Articles Archive

№ 1/266, 2012

Title
Authors
Category
Geohydraulic aspects of technogenesis in the process of development of hydrocarbons (HC) deposits and protection of natural resources
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Sergey B. VAGIN was born in 1931, graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Oil in 1956. He is Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Geology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, member of the International Academy of Environmental Geoscience. Аuthor of 157 scientific papers. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The role of the technological processes at different stages of development of oil and gas deposits is described. The data required for building a geological and hydrogeological model of the deposit is presented, as well as for taking into account the losses of oil with toxic elements in the collection system and in the process of transportation and operation of offshore oil and gas fields. The role of groundwater in maintaining reservoir pressures at oil fields under development and the need for disposal of industrial wastewater, gas ?and other petroleum products are stressed. The formation of man-made hydrogeological anomalies is described, and the need to control the dynamics of man-made processes and monitoring of underground hydrosphere is pointed out.

Index UDK: 553.98

Keywords: man-made hydrological anomalies, loss of oil, toxic elements of water, dumping of industrial wastewater, geological and hydrogeological model of hydrocarbon deposits, disposal of waste water, geo-ecological monitoring

Bibliography:

Global oil and gas resources and forecast of development
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Viktor I. YERMOLKIN was born in 1934, graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1957. He is Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Theoretical Foundations of Exploration and Prospecting of Oil and Gas at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of 6 textbooks, seven monographs and over 150 scientific publications. E-mail: viktor-ermolkin@yandex.ru
Vladimir I. VYSOTSKY is candidate of geological and mineralogical sciences, professor, deputy General Director of JSC “VNIIzarubezhgeoloogy”, for oil and gas. He has more than 50 scientific publications. E-mail: vlad.vysotsky@vzg.ru

Abstract: The article assesses the global oil and gas reserves and traces a clear trend towards their increase. According to the latest assessment in 2011 recoverable oil reserves (including natural gas liquids) account for 558 billion tons. Compared with an earlier estimate they increased by nearly four billion tons, mainly due to the identification of a new petroleum system in the subsalt sediments in ultra deep water continental margin of south-eastern Brazil.
Due to the discoveries of new plays in Turkmenistan, East Mediterranean, in deep water and ultra deep-water areas of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans the world’s natural gas resources have significantly increased.
To predict the possible levels of production three main indicators were used — the magnitude of initial reserves, degree of their exploration and depletion. The countries that have passed the peak production level of hydrocarbons were selected as benchmark ones.
The use of these indices allows predicting the highest level of world production of conventional oil at 4.5 billion tons and that of gas at 5, 7 trillion m3.

Index UDK: 553.04

Keywords: oil and gas reserves, production of hydrocarbons, forecast of level of hydrocarbon production

Bibliography:

Environmental effects of accelerated development of gas resources of the arctic seas and adjacent areas in the far north Russia
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Viktor P. GAVRILOV graduated from Gubkin Moscow Petroleum Institute in 1958, he is Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, professor, head of the Department of Geology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is specialist in geodynamics and geo-ecology of oil and gas basins, author of more than 350 scientific publications. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The possible environmental impacts of the development of oil and gas resources of the Arctic seas of Russia are discussed. The necessity of a regulatory process, the development of offshore fields and the organization of permanent monitoring of the environment in the areas of prospecting, exploration and development of oil and gas in the Arctic seas is substantiated.

Index UDK: 550.831

Keywords: oil, gas, Arctic Sea, environmental consequences, monitoring

Bibliography:

Border of the Caspian and the Volga-Ural Oil and Gas Provinces
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Victor P. FILIPPOV was born in 1947 graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1970, specializing in development geology, prospecting and exploration of oil and gas fields. He is Professor of the Department of Oil and Gas Geology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Doctor of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences. He published over 110 scientific papers, 5 monographs, and textbooks. He prepared 11 candidates of sciences. E-mail: filippov.a@gubkin.ru
Oleg S. OBRYADCHIKOV was born in 1937. He graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1960. He is Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, senior geologist of JSC “Central Geophysical Expedition”. He is specialist in geologic modeling, salt-dome tectonics; he published more than 70 scientific works. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: The boundaries of the Caspian oil basin in the west and north stretch far beyond Predkungurskaya depression. In the Late Devonian time, the Caspian Sea deep basin extended west to the eastern slope of the of Voronezh anteclise. The deposits of the Volgograd-Saratov Volga River Basin should be considered as part of the Caspian Oil and Gas Province. It is proposed that the southern slope of Pugachevsky Top, the Far Saratov Volga River Basin, southern Orenburg regions as well as Belsky Depression be included into its composition in the north.

Index UDK: 550.8.011

Keywords: Prikaspiyskaya Oil and Gas Province, subsalt complex, oil and gas geological zonation

Bibliography:

Geologic Studies of Deep Geocryological Conditions in Oil and Gas Fields
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Victor P. FILIPPOV was born in 1947 graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1970, specializing in development geology, prospecting and exploration of oil and gas fields. He is Professor of the Department of Oil and Gas Geology of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Doctor of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences. He published over 110 scientific papers, 5 monographs, and textbooks. He prepared 11 candidates of sciences. E-mail: filippov.a@gubkin.ru
Kim A. POLOZKOV was born in 1982. He graduated from K.E. Tsiolkovsky RGUT. He is Candidate of Technical. Sciences, specialist in drilling of oil and gas wells. He is Advisor to the Director General for Development of JSC “Nordeco Eurasia”. Аuthor of 15 publications and 4 inventions. E-mail: polozk@mail.ru

Abstract: The article shows that complications and accidents occurring in oil and gas wells in Russia during construction and operation in permafrost areas occur largely because of the lack of detailed data on the structure of the frozen section, permafrost conditions and, accordingly, lack of consideration of these during construction of wells and monitoring of wells interaction with frozen rock. The application of increasingly widely used method of processing of standard logging (ISKCON), allowing to analyze the frozen section without drilling special holes and without cryogenic coring in all wells of oil and gas fields to study the complex parameters of permafrost in the wells. The data obtained are presented in the catalogs, as well as maps and their three dimensional representations of deep geocryological conditions change over the fields area.

Index UDK: 622.692.4

Keywords: well, permafrost, permafrost conditions, standard logging, maintenance, schematic map, relief representation

Bibliography:

Structure and Petroleum Potential of Foundation of Northern and Central Vietnam Shelf
Petroleum geology, geophysics

Authors: Oleg A. SHNIP was born in 1937, graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1960, specializing in geology and exploration of oil and gas fields. He is Professor of the Department of Geology at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences, member of the Academy of Natural Sciences. He has published over 150 scientific papers, 8 monographs. E-mail: oashnip@mail.ru

Abstract: Shong Hong and Fukhan basins are identified on the shelf of the Northern and Central Vietnam. The foundation here has a two-stage structure. The rocks of the upper tier (Devon - Triassic) are regionally oil and gas potent. The composition, geologic history and structure of these rocks suggest the participation of the upper tier of the foundation in oil and gas generation and creation of massive structural traps.

Index UDK: УДК 550.8

Keywords: foundations structural stage, search, exploration, oil and gas potential

Bibliography:

Background for justifying the need for methanol production for needs of the offshore platforms in Arctic seas (Shtokman field)
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Genghis S. GUSEINOV graduated from the Faculty of Oilfield Development of Azerbaijan Industrial Institute, and graduate school of Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry, the Department of Transportation and Storage of Oil and Gas. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of Computer Aided Design of Facilities of the Oil and Gas Industry of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. He is author of over 250 published works. E-mail: guseimov2@ya.ru
Victor K. IWANIEC is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, head of the Department of Organization of Construction of Main Pipelines at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas RSU of Oil and Gas, General Manager of ZANPVO “NGS-Orgproektekonomika”. E-mail: biblioteka@gubkin.ru

Abstract: We discuss the motivations to engage in the production of meta-ethanol directly on the arctic offshore platforms in order to prevent hydrate formation during transportation of gas via sea pipelines.

Index UDK: 553.98.04

Keywords: offshore platforms, gas transmission, prevention of hydrate formation, methanol production, own needs

Bibliography:

Design of offshore ice-resistant self-elevating platform for freezing shallow waters
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Anton A. MUSABIROV was born 1988, graduated from the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in 2009. Post-graduate of the “Automation of structures designing of oil and gas industry” department of the Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas in the specialty 25.00.18 “Technology of development of marine mineral deposits”, has 3 published works. E-mail: mus-anton@yandex.ru

Abstract: The paper describes the technical solution of designing a platform for the development of the marine deposits of freezing shallow waters of the Arctic Ocean and considers prerequisites for this study. The estimated loads are calculated; a conclusion on the applicability of the considered structures under these conditions, as well as the necessary arrangements for this is made.

Index UDK: 553.98.04

Keywords: shelf, offshore platform, offshore fields

Bibliography:

Limits of strength and toughness as function of structure of low-alloy carbon steels
Design, manufacturing and operation of oil and gas sector equipment and facilities

Authors: Julia D. SHAPOVALOVA graduated from Kursk State Agricultural Academy in 1992, Ph.D., associate professor of Kursk State Agricultural Academy. She published more than 24 scientific papers on the theory of strength of metals. E-mail: home_studio@mail.ru
Tatiana I. ROMANOVA graduated from Kursk State Agricultural Academy in 2001, works as an engineer, senior lecturer in the Kursk State Agricultural Academy. She is the author of 8 scientific papers on the theory of strength of metals. E-mail: home_studio@mail.ru
Raisa D. BAKAYEVA graduated from the Leningrad Red Banner of Labor Polytechnic Institute named after MI Kalinin in 1973. She works at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. She is Ph.D., associate professor and professor. She published more than 100 scientific papers in the field of materials science and thermal treatment of metals. E-mail: rbakaeva@yandex.ru

Abstract: The effect of volume fraction of ferrite and bainite phases in the structure of low-alloy carbon steels on static and fatigue properties was studied. It is shown that the proportion of ferrite <0.2 in the metal structure changes the deformation mechanism from shear to rotational, depending on the phase composition

Index UDK: 669.14.018:256

Keywords: phase composition, mechanical properties, strength limit, yield strength

Bibliography:

Evaluation of mechanical reliability of pipelines on the basis of the solution of deterministic strength problem
Design, construction and operation of pipeline transport

Authors: Igor Е. LITVIN was born in 1954, graduated from Gubkin Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry in 1976. He is Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Computer Aided Design of Oil and Gas Industry Facilities at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of 62 scientific works in the field of strength and reliability of pipelines and industrial facilities. E-mail: litvin_igor@inbox.ru
Sergey V. SHISHKIN was born in 1979, graduated from the Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering of MGOU. He is research student of the of the Department of Computer Aided Design of Oil and Gas Industry Facilities at Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas. Аuthor of 2 scientific papers in the field of design and operation of pipelines. E-mail: litvin_igor@inbox.ru

Abstract: The existing criteria for evaluating the static and dynamic strength of pipelines are analyzed. Probabilistic assessment of the level of mechanical reliability is considered. The mechanical reliability of pipelines is analyzed on the basis of the solution of deterministic strength problem.

Index UDK: 621.64

Keywords: evaluation criteria of strength, mechanical reliability, probabilistic evaluation, pipelines

Bibliography: