Articles Archive

№ 1/270, 2013

Title
Authors
Category
Modeling Anomalous Sections in the Upper Jurassic and Achimov Complex Rock Structures of North Konitlorsk Deposit on the Basis of Detailed Correlation of Well Sections and Seismic Measurements
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Igor S. GUTMAN graduated from the Moscow Mining Institute in 1956. He has been working as professor of the Department of Production Geology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas since 1994, he is also Director of the Institute of Engineering and Scientific Expertise in the Field of Oil and Gas Fields Development (affiliated to the department since 1997) and Center for Computer Modeling of Hydrocarbons (since 2002). He is author of six books and more than 150 scientific papers. E-mail: mail@ipne.ru
Oleg I. KATAYEV graduated from the Faculty of Geology of Gomel State University in 1978. He is Deputy Director for R&D in the field of Geology and Geophysics at OOO “LUKOIL-Engineering”. He is a author of more than 50 research papers in the field of geology and exploration of oil and gas fields. He is author more than 30 scientific papers. E-mail: oleg.kataev@lukoil.com
Alexander O. KATAYEV graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2010. He is Ph.D. student of the Department of Production Geology of Oil and Gas, engineer of the Institute of Design and Scientific Expertise of Oil and Gas Fields (affiliated to the department). E-mail: alexandrkataev@gmail.com

Abstract: Analyzing the petroleum geology of the Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous deposits the authors recommend and provide instructional techniques of detailed correlation of the complex elements of the structure such as clinoforms and abnormal sections of the Bazhenov Formation.

Index UDK: 553.982

Keywords: geology, detailed correlation, clinoforms, anomalous sections of the Bazhenov Formation, Western Siberia

Bibliography:
1. Bordyug M.A. and other. Features of the structure and the formation of abnormal cut Bazhenov on the example of the North-Konitlorskogo deposit//Oil and gas geology.  2010.  No. 1.  S. 3240.
2. Gutman I.S. Well log correlation of complex oil and gas objects based on innovative technologies//RSU of Oil and Gas named after IM Gubkin, 2011.

Study of clay cap seal in the process of oil and gas field development
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Valery M. DOBRYNIN is Professor of the Department of Well Logging of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences. His fields of study are: stud patterns of deformation of oil and gas reservoirs in in-place conditions and changes in their physical properties. He has authored or co-authored over 100 scientific papers and 7 inventions. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Andrey V. GORODNOV is Associate Professor of the Department of Well Logging of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. In 1978 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. Among his scientific interests is interpretive modeling of well logging. He has more than 60 published works. E-mail: gorodnov@getek.ru
Valeriy N. CHERNOGLAZOV is Associate Professor of the Department of Well Logging of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, he is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences. In 1975 he graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry. His scientific interests include petrophysical modeling of geological processes. He has published more than 70 papers. E-mail: cher@gubkin.ru
Olga P. DAVYDOVA is postgraduate student of the Department of Well Logging of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is holder of the RF Presidential Scholarship and Scholarship of the SPE. She is also winner of the national and international science competitions. She has published more than 20 works. E-mail: davidova_o_p@mail.ru
Alexey V. MITIN is Associate Professor of the Department of Exploration Geophysics of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. In 2008, he graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. His research includes acoustic and seismic methods well investigation, WWW modeling, building 3D rock model from log data. He has published more than 15 scientific works. E-mail: alex@mitin.info

Abstract: According to the results of repeated studies by neutron methods the seal effect of the clay cap overlying the deposits developed in the depletion mode under reduced reservoir pressure was identified. A mathematical model of water filtration and clay sealing that calculates the change in pore pressure in the cap and reduction of clay porosity was developed. The amount of water forced out of the clay cap into the formation for a single production well operating under a long-time drawdown is evaluated.

Index UDK: 552.52:/622.276+622.279/.1/4

Keywords: deformations, development, clay, seal

Bibliography:
1. Facial'nye tipy glinistyh porod (i ih pervichnye litologicheskie osobennosti)/ M.F. Vikulova, Ju.K. Burkov, A.V. Makedonov i dr.  L: Nedra, 1973.
2. Vjalov S.S. Reologicheskie osnovy mehaniki gruntov.  M: Vysshaja shkola, 1978.
3. Gol'dberg V.M., Skvorcov N.P. Pronicaemost' i fil'tracija v glinah.  M.: Nedra, 1986.
4. Magara K. Uplotnenie porod i migracija fljuidov//Prikladnaja geologija nefti. – M.: Nedra, 1982.
5. Marmorshtejn L.M. Kollektorskie i jekranirujushhie svojstva osadochnyh porod pri razlichnyh termobaricheskih uslovijah.  L.: Nedra, 1975.
6. Osipov V.I., Sokolov V.N., Eremeev V.V. Glinistye pokryshki neftjanyh i gazovyh mestorozhdenij.  M: Nauka, 2001.

Specific Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Gas Condensates of Chayanda Gas Field
Drilling and development of hydrocarbon fields

Authors: Natalya M. PARFENOVA graduated from Turkmen polytechnic Institute in 1971. Candidate of Chemical Sciences, senior researcher of Laboratory of complex research of hydrocarbon systems of the Center of research oil and gas reservoir systems and technological modeling OOO “Gazprom Vniigaz”. Spesialist in the field of petrochemistry. She is author of 83 scientific publications. E-mail: N_Parfenova@vniigaz.gazprom.ru
Lidia S. KOSYAKOVA graduated from Moscow Institute of the chemical technology named M.V. Lomonosov in 1978. Senior researcher of Laboratory of complex research of hydrocarbon systems of the Center of research oil and gas reservoir systems and technological modeling OOO “Gazprom Vniigaz”. Spesialist in the field of gas-liquid chromatography of hydrocarbon fluids. She is author of 27 scientific publications. E-mail: L_Kosyakova@vniigaz.gazprom.ru
Evgeniy B. GRIGORIEV graduated from Grozny oil Institute named M.D. Millionszhikov in 1990. Doctor of Technical Sciences, academician of the Russian engineering Academy, the Russian Federation government prize in the field of science and technology, deputy head of the Center of research oil and gas reservoir systems and technological modeling OOO “Gazprom Vniigaz”. Spesialist in the field of the process of heat-mass exchange and thermo physical properties of substances and materials. He is author of 72 scientific publications. E-mail: E_Grigoriev@vniigaz.gazprom.ru
Ildar M. SHAFIEV graduated from Astrakhan State technical University in 1998, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008, head of Laboratory of complex research of hydrocarbon systems of the Center of research oil and gas reservoir systems and technological modeling OOO “Gazprom Vniigaz”. Spesialist in the field of thermodynamic studies of reservoir fluids. He is author of 17 scientific publications. E-mail: I_Shafiev@vniigaz.gazprom.ru
Aleksey E. RYZHOV graduated from Moscow Institute of petrochemical and gas industry named I.M.Gubkin in 1982. Candidate of Geological and mineralogical Sciences, director of the Center of research oil and gas reservoir systems and technological modeling OOO “Gazprom Vniigaz”. Spesialist in the field of studies of reservoir systems — reservoir rocks and contained in them fluids. He is author of 37 scientific publications. E-mail: A_Rizhov@vniigaz.gazprom.ru

Abstract: The physical and chemical characteristics of gas condensates of four exploration wells of three productive horizons of Chayanda gas field are studied. The features of fractional content, hydrocarbon type content and component composition are shown. The issue of the rational management of gas condensates is considered.

Index UDK: 553.981

Keywords: gas condensate, physicochemical properties, fractional composition, group composition, composition of the hydrocarbon, gasoline fractions, gas-liquid chromategraphy

Bibliography:
1. Ljugaj D.V. Osobennosti osvoenija i proektirovanija razrabotki Chajandinskogo NGKM// Gazovaja promyshlennost'. – 2010. – No. 14. – S. 56–58.
2. Chahmahchev V.A. Geohimicheskie i paleogeotermicheskie aspekty ocenki perspektiv neftegazonosnosti//Geologija nefti i gaza. – 1994. – No. 6. – S. 31–37.

Selecting recipes of sludge disposal by reagent encapsulation method
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Stanislava Y. VOROBIEVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2011. E-mail: stasyaing@gmail.com
Irakli A. MERITSIDI was born in 1960, he is lecturer of the Department of Machinery and Equipment for Oil and Gas Industry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is Associate Professor, Ph.D., author of more than 30 scientific papers in the field of environmental protection. E-mail: iameritsidis@rambler.ru
Maria S. SHPINKOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2009, she postgraduate student of the Department of Industrial Ecology at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: Shpinkova-Mariya@yandex.ru

Abstract: The work considers reagent encapsulation as one of the most promising technologies of sludge, drill cuttings and other waste disposal. The recommendations of foreign and Russian researchers to implement this method of waste processing are presented. The results of experimental work on the selection of recipes of neutralizing reagent encapsulation method are presented: the existing recommendations were tested; an additional agent – the fly ash of thermal power plants  was used in the treatment. The recommendations for the disposal of various wastes are formulated more implicitly.

Index UDK: 628.544

Keywords: reagent encapsulation, chemical encapsulation, sludge, drilling mud, waste treatment, disposal

Bibliography:
1. Vorobyeva S.Yu., Shpinkova M.S., Mericidi I.A. Processing sludge, drill cuttings, contaminated soils using reagent encapsulation//Territoriya NEFTEGAZ.  2011.  No. 2.  S. 6871.
2. Litvinova T.A., Vinnikova T.V., Kosulina T.P. Reagent method of sludge disposal//Ekologiya i promyshlennost' Rossii.  October 2009.  S. 4043.
3. Logunova Yu.V. Sovershenstvovanie tekhnologii i oborudovaniya dlya obezvrezhivaniya neftezagryaznennykh materialov metodom reagentnogo kapsulirovaniya: Diss. kand. texn. nayk (03.0016).  Omsk, 2009.
4. Tekhnika i tekhnologiya lokalizatsii i likvidatsii avariynykh razlivov nefti i nefteproduktov: Spav./I.V. Botvinenko, I.S. Dubinova, V.N. Ivanovskiy etc.; Pod redaktsiei I.A. Meritsidi.  Spb.: NPO «Professional», 2008.
5. Khizhinkova E.Yu. Razrabotka tekhnologii zoloportlandtsementa iz vysokokal'tsievykh zol TETs s obespecheniem destruktivnoy bezopasnosti materialov: Avtoreferat diss. kand. texn. nayk (05.17.11).  Barnaul, 2007.
6. Yagudin N.G. Sovremennye napravleniya pererabotki shlamov predpriyatiy neftekhimii i neftepererabotki.  M.: OAO «VNIIOANG», 2005.
7. Presentation Quick Lime Treatment Plant. Lödige. Moskow, April, 2009.

Study of basic regularities of application of various reagents - sinks for hydrogen sulfide scavanger for commercial production of fuel oil with improved environmental properties
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Victoria A. DOROGOCHINSKAYA graduated from Grozny Oil Institute named after Academician M.D. Millionshtchikov. She is Ph.D., associate professor of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is author of 140 scientific papers and 16 patents in the field of oil and chemmotology. Е-mail: dvia@list.ru
Boris P. TONKONOGOV graduated Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1973 and in 2006 he defended his doctoral thesis. He is Doctor of Science, Head of the Department of Chemistry and Technology of Lubricants and Chemmotology, Dean of the Faculty of Chemical and Environmental Engineering. He is author of over 100 scientific and educational works in the field of oil and chemmotology. Е-mail: bpt@gubkin.ru
Olga V. ROMANOVA graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2010. She is a postgraduate student. She has two publications in industry journals and presentations at 5 conferences. Е-mail: olenka_sysoeva@mail.ru

Abstract: The main types of hydrogen sulfide scavengers available on the Russian market are considered. The study of the efficiency of nine hydrogen sulfide scavengers with different chemical composition is carried out. The residual hydrogen sulfide content after treatment with straight scavengers of fuel oil, visbreaking gas oil, and their mixtures in different ratios was estimated. The high efficiency of triazine scavengers is shown. The negative impact of some scavengers on the figure of water soluble acids and alkali is observed. The influence of the triazine scavengers as surface-active substances on the stability of the various components of fuel oil is studied. The triazines  based scavenger is recommended for commercial use being safer and more efficient in its composition.

Index UDK: 665.637

Keywords: hydrogen sulfide scavengers, chemical composition, residual hydrogen sulfide, water-soluble acids and alkali

Bibliography:
1. Tehnicheskij reglament «О trebovanjaih k avtomobil'nomu i aviacionnomu benzinu, dizel'nomu i sudovomu toplivu, toplivu dlja reaktivnyh dvigatelej i topochnomu mazutu», utverzhden Postanovleniem Pravitel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii ot 27 fevralja 2008.  No. 118.
2. Ljapina N.K. Himija i fiziko-himija seraorganicheskih soedinenij neftjanyh distilljatov. – M.: Nauka, 1984. – 120 s.
3. Manovjan A.K. Tehnologija pervichnoj pererabotki nefti i gaza. – M.: Himija, 2001. – 586 s.
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5. Mike Nicholson. Additives improve fuel oil properties//Bunker world – 2005. – No. 8. – P. 12–14.
6. Sovremennoe sostojanie proizvodstva tovarnogo mazuta s uluchshennymi jekologicheskimi svojstvami/ T.K. Vetrova, V.A. Morozov, V.A. Dorogochinskaja, O.V. Sysoeva//Aktual'nye problemy razvitija neftegazovogo kompleksa Rossii: Sb. st. VIII Vserossijskoj nauchno-tehnicheskoj konferencii (Moskva, 1–3 fevralya 2010). – Moskva, 2010. – S. 261, 344.

Petroleum Acids and their Derivatives. Manufacturing and Application (an overview)
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Ludmila V. IVANOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1983. She is Associate Professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She has authored 52 scientific publications in the field of chemistry of oil. E-mail: ivanova.l@gubkin.ru
Vladimir N. KOSHELEV born in 1953. He graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1975. He is First Vice Rector for Academic Affairs, Head of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 280 scientific papers in the field of organic and petroleum chemistry. E-mail: koshelev.v@gubkin.ru
Nina A. SOKOVA graduated from Gubkin Moscow Oil Institute in 1957. She is Associate Professor of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She has authored 20 scientific publications in the field of chemistry of oil. E-mail: sokova.n@gubkin.ru
Yegor A. BUROV was born in 1987, he defended his Master’s thesis at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2010. He is presently a postgraduate student of the Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He has authored 8 scientific publications in the field of chemistry of oil. E-mail: burov_egor48@mail.ru
Olga V. PRIMEROVA is a student of the Faculty of Chemical and Environmental Engineering at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: feekys@gmail.com

Abstract: An overview of the main sources, methods of separation and applications of petroleum acids is presented. While petroleum acids are widely applied in various fields of economy, their natural resources are currently limited. Finding oils rich in petroleum acids in the Russian oilfields is a pressing problem. The list of sources includes 37 references to the publications and dissertations in the field of interest.

Index UDK: 665.6

Keywords: petroleum acids, naphthenic acids, derivatives of naphthenic acids, manufacturing of naphthenic acids, properties of naphthenic acids, application of naphthenic acids

Bibliography:
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3.Parker P.L. Zhirnye kisloty i spirty: V kn. «Organicheskaja geohimija»/Рod red. Dzh. Jeglintona i M.T.Dzh. Mjerfi/Per. s angl. V.F. Kam'janova i dr. Pod red. A.I. Bogomolova i Al.A. Petrova. – L.: Nedra, 1974. – 487 s.
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5.Nijazov A.N., Vahabova H.D., Nijazberdyeva.E.F. Alifaticheskie kisloty iz turkmenskih neftej//Izv. AN Turkm. SSR. – Ser. fiz.-tehn., him. i geol. nауk., 1980. – No. 6. – S. 65–71.
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Effect of filtration packing on oil-in-oil emulsion separation. Separating properties of cellulose for decomposition of stable water-in-oil emulsion in coalescing filter
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Le THANH THANH graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2008. She is a postgraduate student of the Department of Industrial Ecology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She has 2 published works. E-mail: caphemax@yahoo.com
Nikolai K. ZAITSEV is Doctor of Chemical Sciences, professor of the Department of Industrial Ecology at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of more than 100 scientific papers. E-mail: nk_zaytsev@mail.ru
Stanislav V. MESHCHERYAKOV was born in 1941 graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1968. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Industrial Ecology at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He has published over 150 scientific works. E-mail: stas@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The article deals with the separation of stable «water in oil» emulsions in a coalescing filter packed with cellulose. The efficiency of the process of separation of the emulsion in the reactor packed with cotton is studied. Based on the experimental results and the literature data the mechanism of separation, as well as its relation to the structure of cellulose molecules are discussed.

Index UDK: 502.36

Keywords: coalescing filter, emulsion separation, cellulose packing, separation efficiency, hydrophilic properties, hydrophobic properties, mechanism of coagulation, coalescence

Bibliography:
1. Jemul'sii/Pod redakciej A.A. Abramzona.  L.: Himija, 1972.  449 s.
2. Ken Sutherland – Filter and filtration handbook, fifth edition.  2008.  523.
3. Roberts D., Kaserio M. Osnovy organicheskoj himii.  T. 2.  M.: Mir, 1978.
4. Roldugirn V.I. Fiziko-himija poverhnosti.  M., 2008.
5. Derjagin B.V., Churaev N.V., Muller V.M. Poverhnostnye sily.  S.: Nauka, 1985.  400 s.
6. Vlijanie fizicheskoj struktury i himicheskih svojstv nasadki na jeffektivnost' razdelenija jemul'sii voda-neft'. Issledovanie protekanija jemul'sij cherez reaktory s nasadkami iz individual'nyh materialov/Le Than' Than', N.K. Zajcev, N.B. Ferapontov//Ohrana okruzhajushhej sredy v neftjanoj i gazovoj promyshlennosti.  2011.  No. 11.
7. Kollinz R. Techenie zhidkostej cherez poristye materialy.  M.: Mir, 1964.  350 s.
8. Orlov N.S. Ul'tra- i mikrofil'tracija. Teorija osnovy.  M., 1990.  174 s.
9. Goronovskij I.T. Kratkij spravochnik po himii.  Kiev: Naukova duma, 1974.  978 s.

Elimination of Foaming of Alkanolamine Acids in the Process of Gas Sweetening
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Oleg P. LYKOV was born in 1933. He graduated from the Gubkin Mocow Oil Institute in 1958. He is Professor of the Department of Chemical Engineering for Oil and Gas Industry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 250 scientific papers in the field of chemicals and oil and gas environment. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Alexander M. SPASENKOV was born in 1963, he graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 1991. He is Deputy Head of the Technical Department at JSC “Gazprom Orenburg Production”. He is author of 14 scientific papers in the field of purification of natural and process gases. E-mail: a.spasenkov@gdo.gazprom.ru
Vladimir I. LAZAREV was born in 1932. He graduated from the Lomonosov Moscow State University in 1956. He is Senior Researcher of “VNIIOGAZ”, author of over 100 scientific papers in the field of purification of natural and process gases. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The possibility to effectively remove the blowing agents from alkanolamine absorption solution by extracting them with poliphenyl ether (PPE). The used extractant is regenerated by mixing it with methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and the precipitated substances soluble in PPE, but not soluble in the mixture of PPE and the IEC are mechanically removed, with subsequent distillation of IEC from the clarified solution and return of the recovered PPE to the extraction stage. The necessity of including into the scheme of extraction the stages of PPE water wash from alkanolamine solution and subsequent drying of the extractant is substantiated.

Index UDK: 665.63

Keywords: blowing agents, extraction, poliphenil ether, alkanolamine solution, regeneration, methyl ethyl ketone, deposition rate and drop diameter

Bibliography:
1. Spasenkov A.M., Lykov O.P., Lazarev V.I. Ekstraktsionnyy metod ustraneniya vspe-nivaniya alkanolaminovykh rastvorov na ustanovkakh ochistki gazov ot N2S i SO2//Neftepererabotka i nefte-khimiya, 2005.  No. 11.  S. 3739.
2. Patent RF No. 2366484, 22.06.2007.
3. Patent No. 69413, 22.06.2007.
4. Spasenkov A.M., Lykov O.P., Lazarev V.I. Tsiklicheskiy ekstraktsionnyy metod ustraneniya vspenivaniya alkanolaminovykh rastvorov na ustanovkakh ochistki gazov ot N2S i SO2//Neftepere-rabotka i neftekhimiya, 2008.  No. 12.  S. 1315.

Вy-products in the production of multifunctional dewaxing wax emulsions
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Dmitry Y. MAHIN was born in 1986. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2009. He is PhD student of the Department of “Technology of Oil Refining” of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 7 scientific papers in the field of special compositions on the basis of by-products dewaxing (petroleum wax). E-mail: rgu_makhin@mail.ru
Vladimir A. DAVIDOVICH was born in 1982. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2004. He works at LLC “LLK-International”, LUKOIL Lubricants. He is author of two scientific papers in the field of special compositions on the basis of dewaxing by-products (petroleum wax). E-mail: Davidovich@lukoil.com

Abstract: The possibility of using by-products of dewaxing: wax concentrates and petrolatums of different composition in the production of wax emulsions is shown. The basic principles for the preparation of stable wax emulsions are considered, the role of stabilizing agents and conditions of technological regimes are identified. The structure of wax emulsions as oil disperse systems consisting of complex structural units is studied. The possibility to improve the hydrophobic properties of concrete by introducing wax emulsions is demonstrated.

Index UDK: 665.772 + 669.826

Keywords: by-products of dewaxing, petroleum waxes, wax emulsions, water-repellent additives

Bibliography:
1. Leal-Calderon F., Schmitt V., Bibette J. Emulsion Science Basic Principles, 2nd ed. New York: Springer, 2007. – 227 р.
2. Schmidts T., Dobler D. Influence of hydrophilic surfactants on the properties of multiple W/O/W emulsions//Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2009. – Vol. 338.  P. 184–192.
3. Garti N., Benichou A. Recent developments in double emulsions for food applicatons, 4th ed.  New York, 2004. – 412 р.
4. Somasundaran P., Farinato R. Surfactants in Personal Care Products and Decorative Cosmetics, 3d ed.//CRC Press, 2006. – 175 р.
5. Kholmberg K., Yensson B. Poverkhnostno-aktivnye veshchestva i polimery v vodnykh rastvorakh/Perevod s angliyskogo G.P. Yampol’skoy.  Binom, 2007.  530 s.
6. Shenfel’d N. Poverkhnostno-aktivnye veshchestva na osnove oksida etilena. 2nd ed. Perevod s angliyskogo L.V. Kovalenko.  M.: Khimiya, 1982.  750 s.
7. Sherman F. Emul’sii. Perevod s angliyskogo god red. A.A. Abramzona.  L.: Khimiya, 1972.  448 s.
8. Adamcon A. Fizisheskaya khimiya poverkhnostey.  M.: Mir, 1979.  568 s.
9. Summ B.D. Novye korrelyatsii poverkhnostnogo natyazheniya s ob’emnymi svoystvami zhidkostey//Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta.  M.: Khimiya, 1999.  Ser. 2.  T. 40.  No. 6.  S. 400405.
10. Chibowski E., Wiacek A.E. Investigation of the electokinetic properties of paraffin suspension. 1. In inorganic electrolyte solutions.  Langmuir, 2005. – Vol. 21.  P. 4347–4355.

Entropy Interaction in the Process of Asphalten Cluster Formation
Oil and gas processing, chemistry of oil and gas

Authors: Vadim V. SANZHAROV was born in 1987. He graduated from Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is a post graduate student of the Department of Automated Control Systems of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. E-mail: vadim.sanzharov@gmail.com

Abstract: Asphalt-resin-paraffin accumulations are one of the most important problems of oil industry. Therefore prevention of asphalten deposition and effective control of accumulations require the analysis of their phase behavior. Current studies show that entropy interactions are of great importance in the process of asphalten aggregation. The depletion potential is one of the attracting forces of entropy nature. The work considers the concept of asphalten aggregation mechanism. The potential of depletion between asphalten nano-aggregates is evaluated.

Index UDK: 665.65

Keywords: asphaltene clusters, the phase behavior of asphaltenes, the depletion

Bibliography:
1. Akbarzadeh K., Hammami A., Kharrat A., Zhang D., Allenson S., Creek J., Kabir S., Jamaluddin A., Marshall A.G., Rodgers R.P., Mullins O.C. and Solbakken T. Asphaltenes. Problematic but Rich in Potential//Oilfield Review. — 2007. — 19, No. 2. — P. 22-43.
2. Barré L., Jestin J., Morisset A., Palermo T., Simon S. Relation between nanoscale structure of asphaltene aggregates and their macroscopic solution properties//Oil Gas Sci. Technol. — 2009. — 64. — P. 617-628.
3.
Evdokimov I.N., Eliseev N.Y., Akhmetov B.R. Asphaltene dispersions in dilute oil solutions// Fuel. — 2006. — 85 (10-11). — P. 1465-1472.
4.
Eyssautier J., Levitz P., Espinat D., Jestin J., Gummel J., Grillo I., Barré L. Insight into asphaltene nanoaggregate structure inferred by small angle neutron and X-ray scattering//J. Phys. Chem. — 2011. — 115. — P. 6827-6837.
5.
Freed D.E., Lisitza N.V.; Sen P.N., Song Y.-Q. Self-assembly of asphaltenes: enthalpy, entro- py of depletion and dynamics at the crossover// Magnetic Resonance Imaging. — 2007. — Vol. 25, issue 4. — P. 544.
6. http://kntgroup.ru/helpful_information/adsorptive.html (дата обращения 20.08.2012).
7. Israelachvili J.N. Intermolecular And Surface Forces. — 3rd edition. — Academic Press, 2010. — 674 p.
8. Lang P.R. Depletion interaction mediated by polydisperse rods//J. Chem. Phys. — 2007. — Vol. 127, Issue 12. — P. 124906-1 124906-6.
9.
Lekkerkerker H.K.W., Tuinier R. Colloids and depletion interaction.- Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2011. — 233 p.
10. Meyer R.F., Attanasi E.D., and Freeman P.A. Heavy oil and natural bitumen resources in geological basins of the world // U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1084, 2007. — URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1084/ (дата обращения 05.09.2012).
11. Mullins O.C., Sabbah H., Eyssautier J., Pomerantz A.E., Barré L., Andrews A.B., Ruiz-Morales Y., Mostowfi F., McFarlane R., Goual L., Lepkowicz R., Cooper T., Orbulescu J., Leblanc R.M., Edwards J. and Zare R.N. Advances in Asphaltene Science and the Yen—Mullins Model//Energy & Fuels. — 2012. — 26 (7). — P. 3986-4003.
12.
Royall C.P., Louis A.A. and Tanaka H. Measuring colloidal interactions with confocal microscopy//J. Chem. Phys. — 2007. — 127. — P. 044507-1 — 044507-8.
13. Yaman K., Jeppesen C. and Marques C.M. Depletion forces between two spheres in a rod solution//Europhys. Lett. — 1998. — 42 (2). — P. 221-226.
14. Yen T.F., Erdman J.G., Pollack S.S. Investigation of the Structure of Petroleum Asphaltenes by X-Ray Diffraction//Anal. Chem. — 1961. — 33(11). — P. 1587-1594.
15. Yudin I.K., Anisimov M.A. Dynamic light scattering monitoring of asphaltene aggregation in crude oils and hydrocarbon solutions//Asphaltenes, Heavy Oils and Petroleomics (Eds. Mullins O.C., Sheu E.Y., Hammami A., Marshall A.G.). — Springer: New York. — 2007. — Р. 431-459.
16. Мургич Х. Молекулярное моделирование фракций асфальтенов и смол в нефтях. Фи- зико-химические свойства нефтяных дисперсных систем и нефтегазовые технологии/Под ред. Р.З. Сафиевой, Р.З. Сюняева. — М.: Институт компьютерных исследований, НИЦ “Регулярная и хаотическая динамика”. — 2007. — С. 73-88.