with a large number of fields]. Fundamental’nye problemy geologii i geokhimii nefti i gaza i razvitiya neftegazovogo kompleksa Rossii, vypusk 2. [Fundamental problems of geology and geochemistry of oil and gas production and development of oil and gas complex of Russia], no. 2. M.: Geos, 2002, p. 358-363 (In Russian).
4. Eremin N.A. Upravlenie razrabotkoy intellektual’nykh mestorozhdeniy [Managing the development of intellectual fields]: studies. manual for schools, vol. 1. M.: Publisher Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I.M. Gubkin, 2011, 200 p. (In Russian).
5. Eremin N.A., Eremin Al.N., Eremin A.N. Upravlenie razrabotkoy intellektual’nykh mesto- rozhdeniy [Managing the development of intellectual fields]: studies. manual for schools, vol. 2. M.: Publisher Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I.M. Gubkin, 2012, 210 p. (In Russian).
6. Ponomareva I.A., Eremin N.A., Bogatkina Yu.G. Ekonomiko-metodicheskoe modelirovanie razrabotki neftegazovykh mestorozhdeniy [Economic modeling and methodical development of oil and gas fields]. M.: Publishing Science, 2010, 112 p.
7. Eremin N.A. Sovremennaya razrabotka mestorozhdeniy nefti i gaza. Umnaya skvazhina. In- tellektual’nyy promysel. Virtual’naya kompaniya [Modern oil and gas fields. Smart wells. Smart fishing. Virtual Company: studies. manual for schools]. M.: OOO „Core business centers”, 2008, 244 p.
8. Ponomareva I.A., Bogatkina Yu.G., Eremin N.A. Kompleksnaya ekonomicheskaya otsen- ka mestorozhdeniy uglevodorodnogo syr’ya v investitsionnykh proektakh [A comprehensive eco- nomic evaluation of hydrocarbon deposits in investment projects]. M.: Publishing Science, 2006, 134 p.
9. Eremin N.A., Ibatullin R.R., Nazina T.N., Sitnikov A.A. Biometody uvelicheniya nefteotdachi [Biological control enhanced oil recovery : studies. manual for schools], vol. 2. M.: Publisher Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I.M. Gubkin, 2003, 125 p.
10. Eremin N.A., Nazarova L.N. Enhanced Oil Recovery Methods. Moscow, 2003, 153 p.
11. Eremin N.A., Ponomareva I.A., Sardanashvily O.N. Scythian plate online: innovative technology development of oil deposits in real time. Business Journal Neftegaz.Ru, 2015, no. 11-12, p. 96-100.
12. Nikolai A. Eremin Development Perspectives of Azov Sea Shelf. Ref. International Round Table on „Development Perspectives for Kuban Fuel and Energy Complex”, 2007. Austria, Vienna, 11 April 2007, p. 10.
13. Eremin N.A. The main results of geological studies of transit zones north-eastern part of the Sea of Azov. Tezisy dokl. VI Mezhdunarodnogo Ekonomicheskogo Foruma „Kuban’-2007” [Abstracts. VI International Economic Forum „Kuban-2007” Sochi, Sochi 21.09.2007, p. 85-90] (In Russian).
14. Savchenko V.I., Shaynurov R.V., Eremin N.A. Lower Mesozoic, Paleozoic complexes — a new perspective may object to oil and gas exploration in the North Eastern part of the Sea of Azov. Tez. Dokl. 4-oy Mezhd. konf. po probleme neftegazonosnosti Chernogo, Azovskogo i Kaspiyskogo morey [Proc. Dokl. 4th Int. Conf. on the issue of oil and gas potential of the Black, Azov and Caspian seas]. Gelenzhik, 4-7 June 2007, p. 77-80 (In Russian).
15. Eremin N.A., Savchenko V.I. New Data on the Geology of the Northeastern Sea of Azov — Doklady Earth Sciences, 2009, vol. 426, no. 4, p. 556–558.
16.
Eremin N.A., Bogatkina Y.G., Lyndin V.N. Problems of development of deposits of the shelf and the methodology for their feasibility study. Neft’, gaz i biznes [Oil, gas and business], 2015, no. 11, p. 37-40 (In Russian).
17. Eremin N.A., Dmitrievskiy A.N., Tikhomirov L.I. The present and future intellectual fields. Neft’. Gaz. Novatsii [Oil. Gas. Innovations], 2015, no. 12, p. 44-49 (In Russian).
18. Eremin N.A., Eremin Al.N. Current state and prospects of development of intelligent wells. Neft’. Gaz. Novatsii [Oil. Gas. Innovations], 2015, no. 12, p. 50-53 (In Russian).
19. Eremin N.A. On horizontal technologies. Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh mestorozhdeniy [Geology, geophysics and development of oil fields], 1996, no. 12, p. 35-38.
20. Eremin N.A., Surina V.V., Hvedchuk I.I. Design features the development of offshore oil fields. Gazovaya promyshlennost’ [Gas industry], 1997, no. 7, p. 54-56 (In Russian).
21. Eremin Al.N. On the types and kinds of smart wells. Gazovyy biznes [Gas Business], 2013, no. 6, p. 78-81 (In Russian).
22. Garichev S.N., Eremin N.A. Technology of management in real time. Moscow, 2014, MIPT. Part 2, 167 p. (in English).
23. Garichev S.N., Eremin N.A. Technology of management in real time. Moscow, 2014, MIPT. Part 1, 227 p. (in English).
24. Alexander N. Eremin, Anton N. Eremin, Nikolai A. Eremin. Smart Fields and Wells. PС of Kazakh-British Technical University (KBTU) JSC. Almaty, 2013, 344 p.
25. Eremin N.A., Ponomarev I.A., Bogatkina Yu.G. Principles of automated system of technical and economic evaluation of oil and gas deposits Neft’, gaz i biznes [Oil, gas and business], 2000, no. 4 (36), p. 16-20 (In Russian).
26. Eremin N.A., Bogatkina Y.G., Bochkareva T.Y. Fuzzy stochastic assessment of the dynamics of development of oil fields. Neftyanoe khozyaystvo [Oil Industry], 1994, no. 11, p. 21-25.
27. Eremin N.A., Zolotukhin A.B., Surguchev L.M. Methods of assessment of the level and competitiveness of technologies and methods of enhanced oil recovery. RD Minneftegazprom of the USSR, 1990, 56 p. (In Russian).
28. Eremin N.A., Zolotukhin A.B., Nazarova L.N. Industrial evaluation of oil fields on the basis of the system of forecasting. Izvestiya AN SSSR [Izvestiya of the USSR Academy of Sciences], 1988, no. 2, p. 74-80 (In Russian).
29. Zolotukhin A.B., Eremin N.A., Nazarova L.N. Vybor ratsional’nogo varianta razrabotki neftyanoy zalezhi [The choice of rational variants of development of oil deposits]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov MING im. I.M. Gubkina „Tekhnologiya i tekhnika metodov povysheniya nefteotdachi plastov” [Proceedings of the MING. I.M. Gubkin „Technology and engineering methods of oil recovery enhancement”], Moscow, 1988, no. 199, p. 17-24 (In Russian).
30. Eremin N.A. Modelirovanie mestorozhdeniy nefti metodami nechetkoy logiki. Dokt. Diss. [Modeling of oil fields by methods of fuzzy logic. Doct. Diss], Moscow, 1995, 397 p. (In Russian).
31. Eremin N.A. Modelirovanie mestorozhdeniy uglevodorodov metodami nechetkoy logiki. [Modeling of hydrocarbon deposits by methods of fuzzy logic]. M.: Nauka, 1994, 462 p. (In Russian).

Authors: Anatoly B. ZOLOTUKHIN was born in 1946. He graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1969, and Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1977. He is Full Professor of the Department of Oil Field Development, Doctor of Technical Sciences. He is specialist in the development of oil and gas fields and enhanced oil recovery, author of more than 140 scientific publications and 19 monographs. E-mail: anatoly.zolotukhin@gmail.com
Petr V. PYATIBRATOV was born in 1979. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2002, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Oil Field Development of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the development and hydrodynamic modeling of oil and gas fields, author of more than 30 scientific publications. E-mail: pyatibratov.p@gmail.com
Larisa N. NAZAROVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1979, she is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Oil Field Development of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is specialist in the development of oil and gas fields and enhanced oil recovery, author of more than 50 scientific publications. E-mail: nazarova-ln@irmu.ru
Irena V. YAZYNINA graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1975. She is Candidate of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Oil Field Development of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is specialist in the petrophysics and enhanced oil recovery, author of more than 50 scientific publications. E-mail: yazynina@mail.ru.
Evgeny V. SHELYAGO was born in 1985. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Oil Field Development of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the petrophysics and enhanced oil recovery, author of 14 scientific publications. E-mail: thelgp@yandex.ru

Abstract: The paper overviews the problems selection of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods with account for reservoir geological and physical conditions. Applicability criteria for thermal, gas and chemical EOR are presented. The set of criteria is based on national and international secondary and tertiary EOR projects results. A ternary logic method is proposed and tested for EOR screening. This method of perspective EOR estimation was tested for the conditions of more than 100 formations of 15 fields located in one of Eurasia regions. It is noted that of the EOR applicability should assessed at early stages of the field development design

Index UDK: 622.279

Keywords: hard to recover reserves, EOR methods, applicability criteria, complicating factors, fuzzy ternary logic, EOR screening

Bibliography:
1. Surguchev M.L. Vtorichnye i tretichnye metody uvelichenija nefteotdachi plastov. M.: Nedra, 1985, 308 р.
2. Muslimov R.H. Sovremennye metody povyshenija nefteizvlechenija: proektirovanie, optimizacija i ocenka jeffektivnosti: Uchebnoe posobie. Kazan’: izdatel’stvo „FJeN” Akademii nauk R.T., 2005, 688 p.
3. Antoniadi D.G. Teorija i praktika razrabotki mestorozhdenij s vysokovjazkimi neftjami. Krasnodar: „Sovetskaja Kuban”, 2004, 336 p.
4. Krjanev D.Ju., Zhdanov S.A. Primenenie metodov uvelichenija nefteotdachi plastov v Rossii i za rubezhom. Opyt i perspektivy. Burenie i neft’, 2011, no. 2.
5. Krjanev D.Ju., Zhdanov S.A. Metody uvelichenija nefteotdachi: opyt i perspektivy primenenija. Neftegazovaja vertikal’, 2011, no. 5.
6. Eremin N.A., Zolotuhin A.B., Nazarova L.N., Chernikov O.A. Vybor metoda vozdejstvija na neftjanuju zalezh’. M.: GANG, 1995, 190 p.
7. Zheltov Yu.P., Zolotuhin A.B., Eremin H.A., Nazarova L.N. Sistema avtomatizirovannogo proektirovanija razrabotki neftjanyh mestorozhdenij (SAPR RNM) s primeneniem teplovyh metodov uvelichenija nefteotdachi. Razvitie i sovershenstvovanie sistem razrabotki neftjanyh mestorozhdenij. M.: Nauka, 1989, p. 119-131.
8. Favennec Jean-Pierre The Economics of EOR. Сonference of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR), 6 December 2004, London, UK.
9. Alvarado V., Thyne G., and Murrell G. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition. Screening Strategy for Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery in Wyoming Basins. Denver, Colorado, USA, 21-24 September, 2008.
10. Alvarado V., Manrique E. Enhanced Oil Recovery: An Update Review. Energies, 2010, vol. 3, no. 9, p. 1529-1575.
11. Taber J.J., Martin F.D., Seright R.S. EOR Screening Criteria Revisted — Part 1: Introduction to Screening Criteria and Enhanced Recovery Field Projects. SPE Reservoir Engineering, August, 1997, p. 189-198.
12. Taber J.J., Martin F.D., Seright R.S. EOR Screening Criteria Revisted — Part 2: Applications and Impact of Oil Prices. SPE Reservoir Engineering, August, 1997, p. 199-205.

Development of injection profiles modify complex technology for increasing of oil recovery
Geosciences

Authors: Alexander N. KULIKOV graduated from Ufa State Petroleum Technological University in 1980. He is Ph.D. Head of the Laboratory Production Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 50 scientific publications. E-mail: ANK-1@mail.ru
Konstantin A. DOVGIY graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) in 2013. He is leading engineer of the Laboratory Production Chemistry at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 5 scientific publications. E-mail: salladorn@gmail.com
Lyubov A. MAGADOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1975. She is Cand. Sc., Professor of the Department of Oil and Gas Proces-sing at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is author of over 160 scientific publications. E-mail: magadova0108@himeko.ru
Mikhail A. SILIN graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1978. D Sc., Vice-Rector of Iinnovations and Commercialization of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas, Head of of the Department of Oil and Gas Processing at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 160 scientific publications. E-mail: silin.m@gubkin.ru
Ilshat R. MAGZIANOV graduated from Bashkir State University in 2001. Нe is re-search fellow of the EOR Department of OOO „RN-UfaNIPIneft”. He is author of 18 scientific publications. E-mail: ilshatmr@mail.ru
Nikolaj N. BARKOVSKIJ graduated from Uhta State University in 2005. He is a Head of the Research Laboratory of EOR Methods. He is author of over 10 scientific publications. E-mail: Barkovskij@permnipineft.com

Abstract: The paper presents the ways of improving the complex technology of injection wells conformance control. In particular, the information about the composition of PPS is presented. This is recommended as the first working rim for plugging cracks in the formation pay zone. The second part of the article is a brief description of the methods for calculating the optimum amount of the gelling composition rim for performance control of injection wells. Their main shortcomings are presented. The two new methods of calculation of the optimum working rim volume for performance control of the injection wells are as follows. The first method is an algorithm for calculating the required volume of working rim minimum for performance control. It is based on mechanical principles, the results of the filtration research of strength properties of the used gels and the maximum possible values of the injection pressure after the start of the injection well after treatment. The second method is based on statistical analysis of the results of the previous work on this deposit and determine the optimum values of the specific volume of the working rim

Index UDK: 622.276.72

Keywords: selectivity, mechanical strength, radius of the gel rim, the maximum possible bottom hole injection pressure in the treated injection well, reservoir pressure, the specific volume of the working rim, injection capacity of well

Bibliography:
1. Kulikov A.N. The hydrodynamic mechanism and principles of modeling of complex tech-nology of the injection wells conformance control. Petroleum Engineering, 2005, no. 10, p. 18-25.
2. Seright R.S. Plasement of Gels To Modify Injection Profiles. Pареr SPE 17332 presented at the 1992 SPE/DOE Symposium on Enhansed Oil Recovery Held in Tulsa, Oklahoma, April 17-20, 1988.
3. The method of the injection wells conformance control: US Pat. 2263773 Rus. Federation/ Tropin E.Y., Alhama I.M., Dzhabrailov A.V., Kulikov A.N., Thelin A.G. and etc.: The applicant and patent owner are CJSC „UfaNIPIneft”, CJSC „Himeko-GANG”. No. 2004123495/03; appl. 15.07.2004; publ. 10.11.2005.
4. Tropin E.Y., Alhama I.M., Dzhabrailov A.V., Silin M.A., Zaitsev K.I., Kulikov A.N., Thelin A.G. The implementation of a targeted approach to the complex physical and chemical effects on the reservoir. Oil Industry, 2006, no. 1, p. 52-55.
5. Silin M.A., Eliseev D.Y., Kulikov A.N. Optimizing of the use of reduce water and oil recovery enhancement technologies on the hard to recover reserves of Western Siberia. M.: Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2011, 159 p.
6. Hasanov M.M., Ismagilov T.A., Mangazeev V.P., Rastrogin A.E., Kolchugin I.S., Tyan N.C. Primenenie sshytyh polimerno-gelevyh sostavov dlya povysheniya nefteotdachi [The use of cross-linked polymer gel compositions for oil recovery enhanced]. Oil Industry, 2002, no. 7, p. 110-112.
7. Kulikov A.N., Dvorkin V.I. Gidrodinamicheskie osobennosti razrabotki vodoplavaushih zalegej nefti i ih vliyanie na effectivnost geologo-tehnicheskih meropriyatij [Hydrodynamic features of the waterfowl oilfields development and its impact on the efficiency of the geological and technical measures]. Electronic journal „Investigated in Russia”, 2005, no. 84, p. 879-888.
8. Zaharov V.P., Ismagilov T.A., Telin A.G. and others. Regulirovanie filtratsionyh potokov vodoizolirujuhsimi tehnologijami pri razrabotke neftjanyh mestoroshdenij [Filtration flows control by using water-shutoff technologies on the oil fields exploitation]. M.: Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2010, 225 p.

Effect of weld repair excavation size of defective portion of main gas pipelines to regulate the length of the preheating during weld build-up repair
Technical sciences

Authors: Igor V. VOLKOV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2010, he is Master of Engineering and Technology, associate professor of the Department of Tribology and Repair Technology of Oil and Gas Equipment of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in the field of testing of properties of materials. Не is author of 7 scientific publications. E-mail: volkov.gsu@gmail.com
Oksana Ju. ELAGINA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1989. She is Doctor of Science, full professor, Head of the Department of Tribology and Repair Technology of Oil and Gas Equipment of Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She is specialist in the field of welding technologies, material science and tribology. She is author of more than 100 scientific publications. E-mail: elaguina@mail.ru

Abstract: The effect of the size of weld repair excavation of the defective portion of main gas pipelines on the metal cooling rate after preheating in the process of weld build-up repair is studied. The parameters of the heated portion cooling during preheating for patch repair are measured. The calculated and experimental values are compared. The need to regulate the maximum duration of the interoperation period according to excavation parameters, ambient temperature and method of heating is shown

Index UDK: 622.691.4.004.67

Keywords: preheating, weld build-up repair, duration of interoperation period, metal cooling rate

Bibliography:
1. Frolov V.V., Volchenko V.N., Yampol’skiy V.M., Vinokurov V.A. Teoriya svarochnykh protsessov [Theory of welding processes]. Moscow, 1988, 559 p.
2. Nerovnyy V.M., Konovalov A.V., Kurkin A.S., Makarov E.L., Yakushin V.M. Teoriya svarochnykh protsessov [Theory of welding processes]. Moscow, 2007, 752 p.
3. Corporate standard STO Gazprom 2-2.2-137-2007 (II). Manual welding techniques with field and main gas pipelines construction and repair. Moscow, 2007, 177 p.
4. Tsar’kov A.V., Loskutov S.V., Trukhanov K.Yu., Podkhalyuzin P.S. Development of the system of flame heating of main gas pipeline under automated process of surface defects repair. Svarka i diagnostika. Welding and diagnostics, 2014, no. 6, p. 31-34 (in Russian).

Modeling of transients caused by starting and stopping of pumps in the intermediate pumping station
Technical sciences

Authors: Alla S. DIDKOVSKAYA graduated from Gubkin Academy of Oil and Gas in 1995. She is Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Design and Operation Of Gas and Oil Pipelines at Gubkin Russian State University (National Research University) of Oil and Gas. She specializes in pipeleine transportation of oil and gas. She is author of 30 publications. E-mail: didal@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Transients that occur in the pipeline in the process of starting and shutting down the pumps of booster stations are considered. The duration of these processes, changes in the number of revolutions of the rotors pumps, as well as changes over time the oil flow and differential pressure of the booster station pumps are investigated. It is shown that starts and stops of the station are fraught with emergencies. Start of the pumps may lead to a considerable reduction of the pressure upstream of the station and, as a consequence, to the emergency shutdown of the station on condition of minimal permissible pressure in the suction line. The pump shutdown leads to a rapid increase in the pressure upstream of the station and spread of the pressure emerging wave upstream, thus threatening the integrity of the pipeline. The paper presents a mathematical model and the startup and shutdown, formulates the mathematical problem of determining the parameters of these processes and provides a method of its decision, allowing to quantify the parameters of both processes

Index UDK: 622.692.4.053

Keywords: pipeline, pumping station, pumping unit, electromotive point, rotor speed, starting mode-synchronous speed, synchronization, rundown, rundown period, calculation

Bibliography:
1. Kljuchev V.I. Teorija jelektroprivoda [The theory of the drive]. M.: Jenergoizdat, 1985, 560 p.
2. Fox J.A. Gidravlicheskij analiz neustanovivshegosja techenija v truboprovodah [Hydraulic Analysis of Unsteady Flow in Pipe Networks]. TRANS. engl. M.: Jenergoizdat, 1981, 248 p.
3. Lurie M.V. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie processov truboprovodnogo transporta nefti, nefteproduktov i gaza. [Mathematical modeling of pipeline transportation of oil and gas]. M.: Publishing center of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 2012, 456 p.
4. Didkovskaja A.S., Lurie M.V. Modelirovanie processa puska nasosov promezhutochnoj nefteperekachivajushhej stancii [Simulating the process of pumps start-up at an interim oil pumping station]. Territorija Neftegaz, 2015, no. 3, р. 90-94.