Articles Archive

№ 4/269, 2012

Title
Authors
Category
Technology of integrated physical and geological modeling on the basis of system inversion
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Sergei G. KUDELIN works at the Ukhta State Technical University, he is software specialist (Category 2).E-mail: skudelin@ugtu.net
Maxim I. BARABANOV is Director of the Computing Center of the Ukhta State University. E-mail: mbarabanov@ugtu.net
Alexander I. KOBRUNOV is Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. He works at the Ukhta State Technical University. He is the head of school of science. E-mail: aikobrunov@gmail.com

Abstract: This paper describes a technique for simulating complex environments based on the methods of integrated inversion. The basic principles of software system development to create and maintain balanced physical and geological environment models «GeoVIP», as well as its functionality are considered.

Index UDK: 550.34.013.4

Keywords: geophysical inversion, physical and geological model, program editor «GeoVIP»

Bibliography:
1. Kobrunov A.I. Matematicheskie osnovy teorii interpretacii geofizicheskih dannyh [Mathematical Foundations of the theory of geophysical data interpretation]. Ukhta, Ukhta State Technical University, 2007.
2. Kobrunov A.I., Zharkoj G.S. The statement and the principles for solving inverse problems of magnetotelluric sounding for environments with distributed parameters. Geophysics, No. 4, 9–16 (2010).
3. Kuznecov O.L., Nikitin A.A., Cheremisina E.N. Geoinformacionnye sistemy [Geoinformational systems]. Moscow, Information Centre VNIIgeosystem, 2005. 345 p.

Technology for solving inverse gravity problem using evolutionary dynamic principle
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Sergei G. KUDELIN works at the Ukhta State Technical University, he is software specialist (Category 2). E-mail: skudelin@ugtu.net
Alexander I. KOBRUNOV is Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. He works at the Ukhta State Technical University. He is the head of school of science. E-mail: aikobrunov@gmail.com

Abstract: The paper describes the method of using evolutionary dynamic principles to include a priori data into the process of solving the inverse problem of gravimetry. The principles of structural boundaries displacement according to the laws of Geodynamics and iterative inversion scheme of structurally parameterized models.

Index UDK: 550.83.017

Keywords: system inversion, evolutionary dynamic principles, iterative inversion scheme

Bibliography:
1. Kobrunov A.I. Matematicheskie osnovy teorii interpretacii geofizicheskih dannyh [Mathematical Foundations of the theory of geophysical data interpretation]. Ukhta, Ukhta State Technical University, 2007.
2. Kobrunov A.I. Setting and methods for solving inverse problems of geophysics using the geodynamic principles [Postanovka i metody reshenija obratnyh zadach geofiziki s ispol’zovaniem geodinamicheskih principov]. Materialy 34-j sessii mezhdunarodnogo seminara im. D. G. Uspenskogo «Voprosy teorii i praktiki geologicheskoj interpretacii gravitacionnyh, magnitnyh i jelektricheskih polej» (Proceedings of the 34th session of D. G. Uspenskiy International Seminar «Theory and practice of the geological interpretation of gravity, magnetic and electric fields»). Moscow, 2007, pp. 131–137.
3. Kobrunov A.I., Kudelin S.G. Iterative scheme of geophysical fields inversion with the application of dynamic-evolutionary principles [Iteracionnaja shema inversii geofizicheskih polej s primeneniem jevoljucionno-dinamicheskih principov]//Materialy 39-j sessii Mezhdunarodnogo seminara im. D. G. Uspenskogo «Voprosy teorii i praktiki geologicheskoj interpretacii gravitacionnyh, magnitnyh i jelektricheskih polej» (Proceedings of the 34th session of D.G. Uspenskiy International Seminar «Theory and practice of the geological interpretation of gravity, magnetic and electric fields»). Voronezh, 2012, pp. 140–143.

Ways to increase oil extraction by stimulating fields with elastic waves of different frequencies
Drilling and development of hydrocarbon fields

Authors: Yaropolk M. BAZHALUK was born in 1942; he graduated from the Lviv Polytechnic Institute in 1967. He is senior researcher at the Research Institute of Petroleum Energy and Environmental Studies at Ivano-Frankovsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 25 scientific papers in the field of enhanced recovery of hydrocarbons. E-mail: yaropolkbazhaluk@gmail.com
Oleg M. KARPASH was born in 1949; he graduated from the Ivano-Frankovsk Oil and Gas Institute in 1972. He is Vice Rector of Ivano-Frankovsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, author of 334 scientific papers in various fields of science and technology. E-mail: karpash@nung.edu.ua
Jaroslav D. KLIMISHIN was born in 1935, he graduated from the Stanislav Pedagogical Institutes (1956) and the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys (1981). He is Senior Fellow in the development and operation of oil and gas fields in Ivano-Frankovsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, author of 26 scientific papers in the field of enhanced recovery of hydrocarbons. E-mail: karpash@nung.edu.ua
Alexander I. GUTAK was born in 1986; he graduated from the Ivano-Frankovsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas in 2008. He is Assistant Lecturer at the Department of Development and Exploitation of Oil and Gas Fields in Ivano-Frankovsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 13 scientific papers in the field of enhanced recovery of hydrocarbons. E-mail: gutako@gmail.com
Nicolai V. HOUDIN was born in 1985, he graduated from the Ivano-Frankovsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas in 2008, and he is Assistant Lecturer of the Department of Development and Exploitation of Oil and Gas Fields in Ivano-Frankovsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 11 scientific papers in the field of enhanced recovery of hydrocarbons. E-mail: kh.red@mail.ru

Abstract: Studies on the effect of elastic waves in the dead zones in the oil reservoir to enhance oil recovery factor are still at an early stage. The aim of this work is the theoretical and experimental study of the effect of elastic waves of different frequencies to filter water – oil mixture in the bottom hole zone and inter-well reservoir zones, and as a result, an increase the productivity of oil wells and oil recovery factor in oil fields.

Index UDK: 622.276.6

Keywords: elastic vibrations, filtration, oil

Bibliography:
1. Gorbachev Ju.I. Akusticheskoe vozdejstvie i povyshenie rentabel’nosti razrabotki neftjanyh mestorozhdenij//NTV Karotazhnik. — 2000. — No. 60.
2. Kuznecov O.L., Efimova S.A. Primenenie ul’trazvuka v neftjanoj promyshlennosti. — M.: Nedra, 1983. — S. 37.
3. Kudinov V.I., Suchkov B.M. Metody povyshenija proizvoditel’nosti skvazhin. — Samara, 1996.
4. Brammer Ju.A., Pawuk I.N. Impul’snaja tehnika. — M.: Vysshaja shkola, 1965. — S. 8.
5. Bazhaluk Ja.M., Karpash O.M. ta іn. Doslіdzhennja akustichnih vlastivostej menіlіtovih vіdkladіv//Naftogazova energetika. — 2008 — No. 4. — S. 53–56.
6.
Krutin V.N. Mehanizm akusticheskoj intensifikacii pritokov nefti iz produktivnyh plastov// NTV Karotazhnik. — 1998. — No. 42.
7. Gorbachev Ju.I. Fiziko-himicheskie osnovy ul’trazvukovoj ochistki prizabojnoj zony neftjanyh skvazhin//NTV Karotazhnik. — 1999. — No. 57.
8. Sharp R. Metody nerazrushajuwih ispytanij. — M.: Mir, 1972. — S. 470.
9. Atabekov G.I. Osnovy teorii cepej. Uchebnik dlja vuzov. — M.: Jenergija, 1969. — S. 442.
10. Bronshtejn I.N., Semendjajev K.A. Spravochnik po matematike. — M.: GIFML, 1959. — S. 608.
11. Patent Ukrainy 63412, 25.07.2007.
12. Nikolaevskij V.N., Stepanova G.S. i dr. Ul’trazvuk opredeljaet otbor nefti pri vibrosejsmicheskom vozdejstvii na plast//Neftjanoe hozjajstvo. — 2006. — No. 1. — S. 48–50.
13.
Voronova E.V. Rezul’taty primenenija vibroudarnyh i vibrosejsmicheskih tehnologij povy-shenija nefteotdachi na mestorozhdenijah Uralo-Povolzh’ja// Neftegazovoe delo. — 2006. — No. 2.
14. Surguchev M.L., Kuznecov O.L., Simkin Je.M. Gidrodinamicheskoe, akusticheskoe, teplovoe ciklicheskoe vozdejstvie na neftjanye plasty. — M.: Nedra, 1975. — S. 77.
15. Patent Ukrainy 87872, 25.08.2009.
16. Bazhaluk Ja.M., Karpash O.M. ta іn. Ocіnka efektivnostі іmpul’sno-hvil’ovih dіj na procesi naftovitiskannja u plastі// Naftogazova energetika. — 2008. — No. 2. — S. 5–10.
17.
Sheriff R., Geldart L. Sejsmorazvedka. — M.: Mir, 1987. — S. 116.
18. Riznichenko Ju.V. Sejsmorazvedka sloistyh sred. — M.: Nedra, 1985. — S. 162.
19. Jeksner H., Frejtag R., Lang R. i dr. Gidroprivod. Osnovy i komponenty. — Jerbah: Bosh Reksrot AG. — 2003. — S. 92.
20. Bergman L. Ul’trazvuk i ego primenenie v nauke i tehnike. — M.: Izdanie inostrannoj literatury, 1956. — S. 15–17, 25.
21. Bojko V.S., Bojko R.V. Pіdzemna gіdrogazomehanіka: Pіdruchnik. — L’vіv: Aprіorі, 2005. — S. 282–314.

Development of physical and chemical stimulation methods to increase oil recovery
Drilling and development of hydrocarbon fields

Authors: Michael A. SILIN is Doctor of Sciences, Professor, and Head of the Department of Technology of Chemicals for Oil and Gas Industry. He is the first Vice Rector for Strategic Development of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 200 scientific and methodical publications, and more than 40 patents. E-mail: silin@gubkin.ru
Dmitry Y. ELISEEV was born in 1976; he graduated from the Almetyevsk Oil Institute in 1998. He is Head of the Research and Education Center «Chemistry for Oil and Gas production» of the Department of Technology of Chemicals for Oil and Gas Industry at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of more than 40 published scientific papers and two patents. E-mail: eliseev.d@gubkin.ru
Alexander N. KULIKOV was born in 1958; he graduated from the Ufa Oil Institute in 1980. He is working at the «RN-UfaNIPIneft» as a leading researcher. He is author of over 50 scientific publications and 8 patents. E-mail: kulikov@ufanipi.ru

Abstract: A new method of physical and chemical stimulation of oil reservoirs to enhance oil recoery is developed. This method is based on the formation of gels in a remote area of the reservoir, which allows developing oil reserves concentrated in the inter-well space. The main approaches to the planning of enhanced oil recovery, depending on the stage of development of the field are shown on the basis of tests results and calculations.

Index UDK: 622.323

Keywords: enhanced oil recovery, physical and chemical methods of influence, SiX

Bibliography:
1. Khasanov M.M., Ismagilov T.A., Mangazeev V.P., Rastrogin A.E., Kol’chugin I.S., Tyan N.S. Neftyanoe khozyaystvo. — Oil industry, 2002, No. 7. — РР. 110–112.
2.
Silin M.A., Eliseev D.Ju., Kulikov A.N. Materialy Rossijskoj neftegazovoj tehnicheskoj konferencii SPE (Proc. SPE conference oil and gas), — Moscow, 2010. — РР. 98–100.
3.
Eliseev D.Ju, Kulikov A.N. Neft’. Gaz. Novacii. — Oil, Gas, innovations. — 2010. — No. 7. — РР. 55–61.

Monotube high Q resonators for vibrating densitometers of oil
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Yadigar Ysub oglu HUSEYNOV was born in 1955, he graduated from the Baku State University in 1977 and in 1989 he defended his Ph.D. In 2003 he defended his doctoral dissertation at the Baku State University. He is Vice-Rector of the Sumgait State University, author of over 150 scientific papers and 25 inventions in the field of solid state physics. E-mail: tempus-sus@yandex.ru
Turgay Klim oglu HUSEYNOV was born in 1962, he graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Fine Mechanics and Optics in 1985 and, in 1992 he defended his thesis at the St. Petersburg Institute of Fine Mechanics and Optics. He is Associate Professor of the department of Electrical Engineering of the Sumgait State University. He is author of more than 50 scientific papers and five inventions in the field of vibration densitometry. E-mail: huseynovturgay@mail.ru
Nafisa Abdulfas kizi ABDULOVA graduated from the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute in 1992, she is junior researcher of the Research Laboratory «Contemporary Energy» of the Sumgait State University. She is author of more than 10 scientific papers in the field of vibration densitometry. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: This article analyzes the ways to improve the quality factor for the single-pipe resonators of vibrating densitometers of oil. An analytic expression relating the amount of reactive efforts to secure the cavity field with its parameters is derived. The condition of the options of homogeneous tubular resonator with high Q-factor is determined. The methods of calculating the non-uniform high quality factor of the resonator tube is considered. The results of the experimental study of the non-uniform resonator tube, manufactured using the proposed methodology, are given.

Index UDK: 681.128.8

Keywords: single-tube resonator, high quality factor, vibrating densitometer

Bibliography:
1. Zhukov Ju.P. Vibracionnye plotnomery. — M.: Jenergija, 1992. — 144 s.
2. Babakov I.M. Teorija kolebanij. — 5-e izd. — M.: Nauka, 1968. — 259 s.
3. Patent Velikobritanii № 115 8709, MKI G 01 N 9/00.
4. Patent Japonii № 49-7031, MKI G 01 N 9/00.
5. http://www.measurement-resources.com.au/pdf/density/General_Density_DS_ip7003.pdf (data obrawenija 09.05.12).
6. Gusejnov T.K. Minimizacija reaktivnyh sil v uzlah kreplenija rezonatorov vibracionno-chastotnyh plotnomerov zhidkosti//Izv. VUZov Priborostroenie. — 2001. — Т. 44. — No. 4. — S. 44–48.
7.
Gusejnov T.K. Issledovanie nizkochastotnogo trubchatogo rezonatora s sosredotochennoj neodnorodnost’ju dlja vibracionno-chastotnogo plotnomera zhidkih sred//Neftegazovoe delo. — 2007. — № 1, 09.06.07, URL: http://www.ogbus.ru/authors/Guseynov/Guseynov_1.pdf (data obrawenija 09.05.12).

Development of non-destructive testing of mechanical properties of steel structures for continuous operation
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Maxim O. KARPASH graduated from the IFNTUNG (Ivano-Frankovsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas) in 2004; he is Associate Professor of the Department of Technical Diagnostics and Monitoring of the IFNTUNG. He is also Director of the Research Institute of Petroleum Energy and Environment, author of more than 40 scientific papers in the field of non-destructive testing and technical diagnostics. E-mail: mkarpash@nung.edu.ua
Nazify L. TATSAKOVICH graduated from the IFNTUNG in 2005; he is Associate Professor of the Department of Technical Diagnostics and Monitoring of the IFNTUNG. He is author of more than 20 publications in the field of non-destructive testing and technical diagnostics. E-mail: nasariy@nung.edu.ua
Eugene R. DOTSENKO graduated from the IFNTUNG in 2006; he is Associate Professor of the Department of Technical Diagnostics and Monitoring of the IFNTUNG. He is author of more than 20 publications in the field of non-destructive testing and technical diagnostics. E-mail: dotsenko@nung.edu.ua

Abstract: The paper presents the results of years of research aimed at developing new non-destructive methods and technical means of controlling the mechanical properties (yield strength, tensile strength, and impact strength) of metal materials for continuous operation. The essence of the methods consists in measurement of standardized physical properties (conductivity, resistivity, etc.) of structural steels, as well as in the principle of operation of appropriate technical means. The results of the work on methodological and information support to define the investigated characteristics of materials and their degradation are presented.

Index UDK: 620.179

Keywords: non-destructive testing, mechanical properties, thermal conductivity, electrical resistivity, toughness

Bibliography:
1. Birillo I.N., Yakovlev A.Ya., Teplinskiy Yu.A. [i dr.] Evaluation of structural strength of gas-supply pipes with corrosion damages [Otsenka prochnostnogo resursa gazoprovodnykh trub s korrozionnymi povrezhdeniyami]. Moscow: TsentrLitNefteGaz, 2008. 168 p. ISBN 978-5-903665-20-5.
2. Karpash M.O. Explanation of complex approach in determination of physical and mechanical properties of steelworks [Obosnovanie kompleksnogo podkhoda k opredeleniyu fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik materiala metallokonstruktsiy]. Metody i pribory kontrolya kachestva. — Quality management methods and devices. — 2004. — No. 12. — РР. 30–33.
3.
Karpash O.M., Dotsenko E.R., Karpash M.O. Specific electric resistance as an informative feature in determination of steelworks actual properties [Udel’noe elektricheskoe soprotivlenie kak informativnyy parametr opredeleniya fakticheskikh fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik materialov metallokonstruktsiy dolgovremennoy ekspluatatsii]. Tekhnicheskaya diagnostika i nerazrushayushchiy kontrol’ — Technical diagnostics and non-destructive testing. — 2009. — No. 1. — РР. 36–41.
4.
Karpash M., Dotsenko Y., Karpash O. New methods for mechanical properties evaluation of steel structures with consideration of its microstructure [Novye metody otsenki mekhanicheskikh svoystv metallokontruktsiy s uchetom ikh mikrostruktur]. 10th European conference on non-destructive testing, abstracts, Part 2 (Moscow, June 7–11, 2010). —Moscow, 2010. — P. 270–271.
5.
Kisil’ I.S., Karpash M.O., Vashchishak I.R. Device for control of steel physical and mechanical properties PMP-1 [Pribor dlya kontrolya fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik staley FMKh-1]. Metody i pribory kontrolya kachestva. — Quality management methods and devices. — 2005. — No. 14. — РР. 77–80.
6.
Dorofeev A.L., Ershov R.E. Physical fundamentals of electromagnetic structuroscopy [Fizicheskie osnovy elektromagnitnoy strukturoskopii]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1985. — 180 p.
7. Karpash O.M., Dotsenko E.R., Karpash M.O. Complex method of physical a nd mechanical properties steelworks materials control [Kompleksnyy metod kontrolya fiziko-mekhanicheskikh kharakteristik materialov metallokonstruktsiy] O.M. Karpash. Fiziko-khimicheskaya mekhanika materialov-Physical and chemical material mechanics. — 2011. — No. 5. — РР. 40–47.
8.
Tatsakovych N., Karpash O., Karpash M. New method for non-destructive evaluation of impact strength of steel pipelines[Novyy metod otsenki nerazrushayushchego kontrolya udarnoy vyazkosti metallokontruktsiy]. Proceedings of 10th European Conference of Non-Destructive Testing, Part 2 (Moscow, 7–11 June 2010). — PР. 78–79.
9.
Steel. Magnetic method of non-destructive testing of mechanical properties and microstructure of steelworks [Stal’. Nerazrushayushchiy kontrol’ mekhanicheskikh svoystv i mikrostruktury metalloproduktsii magnitnym metodom]: GOST 30415-96. Minsk: Mezhgosudarstvennyy sovet po standartizatsii, metrologii i sertifikatsii — Intergovernmental standardization, metrology and certification council, 1996. — 12 p.

Improving the quality of castings for pump assembly
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Davyd M. KUKUI was born in 1946. Нe graduated from the Belarusian Polytechnic Institute in 1969. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University, winner of the State Prize of the Republic of Belarus, Chairman of the Association of Foundry and Metallurgy of Belarus. He is author of over 340 scientific works in the field of foundry and steel industry. E-mail: kukui@tut.by
Fedor I. RUDNICKI was born in 1955. He graduated from the Belorussian Polytechnic Institute in 1977. He is Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University. He is author of more than 80 scientific papers in the field of foundry and metallurgy. E-mail: stl_minsk@tut.by
Yuri A. NIKOLAICHIK was born in 1984. Нe graduated from the Belarusian National Technical University in 2006, assistant of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University. He is author of 16 publications in the field of foundry and steel industry. E-mail: yuni@bntu.by

Abstract: The technology for making castings for pump assembly with high surface quality is considered. It is shown that it is possible to manufacture castings of the pump assembly without surface defects using nonstick coatings based on aluminosilicates modified with nanostructured modifier (boehmite). The effect of nano modifiers on the high temperature strength of nonstick coatings is studied. The optimal content of boehmite is shown to increase the strength of nonstick coatings in the temperature range 1000–1500 °C due to the formation of a new phase in the coating, i.e. mullite.

Index UDK: 621.74

Keywords: manufacturing of castings of pump assembly, surface quality, nonstick coating, high temperature strength, kyanite-sillimanite nano structured boehmite, mullite

Bibliography:
1. Valisovskiy I.V. Prigar na otlivkakh. — M.: Mashinostroenie, 1983. — 190 p.
2. Svarika A.A. Pokrytiya liteynykh form. — M.: Mashinostroenie, 1977. — 215 p.
3. Grosheva V.M. Sinteticheskiy mullit i materialy na ego osnove/V.M. Grosheva, D.M. Karpinos, V.M.Panasevich — Khar’kov.: Tekhnika, 1971. — 56 p.
4. Strelov K.K. Tekhnologiya ogneuporov/K.K. Strelov, P.S. Mamykin. — M.: Mashinostroenie, 1978. — 370 p.
5. Vakanova T.V., Reshetova A.A., Pogrebenkov V.M., Vereshchagin V.I. [Aktivatsiya protsessa sinteza mullita i spekaniya alyumosilikatnoy keramiki na osnove ogneupornogo glinistogo syr’ya]. Ogneupory i tekhnicheskaya keramika. — 2009. — No.7—8. — РР. 74–80.
6.
Migal’ V.P., Margishvili A.P., Skurikhin V.V., Klopova N.N., Kovalenko A.A. [Mullitovye izdeliya dlya leshchadi domennykh pechey]. Ogneupory i tekhnicheskaya keramika. — 2009. — No. 3. — РР. 39–42.
7.
Belogurova A., Grishin N.N. [Fazoobrazovanie v mullitografitovykh ogneuporakh]// Оgneupory i tekhnicheskaya keramika. — 2010. — No. 7–8. — РР. 48–55.

Prospects of manufacturing tooling for tunneling and drilling equipment for recycling of high-alloy steels waste
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Davyd M. KUKUI was born in 1946. Нe graduated from the Belarusian Polytechnic Institute in 1969. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University, winner of the State Prize of the Republic of Belarus, Chairman of the Association of Foundry and Metallurgy of Belarus. He is author of over 340 scientific works in the field of foundry and steel industry. E-mail: kukui@tut.by
Fedor I. RUDNICKI was born in 1955. He graduated from the Belorussian Polytechnic Institute in 1977. He is Ph.D., Associate Professor of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University. He is author of more than 80 scientific papers in the field of foundry and metallurgy. E-mail: stl_minsk@tut.by
Yuri A. NIKOLAICHIK was born in 1984. Нe graduated from the Belarusian National Technical University in 2006, assistant of the Department of Machinery and Foundry Engineering of the Belarusian National Technical University. He is author of 16 publications in the field of foundry and steel industry. E-mail: yuni@bntu.by

Abstract: The questions of recycling technologies for scarce alloying elements (tungsten, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, cobalt, etc.) in the manufacture of cast tool and industrial equipment for various purposes, as well as for use as working bodies of drilling and tunneling equipment are considered. The influence of various modifying elements on the physical and mechanical properties of high speed steel is studied. The positive influence of titanium diboride on the impact strength and wear resistance of high speed steel is shown. The effect of cooling rate on the microstructure of high speed steel is studied.

Index UDK: 669.14.018.252.3

Keywords: tunneling and drilling equipment, high-speed steel, casting, structure

Bibliography:
1. Rudnitskiy F.I. [Osobennosti ekspluatatsii instrumenta iz litoy bystrorezhushchey stali]. Lit’e i metallurgiya. — 2006. — No. 2. — Ch. 2. — РР. 173–177.
2.
Chaus A.S., Rudnitskiy F.I. [Struktura i svoystva bystrookhlazhdennoy bystrorezhushchey stali R6M5] MiTOM. — 2003. — No. 5. — РР. 3–7.
3.
Chaus A.S., Rudnitskiy F.I., Murgash M. [Strukturnaya nasledstvennost’ i osobennosti razrusheniyazbystrorezhushchikh staley], MiTOM. — 1997. — No. 2. — РР. 9–11.
4.
Patent RB № 2277. Tambovtsev Yu.I., Rudnitskiy F.I. [Sposob pererabotki metallootkhodov].
5. Chaus A.S., Rudnitskiy F.I. [Vliyanie modifitsirovaniya na strukturu i svoystva litykh vol’framomolibdenovykh bystrorezhushchikh staley], MiTOM. — 1989. — No. 2. — РР. 27–32.

Original Method of Electric Dehidrator Choosing for Heavy Oils Treatment
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Viktor A. LUKYANOV was born in 1953. He graduated Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1974. He is Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Oil and Gas Processing Equipment of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 75 scientific papers of practical value, 3 inventions to improve the equipment of oil and gas production, a number of monographs and regulations. E-mail: luk@gubkin.ru
Vitally V. POPOV was born in 1986; he graduated from the Perm State Technical University in 2008. He is graduate student of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 8 research papers in the field of preparation of heavy crude oils for processing. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru
Friedel M. KHUTORYANSKY was born in 1946; he graduated from the Mendeleev Moscow Institute of Chemical Engineering in 1970. He is Doctor of Sciences. He is Head of the Laboratory of Preparation of Oil for Processing of the National Research Institute for Oil Refining. He is author of over 200 scientific articles, 1 book, and 1 technical and scientific collection of works, 20 patents in the field of oil preparation for processing. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: Extra-Heavy Crude Oils are interesting for oilmen due the great reserves of this oil type despite deficit of worldwide energy sources. But processing of this type of mineral sources both up-stream and down-stream associated with innovation techniques and the newest apparatus. This work concern to the problems of heavy oil’s treatment by means of electric dehydrators. Particularly implantation into this apparatus dual-polarity electrodes (DPD) should improve the demulsification process which is complicate for heavy crudes by small delta density and small dimension of dispersed droplets. Tests of dehydratation Yarega and Arlan heavy crudes on the models of traditional and DPD dehydrators were carry out to determinate a degree of process intensification. As a result were obtained an equalations that bound the outlet concentration of water in oil with specific load of different apparatus-type and different temperatures. The Viscosity in work conditions of dehydratations was used as a base for coefficient calculation in 3rd degree polynomical equalations. This equalations are the core of new method of electric dehydrators choosing for heavy oils treatment. The applicability of this method was approved by the modernization of refinery and field oil-treatment units in Timano-Pechorskiy oil region. Key words: Extra-Heavy Crude Oil, Field and Refinery Oil Treatment.

Index UDK: 665.62

Keywords: Extra-Heavy Crude Oil, Field and Refinery Oil Treatment

Bibliography:
1. Manovyan A.K. Tekhnologiya pererabotki prirodnikh energonositeley [Refinery technology of natural energy carriers]. — Moscow.: Chemistry, KolosS. — 2004.
2. Pozdnishev G.N., Mansurov R.I., Sidurin Y.V. Osobennosti podgotovki tyazhyolikh neftei [Features of heavy crude oils treatment]. — Moscow.: VNIIOENG, 1983.

Packaging bitumen and other special petroleum products
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Pavel V. KOVALENKO graduated from the Novopolotsk Polytechnic Institute in 1984. He is Associate Professor of the Department of Pipeline Transportation of the Polotsk State University. He is author of over 50 publications in the field of transport of petroleum products. E-mail: PV.Kovalenko@mail.ru

Abstract: A large variety of existing methods of packaging highly solidifying products is due to their specific properties. The article describes various types of packaging and methods used in the packaging industry for highly solidifying oil products. A new technology of petroleum products packaging with polyethylene film is proposed. It is shown that the benefit of polyethylene film is that it is possible to utilize it along with products such as bitumen and its compositions, thus reducing labor costs for the release of the product from the container when used by the consumer and eliminates environmental pollution with solid waste.

Index UDK: [655:622.692.4.052] 519.865

Keywords: bitumen, special petroleum products, heat transfer processes highly solidifying petroleum products, transportation process, packaging, technology, ecology

Bibliography: